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___ - 

Vxr-.IX JULY, 1912 No. 1 







Stye SttUetitt 

of the 

Volume IX 

JULY, 1912 No. 1 

B. M. LINNELL, Editor 

Reliance Building, 32 North State Street, CHICAGO 


President — Henry B. Favill, '83 . Chicago 

First Vice-President — Frank Beasley, '64 Lafayette. Ind. 

Second Vice-President — Henry B. Sears, '82 Beaver Dam, Wis. 

Third Vice-President — Herbert A. Robinson, '89 Kenosha, Wis. 

Necrologist — Charles A. Parker, '91 Chicago 

Treasurer — H. H. Kleinpell, '00 . Chicago 

Secretary — William T. Swift, '04 32 North State Street, Chicago 


To be appointed. 


Geo. H. Weaver, '89, Chairman. 1628 Washington Blvd., Chicago. 

Geo. D. Swaine, '73 Cleveland, O. E. C Hamley, '02 . . . . Sprague, Wash. 

J. S. Kauffman, '75... Blue Island, 111. Geo. W. Baker, '94 Ogden. Utah 

AVinfleld Ackley, '80 Juniata, Neb. W. A. Foskett, '97 Whitebird. Ida. 

L. L. Uhls, '84 Osawatomie, Kan. R. E. Farr, '00. . . .Minneapolis, Minn. 

Adolph Moeller, '87 Milwaukee P. A. Reppert. '03. . . .Burlington, la. 

A. I. Bouffleur, "87 Chicago R. C. Robe, '95 Pueblo, Colo. 

Oliver C. Neier, '90 Indianapolis 


John Ritter, '80, Chairman, Chicago. 
To be appointed. 


B. M. Linnell, Chairman, Chicago. 

George H. AVeaver, '89 Chicago William J. Swift, Sec'y Chicago 

Gustavus P. Head. '84 Chicago Morris Fishbein. '12 Chicago 



The Life and Work of Dr. Daniel Brainard. Prof. E. Fletcher Ingals. M.D.. . 1 
The First Period in the History of Rush Medical College. George H. 

Weaver, M.D 13 

Commencement Exercises 21 

Business Meeting 23 

President's Report 23 

Historical Account of Brainard. John Ritter, M.D 20 

"The Cholera" 28 

Banquet 29 

I )r. Daniel Brainard 29 

News Items 38 

Illinois Rush Alumni Meeting 40 

Oregon Rush Alumni Association 42 

Freedom's Land. Dr. E. 'f . Spotswood 43 


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t Ladies and Gentlemen.: — I have been invited, or rather ordered, 
to address you on the life and work of Dr. Daniel Brainard, the 
founder of Rush Medical College, in this celebration of the cen- 
tennial of his birth. It is difficult to determine why this duty was^ 
assigned to me. Possibly it is because I had the misfortune to* 
have been born a* little earlier than any of my colleagues; pos- 
sibly because more than forty years of service in this institution 
was supposed to have given me a larger knowledge of the subject 
than others possessed; possibly because my revered uncle and pre- 
ceptor, the late Dr. Ephraim Ingals, had been a close friend of 
Dr. Brainard, had known him intimately and had fallen heir to 
many of his responsibilities in personal and college business — but 
I think the real reason lies in the fact that at the time the selection 
of an orator for the annual commencement of the college was made 
by the faculty, 1 was a thousand miles away and had no oppor- 
tunity to decline the honor. 

A few years ago Ephraim Ingals could' have given me first harifl 
a history of the life and achievements of Dr. Brainard. Three, 
years ago I could have obtained much of the information from 
Dr. Brainard's son; and a year ago I could have gotten it from 
his nephew, whom I knew very well, but these have now all passed 
to the beyond. The information I personally have obtained about 
him has largely been gained from the library of Rush Medical 
College and from several of Dr. Brainard's published articles, found 
in the Library of the Surgeon General's Office at Washington, but 
for a large part of the facts I am indebted to Dr. George H. 
Weaver, who made an exhaustive search of the literature and cor- 
responded with many of the old Alumni. I do not remember Dr. 
Brainard, but I undoubtedly saw him during the cholera epidemic 
in this city in 1854. My uncle occasionally spoke of him to me 
and gave me some of the details of his last illness. 

Daniel Brainard was born on the 15th of May, 1812, in the town 
of Western, Oneida County, New York. He was the fifth child in 
a family of nine, born to Jepthai Brainard, Jr., and Catharine 
Comstock Brainard. The father of Daniel Brainard was a farmer 
in comfortable circumstances and of excellent character, while his 

* The annual address at the Sixty-Ninth Commencement Exercises of Rush 
Medical College, June, 1012, the centennial celebration in honor of its founder. 


mother was a most exemplary woman whose influence was deeply 
impressed on her children, and she doubtless did much in awaken- 
ing the genius and inspiring the aims of her son Daniel. He was 
given a good, 4 common school and academic education, the latter 
probably in the Oneida Institute in Whitesboro, N. Y. In 1829 
he began his professional studies in Whitesboro with Dr. E. S. 
Sykes, but he soon went to Eome, N. Y., where he continued his 
studies in the office of Dr. Harold H. Pope, a distinguished physi- 
cian of the place. He attended his first course of lectures in Fair- 
field Medical College, and afterward two courses in Jefferson Med- 
ical College in Philadelphia, where he received his degree in 1834 
when 22 years of age. After graduation he returned to Whitesboro, 
where he remained two years with his preceptor, nominally in 
practice but mostly engaged in the study of Latin and French, 
and in professional teaching. In the spring of 1836 he gave a 
course of lectures on anatomy and physiology in the Oneida Insti- 
tute, and shortly afterward came to this city. The Honorable John 
D. Catin, a lawyer and friend who was studying law in Eome, 
N. Y.. at the same time that Dr. Brainard was studying medicine, 
thus describes his arrival in Chicago: 

"Dr. Brainard rode up to my office on a little Indian pony. He 
was dressed rather shabbily and said he was nearly out of funds, 
and asked my advice about commencing the practice of medicine 
in Chicago. I knew he was ambitious, studious, and a man of 
ability, and I advised him to go to the Pottawatomie camp where 
the Indians were preparing to start for a new location west of the 
Mississippi Eiver and sell his pony; take a desk or rather a small 
table I had in my office, and put his shingle by the side of the 
door, promising to aid him in building up a business." 

Dr. Brainard seems to have made slow progress in securing a 
practice the first two years of his stay in Chicago. I was told by 
my uncle that he slept on his knapsack until he earned enough 
money to buy a bed; but in 1838 a laborer working on the canal 
several miles from the city fractured a thigh bone and before com- 
plete union had taken place he came to Chicago on foot which 
induced so much inflammation that at a consultation held by Drs. 
Brainard, Goodhue, Maxwell and Egan it was decided that ampu- 
tation was necessary. The majority advised amputation below the 
trochanters, while Dr. Brainard thought the limb should be ampu- 
tated at the hip joint. Dr. Brainard was selected to operate while 
Goodhue was to compress the femoral artery. The young surgeon 
removed the limb below the trochanters when he found that the 
medulary substance of the bone was diseased higher up. He imme- 
diately proceeded to amputate at the hip joint. The patient pro- 
gressed favorably for a month and the wound was nearly healed 
when secondary hemorrhage occurred, proving fatal. 


Postmortem showed a large bony neoplasm attached to the pelvic 
bones and surrounding the femoral artery. This case attracted 
much attention and contributed largely toward giving the surgeon 
a leading position in the community. 

Dr. S. D. Gross, in his ''Kentucky Surgery," says that "Dr. 
Walter Brashear, a native of Kentucky, performed the first ampu- 
tation at the hip-joint in the United States -in 1806. This was 
eighteen years prior to the case of Dr. Mott of New York." Speak- 
ing of Dr. Brainard's case, the late Dr. Hyde said in "Early Med- 
ical Chicago," "It is likely that a number of such operations had 
been performed in this country, but it is certain that we have 
records of only two or three at the most." 

In 1837 Dr. Brainard opened a private school of anatomy, which 
he continued several years in his rooms on Clark Street opposite 
the Sherman House. 

In May, 1842, he was appointed to the chair of anatomy in the 
St. Louis University, where he delivered two courses of lectures. 

In 1839 he went to Paris, France, where he remained until 1841. 
There he spent most of his time in studies preparatory to opening- 
Rush Medical College, for which a charter had already been 
obtained; but the college was not actually opened until December, 
1843, when he assumed the duties of professor of anatomy and 
surgery. He soon gained an enviable reputation as teacher and 
operator. In 1852 he again visited Europe and at that time was 
elected a corresponding member of the Surgical Society of Paris. 
In 1866 he again spent several months in Europe, but returned in 
the latter part of summer, leaving his family in Paris. During 
the summer cholera had broken out in Chicago, but it ceased about 
the middle of August; however, about October 1; the disease sud- 
denly developed with renewed virulence, causing about 1,000 deaths 
before the end of the month, and among the victims was Dr. Brain- 
ard. On the afternoon of Oct. 9, 1866, he digressed from the sub- 
ject of his lecture in Push Medical College to tell the class how 
to guard themselves against the cholera, and before he retired late 
that evening he began an article on this subject, the first page of 
which we now have in the archives of the College. He went to 
bed apparently in perfect health, but near morning had an attack 
of diarrhea which he checked with opiates. However, he arose as 
usual the next morning and had no symptoms of sickness until 9 
o'clock, when he was suddenly attacked with vomiting and diarrhea. 
My uncle and other members of the faculty were called, but by 
2 o'clock he was in collapse and seven hours later he ceased to 

This melancholy event created a profound sensation in the com- 
munity. The day was dark and gloomy, the epidemic was at its 
height, and the emblems of mourning overshadowed the public 
buildings in memory of the officers of the city government whom 


the pestilence had stricken. Many members of the medical pro- 
fession gathered at the Court House in testimonial of their respect 
for the honored dead, and on the morrow a large assembly at St. 
James' Church told how deeply was felt the loss that had been 
sustained. At the meeting of the profession a committee of five 
was appointed to draw up resolutions expressive of their sorrow 
and sense of loss. Three of this committee, viz., Drs. Hosnier A. 
Johnson, Charles Gilman Smith and G. C. Paoli, I counted among 
my friends in the early years of my practice, and I feel sure they 
were sincere in their expressions about Dr. Brainard. Dr. Paoli 
voiced the opinion of the profession in the following words : 

"He was no ordinary man. Highly gifted by nature, his powers 
were cultivated by study, and from pure love of the profession he 
devoted himself with untiring zeal to the work of instruction. As 
a surgeon he had few equals, as an operator he was cool, cautious 
and bold. As a lecturer, he possessed to a remarkable degree the 
rare talent of profound clearness in communicating his ideas to 
his listeners * * * and excelled all other lecturers I have heard 
in condensing the greatest amount of instruction in the fewest 

Physically, Dr. Brainard was tall, well proportioned, and strongly 
built.- He was dignified almost to reserve, and among those who 
did not know him, this gave him the reputation of being cross and 
crabbed, but this was an error. His words were few but to the 
point. One of the old alumni writes, "His appearance in the class 
room was quiet and unassuming. Without; preliminaries he 
announced his subject, and in a concise manner proceeded to eluci- 
date his theme, with which he was always perfectly familiar; his 
teaching was exceedingly plain and practical and. free from techni- 
calities. As a public speaker he was forceful and always com- 
manded attention. Although the rules of aseptic and antiseptic 
surgery were then unknown, he was extremely particular in his 
operations to have well cleansed apparatus, hands and instruments/' 

At the time of his death he had been engaged on an extensive 
surgical work which remained unfinished, but those who heard him 
and witnessed his skill as an operator remember him as one of the 
most eminent American surgeons. He was a close student, an 
original and independent thinker, and an active investigator. 

In 1849-51 he used solutions of iodin and iodid of potassium 
by injections into serous sacks on the theory that changing the 
quality of the fluid would stop further effusion and promote absorp- 
tion, and he adopted this method for the cure of spina bifida. He 
also made numerous experiments with various substances in the 
hope of finding a cure for cancer. He applied these directly or 
injected them into the blood current. At that time he treated 
cancer, when practicable, by removing the growths thoroughly, and, 
*fter what seemed successful experimentation on animals, bv-the' 


administration of lactate of iron by the stomach and by injections 
of the same, every six to ten days, into the veins. Most of these 
cases seemed to improve for a time, but afterward lapsed into the 
previous condition. One fact, ,h owe ver, was developed by the injec- 
tions, namely, that some substances may be thrown with perfect 
safety directly into the venous blood, which if injected into an 
artery or into areolar tissue would produce most destructive results. 
Several times during these experiments a few drops of lactate of 
iron which were allowed to infiltrate areolar tissue invariably 
destroyed it, leaving an ulcerated surface. His treatment for 
ununited fractures is the best known of his surgical achievements; 
but his most important work and one that has had a greater influ- 
ence on the medical profession than he ever dreamed of, was the 
founding of Bush Medical College. The charter of this institution 
was granted by the legislature of Illinois in March, 1837, but the 
trustees did not appoint a permanent faculty until October, 1843. 
The first session of the institution was opened Dec. 4, 1843, at 
which time Prof. Brainard delivered the inaugural lecture. In 
that address, on the first day of the first session of Bush Medical 
College, he said: 

"We have chosen the subject of institutions of science, their 
influence in a community, and their claims on the fostering care 
of the public * * * because of. the sovereign influence exercised 
by public opinion which holds the place of supreme power in our 
own country." Elsewhere such "appeals of argument or persuasion" 
were addressed to governments where princes or the munificence 
of private individuals laid the foundations of universities, while in 
this country "but especially in the West, is it essential that the 
public mind should be directed to the founding * * * of institu- 
tions of science." 

"It were easy to see that every class of citizens is interested in 
the establishment of a medical school at this time and place. We 
might appeal to men of business and capital, and by rigid calcu- 
lation of the advantage of such institutions, convince them that 
it is to their interest to aid in this promotion. We might point 
them to Louisville or Lexington where, without many of the advan- 
tages of location which we possess, schools have been established 
which contribute materially to the prosperity of those cities. 

"We might appeal to the poor. The establishment of a hospital 
or dispensary where they may receive gratuitous aid without sub- 
jecting themselves to disagreeable personal obligations, or being 
associated with public paupers, is an essential part of our under- 
taking. We might appeal to the benevolent. What heart sharing 
the common sentiment of humanity but would delight in contribut- 
ing to an undertaking whose sole result is the relief of suffering." 

In pointing out the advantage to young men of a medical school 
in this community he said, "I might bring forward in our own 


profession the example of the first and greatest of its minds, that 
of John Hunter, who was a cabinetmaker before commencing his 
studies. * * * Velpeau, one of the most eminent of living sur- 
geons, was also a mechanic, and I have heard him * * * speak of 
the time when he was a blacksmith." 

"The health, the happiness and the life of your dearest friends, 
and your own, may, and will, some day depend on the skill of some 
member of the medical profession," and this thought we wish to 
impress on the public mind to-day in urging the supreme impor- 
tance of the highest type of medical education in this city. 

He continued: "To elevate the standard of skill and knowledge 
in the profession, to excite an honorable emulation among its mem- 
bers, to disseminate in this new region the principles of medical 
science in its perfected state — such are the objects held in view 
by the founders of this institution." 

How well this ideal has been followed by the men who have 
devoted their lives to this work during the sixty-nine years that 
have elapsed since these words were uttered is attested by the lives 
and work of thousands of the Alumni of Eush Medical College; 
and to-day the zeal, the devotion and the work of the men who are 
carrying out the objects of the founders of this college are an honor 
to the profession and to the institution which was opened on that 

He stated that at that time, by some the project was considered 
premature, and it was argued that students could not be obtained, 
teachers procured, or suitable buildings rented, and that it was 
useless to present the advantages of education to the public until 
their physical wants and their resistance to the encroachments of 
hunger and cold were satisfied. He believed the time for such 
objections had passed, and with remarkable assurance and confi- 
dence he said, of that day in the West, and in this city, which 
then had only about 4,500 inhabitants, "Nowhere are the people at 
large so surrounded with the comforts of life; nowhere are there 
such numbers of youth whose means enable them to pursue literary 
studies, whose minds are so open to noble impressions, but with 
so few institutions to lead them on and gratify their desires. The 
present then is emphatically the time when schools of every kind, 
but especially those of the professions, should be established." 

The opinion that suitable teachers' could not be found in the 
West he said, "Is alike unfounded and next to the merit of making 
great discoveries in science is that of extending them in regions 
where they would be otherwise unknown." 

Dr. Brain ard felt very pessimistic regarding the influence of 
national and state examining boards in raising the qualifications 
of physicians, but when we consider the marvelous things that have 
happened during our own lives — things that no one could have 
foreseen, we cannot criticize him for not anticipating the real bene- 


fits, from these sources, that are now apparent, although they did 
not come for nearly half a century. But even to-day the aim of 
most of these boards is far below the ideals for which this insti- 
tution is working. 

At that time he insisted on the importance of preliminary educa- 
tion, high moral character and general culture. He said, "The 
natural qualities most requisite for a physician are, talent of obser- 
vation, industry, resolution and a benevolent disposition/' 

Dr. Brainard firmly believed in specialization, and advised stu- 
dents after having gained a good general knowledge of medicine 
to "Select that branch for which they thought themselves best 
suited and to embrace it in every detail." He said further, "Every 
improvement, moreover, is the result of studies confined to some 
particular subject/' and years afterward he used to say that success 
was assured to the man who knew how to do one thing better than, 
any one else. In an address to the American Dental Association in 
1865, he urged more forcibly the importance of specialization, 
because it was impossible that any man should master medical 
science in all its details, and he named numerous parts of the body 
and several diseased conditions that were worthy of the whole 
time of some men. Among others he spoke of fractures which 
demanded a great deal of special study and better appliances. In 
illustration, he said that a great many appliances used in treating 
fractures of the leg, called "fracture boxes, were no better than 
dry goods boxes, and simply served to conceal from the surgeon 
the position in which the limb might happen to lie," and he said 
that the reason for this was that no man had ever yet devoted 
himself to fractures as a specialty. 

He said, "The principle that I wish particularly to assert is that 
the medical profession in order to be most useful, in order to 
acquire its due influence over the community, in order to perfect 
its knowledge of the nature and treatment of diseases, must adopt 
a special course of study, each individual member embracing that 
course which he judges on the whole to be best adapted to his 
faculties, and leaving out to a certain extent others for which he 
has no qualifications. I advocate special studies and special prac- 
tice, and although the words have been somewhat discredited, I 
advocate specialties and specialists." 

In an address to the graduating class of Eush Medical College, 
session of 1848-49, Dr. Brainard said: 

"In every climate, in every place, wherever disease is found, there 
is a physician striving to relieve it, and whether successful or not, 
his mission is nevertheless divine and charitable, soothing and con- 
soling beyond the power of words to express. * * * Medical science 
embraces every known method of curing disease. Whatever may 
be the principle, if it be found useful it is adopted." 


This is the foundation on which this institution was laid, and 
on which its instruction has ever been given. We say to you, 
"Prove all things and hold fast to that which is good/' 

In the same address we find a somewhat amusing evidence of 
Dr. Brainard's confidence in Chicago, and in western medical col- 
leges (which at that time meant every one this side of the Alle- 
ghanies). He said, "The statement has recently been made by a 
Dr. Holmes, professor in a not very flourishing medical school at 
Boston, that the multiplication of medical schools at the West is 
doing great mischief in the profession. * * * For a country pos- 
sessing all the advantages for containing a large population, cal- 
culated from extent -and situation to be the center of the republic 
* * * with all its advantages, to be dependent on some villages a 
thousand miles off for its physicians, would certainly present an 
anomaly in the general order of things," and further, "But a few 
years since, the place we inhabit was on the extreme verge of civil- 
ization, and stretching far away to the West was a desert scarcely 
trodden by the foot of civilized man. Now the emigrant turns 
from our crowded streets * * * to the far distant * * * shores 
of the Pacific Ocean." 

To appreciate this you must recollect that Chicago was then a 
town of only a few thousand inhabitants and that it had no rail- 
roads to the east or west, and nothing was known of many mar- 
velous things that have developed during the lifetime of your 
present teachers. 

In the same address he said, "It is now seven years since the 
germ of our medical college was planted" when "six individuals 
were found willing to listen to the teachings of a private course 
on a single seat; the next year another was added and the third 
year some twenty persons were in attendance on our course. * * * 
Step by step has the school advanced, until its alumni constitute a 
large body of the most respectable practitioners of a wide extent of 
country. * * * Our infant institution has already acquired a 
development which is a guarantee of its future advancement. It is 
associated with the destinies of a great and powerful city, and its 
prosperity and continuance will be commensurate with her growth 
and duration. It can never perish." 

To-day it is nearly three quarters of a century since this germ 
was planted. The city with whose destinies it was associated has 
grown from 5,000 to nearly 3,000,000. Our classes gradually 
increased until at one time there were a thousand students in a 
single year, and our alumni, counted by thousands and thousands, 
have occupied the front ranks of the profession not only in this 
country, but they have filled honorable positions all over the earth. 

But far more important than growth in size and numbers has 
been our advance in the character of instruction, in the facilities 
afforded to gain a knowledge of the healing art and in the additions 
which this college is making to medical science. 


Dr. Brainard was one of the organizing members of the Illinois 
State Medical Society, and an early member of the American 
Medical Association, of which he was Vice-President in 1850. 

Nov. 28, 1853, Dr. Brainard read before the Academy of Science 
in Paris a paper upon experiments on the venom of rattle-snakes, 
the effects of the venom, and the means of neutralizing its absorp- 
tion, and three months later he presented a paper before the same 
academy by himself and Dr. Greene, upon iodin as an antidote 
for curare. Dec. 6, 1853, he read a paper before the Society of 
Surgery of Paris entitled "On the injection of iodin into tissues 
and cavities of the body for the cure of spina bifida, chronic hydro- 
cephalus, edema, fibrinous effusions, edematous erysipelas, etc., 
etc." At this time he was made a corresponding member of the 
Societe de Chirurgie of Paris. Dr. Brainard was president of the i 
Illinois State Medical Society in 1854. As his presidential address I 
he read a paper entitled, "Essay on a New Method of Treating '• 
Serpent Bite and Other Poisoned Wounds," in which he introduced 
much of the material embodied in his earlier reports in Paris. The 
paper was based on numerous experiments on pigeons, cats, and 
dogs with putrid matter, such as that inocculated in dissecting 
wounds, woorara, and the venom of serpents. He spoke of the 
manufacture and action of woorara, known also as the American 
poison (used on arrows) and gave several reasons for his own belief 
that the active principle of this poison was the venom of serpents, 
as follows: 

1. Its effects on birds and animals are strikingly like those 
produced by the venom of the rattlesnake; and in many cases no 
difference can be perceived between them. 

2. These effects are entirely unlike those produced by the 
vegetable alkaloids. 

3. Iodin neutralizes it as it does the venom of serpents, but 
has no such effect on vegetable alkaloids. 

4. It is like the venom of serpents, inoccuous when taken into 
the stomach, except, perhaps, when used in very large quantities, 
or in circumstances very peculiar. This is not the case with any 
known vegetable poison. 

5. It is well known that the poison used by the North American 
Indians for their arrows is that of the rattlesnake. I have learned 
this from such varied sources as to leave no doubt on the subject. 

His third reason is of special interest because of the positive 
statement regarding the effects of iodin in neutralizing poisons. 

His method of treatment consisted of "application of cups on the 
part, or of ligatures around the member wounded, so as to arrest 
absorption, and injecting or infiltrating into the subcutaneous tissue 
the solution used as an antidote." 

He directed that the cups be applied a short time before the 
solution was employed, so as to fill the tissues with fluids, and 


prevent the injected liquid from producing abscess by mechanical 
injur}'. The cups were kept on five or ten minutes after the antidote 
had been injected in order to allow time for it to come in contact 
with the poison before it entered the circulation; but where much 
swelling and effusion had taken place before treatment could be 
applied, the application of cups was unnecessary, as the fluid 
injected would in that case pass freely through the tissues without 
the cupping. 

He used as the antidote a solution of iodin gr. x and iodid of 
potassium gr. xxx in an ounce of distilled water. In recent cases 
he advised that 1 dram of this solution be injected, if necessary at 
several points, so as to infiltrate the tissues with it for the space of 
on inch around the wound. He also applied the solution on the 
surface. In cases where there was already extensive swelling he 
reduced the strength of the solution by diluting it three or four 
times, but he does not state whether he used more or less of the 

For injecting the fluid he employed a small trochar to which, 
after it had been introduced, he fitted a syringe that had been filled 
with the solution. The solution was gently pressed in drop by 
drop. At thaj; time there were no hypodermic syringes such as we 
now have, and cups were in common use. Many of you may never 
have seen a cup used, and very few physicians now possess these 
instruments; but it seems to me that with a hypodermic syringe 
the tissues could be easily and quickly infiltrated with the solution, 
without cupping, and you will note that when swelling had already 
occurred he did not consider the cupping necessary. 

As iodin attacks nickel and some other irietals very quickly, it 
would be best to have a glass hypodermic syringe. The needle 
might possibly be ruined ; however, I have used hypodermic needles 
with solutions of iodin repeatedly without injuring them very much. 

This treatment never came into general use ; indeed, I doubt very 
much whether many physicians have ever heard of it; but it proved 
so very effective in his experiments that I have great confidence in 
it and whenever I travel in regions where there is danger of snake 
bite I carry with me a solution of iodin and a hypodermic syringe 
instead of a bottle of whisky, and I earnestly urge physicians to 
adopt this method of treating poisoned wounds. It would doubtless 
be equally effective in the prevention of rabies if it could be 
promptly applied, and I believe it should be used for dog bites 
instead of the forms of cauterization that are commonly applied. 

Dr. Brainard stated that not more than one in ten of the wounds 
caused by the most venomous serpents proved fatal. His exper- 
iments seemed to prove that the methods of cauterization with 
nitrate of silver, ammonia or the mineral acids did not in any way 
antidote the poison, and had no influence excepting possibly in 
limiting the amount of absorption. The influence in this direction 


would be nothing whatever if a few minutes had elapsed after the 
injury before the treatment could be applied. His experiments 
caused him to say with reference to the very free use of alcoholic 
stimulants as an antidote for snake bite, that they did not prevent 
but sometimes hastened death. 

He carefully described his experimental technic and the effects of 
the venom on the blood, and repeated his experiments before the 
society. Among his conclusions he states thai to be effective the 
antidote must be infiltrated into the tissues, and that "this infiltra- 
tion can be performed without causing loss of substance or pro- 
ducing either eschar or suppuration." I am pleased to note that 
he freely acknowledged his indebtedness to the late Dr. Hosmer 
A. Johnson of this city, who assisted him in his experiments, and 
to others who had contributed in some way to this research. 

I wish to-day to impress on each of you that the man who 
attempts to further his own reputation by neglecting to give all 
possible credit to others is making a great mistake, and I wish 
specially to urge you to ever manifest the magnanimous spirit so 
constantly shown by. the heads of our pathologic and medical 
departments, and others of my colleagues, in giving the fullest 
credit to their subordinates. 

In the article just referred to, we find that Dr. Brainard by his 
experiments discovered the surpassing value of iodin as an antisep- 
tic, although he did not know the bacteriologic reasons for its 
effectiveness, that were discovered a quarter of a century later by 
Pasteur, and which were first applied in surgery by Lister. 

At the meeting of the American Medical Association in St, Louis 
in 1854, the Committee on Prize Essays reported that nine 
essays had been submitted, but that they had awarded only one 
premium, which was to the essay entitled "An Essay on a New 
Method of Treating Ununited Fractures and Certain Deformities 
of the Osseous System." The sealed envelope accompanying this 
essay was then broken and ~ the author found to be Daniel Brainard, 
M.D., of Chicago. This essay appears in the Transactions of the 
American Medical Association for that year. It bore a motto in 
French of the Sixteenth Century from Ambrose Pare, which liber- 
ally rendered into modern English reads: "And notwithstanding 
all the pains I have heretofore taken, I have reason to praise God, 
in that it hath pleased Him to call me to that branch of medical 
practice, commonly called Surgery, which can neither be bought by 
gold nor by silver, but by industry alone and long experience." The 
essay occupies forty-four pages of the Transactions^ and is one of 
the classical medical articles of America. The object of the essay, 
as stated in the introduction, is (1) To establish, by experiment, 
the principles upon which the treatment of ununited fractures 
should be conducted, and to show that these principles are applicable 
to the human subject. (2) To propose a new method of treatment 


for certain deformities which result from true ankylosis, union of 
fractures in an angular position, rachitic curvature, etc. The article 
is illustrated by nineteen copper plates designed from Nature. 

Earlier in the year Dr. Brainard had published a similar article 
in French entitled "Memoire sur le traitement des fractures non- 
reunies et des difformites des os," but this was less complete than 
the prize essay, and was distributed only to scientific societies and 
a few friends. 

On the treatment of non-uniting fractures, he said, "Without 
doubt the aim should be to place the old fracture in the condition 
of a simple and recent fracture without contusion and disorder of 
the soft parts. In oblique fractures, I pierce the skin with an 
instrument (a perforator of my own invention) in a manner which 
will permit me to pierce the extremities of the fragments of bone, 
Co freshen their surfaces, and pass through the tissues that are 
formed between them. .After this first operation, I disengage the 
instrument from the bone without taking it from the skin. I then 
change its direction, and make a new perforation, and I repeat 
this as often as I judge necessary. In most cases it is preferable 
to commence by two or three perforations only, in order that effects 
produced may not be too energetic * on removing the instrument one 
will take care to apply collodion over the skin wound." In non- 
oblique fractures the technic was somewhat different. He said that 
division of the callous alone has little effect if the bony surfaces 
are not rasped at the same time, but he demonstrated by experiment 
that if one makes several deep wounds in the bone, durable results 
will be obtained which will lead to a good result and put the frag- 
ments in favorable condition for reunion. After the operation it 
is necessary to apply splints or a convenient apparatus to immobilize 
the parts, and it will be necessary at times to make other punctures. 
In none of his experiments on dogs and rabbits were necrosis, sup- 
puration or intense inflammation produced. He says : "It shows us 
that the small parcels of bone left in place of the perforator do not 
suffice to produce suppuration, and far from retarding a cure, it is 
very probable that these small fragments acting as foreign bodies, 
which can be absorbed or unite themselves to the bone, have a great 
influence on the result and success of the operation. These effects 
are so rapid that in the cases where I have employed my method, a 
week has never passed without a decisive amelioration. This has 
led me to believe that it is a good procedure to hasten the union of 
simple fractures as well as those which have been greatly retarded." 
Here follows citation of cases, treated and cured by his method, 
then follows a chapter on subcutaneous perforation applied to the 
treatment of certain deformities, with copper-plate illustrations. 

These various activities gave Dr. Brainard an international repu- 
tation, not only as a surgeon, but as an investigator. In 1855 the 
Chair of Surgery in the University of Pennsylvania was vacant, 


due to the resignation of Professor Gibson. Dr. Brainard was a 
candidate for the appointment, and was the almost unanimous 
choice of the faculty and was by them recommended to the trustees. 
"Personal considerations, however, and other influences, prevailed 
with the trustees, rather than the wishes of the faculty," and Dr. 
Henry H. Smith of Philadelphia was elected Professor of Surgery. 

In the Illini, Clark E. Carr describes a trip during the Civil War 
on a river boat from Cairo to Savannah where the wounded had 
been taken from Pittsburg Landing. He speaks of Dr. Brainard 
several times, once as follows : "At the head of the corps of sur- 
geons was Dr. Daniel Brainard, the most -eminent surgeon in 

In closing I wish again to quote from Dr. Brainard's words which 
are as appropriate now as they were true, when he spoke them to 
the graduating class of 1849. He said : "To you, young gentlemen, 
about to enter on the practical duties of life in a profession so use- 
ful, honorable, and charitable as ours, life seems to present attrac- 
tions not often found in similar circumstances. The field of use- 
fulness is rich, vast as the ambition of man can desire. Your life, 
if you worthily follow your profession, is to be one of perpetual 
charity, of daily relief to suffering. * * * In proportion as you 
devote yourself to it, will be the return you may expect to receive. 
Set your mark high. Fear no obstacles. * * * Whatever may 
be the result no pursuit is more worthy of Occupying your lives 
than the acquisition of knowledge and its application to the relief 
of human suffering." 

MEDICAL COLLEGE, 1843 - 1859 x 


Since Dean Sumner is to speak to you of "Medicine and Matri- 
mony," it may be wise to make a frank confession and so forestall 
any criticism of our Alma Mater on that score. You may not all 
know that Eush has had a rather varied matrimonial experience. 

In 1862 when she was at the romantic age of 19, she apparently 
carried on a very active flirtation with the Catholic University of 
St. Mary's of the Lake, which was about her own age, and the first 
institution of higher learning in Chicago. That University, in its 
announcement for 1862-63, represents Eush as its medical depart- 
ment. Since Eush in her announcements never refers to this we 
may infer that the University mistook an ardent flirtation on the 
part of our youthful mater for a marriage. About twelve years 

1. Read at the joint banquet of Faculty and Alumni, June 12, 1912. 


later, when our Alma Mater had reached the more mature age of 
30 years, her susceptible nature was again flattered by having 
showered on her the advances of the first university of Chicago. 
The sixteenth annual catalogue of the University of Chicago for 
1874-75 announces Eush Medical College as the Medical Depart- 
ment of the University. In this instance also it appears that the 
graciousness with which the advances of the University were received 
was mistaken for an acceptance, and so in anticipation of an early 
marriage, a union was publicly announced instead of an engagement 
as won Id have been wiser, for our Alma Mater, again, availing her- 
self of her feminine prerogative, changed her mind and no union 
took place. For another period of thirteen years Eush now went 
her own way. During this time it is likely that she manifested 
more than a friendly interest in her latter suitor, for it was only 
after the University of Chicago was reported to be deceased that 
she took notice of the attentions directed toward her by Lake Forest 
University. Eush had now reached the mature age of 45, and 
perhaps fearing to longer delay a definite alliance, in 1887 became 
the medical department of Lake Forest University. This union 
endured for eleven years when a divorce was secured "on mutual 
agreement." Fortunately the Presbyterian and not the Anglican 
dispensation was to be consulted, else a sufficient reason for a divorce 
might have been lacking. It is our belief that the real cause for 
the action has been suppressed. At the time of the union of Eush 
and Lake Forest University, the latter was a widower, having been 
previously united to what "was later known as the Chicago Medical 
College, which was a daughter of Eush. Since the University had 
long since legally changed its former name of Lind University to 
Lake Forest University, it is likely that Eush did not realize that 
she was marrying her son-in-law, and on discovering this eleven 
years later, she immediately took steps to have the marriage quietly 
annulled. Subsequent developments, however, make us strongly 
suspect that our Alma Mater was making up to her old friend, /the 
University of Chicago, even before her separation from Lake Forest 
University. Two years after Eush had united with the Presbyterian 
University, the University of Chicago, which was supposed to have 
been dead, reappeared and was reported to have "struck oil." 
Within a year after securing her divorce, the engagement of Eush 
to the University of Chicago was announced. This engagement 
has now lasted about fourteen years, the tying of the nuptial knot 
having been delayed because of some differences regarding the 
dowry. With our Alma Mater at the age of 70, her children are 
naturally solicitous that she shall make no further mistakes in her 
matrimonial ventures. 

Dr. Ingals has spoken at length this afternoon of Dr. Daniel 
Braihard, the founder of Eush Medical College. I shall speak of 
the men associated with him in the Eush faculty, and of the work 


which they did, confining myself to the period of sixteen years dur- 
ing which there was but one medical college in Chicago. 

Carlyle has said, "Universal history, the history of what man 
has accomplished in this world, is at bottom the history of the 
great men who have worked here. They were the leaders of men, 
these great ones, the modelers, patterns, and in a wide sense crea- 
tors, of whatever the general mass of men contrived to do or to 
attain. One comfort is that great men, taken up in any way, are 
profitable company. We cannot look, however imperfectly, on a 
great man, without gaining something by him." 

It is my hope that you may gain some pleasure and profit from 
my imperfect sketch of these early men and times. 

When Br. Brainard came to Chicago in 1835, he was 23 years 
of age, and had graduated in medicine one and a half years before. 
He probably came from Detroit on the back of a pony, and he found 
Chicago a town of about 2,000 persons. Two years before the last 
great Indian council had been held in Chicago and the following 
year the last of the Indians left the country around the head of 
Lake Michigan, which they had inhabited for some two hundred 
years, for their new home beyond the Mississippi. It was seventeen 
years later that a railroad from the East reached Chicago, and 
nineteen years later that one was completed between Chicago and 
Milwaukee. Thirteen years later, a student in Eush College, 
Ambrose Jones, who is still alive in his 93d year, received the first 
telegraph message from Milwaukee to Chicago, which read : 
"Milwaukee with her 14,000, sends to Chicago with her 17,000, 

With prophetic vision Dr. Brainard foresaw a great future for 
Chicago, and realized that it would be the natural location for 
the medical school of this section. Consequently he secured a 
charter for Eush Medical College in 1837, expecting to organize 
the faculty when the opportune moment arrived. 

In 1843 circumstances were such that he realized the necessity 
for moving in the matter. He would have preferred delaying longer 
but the organization of medical schools in several small towns in 
the adjacent country forced him to come forward with his school 
before the less suitably located ones had secured a firm footing. 

The group of men which he brought together was no ordinary 
one, for the Eush faculty in its early years consisted of young men 
who were carefully selected with regard to ability to teach and to 
secure the confidence of the profession. This selection was made 
almost entirely by Dr. Brainard, and one of his strong character- 
istics was his ability to judge men, and to inspire them with his 
own enthusiasm and ideals. 

In looking over this group of men one is struck by the fact that 
they were young. Of the fourteen men who were teachers with 
professorial rank in these first sixteen years of Bush's history, the 


term of service began in the ease of four below 30 years and in 
eight between 30 and 36 years. 2 Most of them had had previous 
experience in teaching and had shown the stuff of which they were 
made. Several had secured their education amid very adverse cir- 
cumstances, and were able to add to the enthusiasm and adapta- 
bility of youth, the perseverance which comes from meeting and 
overcoming difficulties. These men were generous-spirited and were 
ever ready to serve the public and the profession. They were fore- 
most in movements to secure hospitals and other conveniences and 
necessities for the care of the sick. In matters of public health, 
they not only furnished advice but aided by personal efforts. One 
member of this group is recognized as father of the American 
Medical Association and many were active in forwarding the aims, 
of that organization in its early years. The first president of the 
Illinois State Medical Society was chosen from the Rush faculty 
and of the five standing committees, the chairman of three were 
Rush professors and of one, a Bush graduate. 3 These men loyally 
supported the State Society in the years when attendance at the 
meetings required long trips by stage or with teams across the 
country. They could not take a sleeper at night and return the 
next night after having relieved themselves of the burden of a 
paper. Attendance meant a week of valuable time. 

Another activity of the members of the faculty which was carried 
on by them for many years at a personal financial loss was the pub- 
lication of a medical journal. 4 This journal, begun in 1844, was 
the first and for many years the only medical journal published in 
the Northwest. It was a means of communication among the doc- 
tors of the region, and a place for the publication of the papers and 
experiences of the men of this section which contained many edu- 
cated and efficient practitioners. Edited at different times by vari- 
ous members of the faculty, it was a powerful factor in the educa- 
tion of the medical men of the Northwest, and in building up a 
spirit of interest and pride in local institutions. It was an able 
champion of higher medical education. It is now a valuable store- 
house of information on the diseases prevalent in early days along 
the rivers and on the prairies of this region. A fairly complete 
history of medicine in Chicago and the surrounding country could 
be compiled from information found in its volumes. 

Some of the men in this group were original investigators of 
real merit and they stimulated similar efforts among their students. 

2. Blaney, 23 years ; Armor, 27 years ; McLean and Ranch, 29 years ; Brainard 
and Herrick' and Evans, 31 years ; Flint and Davis, 32 years ; Johnson, 33 years ; 
Freer, 34 years ; Fitch, 36 years ; Byford, 40 years ; Spencer, 51 years. 

3. The most active man in urging a call for the State Convention and the 
signer of the call as Secretary was A. F. Guilbert, a Rush graduate. 

4. Volumes 1 and 2 (1844-5 and 1845-6) appeared under the name "Illinois 
Medical and Sv.rgical Journal;" volumes 3 and 4 (1846-7 and 1847-8) under the 
name "Illinois and Indiana Medical Journal ;" volumes 5 to 14 (1848-9 to 1857) 
under the name "Northwestern Medical and Surgical Journal ;" volumes 15 to 32 
(1858 to 1875) under the name "Chicago Medical Journal." 


Compared with present standards, their college did not have a 
very complete equipment, but the most was made of what they had. 
After careful survey of the teachers on the faculties of American 
medical schools of the period under consideration, I believe that 
the group of men of whom we are speaking contained as efficient 
teachers as were found anywhere in the land. 

Let us recall some of the memorable things associated with these 
men as they pass rapidly before us. 5 

Daniel Brainard (1812-1866), Professor of Surgery (1843-1866), was 
the founder of Rush Medical College, and its success is largely due to him. 
He was looked up to by the faculty, admired and loved by the students, a 
profound student of surgery, a skillful investigator, the best known sur- 
geon of the Western country for many years, a most forceful, efficient and 
inspiring teacher. His scientific work attracted world-wide attention, his 
influence has probably reached farther and been of more fundamental 
value than that of any other medical man of the West. 

Jas. Van Zandt Blaney (1820-1874), Professor of Chemistry (1843- 
1874). A graduate of Princeton College and of the Medical Department 
of the University of Pennsylvania in 1842. With Dr. Brainard he was 
most active in the organization and development of Rush. He was one of 
the most popular teachers on the faculty. He began the publication of 
the first medical journal of the Northwest. As an analytical chemist he 
acquired an international reputation. He served as Surgeon and Medical 
Director during the civil war, and at its close was delegated to pay off 
the medical officers of the Northwest, thus disbursing $600,000. 

John McLean (1814-1879), Professor of the Theory and Practice of 
Medicine, and of Materia Medica and Therapeutics (1843-1854). He 
secured his education entirely by personal efforts, taking his medical 
degree from Castleton, Vt. He was an excellent teacher and much liked 
by his students. 

These three men, together with M. L. Knapp, of whom I can learn 
nothing, and A. H. Davison, who was Prosector of Anatomy, formed the 
original faculty in days when the teaching force in American medical 
schools could be counted on the fingers of one hand. 

The second year there appeared the names of Austin Flint, G. N. Fitch 
and W. B. Herrick. 

Austin Flint, Sr. (1812-1886), Professor of Institutes and Practice of 
Medicine (1844-1845). Pie was educated at Harvard. Subsequently he 
taught in several medical schools and finally became Professor of Principles 
and Practice of Medicine in Bellevue Hospital, New York. He has left 
his name indelibly stamped on American medical literature. 

Graham N. Fitch (1808-1892), Professor of Obstetrics and Diseases of 
Women and Children (1844-1849). He was educated at Geneva College and 
the College of Physicians and Surgeons of New York. He was an active 
factor, not only in medicine but also in politics. From 1856 to 1861 he 
was United States Senator from Indiana. His medical writings show him 
to have been a keen observer and clear thinker. 

William B. Herrick (1813-1865), Professor of Anatomy and later of 
Physiology (1844-1857). Educated at Bowdoin and Dartmouth Colleges. 
During Dr. Brainard's absence he acceptably filled the chair of surgery. 
He was the first president of the Illinois State Medical Society. He served 
as surgeon in the Mexican War and never recovered his health afterward. 
He was a good teacher and exerted much influence on his students. 

5. M. L. Knapp was one of the original faculty, but I have been unable to 
learn anything of him. 


In 1845-6, John Evans appears among the faculty. 

■John Evans (1814-1897), Professor of Obstetrics and Diseases of Women 
and Children (1845-1857). Largely through his influence the first insane 
hospital in Indiana was established. He invented and described an "obstet- 
rical extractor" which was used with much success and was designed to 
replace the forceps in certain conditions. He was a skillful teacher and 
as editor of The Journal, wrote some very forceful editorials which show 
high ideals regarding medical education and the relation of physicians to 
the public and to each other. He was always active in the organization 
of public charitable institutions. In 1862 he was appointeed by President 
Lincoln Territorial Governor of Colorado and later served as United States 
Senator from that commonwealth. On his eightieth birthday in 1894, 
special honor was done him by the city of Denver. 

During 1846-7, Samuel G. Armour (1819-1885) delivered a course of 
lectures on physiology, but he was unable to accept the chair offered 
because he had previously accepted one elsewhere. After teaching in 
several schools, in 1866 he was elected Professor of Materia Medica and 
General Pathology in Long Island College Hospital of Brooklyn, where he 
succeeded Austin Flint, Sr., as Professor of the Practice of Medicine. He 
was a most successful teacher. 

In 1849-50 the names of Thomas Spencer and Nathan S. Davis are 
added to the faculty. 

Thos. Spencer (1798-1857), Professor of Principles and practice of 
Medicine (1849-1851). He was the only man who had passed 40 years 
when he entered the teaching body of Rush. He had twice served as 
President of the State Medical Society of New York, and was well known 
as an author, having published a book on cholera at the time of the first 
American epidemic in 1833. He had been largely instrumental in estab- 
lishing Geneva College, in which he was Professor of Theory and Practice 
of Medicine for 15 years. He also served as surgeon for one and a half 
years in the Mexican War. He was a clear thinker, an able writer and 
exerted a strong influence over the numerous students and practitioners 
of his time. 

Nathan S. Davis (1817-1904), Professor of Physiology and Pathology 
and Practice of Medicine (1849-1859). Born in a log cabin, educated in 
a country medical school, he rounded out his education by personal efforts. 
He early exhibited ability as a writer and organizer. He has been called 
the "father of the American Medical Association." He was an ardent 
advocate of higher medical education and of the application of pedagogical 
methods to medical instruction. Two books of medical history, written 
by him, are now classics. One, a History of the Medical Profession in 
America, published in 1850, was the first medical book printed in Chicago. 
The other is a History of the American Medical Association, published in 
1855. He was popular as a teacher and beloved by his students. 

In 1850 James Warren Freer appears on the faculty as Demonstrator 
of Anatomy. 

Jas. W. Freer (1816-1877), Professor of Anatomy (1855-1877). One 
year after his graduation he was appointed Demonstrator of Anatomy in 
Rush, winning the place by concours, the position being ably contested 
by Dr. E. S. Cooper, later the distinguished Prof. E. S. of San Francisco. 
In 1855 he became Professor of Anatomy, thus being the first alumnus to 
become a professor in the Alma Mater. During the Civil War he served 
as enrolling surgeon for the Chicago district. A recent writer who knew 
him as a student has said "Freer was' one of the most unassuming and 
one of the most substantial men I ever knew. He was a great practitioner 
and a good teacher and was greatly beloved and honored in his time." 

In 1855 Hosmer A. Johnson was made Professor of Materia Medica 
and Medical Jurisprudence. 


Hosmer A. Johnson (1822-1891), Professor of Materia Medica and 
Medical Jurisprudence and Physiology and Pathology (1855-1859). He 
had graduateed from Rush the preceding year and was the second Rush 
alumnus to become a professor in the school. For four years he was 
associated with Professor Herrick and Professor Davis as editor of The 
Journal. He was always active in scientific societies. He was recognized 
as one of the best educated and most talented physicians of Chicago. 

In 1857, the last two men added to the faculty during this period 
appeared in the persons of William H. Byford and John H. Rauch. 

William H. Byford (1817-1890), Professor of Obstetrics and Diseases 
of Women and Children (1857-1859; 1879-1890), was already 40 years 
of age and had had considerable previous experience in teaching. He 
acquired a world-wide reputation and after an absence of twenty years, 
returned to Rush where he taught until his death. 

John H. Rauch (1828-1894), Professor of Materia Medica and Medical 
Jurisprudence (1857-1859), was a graduate of the University of Pennsyl- 
vania, was one of the organizing members of the Iowa State Medical 
Society, and the first delegate from that society to the American Medical 
Association. He was Professor of Materia Medica and Medical Juris- 
prudence. In 1861 he entered the army as surgeon and served through 
the Civil War. His great work was the promotion of higher medical 

This embraces the men who occupied positions of professors 
in Kush up to 1859, during the first period of her history. The 
second period begins with the withdrawal of three members of the 
faculty and the organization of a daughter medical school. The 
break in the ranks of the Rush faculty was almost immediately 
filled with efficient men and the progress of the institution was 
not impeded. As parents do not always appreciate the influences 
which lead children to leave their home and branch forth in untried 
paths, but still they rejoice in their success, so Rush is glad that 
out of the separation of her family ultimate good came. Since 
that day other sons of Rush have rendered valuable services in the; 
new household, and in return Rush has received into her own 
family grandchildren who have become her present most accom- 
plished professor of chemistry, one of her most brilliant professors 
of surgery, a scholarly professor of medicine, and her present incom- 
parable dean. 

When I began outlining something to say on this occasion, I 
proposed to include some remarks on early individual alumni. I 
soon found this would take too much time. I am glad of this 
opportunity to state that I am collecting biographical sketches, 
portraits and diplomas of deceased alumni for preservation and 
to beg the aid of living alumni in this undertaking. 

May I mention one name which appears among the students for 
1852-53? I can do this without slight to the others, because no 
other belongs to the same class. It is Emery Blackwell/ the first 
woman admitted to a medical school in Chicago. The State Med- 
ical Society criticised Rush so severely for allowing a woman to 
study medicine within her walls that Miss Blackwell was not 


allowed to return and graduate. In 1876, one of the Eush fac- 
ulty, Professor J. W- Freer, selected Dr. Sarah Hackett Stevenson 
as his substitute to represent the State Society in the American 
Medical Association, and she was seated after considerable opposi- 
tion, and Illinois was thus the first state to be represented in the 
Association by a woman. During the life of the Women's Medical 
College of Chicago, the members of the Eush faculty were largely 
represented in its faculty. When this school was closed, a short 
time after its union with the Northwestern University, and women 
were denied the advantages of its medical school, Eush opened her 
doors to them, placing them on an equality with men. 

Of the Eush Alumni I can only say that from the first they have 
given their Alma Mater every reason for pride. They have been 
most prominent in organizing and supporting medical societies in 
the whole western country, even to the Pacific Ocean. In every 
state and almost in every village of this territory their influence 
has been felt for good. Many of the early graduates were men 
who had been forced to make their own way, and often had secured 
a preliminary education as thorough as was offered at the time. 
A good many paid for their medical education by teaching school 
and by giving popular scientific lectures. They were thus not only 
educated from books, but also had the advantage of that experience 
which comes from contact with the practical problems of life. 

Great success in surgery fell to the lot of Eush graduates from 
the beginning. The teaching of the master bore much fruit. The 
first graduate of the college, William Butterfield, lost his health 
in the service of his country in the Mexican War, and one of the 
members of the second class, William Fosdick, died of yellow fever 
while acting as surgeon in the same war. They were two of the 
790 young men from Chicago, 290 of whom never came home. 

A very large proportion of the early graduates of whom I have 
learned served in the Civil War. Many attained high rank and 
honor for valuable service; some did not return. A few wore the 
gray, most the blue, but all ministered to the wounded and sick 
without any regard to the uniform they wore. They have also not 
been less heroic in times of peace. I know of three early alumni 
who within a year of their graduation fell victims to Asiatic cholera 
in or near Chicago contracted in their care of the stricken. 

Dr. Ingals and I sent a letter to the 125 alumni of Eush who 
are living, so far as the College records show, and who were students 
during the life of Dr. Brainard. Eeplies were received from over 
thirty. In these letters written by men who passed from the teach- 
ing of Daniel Brainard, from forty-seven to sixty-five years ago, 
there is expressed without exception the highest regard, respect, 
esteem and admiration for their old teacher. They speak of his 
interest and kindness to them as students, of his gentleness to 
children and consideration of women patients. One says, "Brain- 


ard was the idol which we all worshiped/ 7 and another, "1 never 
met one who had ]ost any of the old time admiration we had hack 
in those days." They speak of the vividness with which his teach- 
ing and inspiring example has remained with them through all 
the }^ears. May Bush never lack teachers who have the ability and 
purpose not only to teach young men the science of medicine but 
also to inspire in them high ideals and ambitions so that her alumni 
of the present and future may measure up to the standard set by 
those of the past. 

In closing may I quote from an address by the late Professor 
Senn delivered on his assuming the Professorship of Surgery in 
Ensh in 1891? He says: "Brainard, the founder of this institution 
and the first occupant of the chair of surgery, was a great surgeon, 
a gifted teacher and an original investigator. His giant intellect 
was not content in acquiring, practising and teaching what was 
known at his time, but sought new fields for exploration, and the 
knowledge thus gained was freely infused into his students. Brain- 
ard's work in the field of experimental surgery brought him an 
international fame and his name will be quoted as long as books 
on surgery will be printed. His work has not only left numerous 
permanent impressions on surgical literature, but it created a stim- 
ulus which took possession of students and the progressive surgeons 
throughout the civilized world, leading them away from the old 
well-worn paths into new, unexplored territories awaiting the 
advance column of original explorers. It is difficult to estimate 
the importance and magnitude of his work in this direction, but 
hundreds of his students scattered all over this country still remain 
living witnesses of his zeal, industry and ability as a surgeon, 
teacher and scientist. They are to be envied for having received 
their first surgical knowledge from one of the greatest, and cer- 
tainly the most original surgeon that America has yet produced." 


The Commencement Exercises of the Rush Medical College took place 
in Leon Mandel Assemply Hall on Wednesday, June 12, 1912. 

After the overture and processional, a prayer was made by the Commence- 
ment Chaplain, Herbert Lockwood Willett, Ph.D. 

Tlie Doctorate Address was delivered by Professor E. Fletcher tngals, 
on the Life and Work of Dr. Daniel Brainard. This address we publish in 

The candidates who received the Degree of Medicinse Doctor are as 
follows : 

*George Abelio "Herman William Julius Koerper 

"Louis William Allard """William John Kofmehl 

Aaron Arkin Archibald William Lauerman 

"Albert August Axley * John Henry Linson 

Irwin Woodward Bach "Selim Walker McArthur 

"Edward Cleveland Banker "Eugene Franklin McCampbell 

*David Mayo Berkman "Roy Fallas Mills 

*Mat Bloomfield "Beveridge Harshaw Moore 



'"'Charles Augustus Burkholder 

Fred Cornelius Caldwell 
"Claude William Carr 
* Eugene Cary 
"Warner Latta Crouch 
"Philip Marshall Dale 
*George Armar Davis 

Katherine Weller Dewey 
■-Clifford Rush Eskey 
"Merchant Charles Fargo 
"Morris Fishbein 
"Arthur Haeberlin Fisher 
"Paul Christopher Fox 
*Thomas Cyrus Galloway 

Arthur Goettsch 
"Richard Charles Halsey 
"John Werton Hampton 
"Olaf Haroldson 

'""Johann Martin Friedrich Heumann 
""William Francis Hewitt 
"Sherman Blaine Hibbard 
"Ralph Bowen Howard 
"John Riley Hughes 
'""Wilbur Randolph Hurst 
*Ralph Sherwin Johnston 
'""Grover Cleveland Klein 
"Harry Grove Knapp 

John Josiah Moore 
"Wilson Alexander Myers 
"John Robert Newman 
*"Harry Otten 
^Charles Edward Palmer 
*Eugene Talmage Phelps 
'""Nephi John Rees, Jr. 

* Thomas David Rees 
"William Henry Riley 

* George Fairclough Roberts 
^Israel Sherry 

*Arthur Andrew Smith 
*William Bowman Smith 

* William Wallis Smith 
*Carlie Bell Souter 

John Roscoe Steagall 
"""Lyman Allen Steffen 
*Irving Freiler Stein 
'""Jerome Frank Strauss 

William George Strobel 
"Ralph Charles Sullivan , 
"Fred Emerson Torrance 

Henry Johnson Ullmann 
"Karl William Wahlberg 
"Vernie Emma Woodward 
*Fred Daniel Worlton 
*Oren Henry Wright 

The Degree of Doctor of Medicine was conferred on the following students 
at the close, of the Summer Quarter, September 1, 1911: 

Hendrik Nelson Belgum 
"Fredericus Augustinus Bisdom van 

"John Zimmerman Brown 
"Harry John Corper 
"John Reuben Green 
^'Herbert Henry Hughes 

Marion Charles Krompotic 
"Delbert Harrison Laird 

At the close of the Autumn Quarter, December 21, 1911: 
"Clarence Emerson """Roscoe Conkling Main 

"Charles Clark Hillman Abdul Hamid Orabi 

"Edward William Koch Andrew Jackson Rcdmon 

At the close of the Winter Quarter, March 21, 1912: 

:: "John Hancock McClellan 
*Harley Dore Newby 
Roy Herbert Nicholl 
"James Patterson 
"Leah Riker 

"Fred Emmanuel Roberg 
'""Louis Daniel Smith 
"Edward James Strick 

'""Robert Booth Acker 
"Benjamin Franklin Davis 
"Alden Larue Crittenden 
"Fred William Gaarde 
"James Richard Greer 

Maude Hall 
* Edward Howard Hatton 
"Claude Du Vail Holmes 

Arno Benedict Luckhardt 
"Charles Thomas Maxwell 

*William Henry Olds, Jr. 
* Jesse Carl Painter 
"""William Ferdinand Peterson 
"August Henry Rosburg 
"Claude Lester Shields 
Harry Farlin Watt 
*Russell Morse Wilder 
"James Lee Wilson 
"Paul Reinhold Wohler 
"Edwin Owen Woods 

"Arthur James McCarey 

* The asterisks are prefixed to the names of those members of the class 
who have gained prizes or secured positions by competitive examination 
and appointment as internes in hospitals. 


Fellowships, Prizes and Honors were awarded as follows: 
The Alumni Fellowship in Pathology, Morris Fishbein, S.B. ; The Fellow- 
ship in Pathology, Adelbert Montague Moody, M.D. ; The Dane Billings 
Fellowship in Medicine, Homer King Nicoll, A.B., M.D.; The Nicholas Senn 
Fellowship in Surgery, Dallas Baldwin Phemister, M.D. ; The Benjamin 
Eush Medal, Russell Morse Wilder, S.B., The J. W. Freer Medal and First 
Prize, Virgil H. Moon, S.M. ; Second Prize, Aaron Arkin, A.M.; The Daniel 
Brainard Medal, Mary Mitchell, S.B.; The DeLaskie Miller Prize, Eugene 

Fellows Appointed at the University for 1912-13: 

Kenneth Noel Atkins, Ph.B., A.M., Bacteriology; Wyman R. Green, A.B., 
A.M., Zoology; Homer Allen Hill. A.B., Zoology; Libbie Henrietta Hyman, 
S.B., Zoology; Edmund Jacobson, S.B., A.M., Ph.D., Pnysiology; George 
Lester Kite, A.B., M.D., Pathology; John George Sinclair, S.B., Zoology. 

Prize Scholarships in Medicine at Rush Medical College for Theses 
Involving Original Investigation : 

First Prize to Virgil Holland Moon, A.B., Sc.M., University of Kansas, 
for a thesis entitled "Some Studies in the Agglutination of Typhoid 

Prize Scholarships in the Medical Courses at the University of Chicago 
Granted to Incoming Students for Theses Involving Original Investigation: 

First Prize to Howard Mueller, Illinois Wesleyan College, for a thesis 
entitled "Circulation in Necturus." Second Prize to J. H. R. Roberts, 
Bucknell University, for a thesis entitled "The Comparative Anatomy of 
the Skulls of Some of the Primates." 


Tuesday, 3 P. M. 
The classday exercises of the Senior Class were held in the Upper 

The class tablet was unveiled. Professor Herrick made the speech 
of acceptance. T. C. Galloway, ? 12 Class President, presented the 
tablet. The class motto is "Sympathy and Help." 

Wednesday, 5 P. M. 
The annual business meeting of the Alumni Association was held 
in the Auditorium in a room south of the ninth floor banquet hall. 
There was a large attendance, especially of the older Alumni. The 
minutes and reports will be published in the next issue of the 
Bulletin, as this issue is devoted largely to Brainard matter. 


When you elected me your President a year ago, I expressed my- 
self in terms somewhat ambiguous, uncertain if I should look on 
your selection with favor or otherwise, not knowing at the time how 
much you expected of me, or how much labor the position really 


required. In looking about I soon concluded that with the able 
corps of officers which you had selected to assist, with your individ- 
ual assistance and support, I could be assured that the coming 
annua] meeting of the Alumni Association, the meeting of 
1912, would be a grand success. This afternoon meeting speaks 
jn unmistakable terms for or against this success. That your elected 
officers have all been faithful to their trust I need not remind you. 
You have heard your Treasurer's and Executive Chairman's report, 
your Necrologist's report, the report from the Chairman of the 
Fellowship Committee and the character of these separate reports 
all bespeak for themselves an amount of work well clone, done in 
the interest of our beloved Alumni Association. Much time and 
self-sacrificing devotion has been given fhis our mutual interests by 
these our servants and they 'all deserve our esteem, respect, and 
thanks for this labor so well performed. 

As retiring President, I deem it my imperative duty and in the 
interest of our Association to call your attention to a few points 
which to my mind are of the utmost importance to us all. 

1. Alumni Eeunions. — Eeunions at the various state medical 
society meetings, especially those held in the middle and far West 
and southwest states should be encouraged and an annual reunion 
of the Alumni Association at the meeting of the A. M. A. should 
be provided for. If needs be, at these gatherings a representative 
of Eush Medical College should be in attendance, one who can speak 
authoritively about Old Eush. This would bring about a stimulus, 
help to increase the attendance at such reunions, bring into closer 
relationship the members of the different classes, encourage that 
fraternal spirit which is so much desired in our profession. Such 
reunions can easily be arranged. As an instance I may cite that 
your President at the last meeting of the Illinois State Medical 
Society at Springfield, three weeks ago, within a day's notice man- 
aged to meet at luncheon thirty-three alumni members. Had the 
work been planned ahead I am quite confident that three times that 
number would have been in attendance. A similar attempt was 
made at the meeting of the A. M. A. at Atlantic City last week, but 
the Eush attendance was too small and the time too limited. I 
would respectfully suggest, therefore, that a committee of one from 
each of the different states representing all the western, southwestern 
and middle west, the Chairman to reside here in this city, be 
appointed to be known as the Alumni Eeunion or Eelations Com- 
mittee, whose duty it shall be to make all necessary arrangements, 
in advance, for the various state reunions as well as for the A. M. A. 
meetings. All arrangements to be made some time in advance of 
these meetings, making it well known by means of the Bulletin or 
otherwise that a reunion of Eush Alumni is to be held at such or 
such a place either in form of a smoker, luncheon or as the com- 
mittee may decide upon; only by such means and methods can we 
hope to bring about a good fellowship and a closer alumni interest. 


2. Historical Alumni. — We are to commemorate this evening 
by words of song and praise the character, activities, life and the 
learning of the founder of Rush Medical College, Dr. Daniel 
Brainard. The historical data of this illustrious man are not very 
abundant. The big Chicago fire in 1871 which destroyed the old 
college building also destroyed all letters, papers, sayings and writ- 
ings of this great teacher. Little has since been gathered about 
Dr. Brainard. Let us guard against a similar contingency. The 
men who followed immediately into the footsteps of Dr. Brainard 
and his coworkers have long ago left this field of labor and joined 
the silent throng. The noted Surgeon, Prof. Moses Gunn, suc- 
ceeded Dr. Daniel Brainard; the collaborators of Dr. Brainard were 
followed by such men as the cultured Dr. James Adam Allen, by the 
Chesterfield, Dr. DeLaskie Miller, the learned Dr. Henry T. Lyman, 
the stern but kind-hearted Dr. Charles T. Parks and Joseph P. Ross, 
and last, but not least, good-natured old Dr. Holmes. A new genera- 
tion of alumni members will soon come on the scene and ask for the 
sayings, the writings, the deeds, the historical data of these grand 
men. Now that the hour is still early, the sun is not yet too far in the 
western horizon — let us gather what we can about their sayings, 
so that we may give into the hands of the coming alumni a knowl- 
edge about these, our teachers and their sayings, which without our 
efforts may be for all time lost. The sayings, anecdotes and jokes 
of Uncle Allen alone if gathered and collected would make a good 
sized volume and would be most interesting reading. (At this 
point I may state that an alumnus had promised me about twenty 
.little anecoclotes about Uncle Allen which he noted down while 
listening to his lectures.) This same applies to many of the other 
old teachers. I would therefore suggest that a committee of five 
be appointed to be known as Alumni Historical Committee whose 
duty it shall be to gather all such information desired and deposit 
the same in the archives of the college or at such place designated 
by the faculty, such sayings and writings to be accessible at all times 
to the members of the Alumni Association, through their officers, 
and that from time to time some of these sayings appear on the 
pages of our official organ, The Bulletin, where it would make 
most interesting, instructive, as well as educational reading matter. 
This brings me to the third point, namely, 

3. The Bulletin. — Relative to The Bulletin, the official organ 
of the Alumni Association, I am of the opinion that it should be 
published solely in the interest of the alumni and its members, to 
contain also such items which relate to Rush Medical College and 
the Chicago University with which Rush is now affiliated. Our 
present editor, Dr. A. C. Soper, has labored faithfully and hard in 
our interest to make The Bulletin a success, but we are asking 
too much for him to do it all, so as President I would offer that the 
scope of The Bulletin be broadened and to that effect I would 


suggest that a committee of five be appointed to be known as 
Alumni Bulletin Committee whose duty it shall be to assist the 
editor in his arduous work, see that all items of interest pertaining 
to the Alumni Association or of its members find place in The 
Bulletin, see that in the near future by broadening of its scope it 
may be issued oftener than four times a year, and that with the 
broadening of its field, the securing of advertisements from repu- 
table pharmaceutical houses, may be deemed proper and profitable, 
so that in the very near future we may be in a position to remu- 
nerate for editing and publishing The Bulletin our members who 
are doing this laborious work. The issuing and editing of a paper 
like our official organ requires much time and attention, more time 
really than the average busy practitioner finds that he can devote 
and we should not ask that this work be done gratuitously. 

In my humble judgment I have made these few but timely 
suggestions and I do hope, as I have acted in the interest of the 
Alumni Association and all of its members, that they deserve your 
earnest consideration. 

In conclusion, I wish to thank you all for the honor that you 
have conferred on me by having made me your President. I esteem 
it a high favor to have merited your confidence and now on retiring 
I wish again to thank you one and all, and all the officers which 
were associated with me, assisting to make this, the 1912 Alumni 
meeting, a success, and that I can assure you that I will ever be 
rtady to be in the field in the interest of the alumni of our Alma 
Mater, old Rush. 



Dr. Daniel Brainard was born May 15, 1812, at Westernville, 
Oneida County^ near Rome, N. Y., and died in Chicago, Oct. 10, 
1866. He graduated from Jefferson Medical College in 1834, began 
the practice of medicine^ at Whitesboro, K. Y., a small village near 
his place of birth, remaining there about one year. He came to 
Chicago in the early part of September, 1835. His first office in 
Chicago was in a little wooden building situated on the ground 
where the Chicago Tribune Building then stood (on south Clark 
street, between Randolph and Lake, opposite the Sherman House, 
old number 53) ; it was there that he gave his first instructions to 
students. In the winter of 1836 he went to St. Louis, where he 
gave a course of lectures on anatomy, returning in the spring of 
1837. He visited Paris in 1837, returning with the fixed purpose 
of opening a medical school, which he did in 1843, naming the 
school in honor of Dr. Benjamin Rush of Philadelphia, one of the 
signers of the Declaration of Independence. He was its first Presi- 


dent and filled the chair of Professor of Anatomy and Surgery, both 
of which he held from the opening of the school until the day of 
liis death in 1866. 

Dr. Brainard Was married at Napervilie, 111., to a daughter of 
Colonel Sleight, founded Eush Medical College in 1843, died at the 
Sherman House on Wednesday evening, Oct. 10, 1866, at 9 :15. Was 
taken sick on the afternoon preceding the day of his death while 
lecturing to the students on the subject of cholera. 

He visited Europe for study and travel again in 1852, and a 
third and last time during the summer of 1866, returning only ten 
days before his death. At the time of his death about 2,700 students 
had received instructions from him. He was 54 years old when he 
died. He saw this city grow from a mere village to a city of over , 
200,000 inhabitants. 

In 1861 he was appointed a member of the State Board of 
Examiners, to test the ability of surgeons who applied on service 
in the Begular Army of the Bebellion. Dr. Brainard first came 
into prominence as a surgeon in 1838, performing a successful 
operation on a canal laborer who had fractured his thighbone and 
which he removed from the joint. Dr. Brainard was considered 
one of the foremost surgeons of that time. He is described as a 
man of decided intellectual power and attainments aside from his 
professional eminence. He had his peculiarities of address and was 
deemed by many unapproachable and reserved, but thousands can 
attest to his genuine kindness of heart and genial feeling, and also 
to his rectitude in his dealings with others. He made no parade of 
his attainments and cared little apparently for forms. He was a 
man of great perseverance and of methodical business habits. Out- 
side of his professional calling he devoted much time and labor to 
the great enterprise of uniting the lakes and the Mississippi Biver 
by a ship canal, and compiled and circulated a large amount of 
statistical information on this subject. 

Dr. Daniel Brainard opened Eush Medical College in the fall 
of 1843. Twenty-two students attending the first course of lectures, 
a Dr. William Butterfield being the first graduate, graduating in 
the early spring of 1844. From the opening of Eush Medical 
College in the fall of 1843 up to the time of Dr. Brainard's death 
in the fall of 1866, in twenty-three years over 2,700 students had 
listened to his lectures and Eush College had graduated 890 men. 
In the fifth annual announcement of Eush Medical College, (1847- 
1848) we learn that Daniel Brainard, M.D., and professor, will 
give an eight weeks' course, beginning in February, 1848, of lectures 
on clinical medicine and surgery and auscultation and percussion. 
Fee $10.00. 



"The cholera was then epidemic and at the time very virulent 
'in its results. Great increase in the number of cases. There is 
no disguising the fact that the dread Asiatic scourge is more 
active among us within the past two or three days than previ- 
ously. The average daily number of cases of cholera reported 
during August in this city was about six. For September the 
attacks reported were 272, deaths 146, average of nine attacks daily, 
with five deaths. October showed an alarming increase. It is par- 
ticularly noticeable too that the extension of the disease is not con- 
fined to the unwashed, undrained, illy-ventilated portions of the 
city. It has struck and boldly into the higher walks of life. Chiefly 
confined to the newly arrived emigrant or to that portion of the 
city where bad air and foul drainage are marked features, now, 
however, it has struck higher. The death of Dr. Brainard, Alder- 
man O'Sullivan and Dr. Winer are prominent instances in profes- 
sional circles. The grim monster is thus striking right and left 
among us as if it tired of his previous constraint and were more 
determined to play havoc among us and to avenge on our person 
the terrible neglect which has marked our municipal history in 
regard to sanitary matters and teach us a practical lesson for future 

"It would seem that a partial panic has struck the people in some 
quarters, in one where it would have been least expected. The 
students of Bush Medical College, alarmed by the death of one of 
their number, a Mr. Davidson from Indiana, and the rumored 
death of Dr. Brainard, met at 3 o'clock yesterday afternoon to the 
number of about 200 and voted almost unanimously to adjourn to 
December 1 in view of the danger from cholera, subject, however, 
to a call of the faculty in case the disease abates. One would think 
that they of all men should not fly, as, if they be well enough read 
to practice, their services are wanted here and if not yet skilled, 
they have a good opportunity for study. 

"The course of lectures in the college will be continued so that 
the few students remaining will not suffer by the defection of their 
less staunch brethren. 

"The means for the avoidance of cholera are simple but impera- 
tive. We should by all means secure good ventilation and remove 
from near us every vestige of decaying animal or vegetable matter 
especially in a liquid shape, using disinfectants freely. Personally 
we should avoid chills, keep clean but not wash too often, avoid all 
excesses either in enjoyment or in work. This being secured, the 
cholera will not attack. Should it, however, come through neglect 
of" these precautions, the first symptoms should be attended to. The 
incipient diarrhea is early checked ; if allowed to run for a few hours 
without contraction, fatal results cannot in all cases be avoided. — 
From the Chicago Tribune, Thursday, Oct. 11, 1866. 



The banquet was served promptly at 6 :30. 

Dr. Eitter presided and introduced J. W. Chamberlain, '82, who 
acted as toast master. 

The singing was unusually good, everybody joined in and made 
the dinner very lively; 270 were present. 

J. J. Moore, '12, spoke for the class. 

George H. Weaver, '89, read an address on Brainard's times which 
is published in this issue. 

Dean Albion W. Small followed with "Medicine and the Uni- 
versity," a most admirable and excellent talk. 

Eev. Dean Walter T. Sumner spoke on "Medicine and Matri- 
mony." He advocates a general education as to the condition of 
marriage among the unfit, physically, mentally and morally. The 
end in view is to establish regulations as to who should marry, and 
none should marry unless able to pass a physical examination. 

Then followed the older Alumni who were present, and most of 
them made five-minute talks about Brainard and his time. Some of 
whose speeches we publish : E. T. Spotswood, '51 ; J. W. Edwards, 
'54; T. J. Shreves, '57; L. C. Armstrong, '59; J. L. Thompson, '60; 
C. J. Lewis, '61; John McLean, '63; F. C. Robinson, '63; P. Y. 
McCoy, '63 ; F. C. Mehler, '63; S. B. McGlumphy, '64; Geo. Beasley, 
'64 ; P. S. MacDonald, '64; G. M. Chamberlin, '65 ; J. Massman, '67 ; 
W. L. Eabe, '67; T. C. Murphy, '68; J. C. Webster, '70; P. 
Adolphus, '73; E T. Gobel, '74; J. Plecker, '77. 


C. N. ELLINWOOD, M.D., LL.D.— 1858 


The personal appearance, address and forceful character of Dr. 
Brainard profoundly impressed those who came to know him as a 
man to succeed in whatever he undertook. His personality has been 
more indelibly fixed in my memory during the past sixty years 
than that of any other man I knew in all my student life. 

I can recall his clinics in the old Lake House Hospital on the 
north side of the Chicago Eiver, and some of the cases he presented 
to the class and his own impressive way of doing it. He used few 
words, but they were carefully studied, direct to the point, and his 
points methodically arranged and easily remembered. 
" He was a large man of powerful physique and indomitable will, 
which contributed to his greatness as a surgeon and a teacher. His 
command or direction to a patient brought submission at once with- 
out argument or question, which was a great aid in those days 
before anesthesia was practiced, and it required determined men to 
do surgical operations and brave men to submit to them. 


Dr. Brainard's manner in the lecture room was affable, easy, 
thoughtful and dignified, which he had trained himself into as best 
comporting to his methods of study and operating. When he had 
solved a problem or conducted a demonstration the student felt 
satisfied that he had it clearly in his mind and finished. 

Malgaigne, the eminent French surgeon- of that day, and profes- 
sor of the Paris School, had this accomplishment also as few men 
have, and Dr. Brainard acquired much of his polish and forceful 
ways in teaching by his frequent association with the professors of 
the Paris faculty. 

The writer of this historical note was a student assistant in the 
service of Professor Brainard in his college clinics, in his office and 
at times in the U. S. Marine Hospital. I assisted in many of his 
vivisections while investigating snake poisons, and the uses of iodin 
as an antidote, and for other purposes. 

Bob Kennicott, another student about my age, who became later 
a. prominent naturalist in the Smithsonian Institution, was very 
expert in catching rattlesnakes on the prairies and housing them in 
the office building where the experiments were conducted. Some- 
times he would have a dozen or more which he handled with great 
dexterity and courage in causing them to bite the animals provided 
for the experiments as Dr. Brainard or I would present them, and 
then followed the noting of results. 

It was this work and his elaborate papers on it and several other 
subjects, e. g., iodin injections in spina bifida, researches and 
procedures in ununited fractures, etc., which he presented to the 
Academy of Medicine in Paris that gained for him distinction for 
original work in that great society, as I learned some years later 
from his friend and fellow member, Baron Larrey. 

The enthusiasm of Dr. Brainard in science and his devotion to 
the college, and his success in gaining a large and lucrative practice 
of surgery, made him the ideal surgeon of our college classes, and 
a large part of the medical profession of the West, and also aroused 
the enmities of some, as is not unusual even nowadays with our 
modern development of the humanities among professional men. 

The appreciation of Dr. Brainard's greatness grows with the 
passing decades of history, not only for his achievements as founder 
of Bush Medical College, his contributions to science and the art 
of surgery, but also for his inspiring influence on young men in 
his following who became his ardent admirers, and so trained them- 
selves as to follow in his footsteps. 

The aspirations of Dr. Brainard and his accomplishments encour- 
aged and stimulated their zeal to be like him. They adopted his 
purposes as their own ambitions in life, and some of them pursued 
his ways and methods. 

As an illustration of this cumulative greatness and beneficence 
in Dr. Brainard's career I make mention of an instance which lias 


come to my personal knowledge. In the year 1855 Dr. Elias Samuel 
Cooper came to San Francisco from Peoria, 111., to realize his 
ambition as a surgeon and to found a medical college. 

It is recorded of Dr. Cooper that he took a prominent part in 
the early proceedings of the Peoria Medical Society; that he was 
the first man to use chloroform as an anesthetic west of Pennsyl- 
vania; that he was a candidate for the place of demonstrator of 
anatomy in Push Medical College when Dr. Joseph Freer was 
elected to that position; that he had pursued his studies in Paris, 
and that he built and conducted the first hospital in Peoria. (These 
interesting circumstances incident to the advent of Dr. Cooper in 
Peoria are mentioned in a paper by Dr. 0. B. Will, published in 
a bulletin of the Society of Medical History of Chicago.) 

The natural ability, studious character and attainments of Dr. 
Cooper enlisted the admiration, guidance and aid of Dr. Brainard, 
through which he joined the tide of emigration then setting in to 
the Pacific Coast, as his great opportunity for an independant 
career as a surgeon and a leader in medical advancement. As a 
direct result history makes record of the fact that in the year 1859 
the Medical College of the Pacific was founded by Dr. Elias Samuel 
Cooper, and that this was the pioneer school for the teaching of 
medicine west of the Eocky Mountains. 

A year later the faculty of this young college received an impor- 
tant accession in the person of Dr. Levi Cooper Lane, a nephew of 
Dr. Cooper, also from Illinois, and a scholarly man, in the favor of 
Dr. Brainard, who had pursued his study of anatomy in Push and 
entered the U. S. Navy, where he served with distinction until he 
resigned to join his uncle in San Francisco as an enthusiastic mem- 
ber of the new faculty, he having imbibed the inspirations of his 
uncle and the ideals of Dr. Brainard, and fortunately he was so 
well equipped, for in 1862 Dr. Cooper died and the perpetuity of 
the school became largely dependent on him. 

The medical profession of the Pacific Coast was at that time com- 
posed in large part of transient adventurers of such diverse interests 
and character that it was difficult to maintain an efficient college 
organization. But by ability and perseverance the school was main- 
tained, and in 1889 Dr. Lane had so succeeded in the practice of 
surgery and the acquirement of a fortune from it that he was able 
to found another college in succession to the one which his uncle 
had established as the Medical College of the Pacific, and in honor 
of his uncle he gave it the name of Cooper Medical College, and he 
endowed it with substantial brick buildings and ample grounds, and 
further endowed it by his arduous labor and loving devotion 
throughout the remaining years of his life. 

It was through my association with Dr. Brainard that I came to 
know of the character and career of Dr. Cooper, and to know per- 


sonally, and by many years of intimate association, the inspirations 
of Dr. Lane. 

On this occasion we may well regard the correlation in the lives 
of these three great men, Brainard, Cooper and Lane, and the 
world-wide results of their achievements obtained by like ideals 
and similar methods in the interest of medical education for the 
good of mankind. 

Dr. E. T. Spots wood, Class of '51 : Mr. President, Gentlemen of 
the Faculty and of the Board: It would be presumption in me to 
attempt to make any remarks after the able addresses we have had, 
but you may be kind enough to accept a short talk from me. As 
you know I have been here before. About sixty-three years ago I 
made my first visit to Chicago, and the first man that I met and 
became acquainted with was Daniel Brainard. It came about in 
this way: I came from the banks of the Wabash, and there was no 
communication between Chicago and the Wabash: no railroads, 
no stage lines; I was compelled to come on horseback, following 
the trails and camping. When I arrived here I inquired where 
Dr. Brainard lived and was directed to his house, and I went there 
and told my story. I told him I was a medical student, come to 
join his class at Bush Medical College. He did not send me away, 
but he came out and together we went to a livery stable, and I 
remember his talk to a livery man. He said : "Here is a young 
man who wants to enter the college. I want you to sell his horse 
and give him the money; he is innocent of the world outside." I 
am always glad he made a correct diagnosis in my case. My horse 
was sold, and he found me a boarding-place. He took a great 
interest in me, and was a personal friend to me during the whole 
time I was in college. I well recollect his personality and type. 
He was a man among men in every respect. He was a leader and 
a writer. The whole class loved him. He had many theories. He 
had one lecture in regard to wiring bones together, especially "in 
fracture. In one lecture he said he had discovered the wiring of 
bones, and the medical press took no notice of it until it was 
reported back to America from France. Another one of his teach- 
ings which I took advantage of while a surgeon in the Army was 
not to operate too speedily or too rapidly. He related how he had 
gone into the country to see a man who had sustained a compound 
fracture of the thigh-bone. There had been a consultation and 
determination to take off the man's leg. Brainard said : "You must 
not take off the man's leg. There is no necessity to operate." When 
I was in the Army a man sustained just such an injury. The man 
said : "Doctor, they are going to cut off my leg," and I said to this 
man : "You hold onto that, leg." That man got well, and when I 
left him day before yesterday he was still living. In that case I 
had profited by Daniel Brainard's teaching. 


I feel flattered, and every man is a little vain, and I believe I am. 
I want to tell yon something. Yon have been speaking, you have 
been singing, and I have been enjoying it. There is one song that 
is related to Bush Medical College. The song "Annie Laurie" was 
written by Lady Spotswood of Scotland; not the words but the 
music, and that is the good part of it. She found the words and 
wrote the song. She fixed them up and changed them very slightly. 
She was married to a man named Scott, but her father arranged 
it that she would be a Spotswood, and now I want you to turn to 
it and sing it just to please me. 

Dr. T. J. Shreves, Class of '57 : I do not know whether I can 
give my experiences in five minutes or not, and you would naturally 
expect I could say a great deal about Dr. Brainard, and if I do 
I shall tell you about his teachings. We have already had a talk 
about Brainard's treatment and handling of fractures. One of the 
students in our class had a badly deformed arm resulting from the 
faulty treatment of a fracture. Dr. Brainard said to the young 
man: "Young man, don't you want to have that arm fixed?" 
"Yes," said the man, "if you can fix it without breaking it, I 
would be glad to have you do it," The doctor passed a bone drill 
through the bones, and passed it in again, and kept doing that until 
lie made four or five perforations, and in two or three days he did 
it again ; and by that time he had both bones operated so completely 
that he could bend them straight, and now the man has a good arm. 

Down where I live they call me an iodin crank, and now I will 
tell you why. During my experience of fifty years in the profession 
I have treated many cases of rattlesnake bite with it. 1 have never 
been called on to inject the fluid under the skin. I have usually 
used a brush. I want to say to you, rely on iodin for the treat- 
ment of snake-bite, and I believe the same thing will hold true in 
treating rabies. Only once did I know Dr. Brainard to fail when 
lecturing on surgery. He never said a word about appendicitis. 
If I had known of it I should have been a multimillionaire by this 
time. No one spoke of the appendix except Dr. Freer; he did 
describe it and said it was a harmless little thing and no one had 
been able to describe its uses. It has been left to the present-day 
men better to describe its uses. That is to increase the bank account 
of its remover. 

Dr. L. G. Armstrong, Class of '59 : After all the eulogy is paid 
to the name of Brainard I am one to say that I do not believe one- 
half has been said. He was a man you could not describe in 
language. His language was precise, as though written by a master. 
He was always tactful, and this has been mentioned by the last 
speaker. I would also say in regard to the matter of treating rattle- 
snake poison by painting with iodin, that I too believe in it and 
have achieved the same results as he did. I assisted him many times 
in the use of the bone-drill and I know what the last speaker has 


said is true. I am sorry I cannot tell you of the many things he 
instructed me in. One thing I want to say, I have administered 
chloroform hundreds and thousands of times not only in private 
practice but in the Army, and have always resorted to what 
Dr. Brainard taught as a practical point. "Do not smother the 
patient; give just enough, with plenty of air." I never knew a 
truer gentleman than Dr. Brainard. There are a great many 
women and many men who believe the surgeon is a rough fellow 
and a harsh character. That was not true of Dr. Brainard. He 
never touched a fractured limb or an inflamed part except in a 
gentle manner, and more especially if the patient was a child. His 
was always a gentle touch, and you cannot begin to guess what a 
soothing influence his touch and manner had. 

De. James L. Thompson, Class of '60 : As a student of Bush 
from 1857 to 1860, I can safely say that a more able teacher than 
Dr. Brainard is rarely met with. He had that happy gift of clear- 
ness which so indelibly impresses one's teaching on his students. 

As an operator of the old school he had no superior. His repu- 
tation was international. Dr. Brainard's associate professors were 
Dr. N. S. Davis, who held the chair of theory and practice of 
medicine; you all know his worth; Dr. James Blaney taught chem- 
istry, and he so interested the class while demonstrating the effects 
of light, heat, electricity and chemical affinity that no student slept 
during his lecture (and you must remember that he lectured in 
the afternoon; in those days the students indulged in a mid-day 
dinner, after which if a prosy, prolix speaker were to lecture, half 
the class would be nodding). 

Dr. Freer was an excellent anatomist and surgeon and a very 
forceful teacher. Dr. Byford taught obstetrics and diseases of 
women; he was a delightful gentleman, very much loved by the 
class. Dr. Johnson's chair was physiology. He was a very devout 
man. Dr. Bauch's chair was materia medica. He was the youngest 
teacher in the class, was handsome and always dressed in the height 
of fashion. 

In 1859 a new medical school was started under the name of the 
Medical Department of the Lind University. It took from Bush 
Drs. N. S. Davis, Byford and Johnson. In the fall of 1859 nearly 
all of the former class reentered Bush. 

Dr. J. Adams Allen occupied the chair formerly -held by Dr. 
Davis. He was an excellent teacher, a profound scholar and 
interested us with his pleasant humor. Dr. De Laskie Miller's chair 
was the one vacated by Dr. Byford. He was a very modest gentle- 
man and a good teacher. Dr. Ephraim Ingals took the chair of 
materia medica, which he taught in a very practical way and did 
not reacl'his lectures, as did many of the teachers of that subject in 
the colleges of those days. Dr. Hudson held the position which 
was formerly occupied by Dr. Johnson. He had written a prize 


essay on opium winch had been highly praised by the profession 
of the country. The faculty of Eush was composed of very excel- 
lent teachers, honorable men of the old school. 

What a change has taken place since those days ! Such advance- 
ment has been made in surgery since bacteriology has been studied 
and asepsis enforced that operations inside the cranium, thorax and 
abdomen are no longer feared; nor do we dread the epidemics of 
yellow fever, pernicious malarial fever and diphtheria as heretofore. 
Much good work is being done by the better class of colleges by 
accepting those only who have had a satisfactory preliminary educa- 
tion. The lengthening of the term and adding thereto from two 
to three years has done much good. But, unfortunately, no sooner 
was this done than a spirit of graft and commercialism came on 
us, when a Gorgon's head appeared, in the dishonest and degrading 
practice of fee-splitting. Fancy for one moment the dignified Dr. 
N. S. Davis appealing to the equally proud surgeon Brainard that 
the latter give him a per cent, of his fee for sending patients 
to him ! If we cannot succeed in inducing our fellow practitioners 
to abandon this suicidal practice, the name of doctor will become 
(in the language of Horace Greely when speaking of New York 
aldermen) synonymous with thief. How applicable are the words 
of the seer of Patmos in his letter to the seven churches : 

"Unto the angel of the church of Ephesus write : these things 
saitli he that holdeth the seven stars in his right hand, who walketh 
in the midst of the seven golden candlesticks : I know thy works and 
the labor, and thy patience, and how thou canst not bear them who 
are evil; and thou canst not bear them who say they are apostles 
and are not, and have found them liars, and have borne and had 
patience and for my name's sake hast labored and hast not 
fainted. Nevertheless I have somewhat against thee, because thou 
hast left thy first love. Eemember therefore from whence thou 
hast fallen, and repent and do the first works; or else I will come 
unto thee quickly, and will remove thy candlestick out of his place, 
except thou repent." 

P. C. Eobinson, Class of '63 : It has been almost fifty-two years 
since I matriculated as a student in Eush Medical College. I was 
then a young man with an air-castled ambition to succeed in the 
profession I had chosen for my life's work, and I knew of no better 
school than old Eush, with Daniel Brainard at its head. I am 
glad I came here. Dr. Brainard was physically a large man, of 
iron constitution, tall and stately, and his manner had the soul of 
dignity. He was a gentleman of culture and learning. As a 
teacher he stood without a rival in the class-room, and the climes 
were always well attended. His article on ununited fractures was 
copied and scattered through the medical journals of the country. 
When I first met Dr. Brainard at the preliminary course of lectures 
in October, 1861, he seemed to me cold, reserved and unapproach- 


able. When I knew him better I found beneath the rough exterior 
of his nature a warm heart overflowing with kindness, generosity 
arid sympathy. 

In the early sixties the hypodermic injection of morphin was 
first used to relieve pain. Dr. Brainard had a syringe made by 
Tieman & Co. of New York, and it was the first one used in the 
West. It soon came into general use by physicians and students 

I never saw Dr. Brainard use a thermometer in his clinics or 
in the hospital wards, and in his lectures he never referred to the 
temperature in the diagnosis and treatment of disease. In the 
month of January, 1866, E. C. Seguin, M.D., reported three cases 
of pneumonia, treated in the New York Hospital, where the temper- 
ature was the guide for diagnosis and treatment. Dr. Brainard 
died before the thermometer came into general use in this country, 
and germs as the cause of disease were undiscovered. Antiseptic 
surgery was not taught in Bush Medical College fifty years ago, 
and training-schools for nurses had not been organized. In 1863 
there were only 323 physicians and surgeons in the city of Chicago, 
Dr. Brainard ranking high among the best operators in America, 
if not in the world. 

The college was located on the north side of the river, at the 
corner of Indiana and Dearborn Streets, and clinics were held three 
times each week. The fire of 1871 swept away the building, library 
and museum of rare curiosities. The founder of such an institu- 
tion was no ordinary man. He was beloved by his students, and 
revered by the whole faculty. He was an industrious, busy man, 
accumulating a large property. The faculty in 1861, 1862 and 1863 
consisted of seven professors, who were as able and intelligent a lot 
of men as ever graced the rostrum of any medical college in Chicago. 
They are all dead, and so are nearly all of the seventy-eight gradu- 
ates of the Class of 1863. In reviewing the early days of my college 
life I recall the stern dignity of Professor Brainard ; the happy and 
social countenance of Professor Allen ; the neat and tidy appearance 
of Professor De Laskie Miller ; the quiet and slow-spoken Professor 
Freer; the sunbeam chemist, Prof. J. V. Z. Blaney; the kindly, 
pleasant face of Professor Ingals; the tall and stately figure of 
Prof. Robert L. Rea, who knew anatomy to the minutest points, 
surfaces and angles, and whose words of description almost made 
our heads dizzy as they glided from his silvery tongue. Professor 
Brainard presented the Class of '63 with their diplomas, and Pro- 
fessor Rea gave the valedictory address. I had almost forgotten 
Dr. Edwin Powell, the demonstrator of anatomy. He was a nephew 
of Dr. Brainard, and after the War of the Rebellion returned to 
Chicago, and was elected president of the college faculty. Last 
winter I saw a notice of his death in one of the Chicago papers. 


I have passed my seventy-fifth milestone of life, and am still in 
active practice in Wyanet, Bureau County, Ind., where I have been 
located for almost fifty years. I return my kind regards to my class- 
mates of ? 63, and trust that your lives, like mine, have not been 

Dr. Peter S. Macdonald, Class of '64: In the zenith of Pro- 
fessor Brainard's prosperity he responded to every call — rich or 
poor. I wish to take this opportunity of refuting a slander that 
I have heard on several occasions since his death — that lie was not 
charitable to the poor. Such, ladies and gentlemen, was not the 
,ease; it is as false as hades — a base fabrication! Being in his 
office for a period of nearly two years, I had ample opportunities 
of knowing. 

Whatever may have been his faults, he certainly was generous and 
kind to the destitute. On several occasions, when it was reported 
to him that some of the surgical cases of the dispensary were not 
progressing as favorably as we would like, at his own suggestion^ he 
requested me to accompany him to their homes. Not to the man- 
sions of wealth and luxury, but to the home of the indigent, many 
of them in a semidestitute condition. Among the latter class, from 
my own personal knowledge, it could be truly said of them that 
None knew him but to love him; 
None named him but to praise. 

Methinks I hear some of you gentleman remark: Where were 
your hospitals? In reply to that interrogation, they were few in 
number. Professor Brainard's private hospital, exclusively for sur- 
gery, was situated on Push Street; Cook County Hospital was 
situated on Eighteenth and Arnold, only organized in 1866, and 
that, late in the season, by the untiring and zealous efforts of the 
lamented Drs. Ross and Amerman, purposely, "for the care of the 
indigent poor, and also for giving medical students the advantages 
of clinical instructions." Mercy Hospital was organized in 1851, 
where it is now located. The Marine Hospital was then located 
corner of Michigan Avenue and Water Street. 

Prof. Daniel Brainard at one time was surgeon-in-chief of both 
the Mercy and Marine hospitals. 

As a teacher and lecturer, he was the peer of any ; in fact, he was 
without a rival; as an able medical writer has stated, "the order, 
the method and clearness of his lectures, have never teen surpassed.'' 

He had a wonderful command of the English language; in a 
word, he was an orator. Physicians visiting the city would fre- 
quently call at his office and inquire what were his hours for 
lecturing and giving clinics. In fact, among the medical profes- 
sion he was better known abroad and in other states than in his 
home city — Chicago. 

I will add here an anecdote which will briefly illustrate two 
predominating characteristics of Professor Brainard — decision 


and firmness : In the Class of 1864 there were two rejections. The 
wife and several relatives of one of the young men not allowed to 
pass had come to the city to be present at the commencement exer- 
cises. They made several efforts to persuade the faculty to grant 
the disappointed student a second examination, and visited Dr, 
Brainard an two occasions, but found him inexorable. My good 
offices were sought to the effect that I promised to do what I could 
when an opportunity presented itself. Shortly after the final 
examinations I was returning with Dr. Brainard from a visit to 
his private hospital ; the doctor was driving slowly, and it occurred 
to me that the time was propitious for the making of my plea for 
my classmate. I had no sooner made it than I realized my mistake 
— or rather the uselessness of my effort, and was taught a lesson 
I never have forgotten. His reply to my plea was: "Young man, 
people in this world get rich by attending to their own business. 
It is enough for you to know that you have passed." 

I thank you for permitting me to have the honor of a share 
in paying tribute to the memory of one so deserving a high place 
in the regard of the members of the medical profession and particu- 
larly of those who claim Eush Medical College as their Alma Mater. 

Brief talks were also made by S. B. McGlumphy, '64; Charles J. 
Lewis. '65; William L. Eabe, '66; J. Massman, '6*7; T. C. Murphy, 
'68. Unfortunately the absence of a stenographic report makes it 
impossible to print in full what each said. 


Dr. Charles J. Whalen, '91, was elected president of the Illi- 
nois State Medical Society at its last meeting at Springfield. 

Will any alumnus who has, or knows of a picture of the "Col- 
lege Under the Sidewalk," or of the old County Hospital on the 
south side, please notify the secretary ? 

Dr. Henry B. De Bey, '89, after an absence of several months 
in California on account of his wife's illness, has resumed his prac- 
tice at 1606 West Twelfth Street, Chicago. 

Dr. George F. Butler, '89, county physician of Cook County, 
111., has recently returned from an extended visit to insane asylums 
and other public institutions throughout the East. 

Dr. H. Gideon Wells, '98, associate professor of pathology in 
Rush, and dean in medical work at the University of Chicago, was 
recently given the honorary degree of A.M. by Yale University. 


Dr. Grulee. of the Department of Pediatrics, has just left the 
hospital after an operation for appendicitis. 

Dr. John B. Ellis, Department of Ophthalmology, was operated 
on for appendicitis June 1. He has left the hospital in good 

Dr. Emanuel Friend has changed his residence from 3652 
Indiana Avenue to the Hotel Metropole. Twenty-Third Street and 
Michigan Avenue, Chicago. 

Dr. Martin H. Fisher, ? 01, received an A. M. A. gold medal for 
research exhibit on experimental nephritis, and also E. C. Eosenow, 
'02, on experimental endocarditis. 

Hush alumni, when visiting Chicago, are invited to call at the 
college office and register. Visiting alumni and those residing in 
Chicago are always welcome to make use of the extensive medical 
library at the college. 

Alumni Fellowship. — Dr. Morris Fishbein, 7 12, has been 
appointed Alumni Fellow for the coming year. Alumni are asked 
to send contributions for the Fellowship fund without waiting for 
a personal request. 

Dr. Ira G. Stone, >90, died, Dec. 31, 1908, aged 5T, in the 
hospital at Wichita, Kan. He was a resident of Kingfisher, Okla. 
He had been the mayor of the city. He was a Methodist and a 
Mason, and enjoyed the utmost respect and confidence of the citi- 
zens of that community. 

Dr. Thomas Harris Boughton, '06, was married, June 26, to 
Miss Maude Mae Menzie. Dr. Boughton was Alumni Fellow in 
1908, subsequently served as resident pathologist to Cook County 
Hospital, and is now professor of pathology in the University of 
Kansas, Lawrence, Kan. 

The Harper Memorial Library of the University of Chicago was 
dedicated June 11. The building stands on the Midway, in the 
south row of the main group of buildings. It is a magnificent 
memorial to one who has had great influence in the reorganization 
of Eush. 

Notice. — The Publication Committee is anxious to print news 
items relating to Eush Alumni. They will be pleased to receive 
any information which will be suitable for this department, and 
request the cooperation of the alumni generally in making this a 

success. * 


De. Henry J. Anthony, '84, died July, 10, 1912. He was 
connected with the Department of Dermatology and also the Poli- 
clinic. He died at his home 1251 Dearborn Avenue. Secondary 
infection of an old tubercular sinus, with amyloid kidney was the 
cause. He was buried at Graceland Cemetery. 

De. Charles Hill, -57, writes that he was unable to attend the 
celebration of Daniel Brainard's one hundredth anniversary, on 
account of the recent death of his distinguished son, Frank D. Hill, 
Consul-General at Frankfurt-on-Main, Germany. His wife has 
also recently died. The Alumni extend sympathy in this double 

Notice. — Complaints have been received that alumni have not 
received their copy of The Bulletin. The mailing of The Bul- 
letin is to be supervised by the college office. If you fail to 
receive it, or if your address is not correct, please notify the secre- 
tary of the clerk of the college. We want our mailing list to be 

De. E. T. Spotswood, ',51, Terre Haute, Ind., has made the 
novel suggestion to Congress that a Lincoln Memorial be established 
and that this shall consist of a university for the scientific training 
of agricultural students. He advocates that it be situated in Ken- 
tucky, near Lincoln's old home. Dr. Spotswood is called the father 
of the Indiana State Normal, as he was a member of the legislature 
and introduced the bill which led to the establishment of that 
institution. He was present at the alumni dinner and spoke with 
great vigor on the clays of Daniel Brainard. 


The luncheon of Bush alumni during the meeting of the State 
Association at the new Lei and Hotel in Springfield, 111., May 22. 
was a grand affair. 

There had been no arrangement made previous to the meeting 
and. a contemplated gathering was announced only the day before, 
still thirty-three alumni members responded and all had a good 
time. Eighteen school years were represented, three each for the 
years 1884, 1899 and 1900 ! The year 1871 was the earliest year 
represented, by Dr. S. T. Hurst, Greenview, and Dr. I. H. Taylor, 
Springfield, and the last year was represented by Dr. H. S. Metealf, 
'04, Springfield, 

After luncheon Dr. John Bitter, '80, president of the Alumni 
Association for the current year, acting as chairman, opened the 
discussion with the following remarks : 


''Fellow Alumni: When I left Chicago for Springfield to attend 
the state meeting. Dean Dodson asked me to do what I could to 
bring about a reunion of old 'Eush' at this meeting, with what 
result, considering the limited time, it is for you to judge. The 
chief purpose of this gathering is to extend to all of you a most 
earnest invitation to attend the annual meeting of the Alumni Asso- 
ciation in June next. The faculty with the alumni members intend 
to make this meeting a distinct Brainard gathering. One hundred 
years ago on May 12 last, the founder of Eush Medical College, 
Dr. Daniel Brainard. was born, and we deem it a most opportune 
time to honor the name of this illustrious man. 

'"Your alma mater sends greetings to you and extends to you all 
a most cordial invitation, and many of your former classmates and 
associates, to talk over the Iong-gone-by days when we were boys, 
bearing in mind that we are still boys only full-grown. Next we 
ought to arrange ahead for our annual gathering; our membership 
is large ; I would like to impress on our newly elected president of 
the Illinois State Society, Dr. Whalen, '91, who is an alumnus, to 
see to it early in the day that we have a large and enthusiastic 
meeting at the state meeting at Peoria next year." 

"Dr. Whalen, "91. who in the morning was elected president of 
the State Medical Society for the ensuing year, made a few very 
appropriate remarks on this gathering, promising that he as presi- 
dent would do all in his power to make the next alumni meeting at 
the Illinois State Society meeting in 1913 a grand success. 

Dr. Pettit. '81. Ottawa, in a humorous vein made reference to the 
newly elected president, how it feels to be a president, that now 
that he is out of politics he would tell us how to do the trick. 

Dr. Mover, '79, spoke about the old faculty, and of the days long 
gone by. 

Dr. Hurst, '71, spoke about the old days when he and Prof. 
E. F. Ingals were classmates. In those days he looked on Dr. Ingals 
as the ideal student, and to this day he is proud to know that he 
was his classmate. 

Dr. McClennan. '78, gave quite a reminiscence of the old days 
of Eush College before the west side building was opened, wdien 
instructions were given by the old faculty under the sidewalk. 

After impromptu remarks from quite a few present, the gather- 
ing broke up witli a feeling of good fellowship, and with a sincere 
hope that all may be spared to meet again at the meeting of the 
Illinois State Medical Society at Peoria in 1913. 

The following members were present: Drs. J. E. Coleman, '84, 
Canton. 111. : I.' S. Tavlor, '77, Springfield ; T. A. McTaggert. '85. 
Pawnee; Albert E. trapp, '01, Springfield ; F. J. Mittan, '91, 
Decatur; M. D. Pollock, '95. Decatur; Eobert S. McCaughev, '02, 
Hoopeston; N". M. Percy, '99, Chicago; Charles J. Whalen. '91, 
Chicago (president-elect}; S. Ryan, '94, Chicago; John F. Sloan, 


"99, Peoria; B. A. McClelland. '78; I. H. Taylor. '71, Springfield 

A. 0, James, '80, Springfield; F. D. Fletcher/ '0 2, Springfield 
S. T. Hurst, '71, Greenview; A. S. Brittan, '84, Athens; C. W 
McPherson, '82, Hazelhurst; E. S. Murphy, '97, Dixon; William H 
Male}\ '97, Galesburg; Arthur S. Hogler, 7 99, Springfield ; J. II 
Hill, '94, Mechanicsburg; H. S. Metcalf. '04, Springfield; A. T 
Mason, '00, Springfield ; T. W. Morgan, '00, Yerdin; J. V. White 
"00, Auburn; Harold M. Mover, '79, Chicago; J. S. Kaufiman. '75 
Blue Island; J. W, Pettit, '84, Ottawa; John Bitter, "80, Chicago 
Karl K. Koessler. Vienna '03, Chicago; Carv Culbertson, Chicago; 

B. C. Corbus, Chicago. 


Twenty-eight graduates of Bush Medical College, now affiliated 
with the University of Chicago, met in Portland, March 16, and 
organized themselves into the Oregon Bush Alumni Association. 
Following are the officers selected : president, Dr. L. W. Hyde ; vice- 
president, Dr. Charles B. Frisbie; secretary-treasurer, Dr. C. J." 

It was decided to hold two meetings of the association annually, 
one to take place during the sessions of the State Medical Society. 
The twenty-eight charter members of the organization are : Bichard 
B. Dillehunt, B. H. Wellington, H. W. Hegele, B. S. Fisher. F. W. 
W T ood, J. A. Merriman, C. P. Croddy. C. J. McCusker, C. E. Mason. 
N". W. Jones, B. E. Dunlap, D. K Boberg, F. C. McLean, S. H. 
Sheldon, J. J. Leavitt, P. J. Pavne, A. L. Berkley, J. Guy Stroll in, 
J. D. Sternberg, W. B. Holden, L. W. Hyde, Charles B. Frisbie, 
N. P. Paulson,' Dr. Mason and Dr. Menzies of Portland; W. E. 
Welch of Banier; F. C. Brosius of Hood Biver; and Dr. Best of 


Sung to the tune of "Dixie Land." 

The land we love, the land of glory. 
Famed in song and grand in story, 

To thee! To thee! ! To thee we sing. 
United free and strong and grand 
We'll keep and hold our Fatherland. 

For Aye! For Aye! ! For aye! ! ! in Freedom's land. 

Chorus : 

Our glorious Union ever, 

Hurra ! Hurra ! ! 
In freedom's land we all will stand 
And live and die for freedom's land 
Hurra! Hurra! ! Hurray for the Union ever. 

We love thy prairies stretching wide, 
Thy wooded mountains' craggy side, 

Hurra! Hurra!! Hurra for Freedom's land. 
Thy vales where noble rivers glide 
To join the ocean's swelling tide. 

Hurra! Hurra! ! Hurra for Freedom's land. 

No North. No South. No East. No West. 
But one grand Llnion heaven blessed; 

For Aye! For Aye! ! For Aye! ! ! in Freedom's land. 
To keep it pure and keep it right, 
We'll always for its honor fight. 

For Aye! For Aye! ! For Aye! ! ! in Freedom's land. 

The Starry Flag our fathers bore 
Shall wave aloft forevermore. 

Hurra! Hurra!! Hurra!!! for Freedom's land. 
And be the light, the guide, the stay, 
For freedom's hosts in every fray. 

Hurra! Hurra!! Hurra!!! for Freedom's land. 

From vast Pacific's rocky shore 
To where Atlantic's billows roar; 

For Aye! For Aye! ! For Aye! ! ! in Freedom's land. 
From mountain peak, from sea to sea, 
One nation we will ever be. 

For Aye! For ^ye! ! For Aye! ! ! in Freedom's land. 

And this shall be our battle song. 
To hold the true and right the wrong, 

Alway! Alway!! Alway! ! ! in Freedom's land. 
For we love our own, our Freedom's land. 
To guard her rights we'll ever stand. 

Alway! Alway!! Alway!!! in Freedom's land. 

O, may our God within whose hand 
Is held the future of our land, 

Alway! Alway! Alway in Freedom's land. 
From strife and danger keep us free, 
And lead us on to victory, 

We pray! We pray! ! We pray for Freedom's land. 


In Affiliation with the 


CURRICULUM — The fundamental branches (Anatomy, Physiology, Bacteri- 
ology, etc.) are taught in the Departments of Science at the Hull Biological 
Laboratories, University of Chicago. The courses of two (or three) clinical 
years are given in Rush Medical College and in the Prysbyterian, the Cook 
County, the Children's Memorial, the Hospital for Destitute Crippled Child- 
ren, and other Hospitals. 

HOSPITAL YEAR — A fifth year, consisting of service as an interne under 
supervision in an approved hospital, or of advanced work in one of the 
departments leads to the degree of M.D., cum laude. 

SUMMER QUARTER — The college year is divided into four quarters, three 
of which constitute an annual session. The summer quarter, in the climate 
of Chicago, is advantageous for work. 

ELECTIVE SYSTEM — A considerable freedom of choice of courses and in- 
structors is open to the student. This is not designed, however, to encourage 
the student to fit himself for any special line of practice, but for its pedagogic 

GRADUATE COURSES — Advanced and research courses are offered in all 
departments. Students by attending summer quarters and prolonging their 
residence at the University of Chicago in advanced work may secure the 
degree of A.M., S.M. or Ph.D. from the University. 

PRIZE SCHOLARSHIP — Six prize scholarships — three in the first two years 
and three in the last two (clinical) years — are awarded to college graduates 
for theses embodying original research. 

Calendar, 1912 

July 25, Thursday— Second Term, Summer Quarter begins. 

Aug. 30, 31, Friday, Saturday— Quarterly Examinations. 

Sept. 1 to Sept. 30— Summer Recess. 

Oct. 1, Tuesday— Autumn Quarter begins. 

Nov. 11, Monday— Second Term, Autumn Quarter begins. 

Nov. 28, Thursday— Thanksgiving Day, a holiday. 

Dec. 19, 20, 21, Thursday, Friday, Saturday— Quarterly Examinations. 

Dec. 21, Saturday— Autumn Quarter ends. 

Dec. 22 to 31— Quarterly Recess. 

Calendar, 1913 

Jan. 2, Thursday— Winter Quarter begins. 

Feb. 10, Monday — Second Term, Winter Quarter begins. 

Feb. 22, Saturday— Washington's Birthday, a holiday. 

March 20, 21, 22 Thursday, Friday, Saturday— Quarterly Examinations. 

March 22, Saturday— Winter Quarter ends. 

March 23 to 30— Quarterly Recess. 

March 31, Monday— Spring Quarter begins. 

May 8, Thursday— Second Term, Spring Quarter begins. 

May 30, Friday— Memorial Day, a holiday. 

June 9, Monday— Special Clinics for the Alumni Association. 

June 10, Tuesday— Special Clinics; Anuual Business Meeting of the Alumni 
Association; Class-Day Exercises of the Graduating Class. 

June 11, Wednesday— 3 :00 p.m.. Graduating Exercises: 6:00 p.m., Annual Re- 
ception and Dinner of the Faculty and Alumni. 

June ]2, 13, 14, Thursday, Friday, Saturday— Quarterly Examinations. 

June 11, Saturday— Spring Quarter ends. 

TUITION, $60. OO per quarter- no laboratory fees 

Complete and detailed information man be secured by addressing 


The mailing list of Alumni is kept at the office of the college, 
1748 W. Harrison Street. If your bulletin is not correctly 
addressed, notify that address. Many of the Alumni have moved 
since last heard from, and corrections will be gladly made. 

The library of Rush Medical will be glad to send for any 
medical books, journals or reprints which you may wish to dispose 
of. Notify the librarian by postal or telephone. 

Over 4000 Alumni receive this bulletin, but only 400 pay their 
Alumni dues! 

Are you delinquent? 









Vol. VIII OCTOBER, 1912 No 2 






®tt? Bulletin 

of the 

Volume VIII 

OCTOBER, 1912 

No. 2 

B. M. LINNELL, Editor 

Reliance Building:, 32 North State Street, CHICAGO 


President — Henry B. Favill, '83 Chicago 

First Vice-President— Frank Beasley, '64 Lafayette, Ind. 

Second Vice-President— Henry B. Sears, '82 Beaver Dam, Wis. 

Third Vice-President — Herbert A. Robinson, '89. Kenosha, Wis. 

Necrologist — Charles A. Parker, '91 Chicago 

Treasurer — H. H. Kleinpcll, '00 Chicago 

Secretary — William T. Swift, '04 32 North State Street, Chicago 


W. H. Bohart, '91 Chicago T. R. Crowder, '97 Chicago 

A. II. Curtiss, '05 Chicago C. W. Espy, '92 Chicago 

A. J. Hodgson Waukesha, Wis. 


Geo. II. Weaver, '89, Chairman, 1628 Washington Blvd., Chicago. 

Geo. D. Swaine, '73 Cleveland, O. E. C Hamley, '02 Sprague, Wash. 

J. S. Kauffman, '75... Blue Island, 111. Geo. W. Baker, '94 Ogden, Utah 

Winfield Ackley, '80 Juniata, Neb. W. A. Foskett, '97. . . .Whitebird, Ida. 

L. L. Uhls, '84 Osawatomie, Kan. R. E. Farr, '00. . . .Minneapolis, Minn. 

Adolph Moeller, '87 Milwaukee P. A. Reppert, '03. . . .Burlington, la. 

A. I. Bouffleur, '87 Chicago R. C. Robe, '95 Pueblo, Colo. 

Oliver C. Neier, '90 Indianapolis 


John Ritter, '80, Chairman, Chicago. 
To be appointed. 


B. M. Linnell, Chairman, Chicago. 

Georg'e H. Weaver, '89 Chicago William J. Swift, Sec'y. 

Gustavus P. Head, '84 Chicago Morris Fishbein, '12. . . . 




Reception by the College of the Tablet of the Class of 1912. Address 

of Prof. James B. Herrick, Class Day Exercises, June, 1912 3 

Minutes of the Annual Business Meeting, 1912 8 

Necrologist's Report 11 

Reminiscences of Our College Days Forty Years Ago '. . . 19 

Central China Famine Relief Committee 25 

News Items : 27 

Presbyterian Hospital Interns" Notes 28 




Class Day Exercises, June, 1912 

In behalf of the faculty of Bush Medical College, I accept your 
tablet, thank you for the same and promise that it shall be safely 

Your motto "Sympathy and Help" readily suggests a topic for 
my address, and I had planned to speak along the lines of the 
physician as a man, sympathetic, feeling for, and suffering with, 
his patient, and the physician as an expert, trained in medical 
science and practicing his art in such a way as to help banish sick- 
ness and suffering. But at the last hour a press of duties of various 
kinds made it impossible for me to prepare such an address, so I 
bethought me of remarks I had made on a similar occasion to 
another class, and murmuring to myself "Semper Paratus," the 
motto of my class, '88, whose tablet is seen somewhere among these 
grave-yard-like monuments of defunct groups of students, I reached 
down into my barrel of addresses and found this address, which I 
present to you to-da}^ and which was delivered to the class of 1903 
on a similar occasion. 

I should be false to tradition if, with this opportunity and with 
the consciousness of even a moderate seniority in years and experi- 
ence, I did not try to give the recent graduate a bit of advice. So 
I shall, after the manner of the preacher, say that my text is the 
holiest physician. The physician should be honest and truthful in 
word and deed. This, you say, admits of no argument, no dis- 
cussion; it is self-evident. So it is if one means that the physician 
should not filch your watch, should not tell you that your leg is 
broken when it is not, or claim to have operated on you for an 
appendicitis when he had made only a trivial wound in the skin 
for the dishonest purpose of robbing you of a fee for an operation 
he has not performed. Such dishonesty needs no condemnation, 
and should I dwell on it you could rightly feel indignant or insulted 
because I had ventured to broach the subject. The dishonesty I 
wish to condemn is more subtle than this. It is not always classed 
as dishonesty. 

The physician occupies a somewhat unique position. He has 
intimate relations with the public, his professional brethren and 
his patients. How shall he be the embodiment of truth in each 
one of these relations? 

I dismiss the first topic briefly, though it admits of wide elabo- 
ration. On questions of public health, quarantine, school and 
home hygiene, endorsement of plans of treatment, health resorts, 


patent medicines; on matters of medical education, hospital man- 
agement; on the ethics and propriety of newspaper interviews and 
advertising, etc., the physician can by word and deed display a 
fearless honesty, always standing for the truth, not governed by 
the desire to gain the present popular ear or to win in the eyes of 
some influential man in the community, or prospective patient. In 
this way he is a faithful citizen, and serves the public well in 
enlightening them on these subjects, concerning not a few of which 
they are ignorant, yet earnestly desiring knowledge. Truthful act 
and word in these matters will do much to elevate the profession of 
medicine in public esteem. Time-serving methods, self-aggrandiz- 
ing methods, create a distrust of physicians. 

If we could but follow out in the practice of our profession the 
golden rule of treating our brother physician as we would ourselves 
be treated, there would be no need of uttering a word concerning 
honesty in our relations to our fellow practitioners. But how often 
do we see the golden rule perverted, and practiced according to 
David Harum's modification of doing unto the other man what you 
think he will do to you, "but do it first" ; get the start of him. In 
the smaller town, particularly, there is too often not a friendly, 
inspiring rivalry, but a bitter, jealous opposition, not open, manly 
criticism, but backbiting and slander. This often originates in a 
misunderstanding or in a spirit of mutual distrust. Some hint, 
some shrug of the shoulder, some criticism that is a little enven- 
omed of the other doctor's treatment of a case, starts on its round 
of village gossip, is ever magnified like Virgil's "Fama," until by 
the time is reaches his ears he believes you have grossly misrepre- 
sented him and maligned him. Eemember, suspicion begets sus- 
picion; trust begets trust. Why not start in on the theory that 
the other man is as honest as you, that you will treat him fairly 
not only so long as he accords you that treatment, but long after 
he has ceased treating you as he should. You will be willing to 
meet him more than half way in the matter of gentlemanly con- 
duct. One good derived from medical societies is that they show 
doctors who there meet each other that they are all human, all 
inspired by much the same motives, and that the other fellow is not 
half so bad. as he is painted. You will not see the force of what I 
say until you get out into practice and see how easy it is and how 
common it is for village practitioners to be at loggerheads, instead 
of being friendly competitors, cooperating for the good of the sick, 
the advancement of science, and their own mutual interests. Frank- 
ness, openness, honesty bring this about. Better open enmity than 
hidden treachery. If a man is a rascal shun him, or oppose him. 
Aut pax aut helium. The doctor who comes in and throws your 
medicine out of the window and calls you a horse doctor leaves no 
doubt as to where he stands. You know where to find him every 
time. He is always against you. But beware the smiling villain, 


and be not such a one. He is' Revenge; "the smiler with the knife 
hid under the cloak." 

Patients have a right to demand honest treatment. They have 
a right to expect the truth from the physician, but they do not 
always get it. For an out-and-out misrepresentation, the object of 
which is personal gain, as when I treat for tuberculosis a case I 
know is not tuberculosis, there can be only one opinion. Such a 
deed is a falsehood, the perpetrator of it a fraud, morally and 
legally a criminal. But shall we practice misrepresentation for the 
supposed good of our patient, or because in self-defense we are 
obliged to pretend to possess a knowledge as to diagnosis that we 
have not, or in therapy to give drugs to satisfy the demands of a 
patient? To do a great good shall we do a little wrong? 

This really is, to my mind, a difficult question to answer. Theo- 
retically, and I believe in general practically, there should be no 
deception. We should lay no claim to omniscience. We must 
frankly admit our human fallibility and the shortcomings of medi- 
cine as a science. If this were to be done openly it would be far 
better not only for the individual physician, but a great gain for 
medicine as a whole. The too frequent assumption of knowledge 
that is not possessed, the posing before the patient as one thor- 
oughly understanding the case, the acting of a part, finally results 
in there being ingrained into the character of the physician some- 
thing of the hypocrite ; he gives his drugs when they are not needed 
and begins to have a half way kind of belief in their efficacy; he 
goes about fooling the people. The detection by the people of this 
false character — and the public sooner or later "catches on" — leads 
to a reaction, a distrust of doctors and medicine, and a taking up 
with Christian Science, Dowieism, etc. And who can blame the 
public? They say, "whom can we trust?" It is the fear of being 
called ignorant that impels the young physician to try to look and 
act wiser than he is. He feels forced to make an early diagnosis, 
a diagnosis on the spot. The older man, if he have the confidence 
of his family, can say "I do not know," can wait and still retain 
the case. This is the excuse often offered when the young man finds 
himself forced to claim knowledge- that he does not possess. But 
often immediately, as when the case turns out to be different from 
what he has said it was, later when the people see the insincerity of 
this physician, it is found that even this kind of dishonesty is not 
only morally indefensible, but it is not the best policy, and does not 


Is it difficult to do the right thing? Yes, often very difficult. 
Take a concrete case such as one I showed in clinic a year or two 
ago. Largely by exclusion I reached a probable diagnosis of mild, 
somewhat atypical typhoid, yet even after a week's observation, felt 
that I must reserve the right to change my opinion. A practitioner 
in the audience asked what I would say in private practice with a 


similar case. I can only say that there is only one course to pursue 
in a case like that — to explain frankly to the friends of the patient 
the nature of the case as you understand it, its mild nature, the 
necessity for little medication. It is the right way, the best way. 

I wish to read you a few words from Eichard Cabot's article on 
"Truth and Falsehood in Medicine." If you read this I fear you 
will think I have plagiarized for some of the ideas that I am now 
presenting to you, while often thought by me before Cabot wrote, 
had not been so clearly stated, and I appear to have borrowed, arid 
at times have borrowed, his thought or expression. This extract 
shows how it is possible for a young man to practice medicine 
honestly and still to succeed. Nay, it shows more, it shows how 
his honesty is one of his main stocks in trade. Be assured that the 
public as a whole is shrewd of judgment and reads character well 
when it comes into immediate contact with a man, as in the rela- 
tion of family physician and patient. Sooner or later people make 
a fairly correct estimate of a man's motive, if not of his professional 

"The first experience that made me doubt whether it is necessary 
for a young practitioner to pretend omniscience in order to retain 
his patient's confidence was the following : I had the opportunity 
of driving about a large town some* twenty-five miles from Boston, 
with a young physician only a year or two my senior. He took me 
on his regular rounds, and we saw farmers and the grocer's wife, 
the hotel-keeper's daughter and the blacksmith's baby, as well as 
one or two well-to-do people. The great majority of the cases were 
in families of very limited education, the kind of folks that we 
think of as subsisting mostly on pies and patent medicine. But 
what made each case an eye-opener to me was the utter frankness 
of the doctor with the families. Diagnosis, prognosis, and treat- 
ment were given with an absence of subterfuge and of prevarication 
that astounded me, and what even more surprised me was to see 
the way the patients liked his frankness. I never have seen mani- 
fested more implicit confidence in a physician than during that 
drive. He never forced his doubt or his suspicions on his patients, 
but when they asked a straight question they got a straight answer. 
A baby had a fever. 'What's the baby got?' asked its mother. 
c Can't tell yet,' said the doctor; 'may be going to break out with 
something to-morrow or it may be all right in a clay or two. We 
shall have to wait and see.' There was no talk of 'febricula' or 
'gastric fever.' Not once did I hear him say that a patient was 
'threatened' with any disease. He knew that Nature makes no 
threats, and that no honest doctor ever foists his ignorance on 
Nature by charging her with making a threat. 

"I asked him the obvious question : 'How can you be so frank 
with your patients and yet keep their confidence?' 


a 'Because they know/ said lie, 'that whenever anything unusual 
comes up that I can't handle or that puzzles me I have a consultant. 
So when I say that I don't know and yet don't get in a consultant, 
they understand that nothing of any seriousness is the matter, and 
that they don't need to worry.' " 

But what about telling a patient the exact nature of his dis- 
ease. "Yes sir, you have a cancer, you have Bright's disease or tuber- 
culosis;" or to another, "you have nothing the matter, your fears 
are groundless, you are a neurasthenic, or an hysterical individual." 
The more I practice the more does it seem to me right to speak the 
truth fearlessly, at least to the friends. I confess I balk often at 
telling a man that he has a cancer or is incurably ill of tuberculosis. 
It may be bad treatment to tell the naked truth, though I do that- 
far oftener than formerly and have found the results better than I 
had anticipated, greater peace of mind, less constant worry and 
anxiety on the part of the patient. A few years ago I was one of a 
council of some five or six where a patient had gall-stones, and 
needed immediate operation. The surgeon who was deputed to tell 
her of the necessity of operation, fearing the depressing effect of a 
diagnosis of gallstones on her because of a recent fatal case in one 
of her friends, told the patient her trouble was appendicitis need- 
ing operation. She will know, if she does not already, all the 
friends knew at the time, that deception was practiced. Now who 
can blame the numerous friends familiar with this case when they 
themselves fall sick and these same counsellors gather around and 
announce their decision, if they look the doctors in the face and 
say, " doctors, I don't believe a word you say. You deceived Mrs. 
X, you are not telling me the truth." Even though these decep- 
tions are supposedly for the good of the patient, though our motives 
are entirely unselfish we should hew as close to the lines of truth 
as possible without injury to the patient, and make these white lies 
rarer and rarer. 

I would plead briefly, though it permits of a wide elaboration, 
for a sincerity in therapy. We may use the bread pill or placebo, 
or employ drugs for their suggestive effect. One may not be above 
this device, for mental therapy has to be recognized. But let us 
educate ourselves and our people to a belief in the natural course of 
many diseases toward recovery. Admit frankly the uselessness, the 
senselessness, of treating every little symptom, though the treat- 
ment may be harmless. We may, if we begin right in this way, 
have the pleasure of being called to see our patient and will be told, 
"Doctor, if the baby needs nothing please do not give anything, for 
we are just as well satisfied, yes, better satisfied without medicine 
than with it." This is, in this age, at least, a high tribute to a 
physician's honesty, a proof that the family knows that in times 
past, deception has not been practiced. 


These thoughts that I have presented to you are merely in the 
way of hints. If they infuse into you or serve to fix more firmly 
than ever before the determination that in your practice of medi- 
cine, in your relation to the public, your colleagues and your 
patients, you will stick closely to the truth, I shall feel that these 
minutes have not been misspent. 


The annual business meeting of the Alumni Association of Rush 
Medical College was called to order June 12, 1912, at the Audi- 
torium Hotel, Chicago, Dr. John Ritter, '80, President, in the chair. 

The minutes of the last annual meeting having been published in 
The Bulletin" for July, 1911, their reading was dispensed with. 
The Secretary's rejoort was verbal, and dealt largely with the diffi- 
culties of getting news items for The Bulletin. 

The Treasurer's report was read, and an auditing committee, 
consisting of Drs. Corwin, Plecker and Linnell, was appointed by 
the President. The report, as approved, follows. 

The Necrologist's Report for the past year, prepared by Dr. 
Charles A. Parker, '91, was read and accepted. 

The motion was made by Dodson, seconded by Walker, and car- 
ried, that the election of officers be made from the floor, and the 
following were nominated and elected: 

President, Henry B. Eavill, '83, Chicago. 

First Vice-President, Frank Beasley, '64, Lafayette, Ind. 

Second Vice-President, Henry B. Sears, '82, Beaver Dam, Wis. 

Third Vice-President, Hubert A. Robinson, '89, Kenosha, Wis. 

Necrologist, Charles A. Parker, '91, Chicago. 

Treasurer, H. H. Kleinpell, '00, Chicago. 

Secretary, William T. Swift, '04, 32 N. State Street, Chicago. 

The report of the Fellowship Committee was made by Dr. 
Weaver, who said that in his opinion the work of the committee 
was duplicated by that of other committees, and that the work of 
the chairman entailed a personal expense for stamps and stationery 
of over $100. He suggested that the soliciting of funds for the 
Fellowship be made the duty of the Treasurer of the Association, 
and the expense be paid out of its funds. A motion was passed 
that the committee be continued, but that the collection of funds 
be left to the Treasurer. 

A motion to reimburse the Secretary for the customary amount 
of $25 to pay for the typewriting done by his stenographer in the 
preparation of The Bulletin, was passed. 

The retiring President made a valedictory address and the meet- 
ing was declared adjourned. 


On reading a letter from Dr. Charles Hill, '57, of Minnesota, 
telling of the recent deaths of his wife and his son, and his conse- 
quent inability to be present at the reunion, it was moved and sec- 
onded that the Secretary be instructed to draft a letter of con- 
dolence to Dr. Hill and send it to him. 

secretary's report 

The work of the Secretary in the past year has been largely con- 
fined to the compiling of news for The Bulletin". This has been 
no easier task than in former years, for the Alumni seem in general 
reluctant to see their names in print, and the changes in college 
and hospital affairs are not frequent. During the year considerable 
interest and correspondence was awakened in the arrangements for 
the Brainard Memorial Day at commencement, and a large number 
of responses was received from alumni who were interested in the 
subject. Over thirty alumni are alive who were in college during 
the time of Professor Brainard, and all these men wrote enthusi- 
astic letters or promised to attend the reunion. 

The minutes of the annual meeting of June, 1911, were pub- 
lished in the next succeeding issue of The Bulletin - , and do not 
need repetition. The total paid membership of the Alumni Asso- 
ciation is now 770. 

The Secretary retires from office with thanks to the many mem- 
bers who have given him assistance in preparing the various items 
of news for The Bulletin, and with best wishes for his successor. 

Alex. C. Soper, Jr. 

President Henry B. Favill announces the appointment of the fol- 
lowing alumni as members of the Executive committee: 

l o 

W. H. Bohart, ? 91 Chicago 

A. H. Curtiss, "05 Chicago 

T. E. Crowder, '97 Chicago 

C. W. Espy, '02 Chicago 

A. J. Hodgson Waukesha, Wis. 



July 1, balance on deposit $ 23.66 

August 1, dues deposited 43.00 

September 13, dues deposited 42.40 

September 21, dues deposited 48.40 

November 8, dues deposited 52.95 

November 13, dues deposited 41.40 

November 21, dues deposited 30.10 

December 16, dues deposited 24.10 

January 31, dues deposited 44.25 

February 29, dues deposited 42.75 


April 13, dues deposited 21.05 

May 3, dues deposited 59.20 

June 3, dues deposited . ./ 41.65 

Rush Medical College, advanced postage 175.50 

Rush Medical College, one-half Bulletin expense 110.58 

Less expenditures 711.20 

Balance checking account $ 89.79 


June, Mrs. Hoover, paid by outgoing treasurer, funds, 1911-12. .....$ 25.00 

September 12, McDonald & Co., July Bulletin expense 41.60 

October 19, American Medical Association, Bulletin printing, July. 115.40 

November 10, McDonald & Co., October expense 41.60 

December 30, D. & K., account post-cards 5.00 


January 2, Schuster Bros., account secretary, printing 5.00 

January 2, American Medical Association, October Bulletin 87.00 

February 9, McDonald & Co., January expense 42.05 

March 7, American Medical Association, January Bulletin 65.00 

March 19, McDonald & Co., April Bulletin expense. . . .. 39.00 

June 3, American Medical Association, April Bulletin 65.00 

June, Rush Medical College advances for Association: 

June 8, postage June Bulletin 44.50 

October 28, postage October Bulletin 44.00 

Jan. 20, 1912, Postage January Bulletin 44.00 

April 15, postage April Bulletin 43.00 

June 11, H. H. Kleinpell, treasurer, exchange on deposits 4.05 

Total expenditures $711.20 


American Medical Association, four issues $332.40 

McDonald & Co., mailing, etc., four issues 164.25 

Postage 175.50 


One-half Medical College, one-half Alumni Association, each 336.08 

Cash paid by Rush Medical College, including $50 advanced 225.50 


Due from Rush, account 1911-1912 * $110.58 

* This item has since been paid and deposited. 


1911 — 

August 26, Dr. H. E. Eggers, June, July and August $150.00 

October 4, Dr. H. E. Eggers, September 50.00 

November 9, Dr. H. E. Eggers, October 50.00 



July 1, balance $200.05 

August 1, received with association remittances 12.00 

September 13, received with association remittances 16.00 

September 21, received with association remittances 20.00 

November 8, received with association remittances 28.00 


November 13, received with association remittances 12.00 

November 21, received with association remittances 14.00 

December 16, received with association remittances 11.00 


January 31, received with association remittances 21.00 

February 29, received with association remittances 13.00 

April 13, received with association remittances 11.00 

May 3, received with association remittances 27.00 

June 3, received with association remittances 17.00 

Total $402.05 

Debtor account 250.00 

Checking balance on deposit $152.05 

Savings account . . . '. 685. 4G 


On deposit June 11, 1912 $131.26 

Deposit Rush, one-half expense 110.58 

Total '. $241.84 

Alumni balance $ 89.79 

Fellowship fund 152.05 

Balance • $241.84 


Alumni collections, 1910-1911 $432.50 

Alumni collections, 1911-1912 491.25 

Gain $ 58.75 


Receipts 1910-1911 $663.11 

Receipts 1911-1912 202.00 

Loss $461.11 

Henry H. Kleinpell, Treasurer. 

Rush Medical College Alumni Association, Year Ending June 1, 1912 

Fellow Alumni: — I will present to the Secretary of our Association a 
record of the deaths that have occurred among our members since our last 
meeting a year ago this month, with such data, as it seems to me, we as 
an association may best preserve in our files. 

In many cases this may appear very meager to friends of the departed 
members when no disparagement is intended as this is an attempt to record 
but the closing of the career, the final change of address, as it were, with 
occasional brief references to endeavors put forth and honors achieved dur- 
ing the active years of their residence here. Their good deeds are known 
in the places where they lived and worked, where they were respected and 
loved and where now they are mourned by those whose burdens they had 
so faithfully shared or manfully lifted. To attempt even a partial recital 


of them is but to fail grievously, so we will leave them to the loving hearts 
that know them, and here confine ourselves to the more formal, though 
none the less respectful course. 

The number of deaths recorded for the past year is 68 as against 82 for 
the year previous. The class of 1870 contributed 5 of these; the class of 
1869, 4; the classes of 1875, 1881, 1891 and 1899, 3 each; and the class of 
1911, 1, Dr. Brennecke, who was drowned less than a month after his 

Grouped by decades, there were 3 over 80, the oldest being 87, Dr. Asa 
Clark, class of 1848; 7 over 70; 21 over 60; 16 over 50; 12 over 40; 5 over 
30; and the youngest was 27, Dr. Brennecke, who was drowned the 4th of 
July after his graduation. In another grouping, 10 were over 70, and 
31, or nearly one-half were over 60. The average of all ages was 57% 
years. Among the causes of death when stated — 52 times — cerebral hemor- 
rhage with its 9 victims stands first. Two of these were aged but 42 
years, 2 others 51 and 55, respectively, and the remaining 5 were over 60. 
After cerebral hemorrhage comes heart disease with 7 to its credit and 
pneumonia and nephritis also with 7 each. 

Last year pneumonia stood first with 10 victims and cerebral hemorrhage 
second, with 9. Five members could not wait for either of these condi- 
tions to overtake them, but went by violence inflicted by their own hands; 
3, gunshot, 1 cut-throat, and 1 chloroform. Senile debility this year 
claimed but 2. Dr. Minahan, of the class of 1891, was one of the Titanic's 
heroes. Appendicitis and intestinal obstruction claimed 3. One died from 
an automobile injury and 1 from drowning. 

Fifth in order of .frequency, either as a direct or predisposing cause of 
death appears to be the name Smith, as 6 of the deceased members, or 
over one-twelfth of the total number, bore that name.- My prediction last 
year that aeroplanes in the future will figure in the mortality statistics of 
our profession has fortunately not yet been fulfilled as even our humblest 
member is not yet willing to admit ever being so far "up in the air." 

Again I thank you for your confidence and indulgence. 

Charles A. Parker, 

Class of 1891. 

Asa Clark, Stockton, Cal. Graduated 1848. Member A. M. A. Founder 
of Clark's Sanitarium, Stockton. Died at Stockton, Jan. 20, 1912, of 
bronchitis, aged 87. 

Roscoe L. Hale, Sedalia, Mo. Graduated 1851. Surgeon of Volunteers 
during the Civil War. Died April 16, 1912, of senile debility, aged 82. 

Wesley A. Daniel, Traer, Iowa. Graduated 1853. Surgeon 24th Iowa 
Volunteer Infantry. Died in Traer, Feb. 8, 1912, from senile debility, 
aged 86. 

Leo Smith, Bloomington, 111. Graduated 1856. Member of American 
Medical Association. More than half a century a practitioner of Bloom- 
ington, 111. Died at his home Oct. 16, 1911, aged 79. 

Charles Mortimer Smith, Evansville. Graduated 1860. Graduated from 
Bellevue Hospital Medical College 1873. Assistant Surgeon Thirteenth 
Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry throughout the Civil War. Died in Evans- 
ville, April 1, 1912, aged 77. 

Jesse H. Smith, Cedar Rapids, Iowa. Graduated 1860. Since 1869 presi- 
dent Farmer's Insurance Company, Cedar Rapids; vice-president of Cedar 
Rapids and Iowa City Raihvay and Light Company; thrice mayor of Cedar 
Rapids; for four years state senator from Linn County; president St. 
Luke's Hospital since its organization in 1877. Died at his home, Aug. 29, 
1911, aged 74. 

Henry Van Tyle Passage, Peru, Ind. Graduated 1861. Graduated from 
Bellevue Hospital Medical College, 1868; Member Indiana State Medical 


Association; formerly representative in the state legislature; four years 
secretary local pension board, Peru. Died at Peru, June 15, 1911, aged 75. 

Albert Alonzo Ames, Minneapolis, Minn. Graduated 1862. Surgeon 
Seventh Minnesota Volunteer Infantry during the Civil War; formerly 
surgeon general of Minnesota; four times mayor of Minneapolis; local 
surgeon for C, M. & St. P., Minn. & St. Louis, Great Northern and North- 
ern Pacific system. Died at his home, Nov. 17, 1911, aged 69. 

William Joseph Asdale, Pittsburgh, Pa. Graduated 1866. Member Medi- 
cal Society of Pennsylvania; member A. M. A., Obstetrics and Gynecology; 
one of the founders of West Penn Medical College, Pittsburgh; secretary 
of that institution until its consolidation with the Western University of 
Pittsburgh, and emeritus professor of diseases of women. Member of 
staff West Penn Hospital and consulting staff of Passavant Hospital; for 
twelve years a member of the select council of Beaver Falls, and once 
its president. Died at his home in Patterson Heights, Pittsburgh, May 19, 
1912, from nephritis, aged 69. 

Truman E. Loope, Eureka, Wis. Graduated 1866. Member A. M. A.; 
for 14 years a member of the county board; a fruit grower of note; died 
at his home Dec. 1, 1911, aged 69. 

Henry Boyd Newell, Waterford, Wis. Graduated 1867. Member Racine 
County Medical Society. Died at his home July 30, 1911, aged 66. 

William H. H. Hagey, Norfolk, Neb. Graduated 1868. Member Nebraska 
State Medical Association and President Elkhorn Valley Medical Society, 
of Norfolk. Died suddenly in Norfolk, Oct. 8, 1911, from cerebral hemor- 
rhage, aged 69. 

William Rider Page, Washington, D. C. Graduated 1868. A veteran 
of the Civil War. Died at his home in Washington Nov. 26, 1911, from 
valvular heart disease, aged 65. 

Russell Broughton, Rockford, 111. Graduated 1869. Member A. M. A. 
A veteran of the Civil War; proprietor and manager of the Broughton 
Sanitarium. Died in Rockford, April 4, 1912, from pneumonia, aged 69. 

Geo. W. Roberts, Albany, Wis. Graduated 1869. Member A. M. A. 
Several years vice-president of Exchange Bank, Albany. Died in a hospital 
in Madison, Nov. 8, 1911, from septicemia, following an operation for 
abscess of the leg, aged 70. 

Sylvester S. Smith, Emporium, Pa. Graduated 1869. Member Medical 
Society of Pennsylvania. Died at Emporium, Nov. 22, 1911, aged 66. 

William Henry Wirt, Loudonville, Ohio. Graduated 1869. Member 
A. M. A.; 18 years a member of the Loudonville Board of Health and 
board of education. Died at Loudonville, Dec. 27, 1911, from pleuro- 
pneumonia, aged 70. 

Geo. T. Acers, Halfway, Ore. Graduated 1870. Died at his home, Feb. 
26, 1912, from cerebral hemorrhage, aged 55. 

Joseph C. Gifford, Brazil, Ind. Graduated 1870. Member Indiana State 
Medical Association. A veteran of the Civil War; secretary State Board 
of Health for 2 years; 14 years a member of the city council. Died at 
Sarasota, Fla., March 21, 1912, from uremia, aged 69. 

Marcus M. Hale, Wabash, Ind. Graduated 1870. Died at his home from 
organic heart trouble, Feb. 26, 1912, aged 65. 

William J. Moore, Danville, 111. Graduated 1870. A veteran of the 
Civil War; consulting physician to St. Elizabeth's Hospital, Danville. 
Found dead in his office, Nov. 6, 1911, from the effects of an overdose of 
chloroform, aged 65. 

Samuel L. Tyner, Boonville, Ind. Graduated 1870. Member of Indiana 
State Medical Association. Died at his home in Boonville, July 14, 1911, 
from cerebral hemorrhage. 


Thomas Gilluly, Union Center, Wis. Graduated 1871. Member State 
Medical Society, Wisconsin. Died at Union Center, March 6, 1912, of 
cerebral hemorrhage, aged 71. 

William H. Batten, Phoenix, Ariz. Graduated 1873. Formerly of Oxford 
Junction, Iowa. Died in Phoenix, Jan. 10, 1912, of cerebral hemorrhage, 
aged 62. 

Thomas Edmund Hall, La Crosse, Wis. Graduated 1875. For more 
than 30 years a practitioner in Minnesota. Died in La Crosse, May 5, 
1912, aged 57. 

Thomas H. Cornwall, Mount Hope, Kan. Graduated 1875. Died in a 
hospital at Wichita, Kan., April 8, 1912, aged 61. 

Walter Forward Reynolds, Huntington Beach, Cal. Graduated 1875. 
Member Nebraska State Medical Association. For many years a practi- 
tioner at York, Neb. Died in Huntington Beach, Feb. 24, 1912, aged 66. 

Calvin Knox Smith, Fort Washakie, Wyo. Graduated 1876. Member 
A. M. A.; physician at the Shoshone Indian Reservation for 25 years. 
Died at his home, Oct. 1, 1911, from valvular heart disease, aged 57. 

John Wellington Morton, Ann Arbor, Mich. Graduated 1877. Died in 
Ann Arbor, Feb. 15, 1912, from heart disease, aged 66. 

William Treacy, Helena, Mont. Graduated 1877. Member A. M. A.; 
President Montana State Board of Flealth and State Board of Meat and 
Milk Inspectors. Died in' California, Jan. 18, 1912, of nephritis, aged 55. 

Edwin Orlando Boardman, Overton, Neb. Graduated 1878. Formerly 
member A. M. A. Died in Portland March 11, 1912, from heart disease, 
aged 56. 

Charles John Creighton, Redlands, Cal. Graduated in 1879. Formerly 
of Chicago. Died in Redlands, Nov. 27, 1911, aged 69. 

Fred Willard Lester, Aurora, 111. Graduated 1879. For several years a 
practitioner at David City, Neb. Died in Aurora, Aug. 24, 1911, aged 57. 

Daniel O'Doherty, Charlotta, Iowa. Graduated 1880. Member A. M. A. 
Died at the home of his brother, in Danville, Iowa, May 2, 1912, from 
cerebral hemorrhage, aged 71. 

Albert David Pyke, Romney, Ind. Graduated 1880. Died at Romney, 
Ind., April 18, 1912, from tuberculosis, aged 53. 

Jonathan Erskine Lamb, Wahoo, Neb. Graduated 1881. For three years 
coroner of Saunders County. Died in Wahoo, March 14, 1912, of heart 
disease, aged 69. 

Geo. Morton Coon, St. Paul, Minn. Graduated 1883. Member A. M. A., 
clinical instructor in genito-urinary diseases in University of Minnesota," 
and surgeon in National Guards in the state; dermatologist to the City 
and County Hospital, St. Paul. Died at his home, March 20, 1912, of 
cerebral hemorrhage, aged 51. 

George John Schaller, Chicago. Graduated 1881. Member A. M. A. 
Died in Chicago, Aug. 10, 1911, from the effects of a gunshot wound of 
the head, probably suicidal, aged 51. 

Fred Strong Tabor, Spring Valley, 111. Graduated 1881. Died Jan. 30, 
1912, aged 53. 

Hugh F. Gunn, Galena, 111. Graduated 1883. Member A. M. A. Died 
in Galena, March 5, 1912. 

Adelmann Brookins Manley, Shopiere, Wis. Graduated 1883. Member 
Wisconsin State Medical Society. Died in Beloit, July 27, 1911, after an 
operation for appendicitis and intestinal obstruction, aged 61. 

John Duke Waller, Oak Park, 111. Graduated 1883. Member A. M. A. 
Died at his home, Aug. 22, 1911, from uremia, aged 59. 

Paul Casper Freer, Philippine Islands. Graduated 1884. Dr. Freer was 
born in Chicago and received his early education here and in Germany 
where he paid especial attention to chemistry. He was associated with 


Tufts College on his return from abroad, and two years later became pro- 
fessor of chemistry in the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor. In 1901 
he undertook the creation of the Bureau of Science of the Philippine 
Islands, in Manila, and after its organization remained there as director, 
chemist and superintendent of the government laboratories and member 
of the Philippine Islands Board of Health. He assisted in the founding 
of the Philippine Medical College and was its dean and professor of 
chemistry. He was a member of the Philippine Islands Medical Associa- 
tion and editor of the Philippine Journal of Science. He died in 
Daguio, April 17, 1912, from acute nephritis, aged 49. 

Edwin L. Smith, Shelton, Neb. Graduated 1884. Member A. M. A. 
Died in Kansas City, Mo., Feb. 28, 1912, of nephritis, aged 64. 

Charles Joseph Finnegan, Anacotes, Wash. Graduated 1886. In the 
government service from 1893 to 1902. Died at his home, Feb. 12, 1912, 
from bronchial pneumonia and pleurisy, aged 47. 

Alfred L. Saylor, Sherwood, Ore. Graduated 1886. Member A. M. A. 
Surgeon general of Oregon from 1887 to 1894. Died in Portland, Ore., 
April 7, 1912, from pneumonia, aged 64. 

James Burke, Gillett, Wis. Graduated 1887. Formerly of Manitowoc, 
Wis. Member A. M. A. Died at his old home in Wayside, Wis., Oct. 12, 
1911, from spinal disease, aged 55. 

William Brown Martin, Sherrard, 111. Graduated 1888. Member A. M. A. 
Died at Sherrard, Nov. 3, 1911, from cut-throat, self inflicted, aged 51. 

Horace Griffin Anderson, Chicago. Graduated 1890. Member Illinois 
State Medical Society. Died in Chicago, Jan. 2, 1912, from nephritis, a 
few days after a surgical operation, aged 52. 

Robert Edward Nelson Heysett, Baldwin, Mich. Graduated 1890. Mem- 
ber Michigan State Medical Society. Died in Chicago, May 18, 1912, after 
an operation for appendicitis, aged 43. 

Harry Fretts Atkinson, Connellsville, Pa. Graduated 1891. Member 
A. M. A.; President of Board of Health. Died at his home, Feb. 7, 1912, 
from self-inflicted gun-shot wound of the brain, aged 46. 

William E. Minahan, Fond du Lac, Wis. Graduated 1891. Member 
A. M. A. Was one of the heroes who went down with the Titanic, April 
15, 1912, aged 44. 

Jacob W. Wells, Ossian, Iowa. Graduated 1891. Assistant physician 
to the Iowa Hospital for Insane; surgeon of the Bock Island Railroad 
System; president Board of Health of Ossian, Iowa. Died at Ossian from 
heat exhaustion, July 2, 1911, aged 43. 

John Little Morris, Columbus, Ind. Graduated 1893. Formerly mem- 
ber A. M. A.; since 1902 manager and chief of staff of Columbus "(Lad.) 
Sanitarium. Died in Madison, Ind., March 23, 1912, in Southeastern Hos- 
pital for the Insane, aged 42. 

Walter Stansby King, Cedar Rapids, Iowa. Graduated 1894. Member 
Iowa State Medical Society; coroner of Linn County. Died at Cedar 
Rapids, June 16, 1911, from injuries received in an automobile accident 
several days previously, aged 40. 

Alexander Lane, Chicago. Graduated 1895. A well-known colored prac- 
titioner of Chicago, once assistant county physician and a member of the 
legislature. Died at his home, Nov. 13, 1911, from "disease of the lungs," 
aged 52. 

Brown Fred Swift, Chicago. Graduated 1895. Formerly member of 
A. M. A. Died in Chicago, Jan. 19, 1912, of pneumonia, aged 42. 

Eugene Warren Martin, Cherokee, Iowa. Graduated 1897. Died at 
Cherokee, Feb. 9, 1912, from cerebral hemorrhage, aged 42. 


Charles E. Button, Billings, Mont. Graduated 1898. Said to have com- 
mitted suicide by taking poison and shooting himself after having killed 
his wife, Dec. 27, 1911, aged 53. 

Martin Hektoen, Hospital, 111. Graduated 1899. Physician in State 
Hospital at Kankakee, 111. Died of pneumonia, Jan. 29, 1911, aged 43. 

Walter Henry Vilas, Taft, Cal. Graduated 1899. Member Board of 
Education of El Paso, Texas, for several years and also physician of 
El Paso County. Died at Taft, Cal., March 12, 1912, aged 34. 

Pern Almyr Wakefield, West Salem, Wis. Graduated 1899. Member 
Wisconsin State Medical Society; physician and surgeon to La Crosse 
County Hospital for Insane. Died in West Salem, July 2, 1911, from 
heart disease, aged 35. 

James Richard Richards, Thermopolis, Wis. Graduated 1900. Formerly 
member of A. M. A. Moved to San Diego, Cal., three months before his 
death in the office of a physician in that city, Sept. 19, 1911, from cere- 
bral hemorrhage, aged 42. 

John D. Overholser, Milledgeville, 111. Graduated 1901. Member A. M. A. 
Died Nov. 10, 1911. 

John P. Bruce, Chicago. Graduated 1902. Died in Chicago, Dec. 24, 

1911, of pneumonia, aged 37. 

Herbert F. Praasch, Chicago. Graduated 1902. Died in Chicago, Jan. 31, 

1912, from intestinal obstruction, aged 33. 

Morton Leon Hunt, Winchester, Ind. Graduated 1906. Formerly mem- 
ber A. M. A. Died at his home Feb. 21, 1912, from septicemia due to 
an operation wound, aged 31. 

Gerhard Carl Brennecke. Graduated 1911. Was drowned in Rock River 
near Waiertown, Wis., July 4, 1911, aged 27. 

Class. Died. 

1848— Asa Clark, Stockton, Cal. Jan. 20, 1912, aged 87 

1851— Roscoe L. Hale, Sedalia, Mo April 16, 1912, aged 82 

1853— Wesley A. Daniel, Traer, Iowa Feb. 8, 1912, aged 86 

1856— Lee Smith, Bloomington, 111 Oct. 16, 1911, aged 79 

1860— Chas. Mortimer Smith, Evansville, Wis April 1, 1912, aged 77 

1860— Jesse H. Smith, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Aug. 29, 1911, aged 74 

1861 — Henry Van Tyle Passage, Peru, Ind June 15, 1911, aged 75 

1862 — Albert Alonzo Ames, Minneapolis, Minn Nov. 17, 1911, aged 69 

1866— Wm. Joseph Asdale, Pittsburgh, Pa May 19, 1912, aged 69 

1866— Truman E. Loope, Eureka, Wis. Dec. 1, 1911, aged 69 

1867— Henry Boyd Newell, Waterford, Wis July 30, 1911, aged 66 

1868— Wm. H. H. Hagey, Norfolk, Neb Oct. 8, 1911, aged 69 

1868— Wm. Rider Page, Washington, D. C Nov. 26, 1911, aged 65 

1869— Russell Broughton, Rockford, 111 April 4, 1912, aged 69 

1869 — Geo. W. Roberts, Albany, Wis Nov. 8, 1911, aged 70 

1869— Sylvester S. Smith, Emporium, Pa Nov. 22, 1911, aged 66 

1869— Wm. Henry Wirt, Loudonville, Ohio Dec. 27, 1911, aged 66 

1870— Geo. T. Acers, Halfway, Ore Feb. 26, 1912, aged 55 

1870— Joseph C. Gifford, Brazil, Ind March 21, 1912, aged 69 

1870— Marcus M. Hale, Wabash, Ind Feb. 26, 1912, aged 65 

1870— Wm. J. Moore, Danville, 111 Nov. 6, 1911, aged 65 

1870— Saml. L. Tyner, Boonville, Ind July 14, 1911, aged . . 

1871 — Thomas Gilluly, Union Center, Wis March 6, 1912, aged 71 

1873— Wm. H. Batten, Phoenix, Ariz Jan. 12, 1912, aged 62 

1875— Thos. H. Cornwall, Mount Hope, Kan April 8, 1912, aged 61 

1875— Thos. Edmund Hall, La Crosse, Wis May 5, 1912, aged 57 



Class. Died. 

1875— Walter F. Reynolds, Huntington Beach, Cal.. Feb. 24, 1912, aged 66 

1876— Calvin Knox Smith, Fort Washakie, Wyo Oct. 1, 1911, aged 57 

1877— John W. Morton, Ann Arbor, Mich Feb. 15, 1912, aged 66 

1877— Wm. Treacy, Helena, Mont Jan. 18, 1912, aged 55 

1878 — Edwin Orlando Boardman, Overton, Neb... March 11, 1912, aged 56 

1879— Chas. John Creighton, Redlands, Cal Nov. 27, 1911, aged 69 

1879— Fred Willard Lester, Aurora, 111 Aug 24, 1911, aged 57 

1880— Daniel O'Doherty, Charlotta, Iowa May 2, 1912, aged 71 

1880— Albert David Pyke, Romney, Ind April 18, 1912, aged 53 

1881— Jonathan E. Lamb, Wahoo, Neb March 14, 1912, aged 69 

1881— Geo. John Schaller, Chicago Aug. 10, 1911, aged 51 

1881— Fred Strong Tabor, Spring Valley, 111 Jan. 30, 1912, aged 53 

1883— Geo. Morton Coon, St, Paul, Minn March 20, 1912, aged 51 

1883— Hugh F. Gunn, Galena, 111 March 5, 1912, aged . . 

1883— Adelman Brookins Manlev, Shopiere, Wis... July 27, 1911, aged 61 

1883— John Duke Waller, Oak Park, 111 Aug. 22, 1911, aged 59 

1884 — Paul Casper Freer, Philippine Islands April 17, 1912, aged 49 

1884— Edwin L. Smith, Shelton, Neb Feb. 28, 1912, aged 64 

1886 — Chas. Joseph Finnegan, Anacortes, Wash.... Feb. 12, 1912, aged 47 

1886— Alfred L. Saylor, Sherwood, Ore April 7, 1912, aged 64 

1887— Jas. Burks, Gillett, Wis Oct. 12, 1911, aged 55 

1888— Wm. Brown Martin, Sherrard, 111 Nov. 3, 1911, aged 51 

1890— Horace Griffin Anderson, Chicago, 111 .Jan. ,2, 1912, aged 52 

1890— Robt. Edw. Heysett, Baldwin, Mich May 18, 1912, aged 43 

1891— Harry Pretts Atkinson, Connellsville, Pa Feb. 7, 1912, aged 46 

1891— Wm. E. Minahan, Fond du Lac, Wis April 15, 1912, aged 44 

1891— Jacob W. Wells, Ossian, Iowa .July 2, 1911, aged 43 

1893— John Little Morris, Columbus, Ind March 23, 1912, aged 42 

1894 — Walter Stansby King, Cedar Rapids, Iowa.. June 16, 1911, aged 40 

1895 — Alexander Lane, Chicago. . Nov. 13, 1911, aged 52 

1895— Brown Fred Swift, Chicago Jan. 19, 1912, aged 42 

1897 — Eugene Warren Martin, Cherokee, Iowa Feb. 9, 1912, aged 42 

1898— Chas. E. Button, Billings, Mont Dec. 27, 1911, aged 53 

1899— Martin Hektoen, Hospital, 111 .Jan. 29, 1912, aged 43 

1899— Walter Henry Vilas, Taft, Cal March 12, 1912, aged 34 

1899— Pern Almyr Wakefield, West Salem, Wis July 2, 1911, aged 35 

1900— Jas. Richard Richards, Thermopolis, Wis Sept. 19, 1911, aged 42 

1901 — John D. Overholser, Milledgeville, 111 Nov. 10, 1911, aged . . 

1902— Herbert F. Praasch, Chicago. Jan. 31, 1912, aged 33 

1902— John P. Bruce, Chicago Dec. 24, 1911, aged 37 

1906— Morton Leon Hunt, Winchester, Ind Feb. 21, 1912, aged 31 

1911 — Gerhard Carl Brennecke, Chicago. July 4, 1911, aged 27 

Name and Class. Died. 

Aeers, George T., 1870 Feb. 26, 1912 

Ames, Albert Alonzo, 1862 Nov. 17, 1911 

Anderson, Horace Griffin, 1890 Jan. 2, 1912 

Asdale, William Joseph, 1866 May 19, 1912 

Atkinson, Harry Fretts, 1891 Feb. 7, 1912 

Batten, William H., 1873 Jan. 10, 1912 

Brennecke, Gerhard Carl, 1911 -July 4, 1911 

Boardman, Edwin Orlando, 1878 March 11, 1912 

Broughton, Russell, 1869 April 4, 1912 

Bruce, John P., 1902 Dec. 24, 1911 

Burke, James Gillett, 1887 Oct. 12, 1911 


Name and Class. Died. 

Button, Charles E., 1898 Dec. 27, 1911 

Clark, Asa, 1848 Jan. 20, 1912 

Coon, George Morton, 1883. . March 20, 1912 

Cornwall, Thomas H., 1875 April 8, 1912 

Creighton, Charles John, 1879 Nov. 27, 1912 

Daniel, Wesley A., 1853 . Feb. 8, 1912 

Finnegan, Charles Joseph, 1886 Feb. 12, 1912 

Freer, Paul Casper, 1884 April 17, 1912 

Gifford, Joseph C, 1870 . .March 21, 1912 

Giliuly, Thomas, 1871 March 6, 1912 

Gunn, Hugh F., 1883 March 5, 1912 

Hagey, William H. H., 1868 Oct. 8, 1911 

Hale, Marcus M., 1870 Feb. 26, 1912 

Hale, Roscoe L., 1851 April 16, 1912 

Hall, Thomas Edmund, 1875 May 5, 1912 

Hektoen, Martin, 1899. . Jan. 29, 1912 

Heysett, Robert Edward, 1890 May 18, 1912 

Hunt, Morton Leon, 1906 Feb. 21, 1912 

King, Walter Stansby, 1894 June 16, 1911 

Lamb, Jonathan Erskine, 1881 March 14, 1912 

Lane, Alexander, 1895 Nov. 13, 1911 

Lester, Fred Willard, 1879 Aug. 24, 1911 

Loope, Truman E., 1866. Dec. 1, 1911 

Manley, Adelmann Brookins, 1883 July 27, 1911 

Martin, Eugene Warren, 1897 Feb. 9, 1912 

Martin, William E., 1888 Nov. 3, 1911 

Minahan, William E., 1891 April 15, 1912 

Moore, William J., 1870 Nov. 6, 1911 

Moiris, John Little, 1893 March 23, 1912 

Morton, John Wellington, 1877 Feb. 15, 1912 

Newell, Henry Boyd, 1867 July, 30, 1911 

O'Doherty, Daniel, 1880 May 2, 1912 

Overholser, John D., 1901 Nov. 10, 1911 

Page, William Ryder, 1868 Nov. 26, 1911 

Passage, Henry VanTyle, 1861 June 15, 1911 

Praasch, Herbert F., 1902 Jan. 31, 1912 

Pyke, Albert David, 1880. April 18, 1912 

Reynolds, Walter Forward, 1875 Feb. 24, 1912 

Richards, James Richard, 1900 Sept. 19, 1911 

Roberts, George W., 1869. . Nov. 8, 1911 

Saylor, Alfred L., 1886 April 7, 1912 

Schaller, George John, 1881 Aug. 10, 1911 

Smith, Calvin Knox, 1876 Oct. 1, 1911 

Smith, Charles Mortimer, 1860 April 1, 1912 

Smith, Edwin L., 1884 Feb. 28, 1912 

Smith, Jesse H., 1860 Aug. 29, 1911 

Smith, Lee, 1856 Oct. 16, 1911 

Smith, Sylvester S., 1869 Nov. 22, 1911 

Swift, Brown Fred, 1895 Jan. 12, 1912 

Tabor, Fred Strong, 1881 Jan. 30, 1912 

Treacy, William, 1877 . . Jan. 18, 1912 

Tyner, Samuel L., 1870 July 14, 1911 

Vilas, Walter Henry, 1899 March 12, 1912 

Wakefield, Pern Almyr, 1899 July 2, 1911 

Waller, John Duke, 1883 Aug. 22, 1911 

Wells, Jacob W., 1891 July 2, 1911 

Wirt, William Henry, 1869 Dec. 22, 1911 



F. C. Robinson, j 63 

Mr. President and Members of the Alumni Association of Rush 
Medical College. 

Some time ago I received a letter from your secretary, Dr. 
Rhodes, inviting me to attend this Alumni or reunion of the grad- 
uates of Rush Medical College. Although I was not a member of 
this Association, I accepted the invitation, and my name is on the 
program for a talk on "Reminiscences of our College Days Forty 
Years Ago." As I belong to the class they call a "country doctor," 
unaccustomed to public speaking, I wonder why Dr. Rhodes should 
ask me to talk of the times of long ago when there are so many 
here who could perform that duty in a more instructive and pleas- 
ing manner than I am able to do. If he has made a mistake in his 
selection I will try to make amends for it by. the brevity of my 

I have been engaged in the practice of medicine in the city of 
Wyanet, Bureau County, Illinois, for more than thirty-nine years, 
and during all these years I have always retained a high regard 
and love for my alma mater and the corps of professors who made 
Rush Medical College the best medical institution in the vast north- 

In 1862, forty years ago, I was a student of Rush. I was a young 
man then, and with others looking forward to the time when I 
should graduate and be prepared to take my place in the ranks of 
the medical profession. To-night, through the mystic veil of so 
many eventful years, I will try and recall some of my classmates, 
professors and teachers with whom we were then so closely and 
intimately identified. 

Amidst the cares and duties of a doctor's busy life shadows of 
forgetfulness may cross their memories, their associates and class- 
mates may be forgotten, but we never forget the professors and 
teachers who taught us or lectured in the college amphitheater, at 
the clinics or in the wards of the hosjDitals. I was a member of 
the class of J 63. So far as I have been able to learn, twelve of this 
class are now practicing medicine and surgery in Illinois, some are 
dead and others scattered I know not where. I will refer to some 
of them later. 

* Read at commencement, 1902, but particularly appropriate at this time in 
mnection with the Brainard celebration. 


To make these reminiscences more complete I will say a few 
words in the memory of each of the faculty of Eush in 1861-1862- 
1863, when I was a strident there. The faculty consisted of Drs. 
Daniel Brainard, J. Adams Allen, Joseph W. Freer, Ephraim 
Ingals, J. Vincent Blainey, E. L. Eea, Delaskie Miller and Edwin 
Powell, Demonstrator of Anatomy. Six of the above-named have 
finished their lecture course in life's ampi theater and gone to their 
rewards in the unknown future. One yet remains. He is now an 
old man retired from active life waiting for his final change. 

The most important member of the faculty was Dr. Brainard. 
He was the Professor of Operative Surgery and President of the 
College Faculty. Dr. Knowles has told you about him, and he has 
done it so well it is unnecessary for me to take up your time by 
repetition. We canuot say too much of such a man, and those of us 
who knew him can but revere and cherish his memory. He was a 
man of fine physique, large head, high forehead, commanding in 
person, tail and stately, and his manner had the soul of dignity. 
He was a forcible speaker and always aroused an interest in his 
classes beyond any other member of the faculty. His lectures 
showed him to be a man of deep thought, wide information on all 
subjects of a scientific character, as well as to the science of opera- 
tive surgery. When he was in the class-room or performing a sur- 
gical operation in the college or hospital we realized we were in the 
presence of a great man, a surgical genius who knew just what 
ought to be done, and with the courage and ability to do it. He 
died of cholera, Oct. 10, 1866. 

Dr. Allen occupied the chair of Theory and Practice of Medicine. 
He was a fluent and ready speaker, in fact a natural orator. He 
was witt} r , humorous and a fine story teller. His jolly pleasant 
manner and fine social qualities made him a favorite among the 
boys. His lectures were more theoretical than practical, and when 
compared with the present knowledge of the causes and treatment 
of diseases, crude indeed. He introduced into his lectures many 
pleasing stories or anecdotes which made them interesting and 
amusing. One of these stories I have never forgotten. I will tell it 
as best I can, but not as Allen could. 

The time of this story was when diphtheria began to attract the 
attention of physicians as a special disease. In epidemics of this 
disease the mortality among children was alarming, and physicians 
were unable to treat it very successfully. A young man working 
in the pineries of Wisconsin had in some way learned of a medicine 
in powder form which, if blown into the throats of children suffer- 
ing with this terrible disease, would relieve or cure. As a powder 
insufflator he used a quill, and it soon became known that if it was 
used early in the disease the recoveries were more frequent than 
when they relied on the doctor's medicines. In an epidemic of this 
disease he gained such notoriety that he was frequently sent for to 


use the quill. His success gave him confidence in himself, and he 
decided he could make more money as a doctor than cutting pine 
trees in the forest, bought a few books, and after a few months' 
study, went to another town where he was not known and hung out 
his sign as Dr. Smith. By reading up his cases as they came and 
the knowledge he had of the use of quinin, calomel and jalap, 
ipecac, lobelia and venesection, he had fair success and built up 
quite a practice, yet in all cases of sore throat the quill was ready 
for use as a specialty. In a neighboring town there was a case of 
obstetrics with two doctors in attendance. The doctors failing to 
deliver the woman, the husband proposed sending for Dr. Smith as 
further counsel. The doctor came and after ascertaining the con- 
dition of the woman turned to one of the doctors and said, "have 
you quilled her ?" "No ; what is that ?" "I will show you doctors 
how it is clone." He put some snuff in a quill, stepped to the bed- 
side and blew it into the nostrils of the suffering and discouraged 
lady. The snuff made her sneeze, the sneezing loosened an impacted 
head, and a boy was born, much to the astonishment of the two 
doctors. Dr. Smith said, "That is what you should have done 
twelve hours ago," and left with a good round fee. 

Dr. Delaskie Miller was Professor of Obstetrics and Diseases of 
Women and Children. He alone has survived the vicissitudes and 
changes of the past two score years, and we hoped to meet him at 
this banquet and reunion and to have the opportunity to extend to 
him our best respects, our sincere regards — to honor and bless him 
for what he did for us in the long ago when teaching the most 
important part of a student's curriculum, obstetrics and diseases of 
women and children. He was a thorough student, a fine speaker 
and a teacher of the highest order. He told us nothing of microbes, 
bacteria, bacilli, gonococcus, staphylococcus, streptococcus, coli 
communis or other pathological germs which to-day are known to 
be the causative agents of many of the diseases of the puerperal 
woman. These germs were unknown then, for antiseptic surgery 
and aseptic obstetrics were not born four decades ago. In dress, 
personal appearance and order, he was not excelled by any member 
of the college faculty. When he came into the lecture room he 
looked as though he had just come out of a band box, no dust on 
his black suit, clean hands, white cuffs and collar, shining boots 
and every hair smoothed clown in proper place glistening in the 
sun or gaslight. He taught cleanliness by example as well as 
precept. The active duties of this grand old man are finished. His 
life has not been a failure. His students and classes will honor 
and revere his name while he lives, and cherish his memory so long- 
as one of us is left to mourn a true and faithful friend and brother 
of the profession. 


Dr. Epliraim Ingals, Professor of Materia Medica, was a grad- 
uate of Rush in the class of 7 47. He lived to a good old age and 
died leaving a record of a life we might well emulate. We miss his 
cheerful, pleasant face at the state and various medical societies, 
where we have been accustomed to see him so often within the 
past few years. He had for some years retired from the active 
practice of his profession. Dr. Ingals requires no eulogy to remind 
you that his name stands high on the roll of honor of Bush Medical 
College as a writer, a teacher," a practitioner, an honest, just man. 
Honor to the memory of Dr. Ingals. Read his introductory address 
to the twenty-first annual course of lectures in Rush Medical Col- 
lege, delivered Oct. 7, 1863. 

A very conspicuous member of the faculty was Dr. R. L.' Rea, 
the Professor of Descriptive Anatomy. He was a fine proportioned 
man, six feet three or four in height, and at this time had coal black 
hair and his black eye was sharp and piercing. He was a tower of 
strength in the college force, and possessed a most remarkable and 
retentive memory. He was a rapid talker and a thorough anatomist. 
He could almost repeat Gray from cover to cover with surprising 
minuteness, and it required close attention to keep up with him. 
He was so thorough in his daily examinations that the careless 
students would take the top seats in the ampitheater to avoid his 
personal quiz, and then they did not always succeed. He had no 
sympathy for an indifferent, lazy student of anatomy, and he 
always encouraged those who tried to master this dry and often 
uninteresting study. His strong personality, force and energy of 
character and friendliness of manner made him many true and 
sincere friends everywhere, and after the fire of 1871, when he 
resigned his chair in the college, old Rush lost one of the best men 
who ever taught anatomy in this or any other college in the city 
of Chicago. 

Dr. J. W. Freer occupied the chair of Physiology and Surgical 
Anatomy. He was a plain, unassuming man, and although not an 
orator, he made his lectures and illustrations so plain that no 
student should leave his classes without being benefited, and the 
subjects of his lectures quite well understood. He was a physiolo- 
gist of high order, a skillful surgeon, and performed many inter- 
esting experiments to illustrate the topic of his lectures. He 
succeeded Dr. Blainey as president of the college. When he was an 
army enrollment officer some homeopathic doctors in Chicago pre- 
ferred charges against him with regard to the performance of his 
duties as Enrolling Surgeon. " Some of you remember, after a 
thorough investigation by the Provost Marshall General, the repu- 
tation and professional standing of the doctor were entirely sus- 
tained and the charges were without foundation, groundless and 


unworthy of note. Dr. Freer had the strongest contempt for the 
homeopathic fraternity of any one of the professors, and he did not 
hesitate to declare his convictions in a not uncertain manner. 

In 1863 this country was engaged in a mighty civil war. Sur- 
geons and assistants were called for, and Eush sent many of her 
Alumni and students to the tented fields or army hospitals in the 
southland, Dr. J. V. Z. Blainey among the number. His place was 
filled by Ezra Carr of Wisconsin. He was a good speaker of pleas- 
ing address and manner, and performed many interesting experi- 
ments before his classes, and he could hold the attention of his 
students in analytical and experimental chemistry second only to 
Dr. Blainey, who was the peer of all chemists in the northwest. At 
this time Dr. Blainey held the position of Medical Superintendent 
of the. Hospital of the Peninsula, and thus the name of Ezra Carr 
is found on the diplomas of the '58 graduates of the class of 1862- 

It is unnecessary for me to remind you of the alumni and pro- 
fessors of Old Eush who have distinguished themselves as writers, 
teachers, practitioners and surgeons, who have ascended the ladder 
of medical lore to near the top round, honored and respected at 
home, banquetted and feted in foreign lands. The ,old are passing, 
many new men are filling their places. A classmate of mine, Pen- 
brook K. Thombs, died a few weeks ago in Pueblo, Colo. His chair 
was near mine in the college ampith eater. He was a diligent 
student, achieved success as a practitioner and surgeon, and held 
the position of superintendent of one of the insane asylums of 

Dr. Leslie E. Keeley, of the class of '64, gained notoriety and 
wealth by what he termed a new treatment for inebriety or cure 
for the liquor habit. He built institutes in many cities, the prin- 
cipal one located at Dwight, Ilk, where many of this class of 
patients went or were taken to be shot hypodermically with 
strychin, atropin, morphia or apomorphin. His success finally 
started a craze and cures for the opium and liquor habits were 
started in cities and villages all over the country. Keeley is dead 
and so is his cure, and the appetite for intoxicating liquors still 

Time will not permit me to speak of the changes, inventions and 
progress which has been made in pharmacy, therapeutics and sur- 
gery since we were students of medicine, or to refer at length to 
the use- and growth of the fads of faith cure, Christian science, 
magnetic healing, Dowieism or osteopathy. They do not belong to 
our college days. Forty years ago A. II. Still had not discovered 
that all diseases were caused by dislocated bones, muscles or nerves. 
The eccentric and visionary Dowie had not thought of proclaiming 
himself the second Elijah or building a Zion in Chicago. Then 


Mother Eddy had not yet conceived Christian science or given out 
to the world that there was no such thing as pain, all in the imagi- 
nation, and faith cure was slumbering in its infancy. They are the 
product of the times. They are the outgrowth of superstition and 
fraud. They are the meccas of religious fanatics and the hopes and 
delight of the avaricious character. Is it our fault they have sprung 
up and multiply so rapidly? Is it our fault the humbug of oste- 
opathy is approved by the state laws of Illinois ? If this is true we 
have been neglectful of our duty towards ourselves and the com- 
munities who look to us for that which will confer the greatest 
happiness and blessing on all mankind, health. 

In one of the public schools a number of small pupils were 
engaged in working problems in multiplication. After some time 
the teacher noticed one little fellow who seemed unhappy. His 
cheeks were flushed and tears were very near the surface. The 
teacher said in a very kindly tone : "Well, Johii, what is the 
matter?" "Oh, dear, I wish I were a rabbit." "A rabbit!" 
exclaimed the teacher in astonishment, "why on earth would you 
like to be a rabbit"; "well, my papa says they multiply so fast." 
These fads of pretended healing and their followers are like the 
rabbits, they multiply exceedingly fast. A story is told of a farmer 
who had a family consisting of a wife, one son and five grown 
girls. Just before a presidential election he was discussing some 
of the political questions of the day with a friend who asked him 
how he and his family stood on the candidates. "Bill is a prohibi- 
tionist; I am all right for Harrison, but the old woman and the 
girls are terrible split up." Such is the condition of a community 
where Christian science, Dowieism, faith cure or osteopathy has 
turned the heads of many otherwise intelligent and educated people 
who believe in their unscientific creeds and belief as the cause and 
cure of human, ills. 

In conclusion I will refer in a few words to then and now. Forty 
years ago Rush had seven professors of the regular course, seven of 
the spring term and the demonstrator of anatomy. A regular 
course was sixteen weeks, with a preliminary course of three weeks 
and a short spring term, and two regular courses only required for 
graduation. To-day, in 1902, with Rush affiliated with Chicago 
University, there are 117 professors, assistants and instructors, and 
the time of study has been increased to four years of nine months 
each and a high grade preliminary examination required before 
entering college. 

We envy the class of 1902 because of the superior opportunities 
you have had in studying every part or branch of the art and 
science of medicine and surgery under so many able professors and 
teachers, besides the advantages you have had in improved clinical 
and hospital work which we did not have. 


Gentlemen of the class of 1902, we welcome you at the portals of 
a noble profession. We know and realize that our step is less firm, 
our locks are white with time and age, and soon the mantle of our 
faith, experience and labor will fall, and I know of no better men 
to take up and continue our work than this, the second class of the 
new century. 


Ruling, June 4, 1912. 
Dr. John M. Dodson, Chicago, III. 

My Dear Dr. Dodson: — Both of us are here in the mountains for 
.five months or so of language study. While in Shanghai there 
were so many interruptions that I got behind in this respect. 
Instead, I got some valuable experience doing Red Cross work with 
Gen. Li Yuan Hung's arnry. It would have amused (and shocked) 
some of our good Rush teachers had they seen one of their students 
trying to do surgery in the interior of China under the stress of 
war. The next nearest foreigner was 2 miles away. My mainstay 
was an English-speaking Chinese medical student, who had never 
seen an operation or given an anesthetic. For nurses I had just 
ordinary coolies hired on the street or sent to me by army officers 
each time they brought in a new lot of wounded. The hospital 
was a makeshift, with indescribable sanitary conditions. I had to 
eat Chinese. food, made ready by a dirty one-eyed cook. The operat- 
ing-room was also my office, dining-room, rest-room and laboratory. 
We had to use chloroform. There were no rubber gloves or 

Of the first three operations I undertook to do, two of the 
patients had to be resuscitated most violently for fear they might 
die on the table, and in the middle of the operation I had to take 
time out for a long argument with my man "Friday," the med- 
ical student, who absolutely refused to continue the anesthetic. 
He said the patient always kept getting blue in the face and refused 
to breathe ; moreover, the medicine made him sick ' . . . would 
I please ask the coolie to pour it on? 

We had word from Dr. Korns. He was very busy during the 
war. Dr. Johnstone, unfortunately, has not been very well since 
his arrival. 

As to our future plans, we do not know. We were slated for a 
hospital in Hunan province, but there has come a call to take up a 
national campaign along the lines of sanitation and hygiene in 
connection with the work of the Department of Health under the 
new government. I realize the great opportunity this sort of 
work implies, but I do not feel quite big enough for the job. As a 
matter of fact, I have never had any sort of special training which 


would qualify me for such an important position. The project is 
being backed by the Young Men's Christian Association. The 
China Medical Association (composed mostly of missionaries as 
yet) will also go into the scheme, according to a letter from my 
uncle now in Scotland. One reason this call has come to me is the 
fact that Uncle Philip Cousland is the president of the Associa- 
tion, and I tried to make it clear that I want to stand on my own 
feet and not benefit by any pull. However, after many letters, I 
have been promised three years, in which my main task will be to 
get the language. Later the necessary financial support will be 
given for a laboratory and lecture department, with provision for 
more men once the project is on its feet. 

Mr. Brockman, the National Secretary of the Y. M. C. A., has 
placed the matter into the hands of John E. Mott, of New York, 
who will seek to get my release from the missionary board under 
which I came out. 

If this plan carries I will be in a position to send you some little 
material should you add parasites peculiar to the Orient to your 
course in parasitology. There is a wonderful field out here for 
investigators. I have been able to gather only a few specimens, 
but already I have gotten hold of a parasite which is stumping all 
the old-timers. Everybody asks, "What is it?" 

The new Harvard Medical School of China is making a great 
hit with the Chinese. Their strong point of approach is the fact 
that Harvard at home offers a course which fits a man to do a large 
work as public health officer. They plan to adapt the same course 
to conditions out here, and the Chinese are falling right into line. 

If there are certain specimens the school wants from the Orient, 
let me know and I will try and get them for you. 

Cordially yours, W. W. Peter. 



Mr. James H. Habper, registrar of the college, is now in Europe 
for a short stay. 

Dr. Frank W. Miller desires to announce that after Aug. 1, 1912, 
he will limit his practice to the eye. Suite 733, IT. W. Hellman 
Building, Los Angeles. 

Dr. E. S. Detweilee, '88, of La Grange, 111., has left and is 
going to take up special work in nose and throat, and we under- 
stand is to locate in California. 

Dr. L. D. Smith, '11, has resigned from the Cook County Hos- 
pital and has accepted the position of assistant house physician at 
Mudlavia. His engagement to Miss Eose A. Bobbins of Chicago 
was announced simultaneously. 

The quarterly commencement exercises occurred Wednesday, 
Aug. 28, 1912, in the upper amphitheater. The following received 
the degree of Medicinae Doctor: Earned van Patten Allen, Frank 
Kaiser Bartlett, Harry McPherson Brandel, J. Craig Bowman, 
Eoy James De Motte, Jose Fabella y Fernandez, Ernst Freiherr 
Marschall von Bieber stein, Lyman Harold Eobison, Benjamin 
Beardsmore Eowley, Harry Nicholas Sutherland. 

The following are copies of letters received by the office of the 
college, the originals being preserved as marvels of orthography 
and diction : 

Charming, Mich., June 15, 1912. 
Deam of Rush medical College Chicago 111. 

Dear sir. Husbum has been sick since DeceniBer, and has Been Doctoring 
ever since the Doctor here calls it a gastric stomach and his medicine dont 
do him anny good, he begain losing flesh, so fast that he losing 1 pound of 
flesh a day more and Belching gass and bloe at the stomach pains in stomach 
sore at pit of the stomach and a roaling of the stomach and Bowels, paims 
at time shortness his Breath, never git thirsty and never git Hungry, even 
milk and gram crackers dont agree on his stomach. Could you prefere me 
to some good stomach speclious. Please anser at once. Your very truly, 

To whom it may concern. 

Science has prooven to us that matter always was. But commensense 
teaches us that intelligence originated in the invisible matter of the universe 
or the body of our Creator. It is identical if it took one million or two 
million years to the intelligence of Nature to learn and experience how to 
create living things on Earth. I was born a catholic and forsed to take all 


its sacrament but I have seen when a schoolboy that the Bible was a instru- 
ment to keep the people in ignorance. I have spend all my money and 
earnings in life to teach my fellow men the knowledge of our real Creator. 
I am now obliged to will my body to a medical college to save my dearest 
friends the trouble and expence to burry me. This is a missguided world 
and rascality got the upper hand. A body louse lives on the body of men, 
o how we love it? But men live on the body of our Creator and in spite 
of us praying to a santiclaus family for Centuries to forgive our sins Nature 
has provided for us. 

Henry M. Lyman, A.M. M. D. 

Dear Sir this will Certify that I hav one of your 20th Century House holds 
Medical Guide. I am Well Pleas with it, I am a hurbe Cemestre Enie Way 
of the Comon hurbs of the Vegtble kingdom and now I want to Studdy 
your Medical Guide I want no if I can tak Scursponding Lectars from you 
or not Pleas let me Hir from You. Yours truely 

Sir. — i Wish to Inquier if a Body was Sold by a Mr. it was seposed 

to be a Woman that Worked for him and his Wife i am the Woman and my 

Name is but he might have sold it in the Name of 

or ............ . I wish to inform you that you must not Except a Body 

by either of them Names or by that Man in the future, i have 

Ralatives to Look after me if he has done so Sent me the Let me kno but i 
Want to Inform you Such a thing cannot be done without my Signature 

Please Answer this lettre and let me kno Oblge Excuse Bad 



Dr. Eobert Davis is in the Navy. 

Dr. J. \\ r . Tope is practicing in Oak Park. 

Dr. E. C. Roberg is practicing in Joliet, 111. 

Dr. H. R. Rogers is practicing in Rockford, III. 

Dr. J. T. Traecy is practicing in Helena, Mont. 

Dr. G-. H. Steele is with Dr. Ormsby, Chicago. 

Dr. Charles Lamme is with Dr. Watson, Chicago. 

Dr. S. B. Herdman is practicing in Taylorville, 111. 

Dr. W. T. Hughes is with Dr. Willard in Oak Park. 

Dr. J. F. Hammond, who is with the Army, has been assigned to 

Dr. IT. Laird has bought an interest in a hospital in his home 
town, Oxford, Ind. 

Dr. F. C. Murrah, whose internship closed on January 1, is prac- 
ticing in Creal Springs, 111. 

Dr. M. B. Galloway, whose internship closed on May 1, is prac- 
ticing in South English, Iowa. 


Dr. Twining is in charge of a fifty-bed hospital of the C, M. & 
St. P. E. R., at Mobridge, S. Dak. 

Dr. H. K. Nicoii was married to Miss Eva L. Pickens on June 4, 
and is with Dr. Billings; Dane-Billings fellow. 

Dr. E. Edgerton. who recently married Miss Ann K. Simon, is 
to practice in Wichita, Kan., with Dr. Harry Horn. 

Dr. F. 0. McFarland was married to Miss Mirian Rabb, Wednes- 
day, June 19, and has accepted an appointment in the Army, to 
begin in October. 

Dr. H. W. Wadsworth will resign his position as resident phy- 
sician of the Monroe Street Hospital in October, to practice in 
Washington, Lid. 

Dr. Carl Davis (former Webster intern) was assistant medical 
director of the Northwestern Life Insurance Co. in Milwaukee, Wis. 
He has now returned to Dr. Webster as an assistant. 

Last July number of The Bulletin should have been Vol. VIII 
instead of Vol. IX. 

The mailing list of Alumni is kept at the office of the college, 
1748 W. Harrison Street. If your bulletin is not correctly 
addressed, notify that address. Many of the Alumni have moved 
since last heard from, and corrections will be gladly made. 

The library of Rush Medical will be glad to send for any 
medical books, journals or reprints which you may wish to dispose 
of. Notify the librarian by postal or telephone. 

Over 4500 Alumni receive this bulletin, but only 700 pay their 
Alumni dues! 

Are you delinquent? 


In Affiliation with the 


CURRICULUM — The fundamental branches (Anatomy, Physiology, Bacteri- 
ology, etc.) are taught in the Departments of Science at the Hull Biological 
Laboratories, University of Chicago. The courses of two (or three) clinical 
years are given in Rush Medical College and in the Prysbyterian, the Cook 
County, the Children's Memorial, the Hospital for Destitute Crippled Child- 
ren, and other Hospitals. 

HOSPITAL YEAR — A fifth year, consisting of service as an interne under 
supervision in an approved hospital, or of advanced work in one of the 
departments leads to the degree of M.D., cum laude. 

SUMMER QUARTER — The college year is divided into four quarters, three 
of which constitute an annual session. The summer quarter, in the climate 
of Chicago, is advantageous for work. 

ELECTIVE SYSTEM — A considerable freedom of choice of courses and in- 
structors is open to the student. This is not designed, however, to encourage 
the student to fit himself for. any special line \)f practice, but for its pedagogic 

GRADUATE COURSES — Advanced and research courses are offered in all 
departments. Students by attending summer quarters and prolonging their 
residence at the University of Chicago in advanced work may secure the 
degree of A.M., S.M. or Ph.D. from the University. 

PRIZE SCHOLARSHIP — Six prize scholarships — three in the first two years 
and three in the last two (clinical) years — are awarded to college graduates 
for theses embodying original research. 

Calendar, 1912 

Oct. 1, Tuesday— Autumn Quarter begins. 

Nov. 11, Monday — Second Term, Autumn Quarter begins. 

Nov. 28, Thursday— Thanksgiving Day, a holiday. 

Dec. 19, 20, 21, Thursday, Friday, Saturday— Quarterly Examinations. 

Dec. 21, Saturday— Autumn Quarter ends. 

Dec. 22 to 31— Quarterly Recess. 

Calendar, 1913 

Jan. 2, Thursday— Winter Quarter begins. 

Feb. 10, Monday — Second Term, Winter Quarter begins. 

Feb. 22, Saturday — Washington's Birthday, a holiday. 

March 20, 21, 22 Thursday, Friday, Saturday— Quarterly Examinations. 

March 22, Saturday— Winter Quarter ends. 

March 23 to 30— Quarterly Recess, 

March 31, Monday— Spring Quarter begins. 

May 8, Thursday— Second Term, Spring Quarter begins. 

May 30, Friday— Memorial Day, a holiday. 

June 9, Monday — Special Clinics for the Alumni Association. 

June 10, Tuesday— Special Clinics; Anuual Business Meeting of the Alumni 
Association ; Class-Day Exercises of the Graduating Class. 

June 11, Wednesday— 3 :00 p.m., Graduating Exercises: 6:00 p.m., Annual Re- 
ception and Dinner of the Faculty and Alumni. 

June 12, 13, 14, Thursday, Friday, Saturday— Quarterly Examinations. 

June 14, Saturday— Spring Quarter ends. 

TUITION, $60.00 per quarter-no laboratory fees 

Complete and detailed information may be secured by addressing 


Garland Combination 
Abdominal Retractor 


Combining the usefulness of the Gosset and Doyan Retractors, each suitably modified. 
This instrument was made from a special design with some slight modification. The Gos- 
set is changed to obtain a fixed point to hold the middle blade of the instrument. This is 
procured by an extra bar on which is a sliding set screw. The Doyan is fitted with a short 
flat handle about an inch wide and six inches long, with a central open portion throughout 
the entire length. The application is very simple. After placing the self-retaining portion 
in the wound with the cross-bars toward the lower end of the incision, the necessary Lat- 
eral Traction is procured by separating the limbs of the instrument. The secend part is 
now placed in the wound and tracted into the lower part of the incision until the desired 
exposure is obtained, when the screw is clamped, fixing the blade. 



High Grade Surgical and Veterinary Instruments 





r. /; 



fif P 





RUSH lii :AI : LEGE 





Vol. VIII JANUARY, 1913 No 3 






The mailing list of Alumni is kept at the office of the college, 
1748 W. Harrison Street. If your bulletin is not correctly 
addressed, notify that address. Many of the Alumni have moved 
since last heard from, and corrections will be gladly made. 

The library of Rush Medical will be glad to send for any 
medical books, journals or reprints which you may wish to dispose 
of. Notify the librarian by postal or telephone. 

Stye Sulktttt 

of the 

Volume VIII ' JANUARY, 1913 No. 3 

B. M. LINNELL, Editor Reliance Building:, 32 North State Street, CHICAGO 


President— Henry B. Favill, '83 Chicago 

First Vice-President — Frank Beasley, 'G4 Lafayette, Ind. 

Second Vice-President — Henry B. Sears, '82 Beaver Dam, Wis. 

Third Vice-President — Herbert A. Robinson, '89 Kenosha, Wis. 

Necrologist — Charles A. Parker, ;91 . Chicago 

Treasurer — H. H. Kleinpcll, '00. J . Chicago 

Secretary — William T. Swift, '04. 32 North State Street, Chicago 


W. ,H. Bohart, '91 ... Chicago T. R. Crowdcr, '97 Chicago 

A. H. Curtiss, '05 .Chicago C. W. Espy, '92 Chicago 

A. J. Hodgson Waukesha, Wis. 


Geo. II. Weaver, '89, Chairman, 1G28 Washington Blvd., Chicago. 

Geo. D. Swaine, '73 Cleveland, O. E. C. Hamley, '02. . . . Sprague, Wash. 

J. S. Kauffman, '75... Blue Island, 111. Geo. W. Baker, '94. ... . .Ogden, Utah 

Winfield Ackley, '80 Juniata, Neb. W. A. Foskett, '97 Whitebird, Ida. 

L. L. Uhls, '84 Osawatomie, Kan. R. E. Farr, '00. . . .Minneapolis, Minn. 

Adolph Moeller, '87 Milwaukee P. A. Reppert, '03. . . .Burlington, la. 

A. I. Bouffleur, '87. Chicago R. C. Robe, '95 Pueblo, Colo. 

Oliver C. Neier, '90 Indianapolis 


John Ritter, '80, Chairman, Chicago. 
To be appointed. 


B. M. Linnell, Chairman, Chicago. 

George H. Weaver, '89 Chicago William J. Swift, Sec'y Chicago 

Gustavus P. Head, '84 Chicago Morris Fishbein, '12 Chicago 


A Method of Selection of Donor for Blood Transfusion. Morris Fish- 

bcin, M.D., Chicago 3 

Contribution to the Bacteriology of Peritonitis with Special Reference 

to Primary Peritonitis. Morris Fishbein 4 

Cutaneous Reactions in Gonococcal Infections. Ernest E. Irons 9 

Dr. Fenger's Autobiography . . 10 

Concerning Dr. Christian Fenger 14 

Dedication of the Jane Murdoch Memorial Building 18 

Address by Dr. James B. Herrick 21 

Remarks by Mr. Asa Bacon 24 

A List of Publications of the Alumni and Members of the Faculty for 

the Year Just Ended •. . . 25 

Commencement Exercises 31 

Undergraduate Notes 31 

The Needs of the Treasurer t - 32 




The possibility of iso-agglutination makes the choice of a donor 
for blood transfusion an important matter. It has been shown that 
individuals fall into definite groups as regards this phenomenon, 
and only a person belonging to the same group as the patient who 
is to be transfused should be selected as donor. It is obvious that 
it is unsafe to transfuse with the blood of a donor whose serum will 
agglutinate the patient's corpuscles, or whose corpuscles are agglu- 
tinated by the patient's serum, and still more so when both these 
reactions occur. Cases with seemingly unfavorable results under 
these conditions have been reported by Schultz, 1 Ottenberg 2 and 
Hopkins. 3 

The following method may be used for carrying out such tests : 
So far as the blood of the donors to be tested is concerned, sufficient 
blood may be obtained from the ear ; but in the case of the patient 
it would be better to draw the blood from the median basilic vein 
of the arm in the usual way because more serum is required. Three 
drops of the blood are added to 10 c.c. of a 1 per cent, solution of 
sodium citrate in physiologic salt solution. In this manner approx- 
imately a 2 per cent, suspension of the blood is prepared, the citrate 
preventing coagulation. The remaining blood is poured into a 
centrifuge tube and allowed to clot. With a clean needle the clot 
is loosened from the side of the tube and the tube centrifuged for a 
few minutes to obtain an upper layer of absolutely clear serum. 
This completes the preparation of material, with the exception of 
the plate which is now to be described and which has been found 
to be very serviceable. On an ordinary piece of window glass, 
approximately 2 by 4 inches in size, which has been washed abso- 
lutely clean with water and ether, ten small circles are made with 
melted paraffin, assuming that a choice is to be made among five 
donors. If the melted paraffin is drawn up into a medicine-dropper, 
the circles are quickly made with the tip while gentle pressure is 

* This work has been accomplished under the Alumni Fellowship. Published 
in the Journal of the American Medical Association, September 7, 1012, Vol. lix, 
p. 793. 

1. Schultz : Ueber Blattransfusion beim Menschen unter Beriicksichtigung 
biologischer Vorpriifung, Kerb klin. Wchnschr., 1910, xlvii, 1407. 

2. Ottenberg: Transfusion and the Question of Intravascular Agglutination, 
Jour. Exper. Med., 1911, xiii, 425. 

3. Hopkins. J. Gardner: Phagocytosis of Red Blood-Cells After Transfusion, 
Arch. Int. Med., September, 1910, p. 270. 


exerted on the bulb. Ten circles may be made with one medicine- 
dropper full of melted paraffin. In this manner ten paraffin cups 
are made, each of which will hold at least 4 drops. The circles are 
made in two rows of five each. In each cup in the first row is placed 
1 drop of the suspension of the patient's blood, and in each cup in 
the second row are placed 2 drops of the patient's serum. To Cup 

1 in the first row are added 2 drops of serum of Donor 1, to Cup 2, 

2 drops of serum of Donor 2, etc. To Cup 1 in the second row is 
added 1 drop of the blood of Donor 1, and to Cup 2, 1 drop of the 
blood of Donor 2, etc. There are therefore required in such a set 

5 drops of patient's blood suspension, and 10 drops of patient's 
serum, and 1 drop of each donor's blood suspension and 2 drops of 
serum. With a narrow glass rod the fluids are mixed thoroughly, 
the rod being washed in citrate solution and wiped after each mix- 
ing. In practically all instances, iso-agglutination when present 
becomes visible macroscopically after half an hour at room temper- 
ature : the mixture can be inspected easily under the microscope 
also. It is obvious that in testing for iso-agglutination in larger 
groups, as in twenty, the greatest advantage is to be derived from 
this method. It has seemed so simple and easy of performance in 
comparison with other methods that it was thought best to make a 
brief report of it. 


(From the Pathological Laboratory of Rush Medical College, Chicago) 

The purpose of this report is a discussion of the records of bac- 
teriologic examinations made of material obtained from the peri- 
toneal cavity after death from peritonitis, and a comparison of the 
results obtained from analysis of the reports of Rush Medical 
College with other similar reports. 

It has been found that the anatomic character of the inflamma- 
tion, as, for instance, purulent, sero-fibrinous, hemorrhagic, etc.. 
does not bear any relationship to the nature of the primary lesion 
when such exists, nor does it seem to be influenced by the presence 
of various bacteria alone, or in combinations of various kinds. 

For purposes of classification, the method proposed by Flexner 1 
in 1898 has been employed, in that it is simple, distinct, and a real 

* This paper appears in full in the Am. Tour. Med. Sc, October, 1912. The 
work was done just prior to Ihe writer's appointment as Fellow of the Alumni 

1. Philadelphia Med. Jour., 1898, ii, 1019. 


expression of clinical and bacteriologic etiology. Peritonitides have 
been divided into primary, exogenous and endogenous types. Prim- 
ary peritonitis occurs as a result of previous chronic disease or 
infectious focus elsewhere in the body, and is either hematogenous 
or lymphogenous. Exogenous peritonitis occurs as a result of wound 
infection, and includes laparotomies with subsequent peritonitis. 
Endogenous peritonitis occurs as a result of organisms coining from 
foci in relation to the peritoneal cavity, the most common cause 
being various affections of the appendix. Further division is then 
made into pure and mixed types. 

In the following table are included all cases of peritonitis in the 
Rush records, in which bacteriological examinations were made : 











Total 1 




Colon bacillus 

3 10 










e 7 







35 ' 


3 I 9 









Pneumococcl 15 1 4 








Gas bacillus 










SjT~ mucosus 
"T^ijhoid bacillus 

1 1 










B. pyocyaneus 







B. oaratyptiosus 

















Colon bacillus 







Colon bacillus 
4 Staphylococcus 






Colon bacillus 
4 Pneumococcus 




i i! 




Colon bacillus 
4 Typhoid •' 

1 i 1 


Colon bacillus j 

1 1 


Colon bacillus J 
4 M. tetragenes 1 * 




Clon bacillus 
4 B. cloacae 


2 1 2 


Colon bacillus 
4 Gas bacillus 

i 1 

1 1 


Colon bacillus j 
4 B. Proteus 





Colon bacillus | 
4 B* Mucosus 






Colon bacillus [ 
4 Sarclnae 


Streptococci 1 
4 Staphylococci ! 3 



i i 




4 Pneumococcl 

! i 



4 PneuiBococci 




4 Typhoid bacilli 





4 B. pyocyaneus 




Multiple organ- 



















In all there were 184 cases, of which there were thirty-nine 
primary, sixteen exogenous, and 129 endogenous. In a summary 
of the significant points in the anatomic diagnoses of the various 
cases, it was found that by far the larger number of cases were 
associated with affections of the appendix, that affections of the 
female generative tract are quite commonly associated with a peri- 


tonitis, other common causes being pneumonia, perforations of the 
small intestine and carcinoma of the stomach. 

In the following table are compared the results of this analysis, 
those of Flexner, and those of Manahan, 2 the latter being a record 
of cases in the Massachusetts General Hospital, up to 1905. 

Rush Records Flexner Manahan Totals 
Total No., of Cases 126 106 110 342 


Colon Bacillus 


Typhoid bacillus 


B. proteus 


B. mucosus 


B. cloacae 
Gas Bacillus 


B. pyocyancus 

M. tetra^enes 

B. lactis 

B. paratyphosus 




Types or Infection 


Pure Infection 


Mixed Infection 


Primary Pure 
Primary Mixed 


Exogenous Pure 
Exogenous Mixed 



Endogenous Pure 
Endogenous Mixed 




























































The majority of all cases of peritonitis are endogenous in char- 
acter and are associated with a combination of the colon bacillus 
and other organisms, usually staphylococci and streptococci. 

Exogenous peritonitis occurs much less commonly with perfect- 
ing of operative aseptic technic and with, lessening of exploratory 
laparotomy, instrumental abortion, etc. 

Primary peritonitis forms a larger proportion of acute cases than 
is commonly supposed. For this reason and because of the interest 
attached to this subject, a further analysis was made of all cases 
coming under this classification. 

In the decade from 1870 to 1880, the subject of idiopathic peri- 
tonitis received considerable attention from various writers (Collie, 3 
Lewis, 4 Meade, 5 Scmple, and others) who advanced various theories 
as to its origin without any actual bnsis on which to found their 

2. Boston Med. and Surg. Join-.. 1905, clii, 346. 

.:. Med. Exam., London, 1N77. ii, 843. 

4. Tr. Mod. Soc. New York,. 1873, p. 14::. 

5. Brit. Med. Jour., 1876, ii, 303. 

(>. Med. Exam., London, 1878, iii, 553. 


conclusions. They considered the subject from a purely clinical 
standpoint, and attempted to solve the origin of the condition, 
finally associating it with sleeping in draught, catching cold, etc. 

A long gap in medical attention to this subject follows until the 
work of Flexner in 1898. Nothnagel, 7 in 1901, argued against the 
idea of a primary hematogenous peritonitis. The work of Arm- 
strong, 8 Spencer, 9 and Sheldon 10 offers interesting suggestions as 
explanation for primary peritonitis, but neglects the more simple 
for more complicated and unique theories. 

Of the thirty-nine cases of primary peritonitis in 181 cases 
included in the Rush records, in eighteen instances a pneumonia 
was present. In order to make clear the conditions existing in the 
other instances, the records were carefully studied and the anatomic 
diagnosis analyzed. In seven cases there is an associated endocar- 
ditis, chronic in type, often also a pleuritis. In four cases hyper- 
plasia of lymphoid tissue was marked. In four cases suppurative 
foci are present elsewhere in the body, distant from the peritoneum. 
Besides these, there is one case of marasmus in tuberculosis, one 
case of premature birth with congenital syphilis, and a case of 
generalized blastomycosis. In .three cases a cirrhosis of the liver 
was present. 


Peritonitis avouIc! seem, therefore, in the light of the results here 
given, to be most commonly associated bacteriologically with a 
combination of the bacillus coli and other organisms, usually 
staplrylococci and streptococci. The origin clinically is usually 
endogenous, affections of the appendix being of major importance, 
the female organs of generation being next in importance. Exog- 
enous peritonitis is becoming exceedingly rare with improvement 
of aseptic technic in the handling of wounds and in operative 

But one complete report of bacteriological conditions in peri- 
tonitis at time of operation is available. The work of Dudgeon and 
Sargent 11 gives conclusions somewhat at variance with those deter- 
mined by post-mortem examinations of peritoneal exudates and 
should, therefore be confirmed, with a view to arriving at the rela- 
tion between the condition existing at the time of operation to that 
found post-mortem. In connection with this point, it is of extreme 
interest to note that recently the question of the relation of anae- 
robic bacteria to appendicitis particularly is attracting much atten- 
tion. Eunebero- 12 and Hevde 13 have shown that in many instances 

7. Wien. mod. Presse, 3 001, xlii, 1321. 

s. Montreal Med. Jour., 1903, xxxii, 728. 

0. Westminster IIosp. Reports, London, 1007, XV, 18. 

10. Med. Roc, New York, 1002, lxii. 

11. Lancet, 1905, i, 473. 

12. Studien iiber die bei peritoneal Infection Appendik, Ursprung vorkomn 
Sauerstofftoleranten sowie oblig. -aiiaerob. Bacterien formen., Berlin. 1908. 
13. Beitr. z. klin. Cliir., 1011, lxvii, 1. 


of appendicitis anaerobes predominated over aerobic bacteria and 
agglutinated with patient's serum in higher dilutions. Other 
writers basing their conclusions on similar experiments state that 
bacillus coli is of most importance etiologically (Kotzenberg 14 and 
Klienberger. 15 ) It would seem, therefore, that both aerobic and 
anaerobic cultures and determinations had best be made in all 

The gonococcus has never been demonstrated culturally in peri- 
toneal fluids post-mortem, according to the various reports of large 
numbers of cases. By the clinical history, in many instances, we 
are led to believe that the gonococcus is the exciting cause of many 
peritonitises. In all probability, therefore, its presence has not 
been shown because of lack of development in cultivating methods, 
or because special efforts have not been made to secure it. Because 
of its great clinical importance, this fact should not be overlooked 
in future work of this nature. 

Primary peritonitis is more common than is ordinarily supposed. 
In this report 25 per cent, of all cases are of the primary type. Each 
of these cases is a subject for investigation. In practically all cases 
there is a lowered resistance of the individual due to some chronic 
condition, as an atrophic cirrhosis of the liver, a chronic endocarditis 
and tonsillitis, marasmus, diabetes, etc. In such conditions the 
resistance of the peritoneum must be lowered to such an extent- that 
where ordinarily the highly resistant tissue might combat infection 
with organisms carried by the blood-stream, in such instances it 
becomes the seat of an acute peritonitis which may prove fatal unless 
proper handling be undertaken after the condition is recognized. 
In other conditions where a suppurative focus exists elsewhere in the 
body, or where an infected puerperal uterus, or acutely infected 
tonsils pour virulent bacteria into the blood-stream, we have the 
other factor for a terminal or acute infection of the peritoneum, 
namely, a virulent organism. In still other cases, where we have 
both virulent organisms in large quantity, and a lowered resistance 
of the individual, we may readily have a condition resembling an 
endogenous peritonitis, where through rupture of an appendix, for 
example, large quantities of bacteria and toxic material are poured 
out on an intact peritoneum, the latter lowering its resistance and 
the former setting up an acute peritonitis. It would seem, then, 
that the word "idiopathic" could be entirely dispensed with in 
regard, to peritonitis, as manifestly close scrutiny yields some source 
for the condition. The bacteria get into the peritoneal cavity and 
the inflammation of the peritoneum is a manifestation of their 
presence. In the absence of a known exogenous or a demonstrated 
endogenous source, it is important to determine whether any means 
by which the organisms gained entrance into the blood or lymph 
stream is demonstrable. 

14. Deutseli. mod. Wchnschr., 190$, xxxv, 203 

15. Deulsch. Arch. f. klin. Med.. 1307, xe, 207. 



(From the Memorial Institute for Infectious Diseases.) 

In 1903, while studying the effects of gonococcal vaccines in 
gonococcal arthritis, I noted that the subcutaneous inoculation of 
dead gonococci in persons suffering from gonococcal infections fre- 
quently was followed in from twelve to twenty-four hours by local 
and general reaction. 1 This reaction consists of an area of redness, 
swelling and tenderness at the site of the inoculation, often an 
increase in pain and tenderness in the affected joints and other 
localizations, together with symptoms of general malaise, and some- 
times increase in fever and leukocytosis. These phenomena resem- 
ble those seen in the tuberculin reaction, and are of value in the 
diagnosis of obscure cases, in which gonococcal infection is 

This reaction has been observed by Brack 2 in epididymitis, by 
Reiter 3 in pelvic infections in women, and also by others. Brack 
has described a "cutireaction" in gonorrhea on injection of gono- 
coccal vaccine. 

In recent experiments with glycerin extracts of the gonococcus I 
have found that a well-defined cutaneous reaction, similar to the 
cutaneous tuberculin reaction, occurs in cases of gonococcal infec- 
tion, when the extract is introduced into the skin by the method of 
von Pirquet. 

In positive cases in from twelve to twenty-four hours, an area of 
hyperemia from 5 to 10 mm. in diameter appears around the point 
of inoculation of the extract. Frequently a definite papule develops. 
The control inoculation, using a similarly prepared glycerin extract 
of the washings from the same number of uninoculated culture 
tubes, shows only the point of needle puncture. In normal persons, 
and in those suffering from non-gonococcal infections, the inocula- 
tion of the gonococcal extract produces no more reaction than the 
control inoculation, or at most a small area of redness 2 to 3 mm. 
in diameter. 

Cases of gonococcal infection have been tested simultaneously 
with extracts prepared from several strains of gonococci, singly or 
combined in one preparation. The reaction to one strain is occa- 
sionally more pronounced than to the others. This observation 
tends to support the view that various strains of the gonococcus 
may differ in the reactions. of immunity which they produce, and a 

* Published in Transactions of the Chicago Pathological Society, Vol. viii. 
No. 8. 

1. Irons, E. E. : .Tour. Infect. Dis., 1008, v, 270. 

2. Brack: Deutsch. mod. Wchnschr., 1909, xxxv, 470. 

:;. Reiter: Ztschr. I Gehuvtsh. u. Kinderh., ion, Ixviii, 471. 


combined extract of many strains may be desirable for practical 
use. The cutaneous inoculation offers several obvious advantages 
over the subcutaneous injection of vaccines. Like other tests, it no 
doubt will be found to have its limitations, and its value in the 
diagnosis of gonococcal infections is now being tested. 


I was born at Breininggaard, Breininge Sogn in Ringkj oping 
Ami, November 3, 1840. My father, Kainmerraad Hans Fritz 
Fenger, was the owner of Breininggaard, and was there married to 
my mother, Frederikke Mathilde Fjelstrup, daughter of Etastraad 
Fjelstrup, the owner of Sindinggaard in Holstebro Amt. In 1848 
my father moved to Nordgaarden near Ringsted. In 1851 I entered 
Herlufsholm school, where I graduated in 1859 with marks of the 
second grade. 

Love of the natural sciences led me to begin at the Polyteknisk 
Liireanstalt with the object of passing the examination for civil 
engineer, but after one year I yielded to my father's wishes and 
commenced to study medicine, and in the winter of 18 60- (31 I 
passed the "examen philosophicum" with the grade of "Laud." In 
1863 I passed the first medical examination with good marks (anat- 
omy, zoology, chemistry, botany). During my studies I earned part 
of my expenses by teaching in MelchiorVHigh School, and later 
by giving instruction to medical students in anatomy and by coach- 
ing students of dentistry for their examinations. My father had 
twelve children, and struggled hard in order to give nearly ail of 
the seven sons an opportunity to study. In 1861 I served as assist- 
ant physician at Augustenborg Lazareth, under Studsgaard, physi- 
cian-in-chief, whom I always think of with admiration and friend- 
ship. A few years previously my father had bought a large farm 
(Augustenberg Ladegaard) and my home became a pleasant gather- 
ing place for many Danish officers until the unfortunate crossing 
of Als drove our army on to Fyen, where I was assistant physician 
for a battery at Assens. After the war was ended I continued the 
study of medicine, passed the examination for the practice of medi- 
cine in 1866-67 with the grade of "Laud." 

Dr. Vilhelm Meyer, who had shown me great friendliness during 
a sickness while I was a student, now appointed me as amanuensis 
in his ear clinic and in his private practice, and here I had the 
opportunity to take part in the investigations which led to Dr. 
Meyer's celebrated article "Concerning the Adenoid Vegetations in 

* From collected works of Christian Fenger. Saunders Company. 

* It is required of everyone who recives the Order of the Knight of Dannebrog 
that he furnish a sketch of his life, and accordingly, on January 1, 1002, while 
staying at the Hotel Coronado, in San Diego, Cal., Dr. Fenger wrote this sketch 
of ids life in Danish. 


the Naso-Pharynx." In 1869 I entered as interne the Eoyal Fred- 
erick's Hospital. Professor Mathias Laxtorp, chief of the surgical 
division, had opposed my appointment because I was amanuensis 
to "German" Meyer. Mayor Ehlers, to whom I owe so much for 
friendship and help through many years, assisted me to obtain the 
position as interne. During the two years which I served as interne 
not a word was spoken between Professor Laxtorp and me. 

During this time I wrote an essay on a prize topic in medicine, 
"Concerning Subperiosteal Operations (Oilier) and Evidement 
(Sedillot)," which was accepted by the university; at the same time 
I made experiments concerning gunshot wounds of horses at the 
Royal Veterinary College, and constructed instruments for the 
purpose of finding bullets in the tissues and taking them out, and 
a paper entitled "Concerning the Endoscopy of Gunshot Wounds" 
led to a grant from the Royal Danish Ministry of War to assist me 
to take part in the Franco-German war of 1871. In January, 1871, 
I was appointed by Professor Socin of Basel to an international 
ambulance on the battlefield of Bourtaki-Werden (Haute Saone), 
where I worked until the end of the war and wrote a report on 
endoscopy of gunshot wounds. 

After the war I went to Vienna where I studied pathologic 
anatomy and surgery, returning to Denmark in the winter of 1870- 
71 [?]. By means of the assistance of Etatsraad Ehlers I was 
appointed in 1871 prosector to the Communehospital, where I wrote 
my thesis for the degree of Doctor of Medicine, "On Cancer of the 
Stomach," which I defended in 1874, and also several other papers, 
which were printed in Nordis/d MedicinsM Archiv (Acute Hydro- 
nephrosis, Gonorrheal Rheumatism, Endoscopy of Urethra, Stenosis 
of Ostium Pulmonale), whereupon I received one of the Smith 
grants for advanced studies. 

In 1875, during the illness of Professor Rasmussen, I was 
appointed docent in pathologic anatomy and instructed the students 
in this branch, in which Professor Reiz held the examinations. Pro- 
fessor Reiz told me that my students passed just as good examina- 
tions as those who had done the work previously under his own 
direction, which was an encouragement coming from a man whom 
I always think of with admiration and gratitude for friendship 
through many years. 

At this time the professorship of pathologic anatomy became 
vacant on account of the death of Professor Rasmussen. I was 
prepared to take part in the competition for this professorship, but, 
inasmuch as the place was given to Professor Carl Lange without 
competition, I felt that my road to an academic career was blocked. 
I resolved to leave Denmark in order to reach an independent posi- 
tion more rapidly, but I had no money, and at this point Etastraad 
Ehlers again came to my assistance with a gratuitous loan which I 
was able to return fourteen years later. My gratitude to him for 


advice, help, and friendship will last always. I was not disappointed 
or depressed because I did not obtain the professorship in pathologic 
anatomy, and for the following reasons: I had always been greatly 
interested in surgery and had regarded the study of pathologic 
anatomy and pathology as the means of entering surgery as my 
final object, my work in surgery having already been commenced in 
the two wars in which I had taken part. Assistant-surgeon at the 
Frederick's Hospital I could not become because of my relations 
with Professor Laxtorp. The same position at the Commune- 
hospital had been filled just as I had ceased to be prosector for that 
hospital. I consequently could not see any immediate opportunity 
to commence the further study of surgery. Inasmuch as surgery 
interested me more than pathology, it was in reality a help for me 
that Professor Carl Lange was appointed, because it freed me from 
the obligation of continuing with pathology as my life's work, and 
gave me the right to seek elsewhere opportunities where I might be 
able to dedicate myself to surgery. 

My brother, Dr. Sophus Fenger, had emigrated to Egypt in 1873, 
and practiced medicine in Alexandria. In the spring of 1875 I 
went to Alexandria in order to assume his practice while he visited 
Denmark in order to be married; as he returned the next winter, 
I went to Cairo, where I resided with my friend, Dr. Bull. In 
Alexandria I did not receive much help from the Danish Consul 
Dumreiter, to whom I brought letters of recommendation from the 
Eoyal Danish Minister for Foreign Affairs, but rather from the 
Norwegian and Swedish general Consul, Mr. Anker Boedtker, who 
was a faithful friend and helped me .to become a member of the 
Board of Health — "Conseil Sanitaire" — later to an appointment in 
Cairo as "Mediein du Quarter der Kalifa," a salaried position as 
district physician under the lovable Dr. Ahata Bey, chief of medical 
affairs in Cairo. Here I investigated Egyptian eye disease — trach- 
oma — in the children in the public schools, which was followed by 
a report about it to the government. 

After the war in Abyssinia in 1875 an epidemic disease of horses 
and mules was brought into the country, and all the horses in Cairo 
died. I was ordered to investigate this disease, and made a series of 
post-mortem examinations, followed by a report to the government. 
In 1876 I was attacked by dysentery, followed by inflammation of 
the liver, which interrupted my investigations in the large military 
hospital, Kasr Elajan, "Concerning Distomum Haematobium Bil- 
harzii," and in the winter of 1876-77 I was compelled to go to 
Europe to Mentone, in order to get well. The Egyptian govern- 
ment granted me leave of absence with full pay during this time, 
and at the end of the winter I returned to Cairo quite well. 

After a little, in the spring of 1877, the liver disease again 
appeared, and I was compelled again to go to a temperate climate. 
In Cairo I had been physician for a part of the American colony, 


and among them certain American officers, whom Khedive Ismail 
Pasha had brought in, in order to reform the Egyptian army. Fol- 
lowing the advice of Captain General Stone's amiable wife, a near 
relative of the poet, Longfellow, I resolved to go to America — so 
much the more as an American officer in the Egyptian service, 
Major Irgens, on leave of absence on account of disease after the 
Abysinian war, wished me to accompany him to Bloomington, 111., 
where he was well acquainted. I now resigned (June, 1877), and 
traveled with ship from Alexandria to Liverpool, and further on 
to New York. 

I received no encouragement to locate in New York, and traveled 
on to Chicago, in order to get through to Bloomington or to San 
Francisco, possibly to practice ophthalmology. My able and lovable 
countryman, Dr. S. Jacobsen, resided in Chicago. When I asked 
him for advice with reference to my plans for the future, he told 
me that I might as well locate in Chicago as any other place, and 
especially since my funds were practically exhausted. I then lived 
in a Scandinavian part of the city and had a little practice. 

In the spring of 1878 I secured, by means of borrowed money, a 
place as physician to Cook County Hospital, and~here~I commenced 
to give lectures and demonstrations in pathologic anatomy, a science 
which was unknown to the physicians there. The following year I 
served on the surgical services when my colleagues were away on 
their vacations. At this hospital I served first as pathologist, later 
as surgeon for twelve to fourteen years, and introduced the anti- 
septic — Lister's — operative methods. 

In 1880 I became curator of the Eush Medical College museum ; 
in 1884, Professor of Surgery in the College of Physicians and 
Surgeons, and Surgeon-in- Chief at the Passavant Hospital and the 
German Hospital, when these two hospitals were founded. In 1893 
I assumed the professorship of surgery in the Chicago Medical 
College, later the Northwestern University Medical School, and 
became surgeon to the Hospital of the Sisters of Mercy. In 1899 
I left this medical school in order to assume the position of Pro- 
fessor in Surgery in Eush Medical College, in affiliation with the 
University of Chicago, with a surgical service in the Presbyterian 
Hospital. In 1894 the Norwegians in Chicago erected the Lutheran 
Tabitha Hospital, and I assumed the position of Surgeon-in-Chief. 

In the course of these twenty-four years I have written every year 
three or four articles concerning surgical studies, which have been 
published in the American medical press. In 1898 I was requested 
by Professor Guyon, in Paris, to present a report concerning "Sur- 
gical Operations in Conditions of Eetention in the Kidneys to the 
International Medical Congress in Paris, in 1900," together with 
Professor Kiister, in Marburg, and Professor Bazy, in Paris, as 
coreferees. This article was published in Germany in Langenbeck's 
Archiv fur hlinische Chirurgie, and in America in the Annals of 


Surgery. In 1895 I was Vice-President of the American Surgical 
Association, and in 1901 President of the Chicago Medical Society 
and the Chicago Surgical ■ Society. 

In 1900, on my sixtieth birthday, a testimonial banquet was given 
me in Chicago by about five hundred physicians, consisting of pupils 
and friends — a fine example of the willingness of the Americans to 
recognize the work that I have been able to carry out in their midst. 
I was presented with a loving-cup, on which were engraved my 
portrait of an inscription from the American medical profession, 
and an album, from the celebrated surgeon, Nicholas Senn, my 
colleague in Push Medical College, containing the autographs of 
those present. In 1891 it pleased His Poyal Highness, King 
Christian IX of Denmark, to honor me with the order of Knight 
of Dannebrog. For this honor from my native land I wish to 
present to his Majesty the King my most humble thanks. 

In 1878, in Chicago, I became acquainted with my wife, Caroline 
Sophie Abildgaard, daughter of M. C. Abildgaard, now owner of 
a farm near Clifton, 111., previously owner of Bjornsstrup in Hjorn- 
ing Amt in Jylland, where she was born in 1857, and whence she 
emigrated when five years old. She has been a faithful helper in 
the hard struggle to "make it go" in a strange land, a struggle 
which a happy home alone made it possible to bring to a successful 
end. We have one son, Frederick A. Fenger, nineteen years, who is 
a student at Cornell University, and a little daughter, Augusta 
Maria Fenger, seven years old. With gratitude and love for my old 
as well as for my adopted country, for all the help and all the good 
things which they have given me richly and without merit on my 
part, I shall endeavor as best I can to live and to act like a good son 
of them both. 


Like most other great men of genius, Dr. Fenger is reputed to 
have been a man of mannerisms and some eccentricities. Many 
stories are told illustrating these characteristics and the following 
anecdotes may serve to give an idea of the inner character and the 
wit of this great Danish- American surgeon. 

When in 1900, a most representative gathering of the medical 
profession concluded to hold a banquet in his honor, on the occasion 
of his becoming a member of the order of Ridder of Dannebrog. a 
committee was selected to broach the matter to him. Dr. J. B. 
Murphy, speaking on the evening of the banquet said, "The modesty 
and true virtue of the man are illustrated by his remark, when this 
matter was guardedly broached to him, he said : c Yes, but I am not 
dead yet/ The response was 'But it is not necessary that all honors 
should be posthumous, Furthermore, you might not be as fortunate 


as Socrates in your biography; there is no medical Plato within our 
visual horizon 7 ; and saying he would not consent, consented." 

The following poem, by Dr. Lydston, was presented at this same 
banquet, but has been printed only in the souvenir booklet issued at 
that time. It is deemed worthy of repetition and wider circulation : 

G. Frank Lydston, '81 

Thar wuz a time when practicin' wuz jest the softest kind o' snap, 
When we doctors went right in an' cured a feller's case — "kerslap!" 
We'd call his sickness "biliousness," an' "agercake," or biles, 
An' never cared a blessed hang fer nomenclater styles; 
Ner never troubled much if we couldn't give the proper name — 
In the good ole palmy days afore — 

That durned Chris Fenger came. 

We'd whoop 'er up with calomel, git ackshun on the liver, 

An' if the feller treated avuz w r afted o'er the river — 

We might be kind o' meek an' humble fer quite a little spell, 

But feelin' that we'd done our duty an' done it mighty well, 

Signed the gloomy little stiff'kit with nary qualm or quiver — 

An' with nary hesitation that I ever could diskiver; 

An' no one ever said the doctor er his potions wuz ter blame — 

In the good ole easy days afore — 

That durned Chris Fenger came. 

We used ter puncture, slice an' saw, an' hew an' slash, 

Lettin' all di-ag-er-no-sis go ter everlastin' smash — 

Cuttin' out all lumps an' swellin's, an' kinds o' growin' tumor, 

Er burnin 'em out with caustic paste, accordin' to our humor. 

Folks never kicked ner asked no foolish questions then, 

An' everything wuz lovely frum bleedin' piles ter wens, 

Fer the things we used in treatment, they wuz very much the same — 

In the happy, peaceful days afore — 

That durned Chris Fenger came. 

We surely then had bugs enuff — yes, we'd bugs enuff ter burn, 

From bugs that give yer chronic itch ter bugs that make yer stomach turn — 

But thar wuzn't enny bugs that took. a telescope ter find 'cm; 

We wuz content with what we had, an' our patients didn't mind 'em. 

Oh, what days wuz them good, ole days, so blithesome, gay an' free, 

When everything wuz nice an' smooth, an' no durned science troubled me, 

An' practice wuz an' awful easy job, a simple, lightsome game — 

In the days of ole lang syne afore — 

That durned Chris Fenger came. 

Oh, how things hev went an' changed, till now the world's all upside down. 

Thar's no comfort now in practicin' in ole Chicago town, 

We early settlers air a-kickin' hard; we're feelin' mighty sore, 

Fer the game that wuz so easy isn't easy enny more. 

We can't give satisfacshun, no matter what, er how we do, 

In enny kind o' sickness frum chills ter doulereux, 

Onless we kin pacify 'em with some high-falutin name — 

Which the same it wuz onheard of 'fore — 

That durned Chris Fenger came. 


The euttin' out lumps air swellin's we alius used ter do, 
Is now "excising neoplasms" an' "exsectin' growths that's new." 
We mended broken noses, sewed wounds at enny time er place, 
We've bactery bugs and silly bugs an' ev'ry kind o' coccus ; 
They jest seem ter roost arou.n' an' wink their eyes an' mock us, 
An' thar's other things o' which, I can't jes' call the name- 
That bothers us conserv'tives since — 

That durned Chris Fenger came. 

Gone air the spreadin' roots of good old-fashioned cancer; 
Only the long new-fangled names yer can't pronounce '11 answer — 
The familyer ole ones that we learnt is now agin the law, 
'Tis "tubercules" fer hip disease an "tet-an-nus" fer lock-jaw. 
Pus has had er transformation, "till now it's full o' funny things; 
They air plumbin' in the belly, splicin' ureters with strings, 
The youngster is a playin' ev'ry sort of funny game — 
They've raised the very devil since — 

That durned Chris Fenger came. 

Sich'pecoolyer ways the surgeon's got, he's wearin' canvas britches; 
He grunts with every cut he makes, sez "dam" with all stitches. 
His nails he pares, his tools he biles, lie rubs an' scrubs his ban's, 
The air gits blue an' the internes tew from "damn, ten thousand damns!" 
He wears the whitest kind o' socks, in goloshes walks ter fame — 
He's not jes' like he wuz afore — 

That durned Chris Fenger came. 

How did Fenger work this awful change' Don't know ez I kin tell. 

Some sez 'twuz euttin' county stiffs an' doin' of it well ; 

An' others sez 'twuz workin' hard an' res tin* uv his jaw — 

He don't talk much, but digs away with pen an' knife an' saw. 

Somehow I think 'twuz swearin' at an' swearing by his work : 

We've followed him in both these pints an' swear like enny Turk. 

Well, I s pose it's come ter stay — this tin de sickle high-flown stuff, 

But none the less it's usin' us ole-timers mighty rough; 

An' I cant help thinkin' things wuz better all the same — 

In the days uv simple practice 'fore — 

That durned Chris Fenger came. 

Nicholas Semi said of Fenger: "He lias never written anything 
which has not found a permanent place in medical literature and 
that is not eagerly sought for hy all who respect progress and love 
science. Much of his time has been spent in the dead-house. Tt is 
there that he became a master in pathology, a distinction unani- 
mously granted him for more than a quarter of a century. To him 
anatomy is an open hook." 

In a certain medico-legal case in which Fenger was called as 
expert, a somewhat inexperienced .lawyer, seeing an apparently 
reticent witness, attempted by bluster and noise to cast doubt on 
such evidence as he might give. The following conversation ensued : 

"Dr. Fenger. vou are a surgeon, are von not?"' 


"Have you ever seen an autopsy?" 



"Dr. Fensrer, have vou ever performed an autopsy?" 


"Can you say truthfully that you have performed ten post- 
mortem examinations ?" 


"Dr. Fenger, remember that you are here as a witness, sworn to 
tell the truth, can vou sav that vou have performed. 100 autopsies?" 


At this point the attorney hitched, up his trousers, straightened 
his tie, and said: 

"Dr. Fencer, have you performed 200 autopsies?" 


"Five hundred autopsies?" 


"'One thousand autonsies?" 


At this point the attorney feverishly mopped a perspiring brow 
and said: 

"Dr. Fenger, as a sworn witness, knowing the penalty of perjury, 
can you say that you have performed three thousand autopsies?" 

"YES," said Fenger, "and more too." 

It was at this point that the attorney moved an adjournment to 
a later date. 

It was this knowledge of jiathology which carried with all that 
Fenger wrote a note of conviction. His dead-house experience was 

In closing his address, Senn said : •"We are here to tender our 
congratulations to Fenger, the Scientist; we are here to express our 
feelings of gratitude to the teacher who taught the young men of 
our profession in this city how to use the microscope. We are here 
to honor the surgeon who planted the banner of aseptic surgery in 
Chicago and unceasingly instructed its followers in the technic of 
aseptic operations." 

In the Collected Works of Christian Fenger, is an article entitled, 
"Basal Hernias of the Brain." Like all articles written by Fenger, 
it is exceptionally complete. There is a case reported of which an 
abstract is given to illustrate with what detail he was wont to 
study his material. 

Synopsis. — Symptoms of obstruction of nose from early child- 
hood. Pedunculated polypus in left posterior nares, apparently 
somewhat compressible, pedicle located at root of nose. Suspicion 
of cerebral hernia. Attempt at positive diagnosis by aspiration of 
cerebrospinal fluid from polypus failed. 

"When this had been twice tried with negative results, I con- 
cluded that the tumor was an ordinary polypus and not a basal 
hernia and proceeded to remove the growth in the usual way with 
the wire snare. The loop was introduced through the left nostril, 


carried over the tumor, with the left index linger, and tightened 
with the ecraseur nntil resistance was encountered. I tightened 
the ecraseur and divided the pedicle. After withdrawal of the 
snare slight hemorrhage occurred, but neither coughing nor sneez- 
ing brought forth the tumor. The hemorrhage soon ceased, but 
was immediately folloAved by dripping of a clear, watery fluid of 
which I collected about a teaspoonful in a watch glass. This fluid, 
on being boiled, showed the presence of a small amount of albumin, 
and on the addition of nitrate of silver gave the characteristic 
white precipitate of chlorid of silver. As I concluded that the fluid 
was cerebrospinal and as I now desired to examine the tumor to 
make the diagnosis positive, I made the patient vomit, and this 
brought forth the tumor, as shown in the figure." 

The swearing of Fenger, mentioned in the poem, was a well- 
known characteristic. It is said to have been picturesque and lucid. 
The Fenger clinic used to follow a nose and throat clinic in the 
large amphitheater. One day he arrived early and found a tonsil- 
lectomy in progress with a large amount of bleeding and the con- 
sequent littering of the place with gauze. He sniffed, looked 
around and remarked: 

"Here is a lot of blood, but damn little surgery." 
But the following tale really merits the finishing place. The 
work of Fenger on surgery of the ureters and kidneys is best known. 
In one instance, he had transplanted both ureters into the rectum 
and with successful surgical results, though with a somewhat 
dubious attitude on the part of the patient who was somewhat 
inclined to complain. One morning as Fenger greeted the patient, 
the patient started in to make his usual complaint. 

"Veil," said Fenger, "you're a — ah, damn it — you're a 'bird." 
It is reported that here the complaint s^ave way to laughter. 

M. F. 



The Jane Murdoch Memorial Building was opened for use dur- 
ing the month of June. The dedicatory services were held on Sun- 
day afternoon, June 9, at 3 o'clock, with the president of the board, 
Mr. Day, presiding. 


We are met here together this afternoon as friends, formally 
to dedicate our new building, which is called the Jane- Murdoch 
Memorial. The late Mr. Thomas Murdoch, for many years promi- 

* From the Bulletin of the Presbyterian Hospital. The dedication 
occurred at 3 p. m., June 9. at the hospital. 


nent in this city as an honorable and able merchant, and also as a 
devoted Presbyterian, died Dec. 25, 1909. The residuary estate, 
amounting to about two millions of dollars, he willed was to be 
divided between the Young Men's Christian Association, American 
Sunday School Union and the Presbyterian Hospital. The will 
stipulated that "the said gift to The Presbyterian Hospital of Chi- 
cag be used in establishing and endowing a department of the hos- 
pital owned and controlled by said corporation, for women or 
children, or both; and such endowment shall be called the Jane 
Murdoch Memorial Fund, in memory of my sister Jane." The trus- 
tees of the will decided that the intent of Mr. Murdoch would be 
best fulfilled by the erection of a building where the department 
named can be administered to the best advantage. In accordance 
with this decision, the board of managers of the hospital proceeded 
to the erection of this building, on the site of what was known as 
the Eoss-Hamill wing. This latter building, the first occupied by the 
hospital, was named in honor of Drs. Joseph P. Boss and Robert C. 
JIamill, strong friends of the hospital in its early and struggling 
days, and members of its staff. At the time of its erection, fireproof 
construction was not known, and of late years the building has been 
very inadequate. But it served its purpose well in its day, and 
while it has given way to one better adapted to present conditions 
. and requirements, this new building will continue to be in a sense a 
memorial to those devoted men, and will carry a tablet stating that it 
stands on the site of the original building, which was named in their 

The Jane Murdoch Memorial Building represents the best fire- 
proof construction, and is furnished with all the most approved 

Tt has a maternity of thirty-four beds, children's department, 
twenty-three beds : five wards, ten beds each ; one of four beds : nine 
rooms, and four wards of three beds each for the isolation of con- 
tagious diseases which may occur while patients are in the hospital, 
a total of 132 beds. There is a sun parlor and open-air pavilion on 
the roof, where the children can be taken, and if necessary can be 
kept permanently. A large space is given to the pathological 
department, and the laboratory in its equipment and arrangement 
has no superior. The hospital has taken a prominent position in 
its .T-ray work, and in this building is a suite of rooms for this 
department which has all the modern appliances and every approved 
apparatus. The facilities in these two departments, for examina- 
tions, for research and for accurate decisions in diagnosis, are the 
result of careful study on the part of the best authorities whose 
suggestions have been carried out without regard to expense. Eooms 
for interns,, with their dining-rooms, baths and recreation room, are 


on the first floor. In the basement is the kitchen, fully equipped 
with all modern conveniences, large refrigerators for all kinds of 
food and general store rooms. The refrigerators are all cooled by 
the refrigerating plant in the power house, obviating the use of ice. 
Much thought has been given to the arrangements for duty rooms, 
serving rooms and all necessities for such administration as will give 
the best possible care to the patients. Every detail was carefully 
considered by the superintendent, Mr. Bacon, and Miss McMillan, 
with the operating heads of every department, and while every 
unnecessary expense was rigidly eliminated, nothing was omitted 
which would contribute to the welfare of patients, and to the proper 
administration of the .work. 

This magnificent bequest of Mr. Murdoch, the largest gift ever 
made -to the hospital, marks a second great step in its advancement 
which began with the large bequest of the late Daniel A. Jones in 
1886. If there were no need for additional buildings, the hospital 
could be said to be established. Our work for the sick could be car- 
ried on in a plant entirely fireproof, with the best facilities ana* 
sanitary appliances,. and we should be able with the gifts that come 
to us yearly greatly to increase our charity work. But the impera- 
tive necessity for a nurses' home, which shall adequately and prop- 
erly house our nurses, compels us to continue our building opera- 
tions. Within the next twelve months we expect to have this home' 
completed, with a capacity for 150 nurses, and immediately oppo- 
site the hospital on Congress Street. This building, with the land 
comprising the entire block between Wood Street and Hermitage 
Avenue, is expected to cost $350,000. Of this amount we have 
$100,000, given by the friends of the late Mr. O. S. Sprague, for a 
memorial to him. The board of managers hesitated for a long time 
to incur this debt of $250,000, but finally realized that it -was 
imperative if we are to continue our present standard of efficiency. 
Therefore, we are going forward with the full belief that our friends 
will, at an nearly day, enable us to discharge this indebtedness, and 
to own our plant free of all encumbrance. ' 

This building should stand for many years as a memorial to 
Jane Murdoch and to Thomas Murdoch who provided for it in such 
a generous manner. And the example of this rare generosity, and 
thoughtful remembrance of the needs of the sick and poor of this 
city, should prove an inspiration to others, inciting more gifts until 
this hospital can come to the full measure of its usefulness. 

Dr. James B. Herrick, President of the Medical Board of the 
hospital, representing the medical staff, gave the next address. 



The Presbyterian Hospital was founded with two high purposes, 
the caring for the sick and to aid in medical education. The Jane 
Murdoch Memorial Building enables the hospital as never before 
to fulfil these two functions. We shall be able better than ever 
before to care for the sick, particularly those of moderate means, and 
for the children and women. We shall further be able to do much 
better, more scientific and more thorough work because of the aid 
that we shall receive from these laboratories to which Mr. Day has 
already made reference. The hospital that confines itself solely to 
the treatment of the sick is somewhat dwarfed. To be kept alive 
and progressive it should have the stimulus of the necessity of 
instructing young, active, wide-awake undergraduates, interns and 
nurses. This addition to the hospital gives us these facilities for 
instructing the undergraduates in the college, the interns and 
nurses; it offers to the staff the opportunity of acquiring more 
knowledge, and it also gives us added facilities for work in research. 

Just a word regarding research in its relation to the hospital. 
By medical research, we understand the desire to add to the sum of 
knowledge concerning the human body and its functions, the human 
body in disease, and the causes, the means of warding off and of 
curing disease. It is the desire to find out something that was not 
previously known, concerning illness. Unless this spirit of research 
is in a hospital, unless it pervades the various branches of the medi- 
cal institution, the educational function of the hospital languishes, 
and the atmosphere becomes stale; things fail to progress and the 
patients suffer. The Presbyterian Hospital has been peculiarly 
fortunate in its relation to research workers. There have always 
been cordial relations between research in Push Medical College and 
the Presbyterian Hospital. The same cordial relations have existed 
between the workers in the McCormick Memorial Institute for 
Infectious Diseases and the Presbyterian Hospital ; > and latelv 
friendly relations of advantage to both parties have been entered 
into with the Otho A. Sprague Institute workers in problems of 
research. To us in the hospital this means a great deal. You have 
no idea what a stimulus it is for us of the medical staff to be in con- 
stant touch with these progressive men, who are trying to find out 
new things; and you have no idea how helpful it has been to be able 
to call upon these workers who are so closely related to us. We call 
upon their professional and expert skill oftener than you would per- 
haps realize. 

And yet no matter what view we may take, the central figure in 
the hospital is and should be the patient. Are we doing our full 
duty to these patients? Are we nursing them carefully? Are we 
treating them sanely and as conscientiously as we can? When we 
send them home restored in health, is it not one of our functions 


still to help and to train the patients in various ways? Do not say 
that duty ceases when they leave the hospital. Can we not then help 
to instruct them, to train them after they leave the hospital ? I do 
not refer to those little lessons of obedience to authority, lessons in 
cleanliness, in the rights of others, which are inculcated every day 
by conduct of nurses and I trust of physicians. I do not refer to 
this. I refer to a work which is philanthropic, work such as that 
referred to by Dr. Stone. It is practical Christianity. It implies 
that we are to see in the patient in the hospital something more than 
a sick animal ; we are to treat the patient as a man. It includes the 
study of environment, it includes the study of home conditions, it 
includes the lending of a helpful hand, to prevent his again falling 
a prey to illness. 

There are three ways to which I refer, ways in which I believe 
we must help the patient after he has left the hospital. In the first 
place, and this involves the fundamental principle underlying this 
other' work, we can extend to him real genuine sympathy. To 
extend help because he is an object of charity or is of scientific 
interest to the physician, robs the work of its usefulness. We must 
see in him not merely a creature, not a lodger who is occupying a 
bed at so much per day, not the embodiment of disease or an inter- 
esting case, not material for clinic, but we must see in each one of 
these patients a man. No matter how rough the exterior, no 
matter how uncouth or uncultured he may be, deep somewhere he 
has a heart. If you prick him, does he not bleed, and if you look 
at his blood under a microscope can you tell any difference between 
his red corpuscles and yours? Extend to him the right hand of 
fellowship as man to man. 

The second way in which it seems to me a hospital can do good 
along these lines is instruction in matters medical and hygienic. It 
is no new thought. It is in the air. It has been done in other 
hospitals and here. To illustrate my point: it is not enough for us 
to take a sickly child into these new quarters that have been pro- 
vided, to restore that child to health and strength, and then send it 
home to be cared for by a mother who is unfit to do this. There 
must be a follow-up treatment, visits to the home to see that direc- 
tions are carried out. It is being done by the Infant Welfare 
Society and by other organizations, and we must be in close touch 
with work of this character. I hope some day we shall see near this 
hospital or on these grounds a separate pavilion for children ; and in 
that pavilion one of the main features should be a department which 
shall have to do with infant welfare work; where mothers can 
learn how to care for infants and children. For other examples : 
personal instruction to adults in matters of dietetics, personal 
instruction as regards preventable and contagions disease. We say 
to a patient : "Yon have tuberculosis, you must be careful, go home 


and do not communicate it to other members of your family." This 
is nothing. It is the detail of the management that counts and this 
can be taught only by direct home instruction. Then there is 
another group of patients : we see them it seems in almost innumer- 
able numbers — the so-called "nervous patients." We call them 
neurotics, neurasthenics; they may have hysteria, may be hypo- 
chondriac; they are sick and not sick. They need treatment. It is 
not needful to prescribe medicine nor helpful to say, "there is noth- 
ing the matter with you." This does not cure them. They are ill. 
They need treatment just as much as a child with a crooked back 
needs a brace and gymnastics. So these minds need braces, mental 
gymnastics. We are not treating them here as we should, we cannot. 
There is much that might be done if we had workers who could 
instruct these patients, and better still, if there were a department, 
a separate building, in which this class of cases, "nervous cases," 
could be taken in and treated in a thoroughly scientific and up-to- 
date manner, together with those temporarily but not hopelessly 
alienated from mental health. The amount of good which a depart- 
ment of this kind would accomplish is inestimable. 

Lastly, and this needs no illustration, we ought to help patients 
materially, financially. We send home a patient convalescent after 
typhoid, and he may go to work too soon. A social worker can sec 
that he does not. We send away a patient with a diagnosis of tuber- 
culosis of the lungs and say to him, "Your case is curable, you need 
a change of climate ; go to Colorado or Florida." We might just as 
well tell him to take his family to Carlsbad. How can he do it on 
$60 a month? He cannot follow the advice. He should be put in 
touch with tuberculosis sanitariums, a worker should see that he has 
different employment, financial aid. A patient may have lead 
poisoning and you tell him to change his employment. How can he 
do it? A word to employers will oftentimes change harmful condi- 
tions, and will put the worker where he will not again be exposed 
to the. cause of his illness. A little incident occurred which illus- 
trates what can be done along these lines of material help. I do not 
know the patient, but I have heard the incident. A patient in this 
hospital lost his leg. It had to be amputated because of disease or 
injury. The patient was a worker. The surgeon said, "Go home 
and get a wooden leg and earn your living." Miss Persons looked 
into the matter and found it would cost $60 for a wooden leg. He 
did not have it, but that was what he needed, $60 for a wooden leg. 
She found the money; she collected it from others. The first $10 
was given by the surgeon who amputated the leg. 

This is practical Christianity, sociology, philanthropy, and these 
are the things, it seems to me, we are in a position to practice as 
never before. And so we of the staff with the other members of 
this institution, rejoice in the erection of this Jane Murdoch Memo- 


rial Building, and we see that it gives us greater opportunity for 
treating the sick, greater opportunities for training interns, nurses 
and undergraduates. We feel that it offers wide opportunities for 
doing good, and of development along these lines of which I have 
spoken. What I have said is not in criticism of our social workers, 
but rather to endorse the efforts made by the ladies' board in the 
last two years, the work done through committees and through 
various other persons. I know this meets with the hearty support 
of the members of the board of managers, and I may say it will 
certainlv meet with encouragement and help from the members of 
the staff. 

Mr. Asa Bacon, the Superintendent of the hospital, was the 
next speaker. 


For several years public interest in hospitals has been growing 
and an intelligent public opinion of the administration of hospitals 
has been forming. People when sick are seeking hospital treatment 
more and more each year, while those who have money to give are 
turning their attention toward the hospital as a place where their 
money will do the most good. 

The public no longer looks upon the hospital as an isolated 
gloomy plant occupying a site in a given locality, but an integral 
and essential part of those forces which make for the uplift of 

The interest of an intelligent public is a great factor in develop- 
ing better hospitals. The medical and surgical staff must be men of 
high standing in the profession. The interns or house doctors must 
be carefully selected from the best schools. Higher standards of 
teaching and a better quality of women for the nurses must be 

The superintendent must administer the hospital on modern 
business principles. The hospital must have a complete and a fully 
equipped pathological laboratory under the direction of a skilled 
pathologist. There must be a modern .T-ray outfit under the charge 
of a specialist. A' well-stocked drug department with a registered 
pharmacist to carefully select and dispense the drugs. Sufficient 
operating and dressing rdbms with modern equipment to care for 
emergency patients at a moment's notice. A diet kitchen under the 
supervision of a dietitian to teach the nurses how to properly pro- 
vide and serve food to the sick. A general kitchen with its sanitary 
refrigeration, sterilizer for milk and other utensils, broilers, steam- 
ers, etc., for the proper preparation of food. Much attention must 
be given to ventilation to carry away the odors from the kitchen. 
Service rooms connected with dummy waiters so as to get the food 
to the patient hot and fresh. Surgical supply rooms where miles 


and miles of gauze and bandages are prepared each month. Large 
autoclaves where everything from a bandage to a bed mattress 
can be sterilized. A fully equipped laundry well ventilated and 
lighted so as to supply clean sterile linen. A high pressure power 
plant under the management of a careful engineer. A hydrother- 
apeutic department where various kinds of baths can be given. 
Social service department to assist poor patients in various ways, 
both in the hospital and in the home during convalescence. Roof 
gardens. Sun parlors. Telephone switchboard with terminals run- 
ning to all important places in the building. Silent electric call 
system for nurses and doctors^ and many other things which I will 
not take time to mention. 

All these are the outcome of a gradual demand for better 
equipped hospitals for the care of the sick and injured. 

It is needless for me to repeat what has already been said about 
our Presbyterian Hospital, but as the result of our modern equip- 
ment, and the organization we have built up, together with the 
advancement of the science of medicine and surgery, we have cut 
the death-rate in ten years from 6 per cent, to 3 per cent., and 
reduced the average days of hospital treatment per patient from 
thirty-one to fifteen days. In the year 1901 we admitted 2,343 
patients and 132 died, while in 1911 we admitted 4,406 people and 
only 137 died. Think of how we have reduced the suffering and 
increased the happiness in the homes by returning loved ones to the 
family fireside in nearly half the time we did ten years ago and 
actually saving the lives of 3 per cent, more of our patients. 




This list is not complete, but we hope the alumni will take 
enough interest in it to send us a copy of their contributions. 
These will be noted and copies filed in the Library. 

Next year we will then have a more complete list and a longer 
one. The list is very creditable as it is. We have picked out the 
articles as we ran across them in the Library: Miss MacAuliff, the 
librarian of the College, has done most of the work in odd moments 
in addition to her other arduous duties. 

Allison, W. P., '86, Peoria, 111. The commercial aspect of the medical 
profession. Illinois Med. Jour., 1912, xxi, 604. 

Anthony, II. G., '84 (deceased). Topic origin of erythema multiforme. 
Jour. Cutan. Dis., 1912, xxx, 152. 

Bartlett, F. K., '12. Spontaneous rupture of the aorta. Tr. Chicago 
Path. Soc, 1912, xi, 325. 


Bassoe, P. (member of faculty). Report of two cases of simultaneous 
meningeal cerebral and retinal hemorrhages. Tr. Chicago Path. Soc, 1909- 
1912, viii, 61-64. 

Bassoe, P. (member of faculty). Unilateral hypertrophy, involving the 
entire left side of the body. Am. Jour. Iusan., 1912, ix, 91. 

Bevan, A. D., '8,3. Tuberculosis of the urinary organs. Illinois Med. 
Jour., 1912, xxi, 280. 

Bevan, A. D., '83; Rosenow, E. C, '02. A case of pyemia due to an 
anaerobic bacillus. Tr. Chicago Path. Soc, 1909-1912, viii. 240. 

Billings, Frank (member of faculty). Chronic focal infections and their 
etiologic relations to arthritis and nephritis. Illinois Med. Jour., 1912, 
xxi, 261: also Arch. Int. Med., 1912. ixr 484. 

Boot, G. W. (member of facultv). Tonsillectomy in children. Illinois 
Med. Jour., 1912. xxii, 325. 

Capps, J. A. (member of faculty). Effects of iodids on the circulation 
and blood-vessels in arteriosclerosis. Jour. Am. Med. Assn., 1912, lix, 1350. 

Capps, J. A. (member of faculty). The role of milk in the causation 
of the Chicago epidemic of sore throat. Jour. Am. Med. Assn., 1912, lix, 

Clarke, F. B., '07: Hamill, R. C, '02; Curtis, A. H., '05; Dick, G. F., '05. 
Studies on pellagra based on its occurrence in 1910 in the Cook County 
Institutions at Dunning. Jour. Infect. Dis., 1912, x. 186. 

Corwin, A. M.. '90. Medical education, Illinois Med. Jour., 1912, xxi. 

Culbertson, C. (member of faculty). Etiology of visceroptosis, with 
special reference to pregnancy factor. Lancet- Clinic, 1912, 107. 

Culbertson, C. (member of faculty). Puerperium considered as a period 
of prophylaxis against subsequent abdominal-pelvic diseases. Illinois Med. 
Jour., 19*11, xx. 

Davis, B. F., '11. Malignant tumors of the adrenal. Tr. Chicago Path. 
Soc, 1909-1912, viii, 135-138. 

Davis, C. B.. '03. Treatment of cancer high in the rectum. Illinois 
Med. Jour., 1912, xxii, 359. 

Davis. C. H.. '09. A new blood-pressure manometer. Jour. Am. Med. 
Assn., 1912, lviii, 1443. 

Davis, D. J., '03. The epidemic of septic sore throat with especial ref- 
erence to its pathology and bacteriologv. Illinois Med. Jour., 1912, -xxii, 

Davis, D. J.. '03; Rosenow. E. C. '02. An epidemic of sore throat due 
to a peculiar streptococcus. Tr. Chicago Path. Soc, 1912. viii, 288. 

Dencker, C, '06. A case of extensive leukemic infiltration of the mam- 
mary gland and skin. Jour. Am. Med. Assn., 1911, lvi, 417. 

Dick, G. F., '05. On the development of proteolytic ferments in the 
blood during pneumonia. Jour. Infect. Dis., 1912, x. 382. 

Dodson. J. M.. '82. The addition of a fifth year to the medical curricu- 
lum. Jour. Am. Med. Assn., 1912, lix, 589. 

Drennan, F. M., '13. A case of arteriovenous aneurism of the aorta and 
superior vena cava. Tr. Chicago Path. Soc. 1912. vii, 322. 

Emerson, E., '11. A clinical incubator at small cost. Jour. Am. Med. 
Assn., 1912, lix, 1375. 

Fishbein, M., '12. A method of selection <J donor for blood transfusion. 
Jour. Am. Med. Assn., 1912, lix, 793. 

Fishbein, M., '12. Contribution of the bacteriology of peritonitis with 
special reference to primary peritonitis. Tr. Chicago Path. Soc, 1912. viii. 


Fishbein, M., '12. Contribution to the bacteriology of peritonitis, with 
special reference to primary peritonitis. Am. Jour. Med. Sc, 1912, cxiv, 

Fischer, M. H., '01. Zur theorie u. praxis d. transfusion Kolloidche- 
mische Buhefte, 1912, vol. iii. 

Fischer, M. H., '01. Ueber die Aufnahme von Wasser durch das Ner- 
vengewebe. Ztschr. f. chem. u. Industrie d. Kolloide, 1912, x, No. G. 

Fischer, M. H., '01. Isolierung von Cholunsaure und cholesterin aus 
Rindergallensteinen. Ztschr. f. physiol. chem., 1911, Ixxvi, 95-98. 

Fischer, M. H., '01. The principles of treatment in nephritis. Jour. 
Am. Med. Assn., 1912, Iviii, 1975. 

Fischer, M. II., '01. A further response to some criticisms of the col- 
loid-chemical theory of water absorption bv protoplasm. Jour. Am. Med. 
Assn., 1912, 1429-1433. 

Freer, 0. T., '79. The submucous resection of deflection of nasal septum. 
The author's present perfected method. Join. Am. Med. Assn., 1912, lix, 

Friedberg, S. A., '97. Some esophageal cases. Illinois Med. Jour., 1912, 
xxi, 37. ' • 

Friend, E., '90. Two case reports: Musculospiral paralysis; Spindle- 
celled sarcoma of arm. Illinois Med. Jour.. 1912,- xxii, 196. 

Gatcwood. L. C. '11. Concentration of antistreptococcic and antigono- 
coccic sera. Jour. Infect. Dis., 1912, x, 416. 

Gatewood. '11. A congenital hemangioma of the liver. Th. Chi- 
cago Path. Soc, 1912, viii, 312. 

Graham, E. A., '09. Pathogenesis of hemorrhagic diseases of new-born. 
Jour. Exper. Med., 1912, xv, 307. 

Graham. E. A., '07; Woodyatt, R. T., '02. Alimentary respiration: The 
secretion of CO., by the alimentary mucosa and its relation to eructations 
of gas and abnormal inflation of the stomach and intestine. Tr. Chicago 
Path. Soc, 1912, viii, 354. 

Gunther, T. J., '11. Acute hemorrhagic pancreatitis and acute peri- 
tonitis associated with pure growth of B. Welchii. Tr. Chicago Path. Soc. 
1912, viii, 350. 

Hamburger, W. W., '06. Comparative studies in cancer and normal 
tissue ferments. Jour. Am. Med. Assn., 1912, lix, 847. 

Hamburger, W. W., '06. Sporotrichosis in man. Jour. Am. Med. Assn., 
1912, lix, 1590. 

Hatton, E. IT., '12. Spina bifida with coarctation of the aorta. Tr. 
Chicago Path. Soc, 1912, viii, 339. 

Hedger, Caroline, '04. Midwives and blindness. Illinois Med. Jour., 
1912, xxi, 419. . 

Hektoen, L. (member of faculty) ; Carlson. A. J. Are antibodies formed 
in the blood. Tr. Chicago Path. Soc, 1909-1912. viii, 4. 

Hektoen. L. (member of faculty) : Carlson, A. J. The distribution of 
antibodies. Tr. Chicago Path. Soc,' 1909-1912, viii, 36. 

Hektoen. L. (member of faculty). Death from hemorrhage into the 
suprarenal bodies in a boy of eighteen. Tr. Chicago Path. Soc, 1909-1912, 
viii, 87, 89. 

Hektoen, L. (member of faculty). On the local production of antibodies. 
Tr. Chicago Path. Soc, 1909-1912,' viii, 209-211. 

Hektoen, L. (member of faculty). Allergy or anaphylaxis in experiment 
and disease. Jour. Am. Med. Assn., 1912, ft iii, 1081. 


Hektoen, L. (member of faculty). The influence of sodium iodoxy- 
benzoate on the production of antibodies in dogs. Tr. Chicago Path. Soc, 
1909-12, viii, 138-141. 

Hektoen, L. (member of faculty). Immunity with reference to some of 
its relations to surgery, being the Harrington Lectures before the Alumni 
Association of the University of Buffalo. Buffalo Med. Jour.. 1912, lxviii, 

Herb, Isabella (member of faculty). The selection of an anesthetic. 
Surg., Gynec. and Obst., 1912, xv, 223. 

Herrick, J. B., '88. The symptoms of acute coronary obstructions. Jour. 
Am. Med. Assn., 1912, lviii, 1971. 

Herrick, J. B. Diabetes insipidus. Jour. Am. Med. Assn., 1912, lviii, 

Ingals, E. Fletcher, '71. Tacks and nails in the air passage: broncho- 
scopy. Jour. Am. Med. Assn., 1912, lviii, 467. 

Ingals, E. Fletcher, '71. Treatment of foreign bodies in esophagus. 
Illinois Med. Jour., 1912, xxvi, 42; also Laryngoscope, 1912, xxii, 47-52. 

Ingals, E. Fletcher, '71. The life and work of Dr. Daniel Brainard. 
Illinois Med. Jour., 1912, xxii, 277. 

Ingals, E. Fletcher, '71. Myocardial degeneration. Jour. Am. Med. 
Assn., 1912, lviii, 1269. 

Irons, E. E., '03. A cutaneous reaction in gonococcal infection. Jour. 
Am. Med. Assn., 1912, lviii, 931. 

Irons. E. E., '03. Three outbreaks of typhoid fever traced to milk infec- 
tion. Jour. Am. Med. Assn., 1912, lviii, 169. 

Irons, E. E., '03. A cutaneous reaction in gonococcal infection. Tr. 
Chicago Path. Soc, 1912, viii. 287. 

Jackson, Leila, '08. Report of a case of lymphosarcoma of the abdominal 
lymph glands. Tr. Chicago Path. Soc. 1912, viii, 269. 

Jackson, Leila, '08. Experimental rheumatic myocarditis. Jour. Infect. 
Dis., 1912, xi, 243. 

Koessler, K. K. (member of faculty). Recent advances in our knowledge 
of scarlet-fever. Jour. Am. Med. Assn., 1912, lix, 1528. 

Koessler, K. K. (member of faculty). Experiments on human sperma- 
tozoa as carriers of infectious agents. Tr. Chicago Path. Soc, 1912, viii. 

Koll, J. S.. '07. Colon bacillus infections of the kidney and bladder. 
Illinois Med. Jour., 1912, xxi, 721. 

Lewis, D. D., '99. Miller, J. L. (member of faculty) ; Matthews, S. A. 
The effects on blood-pressure of intravenous injections of extracts of the 
various anatomical components of the hvpophvsis. Arch. Int. Med., 1911. 
vii, 785-800. 

'Leigh, C. W., '83. Do autogenous vaccines mitigate the distressing symp- 
toms of pulmonary tuberculosis? Illinois Med. Jour., 1912. xxi, 460. 

Lewis, D. D.. '99. Surgical aspects of poliomyelitis. Illinois Med. Jour., 
1912. xxi, 554. 

Linnell, B. M., '93; Wernicke, H. C, '11; Slyfield. F. F.. '11. Primary 
carcinoma of the prostate and of the stomach with metastases, and amebic 
dysentery in the same subject. Tr. Chicago Path. Soc, 1909-1912. viii. 199. 

Linnell, B. M., '93. A pocket mercury sphygmomanometer. Jour. Am. 
Med. Assn.. 1912, lix, 1375. 

Littig, L. W., '01. The treatment of puerperal septicemia. Illinois 
Med .Joiir., 1912, xxi, 21. 

McAuliff, Cr., '11. Periosteal giant cell sarcoma of Hie anterior surface 
of the sacrum; wide-spread dissemination of the tumor cells without sec- 
ondary growths. Tr. Chicago Path. Soc, 1909-1912, viii. 211-217. 


McEwcn, E. L., '97. Skin sensitization. Illinois Med. Jour., 1912, 
xxi, 139. 

McLean, F. C, '11. Organic iodin preparations, their pharmacology and 
therapeutic value. Arch. Int. Med., 1912, x, 505. 

Marcnildon, J. W., '03. The principles underlying the treatment of 
gonorrhea. Jonr. Missouri Med. Assn., 1912, ix, 141. 

Miller, J. L. (member of faculty). Maralgia paresthetica due to pres- 
sure of the corset. Arch. Int. Med., 1911, vii, 182. 

Miller, J. L. (member of faculty). Clinical experience in the drug treat- 
ment of edema. Jour. Am. Med. Assn., 19 12, lvii, 1972. 

Murphy, J. B., '79. Tuberculosis of the alimentary canal and peri : 
toneum. Illinois Med. Jour., 1912, xxi, 287. 

Murphy, J. B., '79. Contribution to the surgery of bones, joints, and 
tendons. Jour. Am. Med. Assn., 1912, lviii, 985, 1094, 1178, 1254, 1345, 1428, 

Murphy, J. B., '79. Relation of the physician to the hospital. Jour. 
Am. Med. Assn., 1912, lix, 1675. 

Ochsner, A. J., '86. Practical points in the surgical treatment of exoph- 
thalmic goiter. Am. Jour. Surg., 1912, xxvi, 16. 

Ochsner, A. J., '86. Alexander Hugh Ferguson — The surgeon. Illinois 
Med. Jour., 1912, xxi, 537. 

Ochsner, E. H., '94. Local surgical procedures in non-tuberculous joint 
diseases. Illinois Med. Jour., 1912, xxi, 596. 

Paddock, C. E. (member of faculty). Acute edema of cervix in preg- 
nancy; report of a case. Surg., Gynec. and Obst., 1912, 14. 

Parkes, C. H., '97. Supravaginal hysterectomy with the preservation 
of the functions of menstruation. Illinois Med. Joui\, 1912, xxi, 54. 

Pettit, R. T., '13. The fixation of soluble antigen by the tissues. Jour. 
Infect. Dis., 1912, x, 43. 

Phemister, D. B., '04. Fractures of the greater tuberosity of humerus. 
Ann. Surg., 1912, lvi, 440. 

Ridlon, J. (member of faculty). Joint tuberculosis. Illinois Med. Jour., 
1912, xxi, 296. 

Ritter, J., '80. Value of tuberculin in diagnosis and treatment of pul- 
monary tuberculosis. Illinois Med. Jour., 1911, xx. 

Rosenow, E. C, '02. On the mechanism of production of infectious endo- 
carditis. Tr. Chicago Path. Soc, 1912, viii, 344. 

Rosenow, E. C, '02. A simple method of keeping frozen various speci- 
mens. Tr. Chicago Path. Soc, 1912, viii, 283. 

Rosenow, E. C, '02. On the nature of the toxic substance from pneuino- 
cocci. Jour. Infect. Dis., 1912, xi, 235. 

Rosenow, E. C, '02. Experimental infectious endocarditis. Jour. Infect. 
Dis., 1912, xi, 210. 

Rosenow, E. C, '02; Davis, D. J., '03. An epidemic of sore throat due 
to a peculiar streptococcus. Tr. Chicago Path. Soc, 1912, viii, 286. 

Rosenow, E. C, '02. On the toxicity of broth, of pneumococcus broth 
culture filtrates, and on the nature of proteolytic enzyme obtainable from 
pneumococci. Jour. Infect. Dis., 1912, xi, 286. 

Rosenow, E. C, '02; Ruth Tunnicliff, '03. Pyemia due to an anaerobic 
polymorphic bacillus, probablv bacillus fusiformis. Jour. Infect. Dis., 1912 

x, i. 

Rosenow, E. C, '02. Immunity in and the specific treatment of pneu- 
monia. Illinois Med. Jour., 1912, xxi, 425. 

Rothstein, T. (member of faculty). Brain abscess caused by an organ- 
ism corresponding to the micrococcus intracellularis. Tr. Chicago Path. 
Soc, 1909-1912, viii, 58. 


Ruediger, G. F., '03. The quantitative determination of B. coli in 
heavilv polluted waters; a study of the presumptive tests. Jour. Am. Pub. 
Health Assn., 1912, 1, 828. 

Ruediger, G. F., '0'3. Sporotrichosis in the United States. Jour. Infect. 
Lis., 1912, xi, 193-200. 

Russell, L. B., '94. Hoopeston. 111., Poliomvelitis, Illinois Med. Jour., 
1912, xxi, 187. 

Schwachtgen, G. B., '10, Aurora, 111. Internal secretions, with special 
reference to the Islands of Langerhans, Illinois Med. Jour., 1912, xxi, 154. 

Shambaugh, G. E. (member of faculty). The specialist in medicine. 
Jour. Am. Med. Assn., 1912, lviii, 182G. 

Stowe, H. M., '96. Rupture of the parturient uterus. Illinois Med. 
Jour., 1912, xxi, 166. 

Shambaugh, G. E. (member of faculty). The specialist in medicine. 
Jour. Am. Med. Assn., 1912, lix, 1088. 

Straus, D. G, '07. Die rontgenologische Untersuchungsmethode als 
Hilfsmittel der Indikationsstellung bei Palliativoperationen von chronischen 
Hirndruckstugernden Prozessen. Wien Med. Wchnschr., 1912, No. 32. 

Strause, S. (member of faculty) ; Friedman, J. C, '00. Levulosuria, 
with a report of an unusual case. Arch. Int. Med., 1912, ix, 99, 108. 

Tunnicliff, Ruth, '03. A study of the action of antistreptococcic serum 
in streptococcus infections in man. Tr. Chicago Path. Soc, 1912, viii, 286. 

Wagner, C, '11; Hewitt, J. H.. '11. Benign lymphoma, with report of 
case. Tr. Chicago Path. Soc, 1909-1912, viii, 273. 

Weaver, G. H., '89: Ruth Tunnicliff, '03. A study of the action of anti- 
streptococcus serum in streptococcus infections in man. Tr. Chicago Path. 
Soc, 1912, viii, 286, also Jour. Infect. Dis., 1912, x, 321. 

Wells, H. G., '98. Calcification and ossification. Arch. Int. Med., 1911. 
vii, 721, 753. Harvey Lecture, delivered March 25, 1911. 

W T ells, H. G., '98. Studies in calcification and ossification. Jour. Med. 
Research, 1911, xxv, 373-392. 

Wells, H. Gideon, '98. The biochemistry and chemotherapy of tubercu- 
losis. Tr. Chicago Path. Soc, 1912, viii, 345. 

Wells, H. G., '98. The fat-metabolism of lipomas. Arch. Int. Med., 
1912, x, 297. 

Whalen, C. H., '91. Importance of early recognition of pathologic con- 
ditions of adenoids and tonsils and treatment of same. Illinois Med. Jour., 
1912, xxii, 366. 

Wherry, W. B., '01. The amebacidal action of emetin. Jour. Infect. Dis., 
1912, x, 162. 

Wilder, W. H. (member of faculty). Dangerous infections of eye. 
Illinois Med. Jour., 1912, xxi, 401. 

Woodyatt, R. T., '02; Helmholz, H. T. (member of faculty). The use of 
blood charcoal as a clearing agent for urine containing glucose. Arch. Int. 
Med., 1911, vii, 601. 

Woodyatt, R. T., '02; Graham, E. A., '07. Alimentary respiration; the 
secretion of carbon dioxid by the alimentary mucosa and its relation to 
eructation of gas and the abnormal inflation of the stomach and intestines. 
Jour. Am. Med. Assn., 1912, lviii, 1630. 

Woodyatt, R. T., '02; Graham, E. A., '07. Alimentary respiration; the 
secretion of C0 2 by the alimentary mucosa and its relation to eructations of 
gas and abnormal inflation of the stomach and intestine. Tr. Chicago 
Path. Soc, 1912, viii, 354. 



The regular quarterly commencement exercises were held in the 
upper amphitheater, Thursday, Dec. 19, 1912. There were but 
two candidates for the degree Medicinae Doctor, Clinton George 
SteAvart and Earle Montgomery Young. Dr. Billings made an 
address. The smallness of the class was due to a combination of 
circumstances, making most of the graduates finish at another 


The class of 1913 is one which it is freely predicted will bring 
great distinction oil both themselves and the College. 

Merchant, Charles Fargo, '12. Intern in the House of Correc- 
tion Hospital. Died Nov. 26, 1912, from shock two days after 
operation for hernia; age 27. Member Phi Beta Pi, Theta Nu 

There has been developed a form of bulletin board which is 
popularly known as "Bull Board" wit. The following are examples: 

Professor K. will not meet his class this evening — AS USUAL. 

Dr. Webster will not meet his (cl) asses to-day. 

Dr. F. will be ten minutes lateR to-day. 

The following is a list of officers of the class of 1918 : President, 
J. E. McMeel ; vice-president, Ralph McReynoids ; chairman execu- 
tive committee, B. J. Callantine; members executive committee, 
IT. J. Heusinkveld, V. D. Greer, Harry Culver; recording secretary, 
Ralph Kuhns ; corresponding secretary, George Coleman ; treasurer, 
J. J. Barth; council, R. L. I. Smith, E. D. LeCompte, Miss M. 

All communications for this department should be sent to R. C. 
Kcthns, Secretary of Class 1913. 


The Association needs more money to continue its work. The 
Fellowship Fund has been kept up fairly well, but we need 
money to print the Bulletin. We had hopes this year of getting 
out a special number which would be an address book of all 
the Alumni. 

You want to know where your classmates are, you want to 
recall the men who graduated with you. We can print this list 
if the men who get the pink slip will respond at once. 

It isn't the dollar that prevents your sending, its simply the 
effort to mail. 

Make this effort and the address book will be published. 

Garland Combination 
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Combining the usefulness of the Gosset and Doyan Retractors, each suitably modified. 
This instranient was made from a special design with some slight modification. The Gos- 
set is changed to obtain a fixed point to hold the middle blade of the instrument. This is 
procured by an extra bar on which is a sliding set screw. The Doyan is fitted with a, short 
flat handle about an inch wide and six inches long, with a central open portion throughout 
the entire length. The application is very simple. After placing the self-retaining portion 
in the wound with the cross-bars toward the lower end of the incision, the necessary Lat- 
eral Traction is procured by separating the limbs of the instrument. The secend part is 
now placed in the wound and tracted into the lower part of the incision until the desired 
exposure is obtained, when the screw is clamped, fixing the blade. 



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Hospital Supplies 



In Affiliation with the 


CURRICULUM — The fundamental branches (Anatomy, Physiology, Bacteri- 
ology, etc.) are taught in the Departments of Science at the Hull Biological 
Laboratories, University of Chicago. The courses of two (or three) clinical 
years are given in Rush Medical College and in the Prysbyterian, the Cook 
County, the Children's Memorial, the Hospital for Destitute Crippled Child- 
ren, and other Hospitals. 

HOSPITAL YEAR — A fifth year, consisting of service as an interne under 
supervision in an approved hospital, or of advanced work in one of the 
departments leads to the degree of M.D., cum laude. 

SUMMER QUARTER — The college year is divided into four quarters, three 
of which constitute an annual session. The summer quarter, in the climate 
of Chicago, is advantageous for work. 

ELECTIVE SYSTEM — A considerable freedom of choice of courses and in- 
structors is open to the student. This is not designed, however, to encourage 
the student to fit himself for any special line of practice, but for its pedagogic 

GRADUATE COURSES — Advanced and research courses are offered in all 
departments. Students by attending summer quarters and prolonging their 
residence at the University of Chicago in advanced work may secure the 
degree of A.M., S.M. or Ph.D. from the University. 

PRIZE SCHOLARSHIP — Six prize scholarships — three in the first two years 
and three in the last two (clinical) years — are awarded to college graduates 
for theses embodying original research. 

Calendar, 1913 

Jan. 2, Thursday — Winter Quarter begins. 

Feb. 10, Monday — Second Term. Winter Quarter begins. 

Feb. 22, Saturday Washington's Birthday, a holiday. 

March 20, 21, 22 Thursday, Friday, Saturday — Quarterly Examinations. 

March 22, Saturday -Winter Quarter ends. 

March 23 to 80— Quarterly Recess. 

March 31, Monday Spring Quarter begins. 

May 8, Thursday Second Term, Spring Quarter begins. 

May 30, Friday— Memorial Day, a holiday. 

June 9, Monday Special Clinics for the Alumni Association. 

June 10, Tuesday Special Clinics; Anuual Business Meeting of the Alumni 
Association; Class-Day Exercises of the Graduating Class. 

June 11, Wednesday— 3 :00 p.m.. Graduating Exercises: 6:00 p.m., Annual Re- 
ception and Dinner of the Faculty and Alumni. 

June 12, 13, 14, Thursday, Friday, Saturdaj — Quarterly Examinations, 

June 11, Saturday — Spring Quarter ends. 

TUITION, $60.00 per quarter-no laboratory fees 

Complete and detailed information may be secured by addressing 


\* v 






Vol. VIII 

MARCH, 1913 

No 4 







Laboratory Diagnosis 

This laboratory is fully equipped to perform all types of research, microscopic 
and analytical work for Physicians. Wassermann tests. Complement-fixation 
test for gonorrhoea. Auto-vaccines prepared. Stock Vaccines furnished. All in- 
vestigations made by laboratory and clinical experts. Fee tables on application. 











In response to tbe frequent requests of the profession, we have established a 
separate department of instruction in all branches of Clinical Diagnosis, em- 
bracing Clinical Chemistry, Pathology and Bacteriology. 

Chicago Laboratory 

8 N. STATE ST. Tel., Randolph 3610 CHICAGO, ILL. 


Director Chemical Department Director Bacteriological Department 

Director Pathological Department Assistant 


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Sick Room Supplies, Hospital Furni= 

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®Ip> Sitlkttn 

of the 

Volume VIII MARCH, 1913 No. 4 

B. M. LINNELL, Editor Reliance Building, 32 North State Street, CHICAGO 

MORRIS FISHBEIN, Bus. Mgr., Durand Hospital, Wood and York Sts., CHICAGO 


President — Henry B. Favill, '83.. Chicago 

First Vice-President — Frank Beasley, '64 Lafayette, Ind. 

Second Vice-President- — Henry B. Sears, '82 Beaver Dam, Wis. 

Third Vice-President — Herbert A. Robinson, '89 Kenosha, Wis. 

Necrologist — Charles A. Parker, '91 Chicago 

Treasurer — H. H. Kleinpel'l, '00 Chicago 

Secretary — William T. Swift, '04 32 North State Street, Chicago 


W. H. Bohart, '91 Chicago T. R. Crowder, '97 Chicago 

A. H. Curtiss, '05 Chicago C. W. Espy, '92 Chicago 

A. J. Hodgson. ..... .Waukesha, Wis. 


Geo. H. Weaver, '89, Chairman, 1628 Washington Blvd., Chicago. 

Geo. D. Swaine, '73 Cleveland, O. E. C. Hamley, '02 Sprague, Wash. 

J. S. Kauffman, '75... Blue Island, 111. Geo. W. Baker, '94 Ogden, Utah 

Winfield Ackley, '80 Juniata, Neb. W. A. Foskett, '97 Whitebird, Ida. 

L. L. Uhls, '84. . . . .Osawatomie, Kan. R. E. Farr, '00. . . .Minneapolis, Minn. 

Adolph Moeller, '87 Milwaukee P. A. Reppert, '03 Burlington, la. 

A. I. Bouffleur, '87 Chicago R. C. Robe, '95 Pueblo, Colo. 

Oliver C. Neier, '90 Indianapolis 


John Ritter, '80, Chairman, Chicago. 
Cassius T. Lesan . . . Mount Ayr, Iowa Jehiel W. Chamberlin . St. Paul, Minn. 

Byron M. Caples .... Waukesha, Wis. Harry W. Horn Wichita, Kan. 

Fred A. Tucker Noblesville, Ind. O. H. Avey Payette, Idaho 

Robert C. Robe Pueblo, Colo. (Tri-State Oregon, Washington and 



B. M. Linnell, Chairman, Chicago. 

George H. Weaver, '89 Chicago William J. Swift, Sec'y Chicago 

Gustavus P. Head, '84 Chicago Morris Fishbein, '12 Chicago 



Illuminating-Gas Poisoning. Morris Fishbein, M.D., Chicago 3 

Isoagglutination in Man and Lower Animals. Morris Fishbein, M.D.. 

Chicago 7 

The Rush Alumni Fellowship. George II. Weaver, M.D., Chicago 14 

Annie W. Durand Hospital of the Memorial Institute for Infectious 

Diseases • 15 

Report of Alumni Relations Committee . . 20 

Class Reunions % 24 

Alumni Luncheon at Peoria, May 21, 1913 24 

Address Book Announcement 25 

Advertising Notice 25 

News Notes 25 

Undergraduate Notes 20 

Deaths 20 

Morris Fishbein, S.B., M.D. 




In an examination of the blood from the body of a man in which 
post-mortem showed evidences of poisoning with illuminating gas 
(especially a brilliant red color of the muscles and blood), the 
question arose whether formaldehyde used in embalming the body 
four days previously, would in any way modify or inhibit the 
various reactions ordinarily used to demonstrate the presence of 
carbon monoxid hemoglobin. A' careful study of the literature 
failed to reveal any previous note on this subject, which may well 
be one of practical interest, especially in cases of a medicolegal 

The following preparations were studied by the spectroscope 
and by means of various chemical tests, which will be discussed 
individually: (1) the blood of the body examined post mortem 
after formaldehyd embalming; (2) normal blood; (3) normal blood 
containing formaldehyd solution; (4) normal blood through which 
illuminating gas had bubbled for fifteen minutes; (5) normal blood 
plus formaldehyd solution through which illuminating gas had 
bubbled for fifteen minutes, and (6) blood from several unembalmed 
bodies of persons whose deaths were suspected to be caused by 
poisoning with illuminating gas. 

The test suggested by Hoppe-Seyler, namely, boiling the blood, 
which, if rich in carbon monoxid, yields a brick-red mass, while 
normal blood becomes brown-black in color, was found to be prac- 
ticable in most instances. Not sufficient formaldehyd was present 
in the embalmed body to inhibit the test in any way. In the speci- 
men of normal blood containing formaldehyd, and in that con- 
taining illuminating gas and formaldehyd, the blood did not coagu- 
late readily, but boiled as a fluid. After cooling, the normal blood 
containing formaldehyd appeared as a brown-black fluid, and the 
normal blood with gas and formaldehyd appeared as a bright red 
fluid. After several days a thick coagulum settles out and the color 
distinctions are lost. If suspected specimens are quite old and 
appear dark and clotted, it is advisable before making the test to 

* This work has boon done under the alumni fellowship of Rush Medical 


dilute them with water so as to make them compare more closely 
with specimens of normal blood. 

In a test suggested by Kubner, four or five volumes of lead 
acetate solution are added to one volume of carbon monoxicl blood 
and thoroughly shaken for about a minute. Such blood retains its 
red color; normal blood under similar conditions becomes dark red. 
This test for immediate use is not so good as the first mentioned. 
In twenty-four hours, however, the reaction is marked and it 
increases daily, being. visible after several weeks. In the presence 
of formaldehyd a whitish coagulum forms in the blood in all cases, 
and the test is not valuable in the presence of much formaldehyd; 
but with small quantities the differences are more marked. 

Blood diluted 1 part to 4 with water and shaken with three 
times its volume of a 1 per cent, tannic acid solution becomes in 
twenty-four hours gray when normal, but in the presence of carbon 
monoxid, carmin red (Wetzel). In this case a precipitate resulted 
in all specimens, those containing formaldehyd giving a thicker 
coagulum. This, however, does not in any way interfere with the 
test. The reaction seems quite a good one in comparison with the 
others. The results are marked and the color distinctions very easy. 
The differences persist and become more marked with increasing 

Another method suggested by Wetzel is as MIoavs: When 10 
e.c. of blood are mixed with 1 5 c.c. of 20 per cent, potassium 
ferrocyanid solution and 2- c.c. of moderately strong acetic acid (1 
volume glacial acetic acid to 2 volumes of water) a solid coagulum 
gradually results, in normal blood black-brown, but when the blood 
contains carbon monoxid, bright red. With the quantities sug- 
gested, large amounts of material are required, and the tests must 
be made in large test-tubes or small beakers. The test may also be 
carried out with relatively smaller quantities. In several instances 
in which it was employed, however, the results compared "very 
unfavorably with other tests. All formalclehyd-containing mixtures 
formed very thick coagulums as compared with those containing no 
formaldehyd. The color distinctions are difficult, and in the vari- 
ous cases which were examined very few bright red coagulums were 
observed. In most cases the coagulum was light green or purple- 
black, the color seeming to depend more than anything else on the 
age and viscosity of the specimen tested. 

A modification of this test has been made by Schultz and used 
in many instances by Wachholz and Sieradzki. 1 In two flasks are 
-placed 2 c.c. of the blood diluted with 8 c.c. of water. To these are 
added 20 drops of a freshly prepared solution of 10 per cent, 
potassium ferrocyanid. One tube is shaken once and set aside. 
The other is shaken repeatedly. After ten minute from 3 to 5 drops 

1. Robert : Leiirbuoh dor Intoxiknt ionon, 1906, p. 882. 


of strong sulphuric acid are added, and following this, 10 c.c. of 
concentrated tannic acid. In the first tube there will be a red pre- 
cipitate, in the second a brownish-green. By this method Otto 
was able to show carbon monoxid in a mummified body eighteen 
months after death. Here also I found the color distinctions very 
difficult. The fact that colored solutions are employed in making 
the test makes it difficult to distinguish A^ariations in the shades 
of the sediments produced. As in other instances, specimens con- 
taining formaldehyd gave thicker, lighter coagulums. 

The presence of formaldehyd affects most of all a test suggested 
by Salkowski which has heretofore received favorable comment as 
an aid to the recognition of illuminating-gas poisoning. When 
blood is added to dilute hydrogen sulphid water drop by drop, it 
produces a bright red precipitate when carbon monoxid is present, 
otherwise a bright green. It was found that the addition of for- 
maldehyd to normal blood before carrying out the test caused a 
red precipitate on addition to hydrogen sulphid water which was 
but a little lighter than that produced by carbon monoxid blood. 
If no formaldehyd solution is present the test gives easily distin- 
guishable color reactions. But the fact that the presence of formal- 
dehyd causes a normal blood specimen to give a color reaction which 
is not distinguishable from that of blood containing illuminating 
gas makes the test of little value in embalmed bodies. 

The following quotation from an article by Doremus 2 gives in 
brief the salient points regarding the examination of carbon 
monoxid blood by means of the spectroscope : 

Blood taken from persons or animals poisoned with carbon monoxid 
shows a characteristic absorption spectrum closely resembling that of 
oxyhemoglobin. The absorption occurs between the D and E lines chiefly, 
and is apparent through the appearance of two absorption bands of nearly 
equal intensity and width. The one near D coincides almost exactly with 
that of oxyhemoglobin of the same position; the space between it and the 
band toward F is considerably wider than that between the two bands of 
oxyhemoglobin spectrum. When more than 27 per cent, of the blood-color- 
ing matter has been saturated by carbon monoxid, the addition to the blood 
of reducing agents, as a drop or two of a solution of crystallized ammonium 
sulphid, does not convert the spectrum into one of reduced hemoglobin. 
The character of this spectrum is that of a single band beginning on the 
D line and occupying a little more than half the space to the E line. 

Dilution of the blood is advisable in order that a clear spectrum 
may be observed. Whenever carbon monoxid is present, the spec- 
trum may be observed after a little practice, the presence of small 
amounts of formaldehyd having no inhibiting effect. Formaldehyd 
in larger quantities acts as a reducing substance, and when the 
quantity of carbon monoxid gas present is not larger than the 

2. Peterson and Haines : Legal Medicine and Toxicology, 1904, ii, 658. 


percentage given above, the spectrum of reduced hemoglobin may 
be found. In the case of normal blood, various quantities of for- 
maldehyd produce the various spectrums of oxyhemoglobin, some 
of which are distinguishable only with great difficulty from the 
spectrum of carbon monoxid gas blood, until sufficient formaldehyd 
is added, when the spectrum of reduced hemoglobin is produced. 
The addition of stronger reducing agents, such as mentioned by 
Doremus, produces the spectrum of reduced hemoglobin at once. 
In view of the fact that formaldehyd was found to modify more 
or less completely all the chemical tests, and to act as a reducing 
agent when present in large amounts, so as to interfere also with 
spectroscopic examinations, it was thought best to make a brief 
report of these examinations. From my experience with the vari- 
ous tests under these conditions, it would seem that the first test 
suggested by Wetzel, namely, dilution of the blood 1 part to 4 with 
water and shaking with three times the volume of 1 per cent, tannic 
acid, whereby normal blood becomes gray and carbon monoxid blood 
remains red, is most reliable and trustworthy in the presence of 
formaldehyd. In case no formaldehyd is present, Eubner's test, 
the addition of 4 volumes of lead acetate, will be found to yield very 
satisfactory results. Spectroscopic observations are of little value 
unless preceded by many observations on the various forms of 


Of unusual interest are the conditions in the following instances 
of gas poisoning : 

The patient, subjected for several hours after exposure to the action of 
the pulmotor, which has seemed to be of great efficiency in many cases, 
remained comatose. On admission to the Cook County Hospital, 12 ounces 
of blood were withdrawn and intravenous transfusion of saline solution 
was made. During four days normal saline solution by the drop method 
was given per rectum practically continuously. The patient remained 
unconscious throughout. The condition gradually grew worse and he died, 
nearly five days after the exposure to the gas. The following are the 
salient points in the post-mortem examination which was performed by 
Dr. E. R. LeCount : 

This is the body of a colored adult 163 cm. (5 feet 4 1/6 inches) long 
and weighing approximately 125 pounds, about 22 years old. The skin in 
the axillary regions is white but elsewhere it has a peculiar brown color 
as in Addison's disease. The skeletal muscles are very dark red. The blood 
in a glass pipet looked at through the sunlight has the color and appear- 
ance of turbid claret. 

Anatomic Diagnosis. — Hemorrhage into the lungs and visceral pleura, 
subplenral emphysema of the right lung (following the use of pulmotor?). 
engorgement of the pial vessels, edema and petechial hemorrhages in the 
lining of the small bowel, petechial hemorrhages in the lining of the greater 
antrum of the stomach and into the lining of the duodenum distal to the 


ampulla of Vater, hyperemia of the kidneys, small hemorrhages and slight 
edema of the lining of the base of the bladder, slight fatty changes and 
cloudy swelling of the liver, marked cloudy swelling of the pancreas, hyper- 
plasia of the mesenteric lymph-nodes, fatty changes in the intima of the 
aorta, absence of union of the two branches of the posterior coronary artery, 
slight fenestration of the pulmonary valves and of the thebesian valve, 
fibrous patches of thickening in the anterior mitral leaflet, fibrous adhesions 
between the hepatic flexure of the colon and the under surface of the right 
lobe of the liver and between the anterior surface of the right kidney and 
the same surface of the liver, distention of the seminal vesicles, scars on 
the chest over the sternum. 

Carbon monoxid was demonstrable in the blood by the various 
tests, chemical and spectroscopic. This is of special interest in view 
of the fact that many authorities hold that carbon monoxid blood 
loses its characteristics when exposed to the air, whereas in this 
case it was found even though the person lived five days after 
removal from the gas. Ordinarily, if the patient lives, the carbon 
monoxid is eliminated within a few hours. Kobert mentions the 
report by AYachholz of carbon monoxid in the blood seven days after 
the exposure to the gas. Few such cases are reported; probably a 
further study would show many instances of this nature. 

I desire to acknowledge my appreciation of the valuable advice rendered 
me by Prof. Walter S. Haines in the study of these reactions and of the 
kindly interest shown by Coroner Hoffmann in this work. 

1743 West Harrison Street. 



(From the Memorial Institute for Infectious Diseases, Chicago) 

It is of interest that the normal serum of one individual may 
agglutinate the red blood-cells of another of the same species, a 
phenomenon which Ehrlich named isoaggiutination. 

Landsteiner 1 first suggested that individuals might be divided 
into three distinct groups according to this phenomenon : 

Group 1. — The corpuscles are not agglutinated by serums of the other 
two groups, while the serums agglutinate the corpuscles of both groups. 

Group 2. — The corpuscles are agglutinated by the serums of the other 
two groups while the serums agglutinate the corpuscles of* Group 3, but 
not of Group 1. 

Group 3. — The corpuscles are agglutinated by the other two serums, 
and the serums agglutinate the corpuscles of Group 2, but not of Group 1. 

*This work has been aided by the Alumni Fellowship of Rush Medical College. 

1. Landsteiner. Centralbl. f. Bakt., I, Orig., 1900, 27, p. 361 ; Wien. klin. 
Wchnschr., 1901, 14, p. 1132 ; Landsteiner and Leiner, Centralbl. f, Bakt., I, Orig., 
1905, 38, p. 548 ; Landsteiner and Reich, Ibid., 1905, 39, p. 712. 


Jansky 2 and Moss 3 divided individuals into four groups. Moss 
found isoaggluti nation in 90 per cent, of the individuals tested. 
His grouping and the percentage in each group are as follows : 

Group 1. — Ten per cent.; serum agglutinates corpuscles of no group; 
corpuscles agglutinated by serum of Groups 2, 3 and 4. 

Group 2. — Forty per cent.; serum agglutinates corpuscles of Groups 1 
and 3; corpuscles agglutinated by serum of groups 3 and 4. 

Group 3. — Seven per cent.; serum agglutinates corpuscles of Groups 1 
and 2; corpuscles agglutinated by serum of Groups 2 and 4. 

Group J/.. — Forty-three per cent.; serum agglutinates corpuscles of 
Groups 1, 2 and 3; corpuscles are not agglutinated by any serum. 

There seem to be no autoagglutinins. 

Isoagglutination may possibly bring about disastrous results 
in transfusion of blood, and the selection of a donor should be made 
with reference to the isoagglutinative grouping. Manifestly the 
greatest danger lies in transfusion between members of groups 2 
and 3. Cases with seemingly unfavorable results under these con- 
ditions have been reported by Schultz, 1 Ottenberg, 2 and Hopkins. 3 

Concerning the nature of the so-called isoagglutinins, it has 
been shown that they are relatively thermostable, and resist heating 
to 55° C. for thirty minutes. Halban has stated that fetal blood 
from the cord at birth often contains isoagglutinin, even in cases 
in which the maternal blood did not contain isoagglutinins. Otten- 
berg and Epstein, 4 and later von Dungern and Hirschfeld, conclude 
that with respect to inheritance isoagglutination appears to follow 
the Mendelian law. When strong serum is used, agglutination may 
take place almost instantaneously. The isoagglutinative substances 
are absorbed by the cells which they agglutinate. Hektoen 5 and 
Moss 6 found that the isoagglutination occurs with approximately 
the same relative frequency in health as in disease. Hektoen found 
that the concentration of the isoagglutinins is practically constant 
from day to day in the same individuals. Gay 7 urged that there is 
evidence for the belief that isoagglutination of human blood may 
be due simply to physicochemical variation of molecular concentra- 
tion and not dependent on the presence of any agglutinins. 

In performing isoagglutinative tests various methods have been 
used. Practically all observers have used a 5 per cent, suspension 
of corpuscles and mixed with a small amount of this suspension 
in small tubes an equal quantity of serum. Ottenberg and Epstein 
make the tests in capillary pipettes. In making tests on large 

2. Cited bv Moss. 

3. Johns Hopkins Hosp. Bull., 1010, 21, p. 63. 

1. Berl. klin. Wchnschr., 1010. 47. p. 1407. 

2. Jour. Expor. Med.. 1911, 13. p. 425. 

3. Arch. Int. Mod., 1910. 6, p. 270. 

4. Trans. New York Path. Soc, 1908, S, p. 117. 

5. Jour. Infect. Dis., 1907, 4, p. 297. 

(5. Trans. Araor. Assoc. Physicians, 1909, 24, p. 419. 
7. Jour. Med. Res., 1908, 17, p. 321. 


groups, difficulty was experienced with both methods and a new 
method 8 was therefore attempted, which proved of great value in 
carrying out tests for isoagglutination rapidly in large groups. 

Three drops of the blood are added to 10 c.c. of a 1 per cent, solution 
of sodium citrate in physiologic salt solution. In this manner approxi- 
mately a 2 per cent, suspension of the blood is prepared, the citrate pre- 
venting coagulation. More blood is collected in a centrifuge tube and 
allowed to clot. With a clean needle the clot is loosened from the side of the 
tube and the tube centrifuged for a few minutes to obtain an upper layer of 
absolutely clear serum. This completes the preparation of material, with the 
exception of the plate which is now described. On an ordinary piece of 
window glass, approximately 3^x9 inches in size, which has been washed 
clean with water and ether, small circles are made with melted paraffin. 
If the melted paraffin is drawn up into a medicine dropper, the circles are 
quickly made with the tip while gentle pressure is exerted on the bulb. 
Ten circles may be made with one medicine dropper full of melted paraffin. 
In this manner paraffin cups are made, each of which will hold at least four 
drops. Assuming that, a series of twenty are to be studied, forty circles 
may be made on one such plate, four rows of ten each. Ten such plates 
are prepared. Then into each cup of set No. 1 are placed two drops of 
Serum 1; in each cup of set No. 2 are placed two drops of Serum 2, etc. 
In each of the twenty cups in set No. 1 are placed next two drops of cor- 
puscles No. 1, etc. If there is still likelihood of clotting, a drop of citrate 
solution may be added to each mixture. With a narrow glass rod the 
fluids are mixed thoroughly, the rod being washed in citrate solution and 
wiped after each mixing. In practically all instances, isoagglutination when 
present becomes visible macroscopically after half an hour at room tempera- 
ture; the mixture can be inspected easily under the microscope also. 

Two groups of normal individuals were examined and the same 
definite grouping as has been observed by the various investigators 
was found. A typical table is given (Table 1). 

As isoagglutination would seem to be a phenomenon of biologi- 
cal importance, a study of the occurrence in various species was 
undertaken. Hektoen failed to observe isoagglutinins in the serum 
of rabbits, guinea-pigs, dogs, horses and cattle, in each instance 
using the serum and corpuscles of ten to twenty different animals. 
Ottenberg and Friedman, 1 however, found that it did occur in 
rabbits and in steers. In rabbits it was found that there occurred 
a distinct grouping which bore no relation to race and color. These 
groups were as follows : 

Group 1. — Serum agglutinative toward all cells, cells not agglutinable. 
Group 2. — Serum agglutinates Group 3 cells, cells agglutinated by 
Serum 1. 

Group 3. — Serum non-agglutinative, cells agglutinated by Serums 1 
and 2. 

Group //. — Serum non-agglutinative, cells not agglutinable. 

1. Jour. Exper., Med., 1911, 13, p. 531. 

8. Jour. Amer. Med. Assoc, 1912, 59, p. 793. 





I A 

I I 

I Jl II J\ 

6| 7 8 9|10|jll 


12M13 14115 



17 18 


+ + 

+ 1 

+ 1 + 
I I 

+ + 

+ |'+ 



V .. 

VI . 

IX . 

X .. 

+ [+ 
+ + 

+ ! + 


+ + 

+ + I 

I I I 


+ 1 + 


XII .. 

XIV . 

XV .. 

XVI . 

XIX . 

XX . . 

I I I 
■ o I 








I I 

I I 
















1 1 

15|16 17 

1 1 





































I ... 

II . . 

III . . 

IV .. 

V .. . 

VI .. 

VII . 

IX .. 

X ... 

XI .. 

XII . 

XV . 

XVI . 

XIX . 

XX .. 

In steers it was found that a grouping could be made into 
three sets: 

Group 1. — Agglutinative but not agglutinable. 
Group 2. — Agglutinable but not agglutinative. 
Group 3. — Neither agglutinative nor agglutinable. 



More recently Ingebrigsten 2 studied the occurrence of isoag- 
glutination in forty cats. He found in at least five cases positive 
interagglutination. In other instances there was some doubt. In 
thirty-two no agglutination was present. No grouping was possible. 


















1 1 









































































































































TABLE 4.— 










1 1 1 

7 8| 9|10 

1 1 1 































































































































+ 1 + 1 + 

+ 1 o I 

| I 






















XVI . 





I | 



1 1 


I have examined several different species including 60 swine, 
GO cattle, 40 sheep, 25 rabbits, 20 frogs and 10 dogs. Tables 2, 3, 
4 and 5 of groups of twenty are typical of the results. 

2. Munchcn. med. Wchnschr., 1912, 59, p. 1475. 






1 1 

1 1- 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 




VI 8 

6| 7| 8 



I 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 





+ + 



+ ! + 


I 1 1 1 

1 I 1 








1 1 1 1 

[ [ | 

1 1 1 





o i | | | + 

| | | 


IV . 


+ 1 + 

| |4- 

| | | 




0| | 

| f | 

| 1 | Q 






i 0-0 

- - 




| + l 

| i o 1 



| | 


| | 1 


IX . 



| | 


o i 


i i i 

1 1 1 






| | | 





| | 

1 1 


| | | 

1 1 1 





| | | 

1 I 1 



| i o i 

1 1 1 


XIII ... 





| 1 | 


| | | 



XIV ... 



| | I | 



| | | 



l | | | 

o 14- 

1 I o 


XVI . . . 

1+1 o |+ 

| | | 0. | 


XVII ... 


0| | | 4- 


| | | 




1 | | 





XIX .... 




o 1 | | 


o 14- 





o 14- 





1 1 

1 1 1 







In studying isoagglutination in these animals, an endeavor was 
made to determine whether race or color played any part. It was 
found that the occurrence of agglutination did not bear any rela- 
tionship to these factors. 

It was found further that isoagglutination in animals is a much 
less pronounced phenomenon than in man. In many instances, 
only by microscopical examination could it be accurately determined 
whether agglutination had occurred or not. This was particularly 
true in the case of frogs and rabbits. 

It is obvious from the tables that no division into groups can 
be consistently made. Just as Ingebrigsten found to be the case 
in cats, so in dogs, sheep, cattle, swine and rabbits, isoagglutina- 
tion occurs, but seems to be governed by no definite grouping. 
In all instances there is indeed a large group which is neither agglu- 
tinative nor agglutinable, this being particularly true of sheep and 
rabbits, but beyond this nothing further can be said. 

In the frogs examined, isoagglutination did not occur. All 
specimens were examined microscopically at various intervals after 
mixing, but not the slightest trace of agglutination was visible. 

With regard to isoagglutination in swine, Eeichel 1 states that 
in intravenous injection of hogs with hog serum deaths have been 
observed with all the evidences of intravascular agglutination. 

1. Personal communication. 


The mechanism of this phenomenon is still in doubt. Various 
interesting hypotheses have been advanced and but few experiments 
made in their support. The assumption is usually made of various 
agglutinins and agglutinophilic receptors. Thus Moss advances 
the following explanation for the grouping in man : 

Group 7. — Serum contains no agglutinin, corpuscles possess receptors 
a, b and c. 

Group 2. — Serum contains agglutinin A, corpuscles possess receptors 
b and c. 

Group 3. — Serum contains agglutinin B, corpuscles possess receptors 
a and c. 

Group ). — Serum contains agglutinin C, corpuscles possess no receptors. 

It would seem that the only other possibility would be the 
reverse, agglutinins being substituted for receptors and vice versa. 
The first hypothesis is proved, says Moss, by using the serum of 
Group 4 to agglutinate the corpuscles of Group 1, after which it 
would not agglutinate corpuscles of Groups 2 and 3. 

In discussing their conclusions as to grouping in rabbits and 
steers, Ottenberg and Friedman also hypothecate agglutinins and 
agglutinable substances. The grouping in the rabbits calls for two 
of each and in the steers for one of each. 

My results show in all cases that agglutination seems to have 
occurred without any definite grouping. To account for each 
individual instance in the case of the swine, let us say, according 
to such a hypothesis, would demand a host of such receptors and 
agglutinins. In man, isoagglutination is distinctly a group reac- 
tion ; it is constant, and it is accompanied definitely by absorption 
of some substances which seem to govern the reaction, so that it 
would seem to be due to something else than physicochemical varia- 
tions of molecular concentration. In the case of animals, rather 
than assume the presence of multitudinous agglutinins and recep- 
tors, it would be simpler to assume the existence of one agglutinin 
and one receptor only, whose actions are modified by extraneous 
factors, as, for instance, chemical and physical variations, perhaps 
infinitesimal, in the individual sera and corpuscles tested. 

In conclusion, then, it appears that in man there is a distinct 
isoagglutinative grouping possible ; that in other mammals, isoag- 
glutination is present, but according to no special order, and that 
in frogs, as representing amphibians, it appears to be absent. It is 
suggested that where facilities permit, tests be made on a wide 
variety of species, including monkeys and higher apes, to see 
whether any definite gradation exists. 




Chairman of the Fellowship Committee 

A period of ten years having elapsed since the institution of 
the Rush Alumni fellowship, it is a suitable time to briefly review 
the work which it has made possible and to decide whether the 
substantial returns are sufficient to warrant its being continued. 
During the last year in which Dr. Rhodes was Secretary of the 
Alumni Association, an effort was made to raise money to support 
an alumni fellow. About $500 having been secured at the time of 
the annual meeting in June, 1902, it was decided to secure a 
research fellow to whom $400 should be paid for a year's work. 
During the past ten years the fellowship committees have collected 
about $3,500 which has been used to aid the work of seven fellows, 
one working for two years. At no time has the amount paid by 
the Association been sufficient in itself for the entire support of 
the work. The laboratory facilities and supplies and also some 
money have been furnished by the Memorial Institute for Infectious 
Diseases. In some instances fellows have secured part of their 
support from Rush Medical College through teaching classes in 
the pathological laboratory. The research work so successfully 
prosecuted by the Alumni fellows must be placed to the credit of 
the Alumni Association, which has furnished most of the money 
without which the investigations would not have been possible. 

The fellows have all been graduates of Rush and most of them 
had served as hospital interns before receiving their appointments.* 

We may roughly estimate the value of the fellowship by the 
scientific output of its occupants. It is unfair to expect too much 
from the initial year's work in laboratory research of young men 
fresh from their undergraduates studies and services as hospital 
interns, but our Alumni fellows have always made distinct addi- 
tions to our scientific knowledge, and have sometimes opened up 
fruitful fields for future research. 

Of much more value than the immediate results secured during 
the. year of work are the incentive and equipment for future efforts 
acquired in the atmosphere of the laboratory. These young men 
have been very fortunately placed under the direction of Prof. 
Ludvig Hektoen at the time when the advice and inspiration of 
such a conservative but enthusiastic investigator is of incalcuable 
advantage. The subsequent brief period in the activities of these 

*The Alumni fellows with their terms of service and the subjects of their 
study when fellows have been : E. C. Rosenow, 1902-1904, Pneumonia and pneu- 
mococcus Infections ; Herman E. Wolf, 1905-1906, Opsonic Index and Antipneu- 
mococcal Power of the Blood in Pneumonia ; David J. Davis, 1907-1908, Influenza 
and Influenzal Pneumonia ; T. H. Boughton. 1908-1909, Interaction of Serum, 
Leukocytes and Bacteria in Phagocytosis ; Geo. F. Dick, 1909-1910, Institutional 
Dysentery; II. E. Eggers, 1910-1911, Phagocytosis, Morris Fishbein, 1912-1913, 
Isoagglutination in Man and Animals, Illuminating Gas Poisoning. 


Alumni fellows has been long enough to show that they have 
profited by their opportunities. Since Dr. Eosenow began his 
studies in pneumonia in 1902, he has never allowed a year to pass 
without adding some new facts relative to pneumococcus infections 
and immunity, and he has taken his place among the productive 
investigators of the world. Dr. Davis has followed his studies on 
influenza and whooping cough by others on the bacteriology of 
urinary infections and septic sore throat. He is now resident 
pathologist to St. Luke's Hospital, Chicago. Dr. Boughton, after 
completing his fellowship was made resident pathologist to Cook 
County Hospital, and is now Professor of Pathology in the Uni- 
versity of Kansas. Dr. Geo. P. Dick, in 1911, edited a second 
edition of Dr. Eicketts' book on Infection, Immunity and Serum 
Therapy in a most creditable manner. He is now engaged in 
research work in the Memorial Institute for Infectious Diseases, 
and is resident to the Annie W. Duraild Hospital for Contagious 
Diseases attached to that institution. Dr. PI. E. Eggers is now 
Professor of Pathology in the Harvard Medical School of China. 
Dr. M. Pishbein is about to assume his duties as intern in the 
Annie W. Durand Hospital of the Memorial Institute. Although 
these are all young men, their names are found scattered through 
the medical literature of the past few years among the foremost 
investigators in the field of infection and immunity. With their- 
equipment and enthusiasm we may confidently look for much from 
them in the future, both as investigators and teachers. In view of 
these facts can anyone doubt the value of the Alumni Fellowship? 
Is not everyone who has helped to make its existence possible more 
than satisfied with the results to science and with the renown 
which these ex-fellows are bringing to their Alma Mater? Shall 
the Alumni not show their appreciation by still more liberal sup- 
port of the fellowship, so that ten years from now we may be 
enabled to look back with even greater satisfaction and pleasure? 


The Memorial Institute for Infectious Diseases was founded in 
1902 by Mr. and Mrs. Harold F. McCormick for the purpose of 
investigation and treatment of infectious diseases, more particularly 
scarlet fever. Investigative work yielding important results has 
been carried on ever since by a permanent staff in rented quarters 
in Eush Medical College, and support has been given to investiga- 
tions elsewhere, notably those by the late Dr. Howard T. Eicketts 
of the University of Chicago on Eocky Mountain spotted fever 
and on typhus fever, from which he died, being stricken while 
engaged in its study in Mexico City. In 1904, Mr. and Mrs, 


McCormick made it possible to establish the Journal of Infectious 
Diseases, which is devoted to the publication of the results of origi- 
nal investigation in the field indicated by its name; twelve volumes 
of this journal have been issued. 

For three or four years a small hospital for scarlet fever was 
conducted in some old houses on Hermitage Avenue belonging to 
the Presbyterian Hospital and now torn down. In the meantime 
efforts were made to secure location for a hospital for infectious 
diseases on the south side, and in 1906, the late Mr. Otto Young 
gave to the Memorial Institute the larger part of a vacant block, 
west of Washington Park and valued at $100,000. Anticipating 
the erection of buildings on this land the Memorial Institute pur- 
chased the remainder of the block, but on account of the opposition 
of the owners of surrounding property and on account of the hostile 
attitude of the city council this project was abandoned. Many 
other efforts were made to locate on the south side. 

On March 6, 1911, an affiliation -was made between the Memorial 
Institute for Infectious Diseases and the Northern Trust Company 
of Chicago, as Trustee under the Will of Annie W. Durand. 
deceased, pursuant to a decree of court giving a construction of 
Mrs. Durand's Will. Under this decree the Northern Trust Com- 
pany as Trustee has erected, on ground furnished by the Institute, 
a complete and thoroughly modern hospital, at a cost of $200,000. 
The contract between the Institute and the Trust Company covers 
a period ninety-nine years, and provides that the Institute shall 
operate the Durand Hospital with a minimum of forty beds, and 
entirely free from any charge, for the care of infectious diseases. 
From the funds provided in Mrs. Durand's will the Trust Com- 
pany will pay over such net income as it may have for the defrayal 
of the expenses of the hospital, and any deficiency will be made up 
out of the funds of the Memorial Institute. It is contemplated 
that the hospital, under these auspices, will afford some much- 
needed relief in the care of all forms of infectious disease in the 
densely-crowded parts of the city. 

To provide a site for the Durand Hospital and for their build- 
ings for laboratory and hospital purposes, the Memorial Institute 
has purchased land in the block bounded by Hermitage Avenue, 
Harrison, Wood and York streets. Ground was broken for the 
hospital in November, 1911, and the building, which is modern, 
fireproof and of first-class construction throughout, is now ready 
for occupancy. The architect is Charles S. Frost. 

It is the intention before long to erect an adequate building for 
laboratory purposes adjoining and north' of the hospital. 

The Trustees of the Memorial Institute, on whom its activities 
and the work of the Durand Hospital will depend, are Dr. Frank 
Billings, Charles L. Hutchinson, Dr. James B. Herrick and Dr. 
L. Hektoen, and the Northern Trust Company, as Trustee, has the 


power of supervision, to see that the spirit and intention of the 
donor of the Durand Fund is at all times observed and carried out. 

The staff of the Durand Hospital of the Memorial Institute is 
as follows: consulting physician, Ernest E. Irons; consulting sur- 
geon, Dean D. Lewis: consulting oto-iaryngologist, S. N. Friedberg; 
physicians, Drs. George H. Weaver and Dr. E. C. Kosenow; resi- 
dent, Dr. Geo. F. Dick; intern, Dr. Morris Fishbein; superin- 
tendent, Miss Charlotte Johnson. 

On February 27, Mr. Byron L. Smith of the Northern Trust 
Company made the formal transfer of the building to Dr. James 
B. Herrick, who took the place of Dr. Frank Billings, the latter 
being ill and unable to attend the exercises. Dr. Herrick read the 
following address, which was prepared by Dr. Billings: 

The President and Board of Directors of the Northern Trust Com- 
pany, Trustee Under the Will of Annie W. Durand, and 
Ladies and Gentlemen: 

This is a notable event in the history of Chicago. For the first 
time in the history of the Mississippi Valley a hospital built on 
modern and scientific lines is opened to the public for the free care 
of the needy poor suffering from infectious diseases. There is 
always a need of such an hospital in every crowded community, 
and this is especially true of a city as large as Chicago. Municipal 
and county institutions, even of the best character, are inadequate 
in capacity to care, at all times, for those patients who suffer from 
infectious diseases, which are not only often dangerous to the life 
of the individual patients, but a menace to susceptible well people 
because of the contagious character of many of them. This hospital 
is not large and will not add many to the total number of beds of 
our public hospitals devoted to the care of patients suffering from 
infectious diseases. Nevertheless, it will become a very important 
factor in this community, for it will fulfil all of 1/he functions of 
a modern hospital. 

The term hospital is derived from the Latin hospitium, hos- 
pitalism relating to a guest; hospitalis, apartments for guests and 
hence Knights Hospitalers, who built an hospital at Jerusalem in 
1042. The hospitals of ancient times were used for the safe-keep- 
ing and enjoyment of the traveler, both well and sick. In later 
time the chief function has been to care for and to treat the sick 
medically and surgically. 

When infection and the means of transmission of contagion 
were not understood, and that time was not long ago, hospitals 
were often the sources of infectious diseases of the most deadly 
character. There are people present to-day who have seen hospital 
gangrene, hospital childbed fever, hospital erysipelas and other 
contagious types of infectious disease spread like a plague among 
the patients of hospitals of that day. It is not to be wondered at 


that in that clay the patient and his friends feared the hospital, and 
entered its doors only by force or because no other course was open 
to him. It is no wonder that the great public remembers the 
dangers of the hospital of the not long ago, and still holds the 
prejudices born of their own experience or inherited from others. 

The rational fear of other days shares with the irrational abhor- 
rence of many of the contagious infectious diseases — notably the 
eruptive fevers like small-pox, scarlet fever, measles, etc. This 
fear of these particular diseases when the patient and his friends 
are uncontrolled is well founded, but when such patients are cared 
for in an hospital constructed properly and adequately cared for, 
they not only have a much better chance of recovery, but also cease 
to be a menace to the community, even of those in the same 

I may now ask what are the functions of the hospital? Prim- 
arily it is, of course, a place for the proper care and treatment of 
the sick. By proper care is meant the utilization of every means 
which modern knowledge affords to give the patient the surest 
means of recovery from his malady: A sanitary building, proper 
furnishings, good food selected to suit his condition, tender, careful 
nursing aud scientific medical and surgical treatment. If these 
are afforded the patient, experience has shown that there must be a 
daily inquisition of the institution. This cannot be met by the 
daily visit of a board of visitors, even if such a thing could be 
commended. But it can be met by giving the hospital its next 
most important function ; that is, make it an educational institu- 
tion. Properly conducted, it will teach the people of the community 
problems in the causes and prevention of disease. It will teach 
them the need of fear of uncontrolled contagion. Every intelligent 
patient who leaves its doors will be a teacher of his friends, of the 
knowledge that has come to him. It will serve as a school for 
nurses, who more than pay for the knowledge they gain by the 
care they give the sick through their whole professional lives. "It 
will serve as a practical school for the medical student, who will 
see and learn to know disease as expressed in the symptoms and 
signs noted at the bedside. He cannot learn this from books. In 
the hospital he as well as the patient is controlled with benefit to 
both and to the outside world. For what the doctor does not learn 
by actual bedside observation when a medical student, he learns 
later at the bedside of your child or of some one dear to you, and 
sometimes this late practical observation brings the necessary 
knowledge too late to serve you or him. 

Now the most inquisitive people of the world are its students. 
Pupil nurses and medical students who come in contact with the 
patient know what is going on; know whether the head nurse and 
the physician are doing all that may be done to know all that 
human knowledge may tell of the condition of the patient and 


what the management and treatment should be. Those who have 
had experience know that this sort of inquisition does more for 
efficiency of medical and nursing care than any other factor in 
hospital management and we all need it, for routine is an easy 
road which leads to carelessness and inefficiency. 

And the next great function of the hospital is to add to the sum 
total of human knowledge by the investigation of disease. The 
cause of several infectious diseases is still unknown. To seek these 
and at the same time develop a specific treatment which will bring 
relief of suffering and preserve life as we now command in diph- 
theria and cerebrospinal meningitis. Problems relating to disease 
cannot be solved without the materials to study, as expressed in 
the morbid physical condition of the "patient. As an educational 
and investigatory institution the hospital becomes a most important 
factor in a community second to none in relation to its health, 
prosperity and happiness. 

This beautiful building has been constructed and equipped with 
all the modern appliances for the proper and adequate care, treat- 
ment and investigation of the sick and to fulfil all requirements 
of an educational institution. Its importance and value to this city 
and to the world is very great; indeed, much more than many 
times larger hospitals which neglect the educational factor of the 
true hospital. 

The Annie W. Durand Hospital is a worthy and honorable 
memorial to a noble woman. A memorial which will not only 
relieve the suffering and prolong the lives of the sick who are 
fortunate enough to gain admission to its shelter and secure the 
care it will afford them, but to countless numbers of others who 
will secure relief of suffering and life through the administration 
of the nurses and the doctors who will learn to recognize the infec- 
tious diseases and to care properly and scientifically for other 

Then too, if painstaking, conscientious, rational, scientific 
clinical research shall be rewarded we may hope that success may 
crown the efforts of Dr. Ludvig Hektoen and' his associates with 
the discoveries which will increase our knowledge of many of the 
infectious diseases that they may be able to elaborate methods of 
prevention and of cure of some or all of these diseases. Put to 
such uses this hospital assumes an importance of great value to the 

Sir: in the name of its founders, Mr. and Mrs. Harold F. 
McCormick and of its directors, it affords me great pleasure to 
accept the Annie W. Durand Memorial Hospital as a part of the 
Memorial Institute for Infectious Diseases. 

The hospital has numerous special features for the handling of 
contagious diseases. Isolation rooms are provided which are 


arranged in suites of two rooms with a completely outfitted bath- 
room. There are arrangements for steaming, for hot packs, for 
complete and adequate sterilization and disinfection of all dejecta, 
linens, utensils, etc. On the fifth floor of the hospital are two 
sun play-rooms, and there is good roof space for patients able to be 
outdoors. On floors for patients, rooms are arranged in suites of 
two with bath, there are hall windows for inspection of patients; 
the furniture is of steel, white enameled and of porcelain, and all 
walls, floors, fixtures and furniture are so made as to be readily 
cleaned and disinfected. On each floor there are two wards of five 
to seven beds each for convalescent patients, also with special bath- 
room facilities. There is adequate closet room for storing of linens. 
Each floor is also provided with a completely equipped diet kitchen, 
with sterilizer for patients' dishes, steam table, brine coil refrigera- 
tion and gas stoves ; a laboratory completely equipped for all clinical 
and bacteriological examinations, an operating- and dressing-room 
for such operations as may arise in the handling of contagious dis- 
eases. On the second floor are rooms for nurses, a nurses' dining- 
room, doctors' dining-room, kitchen, sewing-room, nurses' sitting- 
room, doctors' gowning-room and office, etc. Kitchen and dining- 
room' services as well as linens, etc., are so designed as to prevent 
any possibility of mixing of patients, doctors' and nurses' or servants' 
supplies. On the main floor is a large kitchen, servants dining- 
room, servants quarters, a morgue-room with refrigeration, a chapel 
and funeral-room, a general office and specially designed receiving- 
rooms so arranged as to receive and discharge patients with no 
dangers in the way of contracting mixed infections. There is a 
complete electric dumb waiter service and electric elevator service. 
In the basement are large store-rooms. There is a completely 
equipped power plant with facilities for making ice, for sterilizing 
mattresses, linen, clothing, etc., and for heating, ventilation, etc. 
All water entering the building is filtered and cooled. There -is 
also a modern laundry. 


Chicago, III., April 1, 1913. 

To the Members of the Alumni Association of Rush Medical 
College: — At the annual business meeting of the Association in 
June, 1912, it was suggested that a determined effort be made to 
bring about alumni reunions at the various state medical society 
meetings and in particular at the national meeting of the A. M. A., 
and that principally those states in which the greater number of 
our members reside, the western and southwestern, be asked to 
take part in this movement, and that a representative alumnus for 
each state be appointed to act as local chairman. In accordance 


with that suggestion, I was appointed Chairman of the Committee 
on Alumni Eeunions and given power to appoint the other mem- 
bers of this committee. Early in the season, in August of last year, 
I directed a circular letter to about twenty representative Eush 
Alumni in that many different states requesting their cooperation 
for the securing of creditable attendance at the next meeting of the 
A. M. A. at Minneapolis, Minn., in June, 1913, and also to act as 
local chairmen in their respective states for the purpose of bring- 
ing about a Eush Alumni meeting at the annual meeting of the 
state society. The circular letter was sent July 31, 1912. 

In response to this, eight favorable answers have so far been 
received from Alumni members and their names have been added 
to the membership of the Alumni Eeunion Committee. It is very 
much desired that this committee be completed and that the name 
of a representative alumnus from each of the following states be 
secured, namely : California, Utah, Arizona, Texas, Montana, North 
Dakota, South Dakota, Michigan, Nebraska and Ohio. Each mem- 
ber to act as local chairman for the state organization as well. I 
shall be much pleased to be favored with the name of a Eush 
graduate from each of the above-mentioned states, preferably one 
who is much interested in the welfare and progress of the old 
school and the work she is doing. There can be no doubt that 
with but a little effort we will 'make Eush Alumni Eeunion a most 
distinctive as well as instructive feature at every state organization 
meeting and a most enthusiastic gathering at the meeting of the 
A. M. A. 

Answers were received from the following: Dr. Cassius T. 
Lesan, Mount Ayr, la.; Dr. Bvron M. Caples, Waukesha, Wis.; Dr. 
Jehiel W. Chamberlin, St. Paul, Minn. ; Dr. Harrv W. Horn, 
Wichita, Kans. ; Dr. Eobert C. Eoler, Pueblo, Colo.; Dr. Fred A. 
Tucker, Indianapolis, Ind. ; Dr. 1ST. W. Jones, Portland, Ore.; Dr. 
0. H. Avev, Payette, Idaho; Tri-State, Idaho, Washington and 
Oregon. Dr. Eobert C. Eobe, Pueblo, Colo., replied promptly to 
the circular letter, and from his communication one mav jjudgre 
that he has the matter well in hand. His letter refers to the state 
meeting of last year, but owing to the distance and the near 
approach for the opening of the school term at Eush, the meeting 
was not attended by any member of the faculty. The state meet- 
ing for the present year will be at Glen wood Springs, Colo., 
October 7, 8, and 9, and Eush Alumni members of the state should 
receive all necessary information relative to alumni reunion from 
the local chairman, Dr. Eobe. 

Dr. Harry W. Horn, Wichita, Kans., states that he will be 
pleased _ to hear from every alumnus residing in the state to aid in 
bringing about a rousing Eush Alumni Eeunion at the meeting of 


the state medical association, held this year in Topeka, Ivans., May 
7 and 8. 

Dr. Byron M. Caples, Waukesha, Wis., local chairman Alumni 
Eeunion Committee for Wisconsin, will be delighted to hear from 
Alumni members to arrange for a creditable reunion at the meeting 
of the Wisconsin State Medical Society at Milwaukee, October 1-2.. 

Alumni members residing in the state of Iowa will kindly 
communicate at once with Dr. Cassius T. Lesan, Mount Ayr, la., 
state Chairman Alumni Eeunion Committee, to make all neces- 
sary arrangements for a reunion at Des Moines, la., at the meeting 
of the State Medical Association, held May 7, 8 and 9. 

From the state of Indiana I received a prompt reply to my 
communication. Dr. Fred A. Tucker, Noblesville, Ind., President 
of the State Board of Health, an alumnus of our school, brought 
about a very creditable gathering of alumni members at the last 
meeting of the State Association, held at Indianapolis, Ind., 
October last. As Dr. Tucker requested that some member of the 
Rash faculty, if possible, be in attendance at that gathering at 
luncheon, Dr. Wilbur F. Post, teacher in the department of 
medicine, was detailed to represent the school. He spoke about 
old Rush and the new, the work she is doing in advance medical 
science, and about the future hope and anticipations as the fore- 
most medical teaching institution of its kind in the country. The 
gathering was a most enthusiastic one. although the attendance was 
not as large as had been expected. The acting secretary on this 
occasion, Dr. Jackson of Indianapolis, Ind., has not given us the 
expected report, which, if received, would make most interesting 
reading matter for our Bulletin. The coming meeting of the 
state medical society will be at West Baden, Ind., September 25 
and 26, and a Rush Alumni Reunion will be on the regular pro- 
gram, so Dr. Fred A. Tucker assures me. 

From Minnesota comes glad tidings from Dr. Jehiel W. 
Chamberlin that he is hoav in the midst of an active campaign to 
bring about at the state society meeting, held at Minneapolis, Minn., 
in October next, and more particularly at the meeting of the A. 
M. A. in June, also at Minneapolis this year, a most creditable and 
distinctive gathering of Rush Alumni members. 

A letter direct to Dr. Noble W. Jones, Portland, Ore., brought 
some information which may be of much interest to Alumni mem- 
bers in some of the other states to know what is being done in states 
where Rush Alumni organizations have been perfected. Dr. Jones 
states that the states of Idaho, Oregon and Washington have a very 
active tri-state organization, Rush organization, and that my letter 
would be referred to the secretary of that organization, Dr. 0. H. 
Avey, Payette, Idaho, as the proper person to receive this com- 
munication, and that he should act as local chairman representing 
the three states. Dr. 0. H. Avey's Payette (Idaho) letter to my 


circular letter was a most agreeable surprise, showing so well an 
organized alumni association in the three states mentioned. 

In our own state of Illinois everything points to a very inter- 
esting alumni reunion at the coming meeting of the state society 
at Peoria, May 20 to 22. The president of the state organization, 
Dr. Chas. T. Whalen, is an Alumnus of old Rush, and we have his 
promise to lend his aid to make the Alumni gathering at that meet- 
ing a great success. As a forerunner, it may interest Alumni mem- 
bers inside and outside of the state to learn what has been done in 
Peoria relative to the Alumni meeting in February last. Drs. 
Marcus Whiting, '83, and J. P. McMahon, '83, in commemoration 
of the thirtieth anniversary since graduating from Rush, tendered 
the local Alumni and their friends a sumptuous 'dinner at the 
leading club in the city. I have requested full particulars about 
that gathering and the presiding officers and toastmaster of the 
evening have forwarded to me a synopsis of the doings of the even- 
ing, and it may interest members to read the particulars, including 
the menu and who was in attendance. In answer to my request I 
received the following: 

My Dear Dr. Ritter: — I am now in position to intelligently, and fully 
as seems desirable, reply to the queries and requests contained in your 
favor of the 5th inst. 

The dinner and reunion of Rush College alumni resident in this city 
and county, arranged by Drs. Marcus Whiting and J. P. McMahon in 
celebration of the thirtieth anniversary of their graduation, proved in 
every sense a great event and charming success. 

As so-called "Dean" of the local faculty, and active senior in the ranks 
of resident alumni, the writer was honored with the position of toast- 
master on the occasion, and never enjoyed a gathering of the kind more 
in his life. All present fully appreciated the thoughtful consideration 
of our fellows in realizing what had from time to time been more or 
less vaguely suggested. The feeling of gratitude found expression before 
disbanding, in a resolution of he'arty thanks to those brethren for the 
movement's initiation. 

There were no set speeches. All responses were assumed to be 
impromptu, inspired by the spirit of the hour, and suggested in turn by 
interesting recitals, happily growing in volume and enthusiasm as the 
evening advanced. 

The guests present representing respectively the clerical, legal, dental 
and pharmaceutical professions were especially felicitous in their remarks. 
The Rev. Dr. Otto, pastor of the First Baptist Church, aside from offering 
the invocation, subsequently told of his experience with the members of 
the medical profession as real philanthropists and self-sacrificing aids in 
the cause of humanity. The Hon. Frank Quinn indulged in reminiscences 
relative to his experience with medical men as expert witnesses, especially 
detailing some of his bouts with Prof. .Walter Haines in Chicago. 

Dr. W. A. Johnston, graduate in medicine as well as in dentistry, 
poetized in a somewhat humorous way over the not altogether inspiring- 
fortitude of physicians generally under the discomforts of dental opera- 
tions, and D. S. Snider, Ph.D., a veteran pharmacist, had something 
unique to say respecting the ethical spirit and fraternal relationship of 
the two professions, 


Every alumnus present responded to the call of his name, many 
creating much hilarity by depicting the pranks and experiences of college 
days, as well as in their picturesque elucidation of illusions dispelled in 
the actual work of handling the sick. 

The gathering, in all its phases was an eminent illustration of that 
spirit of fellowship inaugurated just twenty-two years ago at the first 
joint banquet of faculty and alumni in Chicago. 

So satisfactory, indeed, did it seem to every one present that steps 
were immediately taken to make the reunion a permanent annual exhibit. 

It may be noted as quite remarkable that out of a total representa- 
tion of forty-one Bush graduates in Peoria County there were only nine 
absentees on the occasion described, from each of whom was received expres- 
sions of sincere regret, only illness or urgent necessity standing in the 
way of their participation. 

In response to your request for suggestions as to the usual alumni 
reunion during the forthcoming meeting of the State Medical Society in 
this city, I will say that I have consulted with others on the matter, 
and a meeting will be held within a few days to consider the subject. It 
is safe to say, however, that w T e will not be found wanting in our allegiance 
to your purpose, and Mall do what we can to make your committee's 
efforts a success. Respecting that feature you will hear from me within 
the week. Sincerely and fraternally yours, o. B. Will. 

To Dr. John Ritter, 1748 West Harrison Street, Chicago. 

John Hitter, 
Chairman Alumni Eelations Committee. 


All classes ending in 3 or 8 have reunions this year. The sec- 
retaries or presidents of these classes should start something. 
Arrangements can be made for special tables at the Faculty Ban- 
quet, Wednesday evening, June 11, 1913, and Monday or Tuesday, 
by writing to the College, care of Class Reunion Committee. 

The Commencement Exercises of the College will occur June 
11. 1913, as can be seen by the calender published in another part 
of the Bulletin. The principal address will be delivered by J. G. 
Aclami, M.D., F.R.S., Professor of Pathology and Bacteriology, 
McGill University, Montreal, Canada. 

Class of '98. — Special reunion of the Class of ? 93 will be held 
during commencement week. This is our twentieth aimiversary 
and it's time to get together and report. Let all be present or 
accounted for when the roll is called on or about June 11, 1913. 
The President, Dr. Ullerick, has appointed Dr. J. W. Van Derslice 
as the Chairman of the Arrangements Committee. All communi- 
cations can be addressed to him at the College. 


Dr. 0. B. Will and committee are arranging for a luncheon at 
noon during the Illinois State Medical Society meeting at Peoria, 
May 20, 21 and 22, 1913. See announcement in later Bulletin 
or from headquarters at Peoria. 



The responses to our call for clues and fellowship fund are 
very good, but we need more to carry on all that is intended. 
Either in April or May, the preliminary address book of the Alumni 
of Rush College will be sent to all of the Alumni and members of 
the faculty for correction. This will be a number of The Bul- 
letin, and the returns from this edition will be embodied in a 
special edition, bound in cloth and will be sent to all the paid 
members of the Alumni Association and the contributors to the 
Fellowship Fund. We want every alumnus to get one of these 
bound books, but we must limit them to those who have contributed. 
So if you get the pink slip with your Bulletin your dues are not 
paid for the year. Send in your dollar and your contribution to 
the Fellowship Fund. This will bring you the special, corrected, 
cloth-bound edition of the Address Book. 


The advertising carried in the Bulletin will be kept up to the 
highest standard. All money realized from advertising is used to 
publish the Bulletin and to aid the Alumni fellowship. 

Most of the advertisers in this number aided in the furnishing 
of the Durand Hospital, which is described in this issue. Hospital 
furniture, Hospital Supply Co. ; interior furnishings, Mandel Bros. ; 
laboratory apparatus, V. Mueller & Co. ; record sheets, etc., Petti- 
bone Printing Co.; typewriter, Da'vies Typewriter Co. 

Please send copy or requests for further information to Dr. 
Morris Fishbem, Durand Hospital, Wood and York Streets, 
Chicago, 111. 


Dr. Stuart Harris Sheldon was married, February 26, to Miss 
Marian Louise Smith, St. Paul, Minn. They are now living in 
Portland, Ore. 

The regular commencement exercises of the autumn quarter 
were held Thursday, March 20, 1913, at 10 a. m., in the Upper 
Amphitheater. Dr. Dodson delivered the address. The following 
received the degree medicinae doctor: Vestal Raul Abraham, 
Blythe Jackson Callantine, Harry Culver, Sidney Harris Easton, 
Harry Burton Fuller, Garabed Arshag Zacar Garabedian, Loyal 
Maximilian Martin, Harry Palmer Merrill, Edwin Morton Miller, 
Oliver Otto Nelson, Rezin Reagan, Fayette Boyson Ross, Walter 
Henry Weidling, Allen Newton Wisely, Jr., Stanley Gillum Zemer. 



The Cook County Hospital examination for interns was held 
March 4, 5 and 6, and in our next number we hope to be able to 
publish the names of the successful Rush men. At the same time a 
complete list of hospital appointments of the present class will be 

The class of 1913 has arranged with the Walinger Company for 
a large picture of the class, which will be presented to the college. 

The multiplicity of hospital and final examinations caused such 
an access of energy among the students that all we are able to report 
at this time is the complete absorption in work of every under- 

A precocious messenger boy applied, at the college recently for 
a certain Dr. Cooper. Being unable to find the man wanted he 
called up his agency and came back with the information that the 
man for whom he was looking was a "studeler." When informed 
that the word was "student" and not studeler, he asked, "What is a 
student ? Is that a boss ?■" and a chorus of worn and weary under- 
graduates responded, "Far from it, old boy, just the opposite." 


Dr. Francis G. Arter died in Chicago Jan. 22, 1913, aged 74. 
He was a graduate of Rush Medical College in February, 1868. He 
practiced medicine in Lima, Ohio, for twenty-one years and later 
in Chicago for twenty years. 

Dr. James B. Gaston died in Cripple Creek, Colo., Nov., 16, 
1912. His death was due to apoplexy. Dr. Gaston graduated from 
Rush Medical College in 1888, and was 61 years of age at his death. 

Dr. Frank S. Jones died in Medina, Ohio, Dec. 18, 1912. Dr. 
Jones graduated from Rush Medical College in 1876 and was '66 
years old at the time of his death. 

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the entire length. The application is very simple. After placing the self-retaining portion 
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now placed in the wound and tracted into the lower part of the incision until the desired 
exposure is obtained, when the screw is clamped, fixing the blade. 



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Vol. VIII MAY, 1913 No 5 






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We are, also, equipped to perform all types of research, microscopic and analyt- 
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FOOTE'S Minor Surgery 

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of the 

Volume VIII MAY, 1913 No. 5 

B. M. LINNELL. Editor Reliance Building:, 32 North State Street, CHICAGO 

MORRIS FISHBEIN, Bus. Mgr., Durand Hospital, Wood and York Sts., CHICAGO 


President — Henry B. Favill, '83 Chicago 

First Vice-President — Frank Beasley, '64 Lafayette, Ind. 

Second Vice-President — Henry B. Sears, '82 Beaver Dam, Wis. 

Third Vice-President — Herbert A. Robinson, '89 Kenosha, Wis. 

Necrologist — Charles A. Parker, '91 Chicago 

Treasurer — 11. H. Kleinpel'l, '00 Chicago 

Secretary — William T. Swift, '04. 32 North State Street, Chicago 


W. H. Bohart, '91 Chicago T. R. Crowder, '97. Chicago 

A. H. Curtiss, '05 Chicago C. W. Espy, '92.... Chicago 

A. J. Hodgson Waukesha, Wis. 


Geo. H. Weaver, '89, Chairman, 1028 Washington Blvd., Chicago. 

Ceo. D. Swaine, '73 Cleveland, O. E. C. Hamley, '02 Sprague, Wash. 

J. S. Kauffman, '75. .Blue Island, 111. Geo. W. Baker, '94 Ogden, Utah 

Winfield Ackley, '80 .. .Juniata, Neb. W. A. Foskett, '97 Whitebird, Ida. 

L. L. Uhls, '84. . . .Osawatomie, Kan. R. E. Farr, '00. . . .Minneapolis, Minn. 

Adolph Moeller, '87 ..Milwaukee P. A. Reppert, '03. .. .Burlington, la. 

A. I. Bouffleur, '87 Chicago R. C. Robe, '95 Pueblo, Colo. 

Oliver C. Neier, '90 Indianapolis 


John Ritter, '80, Chairman, Chicago. 
Cassius T. Lesan. . .Mount Ayr, Iowa Jehiel W. Chamberlin . St. Paul, Minn. 

Byron M. Caples. ... Waukesha, Wis. Harry W. Horn Wichita, Kan. 

Fred A. Tucker Noblesville, Ind. O. H. Avey Payette, Idaho 

Robert C. Robe Pueblo, Colo. (Tri-State Oregon, Washington and 



B. M. Linnell, Chairman, Chicago. 

George H. Weaver, '89 Chicago William J. Swift, Sec'y Chicago 

Gustavus P. Head, '84 Chicago Morris Fishbein, '12 Chicago 



The Otho S. A. Sprague Memorial Institute 3 

The Etiology of Articular and Muscular Rheumatism. E. C. Rose- 
now, M.D., Chicago G 

Old Rush, Our Alma Mater. E. F. Spottswood, Terre Haute, Ind 8 

The Library 9 

Dinner to Prof. E. Fletcher Ingals 13 

Response of E. Fletcher Ingals on the Occasion of the Banquet Tendered 

him April 28, 1913 14 

Alumni Notes 21 

To the Members of the Alumni Association. Supplemental Report. ... 22 

Undergraduate Notes 25 

Advertising Notice . . . 26 

Examination Marks of the Successful Candidates for Attending Staff 

Cook County Hospital 27 

Program for Commencement Week 29 


By the will of Mr. Otho S. A. Sprague, who died in Los Angeles. 
Cal., in February, 1909, there was devised for purposes of medical 
charity a sum of money which was entrusted to Mr. A. A. Sprague, 
his brother. Mr. Sprague organized in January, 1911, the Otho 
S. A. Sprague Memorial Institute, which was incorporated in the 
state of Illinois, with a board of trustees composed as follows: 
A. A. Sprague, president; Byron L. Smith, treasurer; A. A. 
Sprague, II, secretary, and A. C. Bartlett, Frank Billings, C. L. 
Hutchinson, Martin A. Ryerson and J. P. Wilson. After some 
consideration the trustees decided to utilize the greater part of the 
income for the promotion of medical research, and May 1, 1911, 
appointed as director of medical research, Dr. H. Gideon Wells 
of the Department of Pathology of the University of Chicago. 

As something of an innovation in institutions of this sort, it 
was decided not to use any of the funds for the erection of buildings 
for the institute, but to cooperate with existing institutions to 
promote investigative work where this could be done to the best 
advantage. By this means the amount of work that can be under- 
taken is greatly increased, although at some loss of coordination 
and cooperation. An advisory council, to assist the director, was 
formed, consisting of Drs. J. B. Herrick, Frank Billings, Joseph 
L. Miller, E. R. LeCount and Ludwig Hektoen, and Profs. E. 0. 
Jordan and Julius Stieglitz. 

The Institute 7 , since its organization, has been supporting some- 
what varied, but to some extent related, lines of investigation in 
several institutions. At Rush Medical College, the laboratory of 
clinical research, which had been started by Drs. Billings and Wood- 
yatt, was taken into the Institute. The laboratory was rearranged 
and equipped, and support given to several lines of work, most of 
which were already under way. Dr. Woody att, who is in charge of 
this laboratory, has been continuing his studies on carbohydrate 
metabolism and allied problems, associated with him being E. J. 
Witzemann, Ph.D., from the Ohio State University. Dr. Evarts 
Graham has been conducting investigations especially on chloro- 
form necrosis and related subjects. Dr. J. E. Greer, a Fellow of 
the Institute, has been cooperating with both Drs. Woodyatt and 
Graham. The Institute has arranged with the Presbyterian Hos- 
pital for the control and use of nine beds, in which are placed 
patients under observation by the research staff in connection with 


their investigations, and these beds have been kept full most of 
the time. 

The studies on arthritis, which Dr. Billings had initiated, are 
also being continued under his direction; engaged in this work 
being Dr. Homer K. Mcoll, Dane Billings, Fellow in Medicine, Dr. 
John McClellan, Dr. J. J. Moore and formerly Dr. L. C. Gate wood, 
the last three being Fellows in the Sprague Institute. 

In connection with this work an exhaustive study of the value 
of concentrated antistreptococcus serum is being undertaken; the 
serum having been prepared by Drs. Gatewood and Moore, whose 
work has been done in the Pathological Laboratory of St. Luke's 
Hospital, under the direction of Di\ D. J. Davis. For the serum 
preparation the facilities of the farm of the Memorial Institute for 
Infectious Diseases have been available. 

Dr. Wilber Post, a member of the staff of the Institute, is 
working in this laboratory on problems connected with nephritis. 
During the past year investigative work has been done under Dr. 
Woodyatt's direction by Dr. Arthur Granger, who held a Fellow- 
ship, and by Dr. Jacque, a voluntary assistant. 

The Institute has made arrangements with the Children's Mem- 
orial Hospital^ whereby a research laboratory has been provided by 
the Hospital and equipped and manned by the Institute. This 
arrangement makes possible research in pediatrics, with a large 
clinical material available. In charge of this laboratory are Drs. 
Henry F. Helmholtz and Samuel Amberg, the latter having come 
to the Institute from the Department of Pedriatrics of Johns Hop- 
kins Medical School in June, 1912. It has also been arranged 
with the hospital authorities to install resident physicians who shall 
give half their time to clinical and half to research work, and who 
are Fellows of the Institute. To these positions have recently been 
appointed Dr. Herbert Koch as resident physician, and Dr. Grace 
Meigs as assistant resident physician. Dr. Meigs is a graduate of 
Push, and she has just returned to America from a period of study 
in Pediatrics in European clinics. Dr. Koch is an assistant of 
Professor v. Pirquet in Vienna, and comes to Chicago through an 
exchange arrangement with Professor v. Pirquet, whereby the 
resident physicians of the Children's Hospital may occupy part of 
their service in the clinic in Vienna. Arrangements will also be 
made for volunteer research workers in this laboratory, Dr. Chan- 
cellor already being engaged in this way. 

At the University of Chicago two lines of investigation are 
being followed. A systematic study of the biochemistry of tuber- 
culosis has been undertaken, with the object of establishing funda- 
mental principles on which can be built up a study of the chemo- 
therapy of tuberculosis. Associated in this work are Dr. Lydia 
DeWitt, formerly of the University of Michigan, and Dr. Harry J. 
Corper, Rush, 1911, both members of the Institute; also, Dr. Aaron 


Arkon, Bush, 1912; E. G. Hirsch and Miss Hope Sherman, Fellows 
in the University, and Dr. Wells. This work is being done in the 
laboratory of the Department of Pathology. 

With the cooperation of the Department of Zoology an extensive 
study of the relation of heredity to cancer is being made by Miss 
Maud Slye, in a small building off the campus, which was furnished 
by the University. Miss Slye had been conducting studies on 
heredity in mice under the direction of the late Professor Whitman 
at the time of the starting of the Institute, and had observed the 
frequent occurrence of spontaneous cancer in her stock of animals. 
With a stock of about 5,000 mice of known ancestry to start with, 
careful breeding experiments were planned to test, under thoroughly 
controlled conditions, the influence of heredity on cancer. Asso- 
ciated with Miss Slye in this work are Miss Harriet Holmes, Mrs. 
A. M. Anderson and Miss Edith Farrar. As every mouse is allowed 
to die a natural death, and is then autopsied, a large and interesting 
material on comparative pathology has been collected, comprising 
already over 4,000 autopsies — this in addition to the main problem 
of heredity in relation to cancer, concerning which extensive data 
have been collected. 

Dr. Emery E. Hayhurst was appointed at the beginning of the 
work of the Institute, as Fellow in Occupational Diseases. He has 
been conducting statistical studies in the local dispensaries on 
occupational diseases as they occur in Chicago, and recently has 
begun work in the Cook County Hospital. He has also conducted 
experimental investigations on brass founder's ague. The Institute 
has also assisted Dr. Peter Bassoe in a study of the late results of 
caisson disease, and has given support to a few other research 

As can be seen from the foregoing account of the work and staff 
of the Sprague Institute, a thorough test is being made of the feasi- 
bility and desirability of this form of organization, whereby 
research work is supported in several separated institutions. At the 
present time the impression has been obtained that the amount of 
work which can be supported in this way outweighs the advantage 
of a smaller but better coordinated institution in a single laboratory 
in which much of the capital is sunk ; but the experiment is still in 
its early stages. 

During the year 1012 the following articles were published from 
the Sprague Institute : 

1. Hemorrhagic Diseases of the New-Born. Evarts A. Graham, Journal 
of Experimental Medicine. 

2. Concentration of Antistreptococcic and Antigonococcic Sera. P. G. 
Heinemann and L. C. Gatewood, Journal of Infectious Diseases. 

3. Concerning the Presence in Urine of Certain Pressor Substances. 
A. S. Granger, Archives of Internal Medicine. 


4. Alimentary Respiration: The Secretion of C0 2 by the Alimentary 
Mucosa and its Relation to Dilatation of the Stomach and Intestine. 
R. T. Woodyatt and Evarts A. Graham, Transactions of the Chicago 
Pathological Society. 

5. The Permeability of Tubercles for Iodin Compounds and Proteins. 
H. G. Wells and O. F. Hedenburg, Journal of Infectious Diseases. 

6. Intravitam Staining of Tuberculous Guinea-Pigs with Fat Soluble 
Dyes. Harry J. Corper, Journal of Infectious Diseases. 

7. The Lipase of Bacillus Tuberculosis and Other Bacteria. H. G. 
Wells and H. J. Corper, Journal of Infectious Diseases. 

8. A Modification of Ritter's Method for the Quantitative Estimation 
of Cholesterol. H. J. Corper, Journal of Biological Chemistry. 

0. The Correlation of Chemical and Histological Changes during 
Necrosis of the Spleen. H. J. Corper, Journal of Experimental Medicine. 

10. The Peptolytic Power of Carcinomatous Gastric Juice. J. L. Jacque 
and R. T. Woodyatt, Archives of Internal Medicine. 


E. C. Rosenow, M.D. 


Acute articular rheumatism is now generally regarded as an 
infectious disease, but much confusion exists as to the nature of 
the infecting micro-organism. Poynton and Payne and others have 
found that there is present in the periarticular structures and joints 
in rheumatism a coccus (Micrococcus rlieumaticus) which, when 
injected into rabbits, produces lesions very similar to those of 
rheumatism in man. Many attempts to isolate this particular 
organism in acute rheumatism, however, have failed,. and the ques- 
tion of the etiology of the disease is not settled, although it must 
be emphasized that many cKnical and experimental facts indicate 
that it concerns streptococci of some kind. 

The etiology of muscular rheumatism or rheumatic myositis 
on the other hand is unknown. It is true that the clinical facts 
suggest that the cause of this affection is identical with that of 
acute articular rheumatism, but all experimental evidence is, as far 
as can be determined, entirely lacking. 

In the course of my work on pneumococci and streptococci my 
attention became directed to rheumatism, and I wish in this note 
to report very briefly' certain results which seem to be of interest. 

Organisms corresponding closely to Micrococcus rlieumaticus 
have been isolated from one or more joints in seven of eight cases 
of acute articular rheumatism in the early stages. Blood-cultures 
were made in four cases and gave positive results in two. Cultures 
of the tonsils yielded similar organisms in two cases. The cases 


were all typical and not unusually severe. In four there was a 
distinct history of tonsillitis. Two of the patients had marked pain 
and tenderness of the muscles, especially about the shoulders, neck 
and back, and of the more tendinous portions of the muscles of the 

Experiments on rabbits, guinea-pigs, white rats and dogs show 
that the cultures are of relatively low virulence ; they are, speaking 
generally, more virulent than Streptococcus viridms, but less viru- 
lent than hemolytic streptococci and the pneumococci. The results 
of injections into the ear vein in rabbits are very striking and dif- 
ferent from those of injections of Streptococcus viridans of hem- 
olytic streptococci or both. Multiple non-suppurative arthritis, 
endocarditis, pericarditis and myocarditis have been obtained 
repeatedly in the same animal. The strains obtained from the 
tonsil at the height of the attack gave the same results as those 
from the joint, but the one obtained from the tonsil eight clays 
later, now growing exactly as a Streptococcus viridans, produced 
endocarditis, but not arthritis, pericarditis or myocarditis. 

The lesions of the joints are chiefly periarticular. Suppuration 
did not develop with the freshly-isolated strains, but after passing 
through animals, abscesses about the joints sometimes developed. 

By animal passage and by other means, three of the strains from 
acute rheumatism have been converted into typical hemolytic strep- 
tococci on the one hand, and pneumococci on the other. During 
one of the transition stages the strain (from a joint) lost much of 
its affinity for pericardium, endocardium and articular tissues, but 
acquired what seemed like a pronounced affinity for myocardium 
and skeletal muscles and kidney, producing now a non-suppurative 
myocarditis and myositis and an acute nephritis. The lesions in 
the skeletal muscles have been obtained in twelve rabbits, three dogs 
and one monkey. 

Similar lesions of muscles have been obtained also with strains 
from joints of two cases in which muscular involvement was pres- 
ent and with four strains of "non- virulent" streptococci which have 
passed through many animals and which resembled the rheumatism 
strains very closely at the time. 

The lesions in the skeletal muscles vary greatly in size, are 
elongated, and run parallel with the muscle fibers. Some are so 
small as to be" scarcely visible, while some are 5 mm. in length. 
They contain few leukocytes, but a large number of the living cocci, 
while adjacent muscle contains few or none. Microscopic exam- 
ination shows what appears to be a coagulation necrosis of the 
involved fibers. The distribution of the lesions in the muscles of 
the animals recalls the clinical phenomena of muscular rheumatism 
in man. They are most numerous in the more tendinous portions 
of the muscles of the extremities, the flat muscles about the neck 
and shoulder, the intercostal muscles and the muscles of the spine. 


In all the animals milcl arthritis and endocarditis and in most 
of them pericarditis were present, but not in marked form. Iritis 
and conjunctivitis, hemorrhages in the sclera, retina and iris have 
been observed repeatedly. Occasionally lesions in the cortex of the 
brain, frequently punctate hemorrhages in the stomach, followed by 
ulcer, and hemorrhages in the appendix have been found. 

It is well known that cold plays an important role in rheu- 
matism. Exposure to cold after injections of rabbits increased the 
percentage and degree of joint involvement. Injection of frogs, 
kept at a temperature of from 22 to 25 C, with pneumococci, 
ordinary streptococci, and the cocci from rheumatism, show that 
frogs are quite insusceptible to the former but succumb to the 
latter, the blood containing a large number of cocci. This result 
suggested that the rheumatism cocci may grow better than pneu- 
mococci and streptococci at a low temperature, and this was actually 
found to be the case, and this then may be one of the reasons why 
chilling aggravates so markedly the symptoms of rheumatism. 

The more virulent strains from rheumatism and certain other 
strains of streptococci which have attained the proper grade of viru- 
lence frequently produce hemorrhages of stomach and duodenum 
followed by ulcer. This has been observed in rabbits, guinea-pigs, 
dogs and in a monkey. To meet the objection which might be 
raised that although these lesions follow the injection of the organ- 
isms grown in vitro this is not proof that similar lesions may be 
caused by those grown in vivo, emulsions of tonsils were injected 
intravenously in rabbits, guinea-pigs and dogs. Arthritis (strepto- 
coccal), hemorrhages of stomach and ulcer of stomach and duo- 
denum have thus been produced repeatedly. The emulsions from 
freshly-removed tonsils were found to be very toxic for rabbits, 
guinea-pigs and dogs. The symptoms following injections of rela- 
tively large doses in guinea-pigs and dogs are those characteristic of 
anaphylaxis in each. The degree of toxicity was greatest in. the 
emulsions from tonsils which were visibly infected and which 
showed the greatest numbers of bacteria in plate cultures. — Jour. 
A. M. A ., April 19, 1913. 


(Sung to the tune "Annie Laurie.") 
By E. F\ Spottswood, '51 

Written for this Commencement. 
Old Rush, our Alma Mater, a song we sing to you, 

For we know our clear old Mother was ever to us true. 

And ne'er forget can we the duty we owe to thee, 

And to Rush, our Alma Mater, our hearts will loyal be; 

And now we all together our pledge again rentw 

To Rush our dear old Mother in heart-beats ever true, 

For ne'er forget can we the debt we owe to thee, 

Old Rush, our Alma Mater, our hearts still cling to thee. 



The Faculty of Rush Medical College beg to acknowledge with 
thanks the receipt of the following gifts presented to the library : 

Abt, Dr. L. A., Chicago, 1 reprint. 

Albany Medical School, Albany, N. Y., 1 volume. 

Alumni Association of Rush Medical College, Chicago, 1 volume. 

American Climatological Association, Philadelphia, Pa., 1 volume. 

American Gastro-Enterological Association, Detroit, Mich., 1 volume. 

American Gynecological Society, New York City, 1 volume. 

American Laryngological Association, New York City, 1 volume. 

American Laryngological, Rhinological and Otological Society, New 
Bedford, Mass., 1 volume. 

American Medicine, Burlington, Vt., 1 volume. 

American Pediatric Society, Chicago, 1 volume. 

American Proctologic Society, Detroit, Mich., 1 volume. 

American Surgical Association, Philadelphia, Pa., 1 volume. 

Arkin, Dr. A., '12, Chicago, 1 reprint. 

Armour & Co., Chicago, 26 volumes, 779 volumes. 

Associated Physicians of Long Island, N. Y., 1 volume. 

Association of American Physicians, Philadelphia, Pa., 1 volume. 

Association of Military Surgeons, Washington, D. C, 2 volumes. 

Atlanta Journal-Record of Medicine, Atlanta, Ga., 1 volume. 

Babcock, Dr. L. F., '64, Deadwood, S. D., 14 volumes, 16 journals. 

Bainbridge, Dr. W. S., New York City, 3 reprints. 

Bassler, Dr. A., New York City, 4 reprints. 

Bassoe, Dr. P., Chicago, 1 reprint. 

Beck, Dr. J. C, Chicago, 1 volume. 

Bell, Dr. G. H., New York City, 1 reprint. 

Bellevue and Allied Hospitals, New York City, 2 pamphlets. 

Bevan, Dr. A. D., '83, Chicago, 2 volumes. 

Billings, Dr. Frank, Chicago, 44 volumes, 2 pamphlets, 92 reprints, 
114 journals. 

Bishop, Dr. L. F., New York City. 

Blatt, Dr. M. L., '03, Chicago, 1 pamphlet. 

Board of Control of Iowa State Institutions, Anamosa, Iowa, 1 volume. 

Boston State Board of Health, Boston, Mass., 1 volume. 

Bradley Polytechnic Institute, Peoria, 111., 1 pamphlet. 

Brodhead, Dr. G. L., New York City, 1 reprint. 

Bureau of Health, Manila, P. I., 1 volume. 

California State Medical Society, San Francisco, Cal., 1 volume. 

Carleton College Bulletin, Northfield, Minn., 1 pamphlet. 

Castle, Dr. H. E., '71, San Francisco, Cal., 2 reprints. 

Charlotte Medical Journal, Charlotte, N. C, 1 volume. 

Chicago Medical Recorder, Chicago, 1 volume. 

Chicago Pathological Society, Chicago, 1 volume. 

Chicago School of Civics and Philanthropy, Chicago, 1 pamphlet. 

Churchill, Dr. F. S., Chicago, 32 volumes. 

Cleveland Academy of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio, 1 volume. 

Cohen, Dr. S. S., Philadelphia, Pa., 1 reprint. 

Corlett, Dr. W. T., Cleveland, Ohio, 1 reprint. 

Cheatham, Dr. W., Louisville, Ky., 1 reprint. 


College of Medicine, Imp. University, Tokyo, Japan. 

College of Physicians, Philadelphia, Pa., 1 volume, 1 pamphlet, 2 

Colorado State Medical Society, Denver, Colo., 1 volume. 

Committee on the Prevention of Tuberculosis, New York City, 1 pam- 

Council on Medical Education of the American Medical Association. 
Chicago, 1 pamphlet. 

County Hospital, Los Angeles, Cal., 1 pamphlet. 

Crowder, Dr. T. R., '97, Chicago, 1 reprint. 

Cruikshank, Dr. W. J., Brooklyn, N. Y, 1 reprint. 

Davis, Dr. C. B., '03, Chicago, 1 volume. 

Dearholt, Dr. H. E., Milwaukee, Wis., 1 reprint. 

Delaware State Tuberculosis Commission, Washington, D. C, 1 pamphlet. 

Department of Commerce and Labor, Bureau of Census, Washington, 
D. C, 1 volume. 

Department of Pathology, Rush Medical College, Chicago, 1 volume. 

Dick, Dr. G. F., '05, Chicago, 3 reprints. 

Dodson, Dr. J. M., '82, Chicago, 1 reprint. 

Dominion Medical Monthly, Toronto, Canada, 2 volumes. 

Donaldson, Dr. G. P., '97, Shiocton, Wis., 50 volumes. 

Dorr, Dr. E. E., Des Moines, Iowa, 1 volume. 

Ely, Dr. L. W., Denver, Colo., 5 reprints. 

Fehring, Dr. W. B., '03, Chicago, 8 volumes, 6 reprints, 6 journals. 

Erwin, Gen. B. J. D., Chicago, 2 volumes, 2 pamphlets, 1 reprint, 
25 journals. 

Faught, F. A., Philadelphia, Pa., 1 pamphlet. • 

Forchheimer, Dr. F., Cincinnati, Ohio, 1 pamphlet. 

Fox, Dr. G. H., New York City, 1 reprint. 

Fox, Dr. H., New York City, 3 reprints. 

Franklin, Dr. I. J., '01, Chicago, 2 volumes, 45 journals. 

Friedburg, Dr. S. A., '97, Chicago, 145 reprints, 4 pamphlets. 

Gallant, Dr. A. E., New York City, 4 reprints. 

Georgetown University Publication, Washington, D. G, 1 pamphlet. 

German Hospital and Dispensary, New York City, 1 pamphlet. 

Godfrey, Dr. H. T., '65, Galena, 111., 378 volumes, 78 reprints, 791 

Grimm, Dr. U. J., "95, Chicago, 58 volumes, 1 reprint, 91 journals. 

Grulee, Dr. G. F., Chicago, 1 volume. 

Hahnemann Medical College of the Pacific, San Francisco, Cal., 1 pam- 

Haines, Dr. W. S., Chicago, 17 volumes, 10 pamphlets, 51 reprints, 
330 journals. 

Flampton Normal and Agricultural Institute, Hampton, Va., 1 pamphlet. 

Harris, Dr. N. M., Chicago, 7 volumes, 9 reprints. 
Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass., 1 pamphlet. 
Hefferon, Dr. M. T., '01, Decatur, 111., 4 volumes, 2 pamphlets, 01 

Hektocn, Dr. L., Chicago, 9 volumes, 9 pamphlets, G15 reprints, 00 

Henry Phipps Institute, Philadelphia, Fa., 1 pamphlet. 


Herrick, Dr. J. B., '88, Chicago, 17 volumes, 9 reprints, 6 pamphlets, 
75 journals. 

Hospital for Children and Training School for Nurses, San Francisco, 
Cal., 1 pamphlet. 

Hunt, Dr. J. R., New York City, 3 reprints. 

Illinois State Medical Society, Springfield, 111., 2 volumes. 

Illinois State Board of Health, Springfield,, 111., 1 volume. 

Indiana State Medical Association, Fort Wayne, Ind., 1 volume. 

Indianapolis Medical Journal, Indianapolis, Ind., 1 volume. 

Ingals, Dr. E. Fletcher, '71, Chicago, 91 volumes, 3 pamphlets, 26 
reprints, 169 journals. 

International Journal of Surgery, New York City, 1 volume. 

Interstate Commerce Commission, Washington, D. C, 1 volume. 

Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, Pa., 1 pamphlet. 

Kaiserlischen Universitat, Tokyo, 1 volume. 

Kaufmann, Dr. J., New York City, 2 reprints. 

King, Dr. H. D., New Orleans, La., 7 reprints. 

Koempel, Dr. L., New York City, 1 reprint. 

Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia, Pa., 2 volumes. 

LeCount, Dr. E. R., '92, Chicago, 1 volume, 2 pamphlets, 28 reprints, 
13 journals. 

Leland Stanford Junior University, San Francisco, Cal., 1 pamphlet. 

Lewis Institute, Chicago, 1 pamphlet. 

Library of the Medical Society of the County of Kings, Brooklyn, N. Y., 
1 reprint. 

Lincoln, Dr. Mary C, '05, Chicago, 7 volumes. 

Linnell, Dr. B. M., '93, Chicago, 34 volumes, 1 reprint, 89 journals. 

Lippincott, J. B., Philadelphia, Pa., 2 volumes. 

Louisiana State Board of Health, New Orleans, La., 1 volume. 

Luckhardt, Dr. A. B., '12, Chicago, 5 reprints. 

Lyman, Dr. T. P., '00, Chicago, 7 volumes, 89 journals. 

Lynch, Dr. F. W., Chicago, 1 volume. 

McCollum, Dr. Josephine, Chicago, 1 volume, 3 reprints, 159 journals. 

McDowell, Dr. G. A., '96, Chicago, 3 volumes, 1 reprint, 180 journals. 

McEwen, Dr. E., '97, Evanston, 111., 1 volume. 

Makuen, Dr. G. H., Philadelphia, Pa., 2 reprints. 

Manhattan Eye, Ear and Throat Hospital, New York City, 1 volume. 

Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, Mass., 1 pamphlet. 

Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Mass., 1 pamphlet. 

Matteawan State Hospital, Fishkill-on-Hudson, N. Y., 1 pamphlet. 

Medical Library Association, Baltimore, Md., 1 volume. 

Merrick, Dr. J. C, '67, Chicago, 137 volumes, 3 journals. 

Michigan State Board of Health, Lansing, Mich., 2 volumes. 

Miller, Dr. J. L., Chicago, 2 volumes, 1 pamphlet, 1 reprint. 

Missouri State Medical Association, St. Louis, Mo., 1 volume. 

Monthly Cyclopedia and Medical Bulletin, Philadelphia, Pa., 1 volume. 

Moore, Dr. J. J., '12, Chicago, 1 reprint. 

Newcomb. Dr. W. K., '82, Champaign, 111., 2 volumes, 94 journals. 

New England Hospital for Women and Children, Boston, Mass., 1 pam- 

New Hampshire Medical Society, Concord, N. H., 1 volume. 

New Orleans Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat Hospital, New Orleans, La. 


New York Academy of Medicine, New York City, 1 reprint. 

New York Pathological Society, New York City, 1 volume. 

New York State Board of Health, Albany, N. Y., 1 volume. 

Nicoll, Dr. M., New York City, 1 reprint. 

Norris, Dr. G. W., Philadelphia, Pa., 5 reprints. 

North-Eastern Dispensary, New York City, 1 pamphlet. 

Northwestern University. Evanston, 111., 1 pamphlet. 

North Western College, Naperville, 111., 1 pamphlet. 

Omaha Public Library and Museum, Omaha, Neb., 1 pamphlet. 

Osier, Sir William, London, England, 2 volumes. 

Pacific Medical Journal, San Francisco, Cal., 1 volume. 

Pacific University, Forest Grove, Oregon, 1 pamphlet. 

Palmer, C. F., Philadelphia, Pa., 1 volume. 

Patera, Dr. F. J., \S3, Chicago, 227 volumes. 

Pennsylvania State Board of Health, Harrisburg, Pa., 2 volumes. 

Pennsylvania State Medical Society, Athens, Pa., 1 volume. 

Peter, Dr. W. W., '10, Chicago, 4 volumes. 

Philadelphia Pathological Society, Philadelphia, Pa., 1 volume. 

Philadelphia Presbyterian Hospital, Philadelphia, Pa., 1 pamphlet. 

Philippine Island Bureau of Health, Manila, P. I., 1 volume. 

Pierce, Dr. F. E., '98, Chicago, 36 volumes, 1 pamphlet, 80 reprints, 
15 journals. 

Porter, Dr. E., New York City, 2 volumes. 

Princeton University, Princeton, N. J., 1 reprint. 

Providence Medical Society, Providence, R. I., 1 volume. 

Ravenswood Hospital, Chicago, 1 pamphlet. 

Reeder, Dr. W. G., '03, Chicago, 3 volumes, 2 reprints, 81 odd. 

Rhode Island Medical Society, Providence, R. L, 1 volume. 

Robinson, Dr. W. J., New York City, 1 volume. 

Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research, New York City, 1 volume. 

Rockefeller Sanitary Commission, Washington, D. G, 1 volume, 4 pam- 

Royal College of Surgeons of England, London, England, 1 volume. 

Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland, 1 volume. 

Royal Victoria Hospital, Montreal, Canada, 1 pamphlet. 

Rush Medical College, Chicago, 3 volumes, 3 pamphlets. 

Ryfkogel, Dr. H. A. L., San Francisco, Cal., 2 reprints. 

St. John's Hospital, Fargo, N. D., 1 pamphlet. 

St. Louis University, St. Louis, Mo., 4 pamphlets. 

Salisbury, Dr. J. H., '78, Chicago, 97 volumes, 197 reprints, 97 journals, 
3 pamphlets. 

Satterwaite, Dr. T. E., New York City, 3 reprints. 

Sibley, Dr. W. K., London, England, 2 reprints. 

Slaymaker, Dr. S. R., '92, Chicago, 2 volumes, 72 journals. 

Small, Dr. A. A., Chicago, 26 volumes, 51 journals. 

Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D. G, 2 volumes, 1 pamphlet, 3 

Sockol, Dr. J. M., '02, Spencer, Iowa, 20 volumes. 

Syracuse University, Syracuse, N. Y., 1 pamphlet. 

Taylor, Dr. J. M., '05, Chicago, 162 journals. 

Territorial Board of Health, Honolulu, Hawaii, 1 volume. 

Texas State Medical Association, Port Worth, Texas, 1 volume. 


Tieken, Dr. T., Chicago, 17 volumes, 12 journals. 

Tulane University of Louisiana, New Orleans, La., 1 pamphlet. 

Tyler, Dr. A. J., Clinton, Iowa, 8 volumes, 142 journals. 

TJ. S.' Army, Surgeon General's Office, Washington, D. C, 1 volume. 

U. S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D. C, 2 volumes, 7 

U. S. Pharmacopeia] Convention. Washington, D. C, 1 volume. 

U. S. Treasury Department, Washington, D. C, 3 volumes, 12 pam- 
phlets, 5 reprints. 

U. S. War Department, Washington, D. C, 2 volumes. 

University of Chicago, Chicago, 6 volumes. 

University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich., 1 volume. 

University of Minnesota, College of Medicine and Surgery, Minneapolis, 
Minn., 1 pamphlet. 

University of the Philippines, Manila, P. I., 1 pamphlet. 

University of Vermont, Burlington, Vt., 1 pamphlet. 

Virginia Medical Semi-Monthly, Richmond, Va,, 1 volume. 

Was, Dr. E., '84, Oostburg, Wis., 19 volumes. 

Washington County Plospital, Hagerstown, Md., 1 pamphlet. 

Washington Medical Library Association, Seattle, Wash., 1 pamphlet. 

Watt, Dr. H. F., Chicago, 6 volumes, 459 journals. 

Weaver, Dr. G. II., '89, Chicago, 1 volume, 3 pamphlets, 57 reprints, 
81 journals. 

Webster, Dr. J. C, Chicago, 114 volumes, 4 atlases, 1 pamphlet. 

Welcome Physiological Research Laboratories, London, England, 17 

Western Medical Review, Omaha, Neb., 1 volume. 

Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, 1 volume, 1 pamphlet. 

Wilder, Dr. R. M., '12, Chicago, 6 volumes, 9 journals. 

Wisconsin State Board of Health, Madison, Wis., 2 volumes. 

Wisconsin State Medical Society, Milwaukee, Wis., 1 volume. 

Wood, Dr. C. A., Chicago, 1 volume, 1 reprint. 

Woodruff, Dr. T. A., Chicago, 1 volume, 1 reprint. 

Woodyatt, Dr. R. T., '02, Chicago, 3 reprints. 


A notable gathering of Dr. Ingals' colleagues met at the Chicago 
Athletic Club, April 28, 1913. A testimonial banquet was given by 
his friends in appreciation of his forty-two years of service to the 
medical profession, to the service of laryngology and to Rush Med- 
ical College. There were eighty-six of the faculty and trustees 
present. Mrs. Ingals and several other ladies came in for the 
speaking later. It is impossible to tell here what was said, but 
Dr. Ingals' remarks are published in full as a contribution of his- 
torical interest. A loving cup was presented by Dr. J. M. Dodson 
with appropriate remarks. The list of speakers was as follows : 


Dr. Frank Billings, presiding. 

Prof. J. G. Coulter, as substitute for President Harry Pratt 
Judson for the University. 


Judge Frederick A. Smith, for the Board of Trustees. 

Dr. E. L. Shurly, Detroit, Mich., for Laryngology. 

Dr. Norman Bridge, for the Faculty. 

Dr. 0. T. Freer, for the Department. 

Dr. John M. Dodson, presentation. 

Dr. E. Fletcher Ingals, response. 

Telegrams were received from President Harry Pratt Judson, 
who was away and unable to return, and from D. Bryson Delavan 
of New York City. 

APRIL 28, 1913. 

I find myself a sort of connecting link between the foundation 
of the college, three-fourths of a century ago, and the present; and, 
therefore, I think that I may say something of interest, especially 
to the younger men who are gathered here. 

The history of the college may be divided into four periods : 

1. That from the founding of the college in 1843 to the splitting 
off of the Chicago Medical College in 1857 (14 years). 

2. The period from that time on to October, 1871 (14 years), 
at the time of the great Chicago fire, when all of the college build- 
ings were destroyed and its location changed. 

3. The period (27 years) from 1871 to the date of our affilia- 
tion with the L T niversity of Chicago in 1898. 

4. /The period from 1898 to the present. 

I cannot add much to the history of the first period, although 
my preceptor was one of the earliest graduates, and from him I 
naturally heard much of the college. But it is interesting to note, 
that during that period there were no requirements for preliminary 
education, the course in medicine consisted of two years of sixteen 
weeks' each, and a few years of practice was accepted in lieu of one 
of these years. There were from seven to ten instructors and from 
twenty-two students the first year, up to 150 in 1857. The grad- 
uates, during these years, equalled about one-third of the whole 

During the second period with the splitting off of the Chicago 
Medical College, N. S. Davis, H. A. Johnson, W. H. Byford and 
others withdrew from Rush and established what is now the med- 
ical department of the Northwestern University. At that time, 
among the new professors who came in, were J. Adams Allen, 
Ephraim Ingals, DeLaskey Miller, Joseph P. Ross and E. L. 









AND ER I EN 1 ) 

APRIL 28TH, L913 


During the latter part of this period Professor Blainey retired 
from the faculty, and Professor Lyman entered, and at the close of 
the period Professor Ingals retired and Professor Ethe.ridge took 
his place in the regular faculty. During this period (1857-1871) 
there were twelve professors, and during the latter portion of it 
about as many more were teaching in the spring faculty. Among 
these were Drs. James Nevins Hyde, Norman Bridge, Charles T. 
Parkes, Walter Hay, I. N. Danforth. James H. Etheridge and 
myself. During the latter portion of this period, the student body 
grew to about 300. The tuition fees were $70 per annum from the 
founding of the college, until 1879. In IS 68 the regular annual 
course was increased from sixteen to eighteen weeks. During this 
period no real requirements for entrance were in force. 


During all the years preceding the third period there had been 
an effort at gradual improvement in medical education, but* the 
advances had not been great. The course had been slightly 
lengthened, and for a few years it had been supplemented by the 
spring course, for which no credit was given. This furnished the 
opportunity for extra study to a few students who wished to equip 
themselves better than the time devoted to the regular course would 

The spring faculty was made up of earnest workers, and the 
course was almost equal to the regular course. At the beginning 
of this period there were about twenty-five instructors all told, and 
an eighteen weeks' winter course. 


Page 15, third paragraph from bottom. Last sentence should read : 
"The student body also increased about 260." 

Page 16, under Fourth Period, first paragraph, second line. Substitute 
"time" for "term." 

also increased from about IZt&Ho 260. 

In 1872 the course was increased to twenty weeks, and in 1880 
to twenty-one weeks. 

In 1885 the whole course was extended from two to three years, 
the first effect of which was to cut down the size of the class from 
549 to 420. 


During the latter part of this period Professor Blainey retired 
from the faculty, and Professor Lyman entered, and afrthe close of 
the period Professor Ingals retired and Professor Ethe.ridge took 
his place in the regular faculty. During this period (1857-1871) 
there were twelve professors, and during the latter portion of it 
about as many more were teaching in the spring faculty. Among 
these were Drs. James Kevins Hyde, Norman Bridge, Charles T. 
Parkes, Walter Hay, I. N. Danforth. James H. Ethericlge and 
myself. During the latter portion of this period, the student body- 
grew to about 300. The tuition fees were $70 per annum from the 
founding of the college, until 1879. In 1868 the regular annual 
course was increased from sixteen to eighteen weeks. During this 
period no real requirements for entrance were in force. 


During all the years preceding the third period there had been 
an effort at gradual improvement in medical education, but the 
advances had not been great. The course had been slightly 
lengthened, and for a few years it had been supplemented by the 
spring course, for which no credit was given. This furnished the 
opportunity for extra study to a few students who wished to equip 
themselves better than the time devoted to the regular course would 

The spring faculty was made up of earnest workers, and the 
course was almost equal to the regular course. At the beginning 
of this period there were about twenty-five instructors all told, and 
an eighteen weeks' winter course. 

There were no real requirements for preliminary education, 
although from 1860 to 1891 it was stated in the annual announce- 
ments that "such a preliminary education was needed, as was clearly 
requisite for proper standing with the profession and the public." 

I think similar suggestions were made in the '40's, but during all 
the time up to 1891 the student himself was allowed to determine 
what education was requisite for these purposes, and naturally each 
adopted the standard best suited to his individual case. 

In 1891, a year's advanced standing to college graduates was 
announced whereby they were enabled to graduate in two, instead 
of three years. 

During this period, 1871 to 1898, the teaching force gradually 
increased from one to three each year, until at the end of the period 
there were seventy-nine teachers of all grades. The student body 
also increased from about 13.0^-to 260. 

In 1872 the course was increased to twenty weeks, and in 1880 
to twenty-one weeks. 

In 1885 the whole course was extended from two to three years, 
the first effect of which was to cut down the size of the class from 
549 to 420. 


In 1879 the tuition fee was advanced from $70 to 

During this period many of the older members of the faculty 
were removed by death; but their places were invariably filled by 
men capable of carrying on the work. 

During this period we found many excellent teachers, and one 
real jewel who took the chair of chemistry. 

At the latter part of this period the course of medical study, 
required for graduation, was lengthened to four years of twenty- 
one weeks each, and the faculty and board of trustees passed resolu- 
tions contemplating much more advanced requirements, but these 
did not go into effect until after the affiliation with the University 

of Chicago. 


At the beginning of this period the requirements for admission 
to the medical course were fixed for the first term in the history of 
the college. Believing that the profession was not ready for more, 
and as there were only two colleges in the country requiring as 
much as this, it was demanded that all persons entering the study 
of medicine in Bush Medical College must have had a course of 
four years in an accepted high school. These requirements were 
steadily increased year by year, until 1904, when two full years 
of college work was demanded as a prerequiste to the study of 
medicine. With the begining of this period the course in medicine 
was lengthened to four years of thirty-six weeks' each. 

•Our corps of teachers was gradually increased, until it now 
numbers 263, or more than one for every two students. 

In the early part of this period the tuition fee was advanced 
from $80 per annum to $135, and this was steadily increased year 
by year, until in 1905 it reached $180 per annum, which is about 
one-third of what it costs to give the instruction. 

Prospective students were warned beforehand of these changes, 
so that there was no misunderstanding, and students were allowed 
to complete their course under all conditions in force at the time 
of entrance. One result of this policy was rapidly to increase the 
size, of our classes from 700 in 1898, to 1,154 in 1903 (the last 
chance to get under the wire) ; but afterward, under the rigid 
requirements, the classes rapidly decreased hi number, until we had 
only about 150 all told in the junior and senior years. 

I now stand between the hoary past and the virile present, 
between the spirits of our honored predecessors and the warm- 
hearted friends who grasp my hand and whisper kind messages 
into my ear to-night. 

I go back in memory to the closing days of the second period 
of our college history, and I recall vividly the characteristics of the 
dominant men in the faculty as they impressed me. 


I entered the college as a student forty-four years ago this 
present week, under the tutilage of my uncle, Prof. Ephraim Ingals. 
I first came in close contact with Professor Blainey, an eminent 
chemist and an educated, polished gentleman, with whom I spent 
several months in the chemical laboratory. 

I recollect Prof. J. Adams Allen as a fluent lecturer, thoroughly 
acquainted with the principles and practice of medicine, and having 
the faculty of impressing his audience with the important points 
of his subject. He was systematic in his teaching, and enforced 
the principles, instead of the details of his subject. He was fond 
of illustrating his subject by anecdotes, which often fixed the point 
forever in the minds of his auditors, but which, it must be admitted, 
not infrequently lost their value on some of the students who 
enjoyed the story more than the subject it was meant to illustrate. 

Moses Gaum, a brilliant surgeon and a clear and systematic 
teacher. In that day there were no better lecturers. 

J. W. Freer. A hard-working, unassuming professor, a poor 
lecturer, very difficult to listen to at first, but a man highly appre- 
ciated by all students, and one who, after the first course, I con- 
sidered one of the best teachers in the college. He was a scientist 
admired for his great knowledge, and loved for his kindly per- 

Ephraim Ingals. A lovable, genial gentleman and good lec- 
turer. He was a universal favorite with the students, although he 
taught a branch in which they had no very great interest. He 
managed the finances of the college for many years, and through 
his clear judgment and prophetic vision secured several of the most 
valuable members of the faculty. 

DeLaskie Miller. For many years the polished professor of 
obstetrics. He was one of the best lecturers I ever heard, who had 
his whole subject on his tongue's end. 

E. L. Holmes, later president of the college, was a man of 
excellent judgment, who for many years exerted a most salutary 
influence in the councils of the college. 

Joseph P. Ross, who for many years occupied the chair of dis- 
eases of the chest, was on many accounts one of the most valuable 
members of the faculty and board of trustees. He was not so 
gifted as some of his colleagues as a teacher, but Jiis ability as an 
organizer accomplished more for the physical welfare of the college 
than that of any other man, for many years. He it was who secured 
the location of the Cook County Hospital in its present site, and 
of Rush Medical College just across the street. He was the founder 
of the Presbyterian Hospital and the father of its relations to the 

R. L. Rea, a large, dark man, about 6 feet 4, with piercing 
black eyes and the terror of poor students. He talked very rapidly, 
had his anatomy by heart and compelled the students to spend 


most of their study hours on his subject. He was a man of whom 
I was fond; but I did not happen to fall under his displeasure. 
Most of the students admired, but did not love him. Shortly after 
the fire he resigned, and his chair was filled by Dr. Parkes, who 
later became the professor of surgery. He was a man full of 
energy, a good teacher and an extremely hard worker. I have 
always felt that the pneumonia which took his life was the result 
.of response to what he considered a call of duty when he was too 
ill to go out. Dr. Parkes was the lecturer on anatomy in the spring 
course when I first entered the college in the spring of 1869. Dr. 
Etheridge was at that time a lecturer in the same course on materia 
medica. Later he was professor of the same subject, and subse- 
quently of obstetrics and diseases of women. He was an enthu- 
siastic and interesting lecturer, full of plans for advancing the 
interests of the college. To his influence was undoubtedly due a 
great deal of the growth in the size of the classes, but he was also 
an ardent advocate of improvements in medical education. 

Win. PI. Byford was one of the strongest characters ever con- 
nected with the faculty. He was a self-made man of remarkably 
clear judgment, and was honored throughout the nation for his 
skill. He was not only admired, but loved by all who knew him. 

I would like to pay a lasting tribute to Professors Lyman,. Senn, 
Hamilton and Hyde, all of whom played an important role in the 
development of Push; but all of you knew them. 

The late President Wm. P. Harper was the greatest man I have 
ever known. As an organizer and worker he had no peer. As a 
friend of better medical education and a promotor of the advance- 
ment of medical science he had no superior. 

It is a duty to remember departed friends. It is a pleasure to 
contemplate the character of those who are still with us, but it is 
difficult to speak of them adequately in their presence ; yet I must 
say just a word for a few of those who are with us. As the years 
pass I more and more appreciate constant, unswerving loyalty. 

Time forbids me to mention by name the many others in this 
faculty who are giving the best that is in them for the betterment 
of humanity through our science. 

There has not been found, a group with firmer loyalty and 
loftier ideals than the men who are to-day active in the faculty of 
this college. 

In the spring of 1871 I gave my first course of instruction in 
Push Medical College, on the subject of "Materia Medica and 
Therapeutics." My uncle, Ephraim Ingals, had taught this sub- 
ject for number of years in the regular course. From the time of 
his entrance into the faculty, at the beginning of the second period, 
he constantly worked for improvement in medical education, and 
had high ideals and great hopes for Rush Medical College. 


After the death of Professor Brainard, in 1866, greater respon- 
sibilities fell on him. and he felt more keenly the necessity for 
improvements. But after several years of constant effort and many 
disappointments, he despaired of accomplishing what he desired, 
and concluded to give up the work. During the summer of 1871, 
he told me that he had decided to resign his professorship in the 
college, and that he could put me into his place if it were best. But 
he doubted whether it were wise at that time. I fully agreed with 
him, and was glad to have Professor Etheridge appointed in his 
stead, but I resolved at the time to take up the burden where he 
had laid it down, and to do all that in me lay to make of Bush 
Medical College one of the foremost medical institutions in this 

I had no money and few acquaintances, and I realized that 
success in this undertaking depended on my "making good" in the 
profession; therefore, my every effort was made with this ulterior, 
object in view. Even the reasonable demands of my home were 
made secondary. Social life was ignored, and I drove myself to 
work sixteen or eighteen hours a day. And this continued for many 
years. As a result of these labors, many professional honors came 
to me; but I cared nothing for them, excepting as they were an 
evidence of the good will of the profession and the esteem of my 
friends, and that they enabled me better to accomplish my purpose 
for the advancement of medical education. For several years I 
occupied only a subordinate position, and was not in the councils 
of the faculty, and therefore was able to do but very little in carry- 
ing out my resolution. But in the meantime I had gained a posi- 
tion which made my subsequent work more effective. When the 
University of Chicago was organized, and before a single building 
had been constructed, I met President Harper, and in a" personal 
and non-official way, opened negotiations with the purpose of mak- 
ing Bush Medical College the medical department of the University 
of Chicago. These negotiations were continued over a period of 
several years, with varying hope and despondency. There were 
several times when the realization of these hopes seemed just within 
our grasp, followed by periods of hopelessness when failure seemed 

In the beginning my ambition had been to raise Bush Medical 
College to the position of the first medical institution in this 
country, but I gradually grew away from this point of view, and 
finally aimed only at the uplift of medical education and the 
advance of medical science regardless of whether it was done under 
the name of Bush Medical College, or the University of Chicago. 
During this time I interested my colleagues one after another in 
the proposition, and succeeded also in influencing the authorities 
of the university. I wish you could know of the hundreds of con- 
ferences that were held with many different men; very often with 


apparently not the remotest bearing on the subject at hand, but all 
with the same end constantly in view. President Harper at first 
was only casually concerned in the matter, but as time went on he 
became more and more interested. Many times I succeeded in con- 
vincing him of the importance of linking medical education with 
the university in order to make progress. And I succeeded in 
making him feel that great results for the benefit of humanity 
would come from training young men thoroughly in the art of 
medicine. I felt that it was important that the University should 
take up under-graduate work in medicine, whereas he and many 
of his faculty believed that graduate work was most desirable. 
Often on leaving him I felt that he was surely convinced of the 
correctness of my position, but on meeting him again I would find 
him of a different mind. However, he eventually came to believe 
in the principle himself, and from that time on, during the 
remainder of his life, he was our firmest friend. In these efforts 
to secure a union of some kind between the college and university, 
I always found Dr. Goodspeed a trusty ally. I was frequently 
encouraged by the sympathetic attitude of Mr. Ryerson, the clear 
judgment of Judge Baldwin, and the friendly attitude of Judge 
Smith. But it was not all smooth sailing even with my own 
colleagues, who changed their minds on several occasions. 

One especially interesting incident occurred during this cam- 
paign. One evening a dozen trustees of Bush Medical College 
assembled in special session to consider the proposed union of the 
college with the university. Some of them, with prophetic vision, 
had seen the dangers we were to encounter, the sacrifices that must 
be made, and the possible disaster that awaited us. The subject 
was carefully argued for some time, and then a resolution was 
passed with only one dissenting voice, in which I was directed to 
notify the authorities at the university that all negotiations were 
at an end and that Rush Medical College did not wish to enter into 
any alliance with the University of Chicago. This was a stunning 
blow to me that came at a time when there were several favorable 
symptoms in the negotiations. It meant to me, personally, utter 
failure in the task to which I had devoted myself. It meant relin- 
quishing forever any hope of obtaining a union with the university, 
and I felt that it would ruin all of our chances of progress in med- 
ical teaching for many years. I, therefore, asked of the board that 
I be permitted to choose the time when I should present their reso 
lution to the trustees of the university. In a spirit of pity the 
request was granted; but I have not yet found the right time to 
deliver the message. I believe that the affiliation of Rush Medical 
College with the University of Chicago has accomplished more for 
the uplift of medical education and for the advancement of medical 
science in this country than any other one thing that has occurred 
in a generation. The ramifications of our influence cannot be 


accurately traced, but in my mind's eye I see a hundred lines 
stretching out over the whole country that had their origin In a 
group of earnest and unselfish men in this college. However, the 
ultimate goal has not yet been reached, and you who have conse- 
crated yourself to this task must work on and on, until the Univer- 
sity of Chicago has a medical department that will furnish unex- 
celled facilities for the acquisition of the knowledge of medicine 
and for the advancement of the science to which we are devoted. 

I highly appreciate the pleasant things that have been said 
to-night by my friends, but I learned long ago to make a liberal 
discount from such compliments lest my friends were mistaken. 
However, I must confess that sometimes when I take stock of 
myself, and estimate of the actual value of what I have done and of 
what I am, I am proud enough to think that I actually stand in 
the front rank of the profession when measured not by myself, but 
by the qualities and accomplishments of those whom I may count 
as true friends. 

I thank you all for your kind consideration and hearty goodwill. 


It will be of much interest to every member of the Alumni 
Association, but especially to the members of the Class of 1900, to 
hear that' Dr. W. A. Hemingway, formerly of Oak Park, 111., is prac- 
ticing his profession in far off China. Dr. Hemingway is a med- 
ical missionary under the auspices of the American Board of Com- 
mission for Foreign Missions. He was detailed for active service 
to the Province of Shunsi, having a population of over 270,000. 
He is located in the capital city, Tai Ku, Avhich is the center of 
the province, and has a population of over 20,000. Dr. Heming- 
way went to China first in 1903, and remained in that country for 
eight years, and after a short visit here, returned to his post of 
duty in July of last year. He is much delighted with the work. 

Early in taking up his residence at Tai Ku he felt the immedi- 
ate need of hospital facilities, and through his energies a small 
hospital was opened with accommodations for twenty beds. A new 
hospital has since been built with over 100 beds, and with an out- 
door patient clinic, and a dispensary having now over 3,000 attend- 
ance annually. The people are much in need of medical and sur- 
gical attendance. Diseases of the eyes are also very prevalent, 
especially cataract. Tuberculosis is also very prominent, especially 
ostial tuberculosis, and a separate department is devoted for the 
cure of the opium habit, which is in abhorance by the better 
informed Chinese people. The Chinese are much in need of skilled 
physicians, and the doctor in the capacity of medical missionary 
is' just the right man in the right place, and the people of the 


province are truly grateful to him for the good work which he is 

That his patients are really appreciative and thankful can be 
judged by a little incident which he related while on his visit to 
his home in Oak Park last summer. To show her gratitude a good 
old Chinese lady presented the doctor with a large number of eggs ; 
eggs being considered a great luxury in that country. Now eggs 
are not doled out by the dozen as in this country, but usually by 
the hundred. In presenting the 100 eggs she apologized for having 
delayed so long in showing her kindness toward him, but for the 
fact that she had but a single hen, it took a very long time to 
collect that number of eggs. 

The doctor and his family are in the best of health. An occa- 
sional letter from any of his former classmates of the Class of 
1900 would undoubtedly be much appreciated by him. 

Dr. Elmer H. Ellsworth has opened an office in Hot Springs, 

President John B. Ury, Defiance, Ohio, writes that there will 
be a reunion at the commencement banquet. Don't fail to let the 
college know your intentions, so a table can be arranged for 1903. 

Long Beach, Cal., March 25, 1913. 

77. H. Kleinpell, M.D., Chicago, III. 

Dear Doctor: — I see by the January Bulletin that it is your 
desire to publish an alumni, address book. I sincerely wish that 
this will be done. I would like very much to know what has become 
of my class mates. No doubt many of them have passed away, but 
many more may yet be living and it would be a satisfaction to 
know where to address such ones as I may happen to have per- 
sonally known. I met one at Los Angeles a few days ago for the 
first time since our graduation forty-three years ago. 

Eespectfully, J. E. Dosh. 

Class of 1870. Present home 441 Daisy Avenue, Long Beach, Cal. 



The May issue of the Bulletin will herald the coming medical 
society meetings in many of the states. Iowa, Missouri, Nebraska, 
North Dakota, Ohio, Wisconsin and Illinois all will have their 
animal meetings in May of this year. 


At every meeting of the various state associations an active 
Rush alumni gathering should be a distinctive and prominent 

Since my last report I can state something more definite about 
some of the state meetings. The annual state society meeting in 
North Dakota is scheduled for this year at Mi not, May 7 and 8. Rush 
Medical College and its alumni will be represented at that meeting 
by a member of our faculty, by the Dean of Students, Prof. John 
M. Dodson, who will read a paper on "Recent Advances in the War- 
fare Against Infectious Diseases," in the afternoon of the second 
day of the meeting. Every alumnus of the state should do his 
utmost to be present at this meeting to honor by their presence Dr. 
John M. Dodson. Every alumnus has already been informed that 
Dr. Dodson will be present at that meeting, and I anticipate that 
every alumnus of the state will be on hand. 

In connection with these alumni meetings I may state that I 
received a communication from Dr. H. H. Healy of Grand Forks, 
N". Dak., who is somewhat interested in this state meeting, and 
especially about the meeting of the American Medical Association 
at Minneapolis in June next, and he is very desirous of arousing 
sufficient enthusiasm amongst the alumni members in the state to 
make a very creditable showing at that meeting. 

From far off Ohio I received a glad tiding from Dr. Thos. F. 
Kellar of Toledo, Class '81, who desires that his state have the 
alumni members of "Old Rush" who reside in the state, come in 
full force to attend the Minneapolis meeting. 

Personally, I can speak about Illinois. The session of the com- 
ing meeting at Peoria, May 20, 21 and 22, is assured. A luncheon 
or smoker will be arranged between the hours of 12 and 2, that is 
between the recess and the meeting of the second day — Wednesday. 
Dr. 0. B. Will and the other forty or more members of the alumni 
association who reside at Peoria have already secured suitable place 
for such a meeting. The alumni association of this state is very 
fortunate this year in having the President of the State Associa- 
tion, Dr. Chas. T. Whelan, a member of our body. Dr. Whelan 
was very many years a teacher at the old school, Undoubtedly, the 
meeting at Peoria this year will be a most interesting gathering. 

It is not necessary at this late date to call the attention of the 
alumni members residing in the different states that the meeting 
of the American Medical Association will be held June 17-20, 
inclusive, at Minneapolis, Minn. Dr. Jehiel W. Chamberlin, chair- 
man of the alumni reunion in Minneapolis, and who resides in St. 
Paul, is doing his utmost to. make this meeting a success in keeping 
with the position of our school. Rush to-day is most of the fore- 
most of the many medical schools, its graduates being the honor 
men in every contest that is fairly conducted. We as children of 
such an institution should prove, should make the meeting at 


Minneapolis this year second to none in number, enthusiasm and 
in the old Bush spirit. 

Information will be given at the meeting place about the hour 
and place of meeting. It has been the custom to devote Tuesday 
evening of the meeting to alumni reunions, and this custom will be 
adhered to this year. 

We hope all to get to Minneapolis this year and again kindle 
the old Eush fires, to form better associations, to talk about the 
days long, long gone by and to again prove our filial devotion and 
spirit to our Alma Mater "Old Eush." 

Peoria, III., April 17, 1913. 
John Bitter, M.D., Chicago. 

My Dear Doctor: — Eeplying to your favor of yesterday, I take 
pleasure in saying on behalf of the local Eush Alumni that every- 
thing is satisfactorily arranged here for a reunion-luncheon during 
the noon recess of Wednesday, May 21, coincident with the forth- 
coming State Society's annual meeting in this city. 

We think we can present a delightful change from the usual 
hotel lay-out, in that the ladies of the G. A. E. will spread for one 
hundred of us a unique repast in their memorial hall, only about a 
block from the general meeting place. 

In that way no time need be wasted, and nothing distract atten- 
tion for the needs of the hour, unless, perchance, it be the elite 
waitresses of the occasion. 

A young woman will be at the registry desk to supply Eush men 
with the necessary tickets and directions, in addition to the gen- 
eral information imparted to all inquirers. It would be pleasant 
for us if those desiring luncheon accommodations could find it con- 
venient to let us know as early as possible, so that none need be 
left out. Fraternally Yours, 

0. B. Will. 

Eush alumni reunions will be held in the month of May at the 
following state society medical meetings : 

Iowa State Medical Society, at Des Moines, May 7-9. Dr. 
Cassius T. Lesan, Mount Ayr, Chairman. 

Kansas Medical Society, at Topeka, May 7-8. Dr. Harry W. 
Horn, Wichita, Chairman. 

Illinois State Medical Society, at Peoria, May 20-22. Dr. 0. 
B. Will, Peoria, Chairman, Local Committee. 

Nebraska State Medical Association, at Omaha, May 13-15. 

North Dakota State Medical Association, at Minot, May 7-8. 
Dr. A. Carr, Minot, and Dr. H. H. Healy, Grand Forks, shared the 
credit of this reunion. Prof. John M. Dodson, of our school, will 
address the members of the South Dakota State Medical Associa- 
tion at Vermilion, May 27-29. 

John Bitter, M.D. 
Chairman, Alumni Relation and Eeunion Committee. 



The usually good showing was made in the examination for 
Cook County interns, Rush men making seventeen places of thirty- 
three with a possibility of a few more in the total of forty to be 
decided. The appended list, not yet fully complete, shows how 
unanimously the men have elected to take hospital training : 

G. R. Allaben — Cook County Hospital. 

J. J. Barth, Alexian Brothers' Hospital, Chicago. 

C. R. Blake, Murray Hospital, Butte, Montana. 

H. J. Bolinger — Cook County Hospital, Chicago. 

Edward Buckman — St. Joseph's Hospital, Chicago. 

Edmund J. Burke, Cook County Hospital. 

Jas. C. Clarke, Cook County Hospital. 

Geo. H. Coleman, Presbyterian Hospital. 

Jesse D. Cook. 

Hugh E. Cooper, Milwaukee County Hospital. 

Corwin S. Cornell. 

Helen Craig, Denver County Hospital. 

Nathan S. Davis, III, Presbyterian Hospital. 

Fred M. Drennan, Presbyterian Hospital. 

George W. Dunlap, Presbyterian Hospital. 

Sidney H. Easton, Cook County Hospital. 

David G. Edmunds, St. Mark's Hospital, Salt Lake City, Utah. 

Victor S. Falk, St. Joseph's Hospital, Chicago. 

John D. Fowler, Denver County Hospital. 

Lillian E. Fowler, Bell Memorial Hospital, Kansas City Mo. 

Forrest H. Frey, Buffalo General Hospital, Buffalo, N. Y. 

Lyman K. Gould, Cook County Hospital. 

Virgil Greer, Cook County Hospital. 

Martha Hackett, Missionary Field. 

Edwin S. Hamilton, Cook County Hospital. 

Wm. D. Heaton, St. John's Hospital, Springfield, 111. 

Albion H. Heidner, St. Mary's Hospital, Chicago. 

Henry J. Heusinkveld, St. Anthony's Hospital, Chicago. 

Katherine Howell. 

Verne C. Hunt, Los Angeles County Hospital. 

Wm. G. Hyde, St. Mary's Hospital, Chicago. 

Clara Jacobson, Cook County Hospital, Chicago. 

George V. Jamieson, Buffalo General Hospital, Buffalo, N. Y. 

James F. Jolley, Kansas City General Hospital, Kansas City, Mo. 

Earle Johnson, Akron City Hospital, Akron, Ohio. 

Koella 01 at", Home for Destitute Crippled Children, Chicago. 

Ralph H. Kuhns, Michael Reese Hospital, Chicago. 

Gerald P. Lawrence. 

Edward Le Compte, St. Mark's Hospital, Salt Lake City, Utah. 

Rev V. Luce, Akron City Hospital, Akron, Ohio. 

Perry G. Lusk, Children's Memorial Hospital. 

Paul C. Lybyer. 

Frank F. Maple, Alexian Brothers' Hospital, Chicago. 


Joseph L. Martineau, St. Mary's Hospital, Chicago. 

George S. Mathers, Cook County Hospital, Chicago. 

Linn F. McBride, Alexian Brothers' Hospital, Chicago. 

Homer F. Mclntire, St. Joseph's Hospital, Chicago. 

Jas. E. McMeel, Cook County Hospital. 

Ralph McReynolds, St. Louis City Hospital, St. Louis, Mo. 

Golder L. McWhorter, Children's Memorial Hospital. 

Jas. H. Mitchell, Presbyterian Hospital. 

Ralph K. Mitchell, St. Mary's Hospital, Chicago. 

Virgil H. Moon, Kansas City General Hospital. 

Herbert J. Movius, St. Louis City Hospital. 

Harry J. Mustard. 

0. E. Nadeau, St. Mary's Hospital, Chicago. 
Frank Nuzum, Presbyterian Hospital. 
Harry G. Pamment, Presbyterian Hospital. 

• Marcia Patrick, Home for Destitute Crippled Children. 
Roswell T. Pettit, Brigham Bent Hospital, Boston, Mass. 
Geo. P. Pratt, Cook County Hospital. 
Wm. J. Quigley, Cook County Hospital. 
Ray R. Randall, Miami Valley Hospital, Dayton, Ohio. 
Fred J. Rathbun, Cook County Hospital, Chicago. 
George L. Rathbun, St. Louis City Hospital. 
Lilliburn Renfro, Good Samaritan Hospital, Portland, Oregon. 
Carl 0. Rinderspacher, Cook County Hospital. 
Arthur N. Rowe. 

L. W. Sauer, Children's Memorial Hospital, Chicago. 
E. Vernon Sheaf e, Good Samaritan Hospital, Portland, Oregon. 
Arthur L. Smith, Children's Memorial Hospital, Chicago. 
Robert L. I. Smith, St. Luke's Hospital, Chicago. 

1. W. Steiner. 
Y. B. Sutch. 

C, R. Swackhamer, Los Angeles County Hospital. 

Wm. S. Timblin. 

Fred J. Wampler, Deaconess Hospital, Chicago. 

James G. Ware, St. Joseph's Hospital. 

John R. Westaby. 

Edwin C. White, Kansas City Hospital, Kansas City. 

W. F. Winholt, Presbyterian Hospital. 

R. C. Woodruff, Cook County Hospital. 

Donald K. Woods, St. Anthony's Hospital, Chicago. 

A tennis association has been formed and a tenuis court is 
already prepared on grounds occupied by the laboratory building. 


The address book to be issued as onr next number will form 
an extremely valuable advertising medium, as it will be kept per- 
manently by all who receive it. Dealers in drugs and instruments, 
clinical laboratories, sanitariums, etc., would do well to secure space 
in this number. For rates, information as to copy, etc., address Dr. 
M. Fishbein, business manager, Wood and York Streets, Chicago. 


examination masks of the successful candi- 
dates foe attending staff, cook 
county Hospital 

Examination Held April, 1913 


1. J. A. Capps 84.99 

2. C. S. Williamson 83.19 

3. Theo. Tieken 81.29 

4. M. M. Portis 79.69 

5. L. M. Loeb 78.73 

6. J. L. Miller 78.53 

7. W. J. Butler '. . 77.69 

8. Frederick Tice 77.49 

9. E. E. Irons 75.89 

10. J. M. Patton 73.79 

11. E. E. Kerr ; 73.41 

12. L. Block ' 73.27 

13. R. T. Vaughan 72.41 

14. W. W. Hamburger : 72.07 

15. W. E. Post .70.39 

16. S. R. Slaymaker 71.19 

17. K. K. Koessler 70 


E. R. Le Count 92.56 

H. G. Wells 89.10 

M. J. Herzog 75.88 


Stanton A. Friedburg 82.52 

G. W. Boot 77.78 

J. C. Beck 70.64 

R. Sonnenschein 70.46 

A. Lewy 70 


F. E. Simpson 70.88 

F. G. Harris 70.22 


W. J. Butler 77.6 

A. F. Beifeld 72.5 


B. Van Hoosen 88 

C. W. Barrett 86 

C. Culbertson 81 

H. M. Stowe SI 

F. M. Lynch 80 

Four to qualify. 


1. A. B. Kanavel 84 

2. E. W. Andrews 82 

3. Charles Davison . 80 

4. G. F. Tompson .79 

5. H. M. Richter 79 


surgery — Continued 


6. I J . T. Morf 79 

7. F. A. Besley 78 

8. C. J. Rowan 77 

9. L. Ryan 77 

10. W. R. Cubbins 76 

11. K. Speed 75 

12. F. T. Dyas 75 

13. D. D. Lewis 74 

14. C. E. Humiston 73 

15. A. B. Keyes 72 

16. J. A. Wolfer 72 

17. Geo. Tarnowsky 71 

18. Rani Oliver . .". 71 

19. C. A. Barker . 71 

Eighteen to qualify. 

Rush fared best in medicine where twelve of our teachers obtained 
places out of eighteen possible, and seventeen passing. If this examination 
stands, the teaching of clinical medicine will be greatly aided by this staff. 

In surgery there will be six teachers and, considering the number who 
took the examination from the department, this is a good showing. 



The program for commencement week is as follows : 

Monday, June 9 

9 A. M. Clinic in Medicine, Prof. Frank Billings and Dr. W. E. Post. 
] 1 A. M. Clinic in Surgery, Prof. A. D. Bevan. 

2 P. M. Clinic in Diseases of the Eye, William H. Wilder. 
.4 P. M. Clinic in Genito-Urinary Diseases, William T. Belfield. 

Tuesday, June 10 
Reunion Class '93. Dr. J. W. Van Der Slice, Chairman Committee. 

9 A. M. Clinic in Medicine, Prof. James B. Herrick and Dr. W. T. 
11 A. M. CJinic in Surgery, Asst. Prof. Dean D. Lewis. 
2 P. M. Clinic in Diseases of the Skin, Associate Prof. Oliver S. Ormsby. 

4 P. M. Clinic in Nervous Diseases, Associate Prof. G. W. Hall, '93. 

Wednesday, June 11, Commencement Day 
9 A. M. Clinic in Medicine, Professor Dodson. 
11 A. M. Clinic in Gynecology, Prof. J. Clarence W 7 ebster. 
3:30 P. M. Commencement Exercises, Mandel Hall, University of Chicago. 
Address— Prof. J. Geo. Adami, A.M., M.D., F.R.S., Montreal, 

5 P. M. Annual Business Meeting of the Alumni Association of Rush 

Medical College, La Salle Hotel. 
6:30 P. M. Joint Banquet of the Alumni and Faculty of Rush Medical 

College, La Salle Hotel. 
Summer quarter begins June 10. 
All Rush Alumni are invited to attend the clinics as above scheduled. 




Harrison and Wood Streets, 

I expect to attend the Commencement exercises this year. 

I ~~ 1 Expect to attend the general exercise 

J "l Expect to attend exercises class of 

I ~1 Reserve place at banquet with class of 

Make following disposition of tickets 
I ~~ iLeave at college 

j ~]Have at place of meeting 

i ~JMail to me 

Check and return with check for dinner. 
Dinner: $1.50 per plate. 

Signed . 
Class of 


Address Book 

-**• Bound Edition 
will be published 
after corrections are 
made from a prelim- 
inary number sent 
to all of the alumni. 

Secure this Edition 

All members with dues paid will get 
this edition. 





All makes Bought, Sold, 
Rebuilt and Repaired. 
Rentals Lowest Rates, 
which applies on pur- 
chase price. Best grade 
Ribbons, 50 cents. Best 
Carbon for sale. 

119 N.Clark Street 

(Near Washington) 




V. Mueller & Co. 



Sick Room Supplies, Hospital Furni= 

ture and Equipment, X=Ray and 

Eiectro=Medical Apparatus 


1771=81 Ogden Ave 



In Affiliation with the 


CURRICULUM — The fundamental branches (Anatomy, Physiology, Bacteri- 
ology, etc) are taught in the Departments of Science at the Hull Biological 
Laboratories, University of Chicago. The courses of two (or three) clinical 
years are given in Rush Medical College and in the Presbyterian, the Cook 
County, the Children's Memorial, the Hospital for Destitute Crippled Chil- 
dren, and other Hospitals. 

HOSPITAL YEAR — A fifth year, consisting of service as an interne under 
supervision in an approved hospital, or of advanced work in one of the 
departments, leads to the degree of M.D., cum laude. 

SUMMER QUARTER — The college year is divided into four quarters, three 
of which constitute an annual session. The summer quarter, in the climate 
of Chicago, is advantageous for work. 

ELECTIVE SYSTEM — A considerable freedom of choice of courses and in- 
structors is open to the student. This is not designed, however, to encourage 
the student to fit himself for any special line of practice, but for its pedagogic 

GRADUATE COURSES — Advanced and research courses are offered in all 
departments. Students by attending summer quarters and prolonging their 
residence at the University of Chicago in advanced work may secure the 
degree of A.M., S.M. or Ph.D. from the University. 

PRIZE SCHOLARSHIP — Six prize scholarships — three in the first two years 
and three in the last two (clinical) years — are awarded to college graduates 
for theses embodying original research. 


May 8. Thursday — Second Term, Spring Quarter begins. 

May 30, Friday — Memorial Day, a holiday. 

June 9, Monday — Special Clinics for the Alumni Association. 

June 10, Tuesday — Special Clinics; Annual Business Meeting of the Alumnr 
Association ; Class-Day Exercises of the Graduating Class. 

June 1], Wednesday— 3:00 p.m.. Graduating Exercises: 6:00 p.m., Annual Re- 
ception and Dinner of the Faculty and Alumni. 

June 12, 13, 14, Thursday, Friday, Saturday— Quarterly Examinations. 

June 14, Saturday— Spring Quarter ends. 

June 16, Monday, Summer Quarter Begins 
TUITION, $60. OO per quarter-no laboratory fees 

Complete and detailed information may be secured by addressing 


3 j 1913 

Gtyp lulletitt 





Vol. VIII JUNE, 1913 No 6 






SeroDiagnosis of Pregnancy 

This Laboratory is now fully equipped and ready to perform the new Serum Test 
for Pregnancy as originated by Abderhalden. Fee for this test ten dollars. 

We are, also, equipped to perform all types of research, microscopic and analyt- 
ical work for physicians. Wassermann tests. Complement-fixation test for gon- 
orrhoea. Auto-vaccines prepared Stock vaccines furnished. All investigations 
made by laboratory and clinical experts. Fee tables and instructions for send- 
ing specimens on application. 

We have established a separate department of instruction in all branches of 
Clinical Diagnosis. Write us for. particulars. 











8 N. 


STATE ST., Phones: Randolph 3610 and 3611, CHICAGO 


Director Chemical Department Director Pathological Department 

C. CHURCHILL CROY, M.D., Director Bacteriological Department 

Accepted by the Council on Pharmacy and Chemistry oj the American Medical Association. 

Antiseptic F* H E N O CO Deodorant 

(Emulsified Phenol Homologues) 

Contains Inert Material 6% Water- Guaranteed '"Hygienic Laboratory Phenol Coefficient" 15 

Phenoco is guaran- 
teed to be a most 
powerful germicide 
and is invaluable 

for destroying the 
germs of all contag- 
ious and infectious 
diseases. Although 
such a powerful ger- 
micide, Phenoco is 
only about one-half 
as toxic as Phenol or 
in comparison with 
its germicidal action 
one-thirtieth as tox- 
ic as Phenol. 

Write Jor S 


Manufacturing Chemists 

As Phenoco has many 
and various uses in min- 
or surgery, therapeutics 
and diseases of the skin, 
the physician is respect- 
fully requested to con- 
sult our literature on 
the subject aod to exer- 
cise his judgment as to 
the most suitable solu- 
tion to use in each par- 
ticular case. 

Diekctions-To prepare 
solution pour cold or warm 
water on the fluid and stir 
well. Do not use boiling 

Guaranteed by the West 
Disinfecting Co. under the 
Insecticide Act of 1910. Ser- 
ial No. 156 Guaranteed by 
the West Disinfecting Co. 
under the Pure Food and 
Drugs Act. June 30. 1906, 
Serial No. 1955. 

Case Reports 

12 E. 42d ST., NEW YORK 

Sty? Sttlfcttn 

of the 

Volume VIII JUNE, 1913 No. 6 

B. M. LINNELL, Editor Reliance Building:, 32 North State Street, CHICAGO 

MORRIS FISHBEIN, Bus. Mgr., Durand Hospital, Wood and York Sts., CHICAGO 


President — Arthur M. Corwin, '90 Chicago 

First Vice-President — Joseph Z. Bergeron, '89 Chicago 

Second Vice-President — John J. Stoll, '85 Chicago 

Third Vice-President — Libni B. Hayman, '86 Chicago 

Necrologist — John Ritter, '80 Chicago 

Treasurer — Morris Fishbein, '12 . . Chicago 

Secretary — Chas. A. Parker, '91 Chicago 


Arthur M. Corwin, 90 Chicago Chas. A. Parker, '91 Chicago 

Joseph Z. Bergeron, '89 Chicago Geo. H. Weaver, '89 Chicago 

John J. Stoll, '85 Chicago B. M. Linnell, '93 ... Chicago 

Libni B. Hayman, '86 Chicago J. M. Dodson ."Chicago 

John Ritter, '80 Chicago John Edwin Rhodes. ...... .Chicago 

Morris Fishbein, '12 . .Chicago Oliver S. Ormsby Chicago 


Geo. H. Weaver, '89, Chairman, 1628 Washington Blvd., Chicago. 

Geo. D. Swaine, '73 Cleveland, O. E. C. Hamley, '02 Sprague, Wash. 

J. S. Kauffman, '75. .Blue Island, 111. Geo. W. Baker, '94 Ogden, Utah 

Winfield Ackley, '80. . .Juniata, Neb. W. A. Foskett, '97. . . . Whitebird, Ida. 

L. L. Uhls, '84 Osawatomie, Kan. R. E. Farr, '00 Minneapolis, Minn. 

Adolph Moeller, '87 Milwaukee P. A. Reppert, '03 Burlington, la. 

A. I. Bouffleur, '87 Chicago R. C. Robe, '95 Pueblo, Colo. 

Oliver C. Neier, '90 Indianapolis 


John Ritter, '80, Chairman, Chicago. 
Cassius T. Lesan ... Mount Ayr, Iowa Jehiel W. Chamberlin.St. Paul, Minn. 

Byron M. Caples. .. .Waukesha, Wis. Harry W. Horn Wichita, Kan. 

Fred A. Tucker Noblesville, Ind. O. H. Avey Payette, Idaho 

Robert C. Robe Pueblo, Colo. (Tri-State Oregon, Washington and 



B. M. Linnell, '93, Chairman, Chicago. 

George H. Weaver, '89 Chicago Charles A. Parker, '91 Chicago 

J. H. Salisbury, '78 Chicago Morris Fishbein, '12 Chicago 


A Message from the President 3 

List of the Alumni of Rush Medical College . 5 

Corrections of Address List 57 


Chicago, June 30, 1913. 

To Rush Alumni: — As President of our Alumni Association for 
this year, 1913 and 1914, I bespeak the hearty support of all who 
would see the college and its graduates brought into closer touch 
for mutual benefit. 

The good work of former officers in this direction is to be com- 
mended. But much more should be done by us and our successors, 
to organize, fraternize and energize the seven or eight hundred 
Rush men who practice in Cook County, as a nucleus of a wide 
movement to bring together our graduates wherever opportunity 
offers. By such effort the annual homecoming at Commencement 
can be made attractive to the six or seven thousand of those who 
honorably hold aloft the standard of Old Rush wherever the sun 

Your officers this year will cooperate in a campaign to put the 
association on a dignified, perpetual and efficient basis of self- 
support. The plan for establishing a Rush College Alumni Pro- 
motion Fund has received enthusiastic reception and encourage- 
ment, and all will have ample opportunity to join in the movement. 
Dr. Norman Bridge of Los Angeles has, at our request, started the 
fund with a check for $1,000, and others are coming in. 

The outline of the plan here offered has been endorsed and will 
be dwelt on more in detail in the next issue of The Bulletin. 


A perpetual trust fund, raised by the voluntary subscriptions of 
the Alumni and their friends. 

This fund is to be held in trust and advantageously invested 
by the Trustees of the College for the use of the Alumni Asso- 

The principal shall be held intact. 

The interest of it is to be turned over annually to the officers 
of the Association on presentation to the President of the Board of 
Trustees of vouchers signed by the Treasurer of the Association, 
and countersigned by its President. 

The object of this trust fund is to advance the interests of the 
Alumni and promote their efficiency for the good of the College 
by encouraging: 

1. Better acquaintance and closer fellowship among Alumni, 
undergraduates and faculty. 

2. Loyalty to the highest ideals and traditions of Rush College, 
which stands first in our college affections. Support of Alumni 
fellowships in research work. 


3. Wider and more intimate knowledge of college and Alumni 

4. Wholesome class rivalry in Alumni and College affairs. 

5. Annual attendance at graduation and Alumni functions and 
class reunions. 

• - 6. The gathering and fraternizing of Bush men at national, 
state and other medical society meetings. 

'7. More perfect cohesion of Bush Alumni through class and 
state organization to the aforesaid ends. 

No salary or honorarium shall be paid to any officer or agent of 
the Association, except to cover legitimate expenses, authorized by 
affirmative vote of a majority of the officers of the Association. 

In November next, from the 10th to the 15th, the Clinical 
Congress of Surgeons of North America is to convene in Chicago. 
There will be a notable clinical program, covering numerous phases 
of surgical procedure. This program will be sent you in due time. 
Oil it will be the names of many Bush Alumni to whom special 
attention will be called in The Bulletin, so that you will have 
opportunity to see their work as well as that of other surgeons. 

Bush men will gather in force at that congress, and on some 
evening during the session there will be a big smoker of our grad- 
uates, with special entertainment. Note the date — November 10 
to 15— and plan to be present to enjoy yourself and boost for the 
annual gathering of the clans next June. 

• : (Signed) A. M. Corwin, Pres. 

15 East Washington Street. 


D — Deceased 


Session opened Dec. 4, 1843 (16 weeks) 

Butterfield, Wm 

McLean, John 

Whipple, T. P 


Ames, Alfred E D 

Fosdick, Wm D 

Garvin, Isaac Watts 

Hayes, Daniel K D 

Herrick, Josiah B '. D 

Higby, James M 

Holden, Newton P D 

King, Almon W 

Long, Edwin R., Lieut D 

Munroe, Stephen, Jr D 

Needham, Orwell 

Oatman, Ira E D 

Ritchey, Samuel W 

Sherman, Nehemiah 


Session opened Nov. 1, 1845 

Andrews, Ellwood D 

Bird, J. Herman 

Malcolm, Alexander B D 

Montgomery, Wm. G D 

Robb, Cicero D 

Rosenkrans, Halsey D 

Scott, Robert 

Welsh, William W D 


Balsh, H. J. E 

Barry, S. A 

Blunt, Joseph 

Bradway, Joseph R D 

Elgin, M. B 

Gilbert, A. V D 

Gilbert, Edward A 

Grimes, Samuel D 

Hageman, Frederick C D 

Howes, H. P 

Ingals, Ephraim D 

Kirrian, Philip D 

Lake, Leonard L 

Leary, J. C 

Lovell, Lafayette W 

McGirr, J. E.... 

Peck, David J 

Pierce, Wesley D 

Saunders, James F 

Snyder, Isaac 


Session opened Nov. 1. 1847 

Armstrong, Alfred W Canandaigua, N. Y. 

Buell, James H 

Cavarly, William W 

Clark, Asa D 

Cutler, Harvey D 

Freer, Joseph W D 

Garrett, Charles C D 

Hall, Thomas D 

Harlin, Israel G 

Huggans, George M D 

Lake, Calvin B 

Lamb, Robert Pennell D 

Maxon, Orrin T 

McKay, Peter B D 

Meek, Edwin G D 

Paramore, Gideon C 

Patterson, James C D 

Richings, Charles H D 

. Warren, John H D 

Weeks, Jerome F 

Wells, William H Oleander, Cal. 


Session from Oct. 28 to Feb. 2, 1849 

Camerer, Daniel M Chrisman, 111. 

Chamberlain, William 

Clark, Joseph A D 

Crawford, Alexander B 

Darnall, Milton D D 

Golliday, Uri P... 

Hawley, Reuben S D 

Hobbs, James C. H 

Hough, Erastus G D 

Huey, George J 

Jones, Ambrose Delton, Wis. 

Kimberly, E. S D 

Knott, Christopher W D 

Loftin, Sample 

Lovejoy, J. Collins Jefferson, Iowa 

Matthews, William D 

McNutt, J. H 

Moor, Thomas C D 

Newton, John P D 

Nutt, John D 

Otis, Orvin C 

Osborne, J. George D 

Pearson, Jonathan 

Reynolds, Albert J D 

Sedgwick, Westel W 

Stone, Reuben R 

Sweetland, Warren M D 

Tucker, James P D 

Ware, Charles 

Warner, C. C 

Warren, Luke W 


Session opened Oct. 15, 1849 

Anderson, J. L 

Blood, Cyrus G 

Brown, Clay 

Brown, Henry T McHenry. 111. 

Brown, Thomas D New York, N. Y. 


Coleman, William F 

Cooper, E. S ....D 

Favor, Kimball 

French, Edward J 

Gregory, John D 

Hamilton, Isaiah P D 

Haren, Samuel Rush........... D 

Higgins, George W D 

Hoyt, Orson C... 

Hull, Alexander 

Ives, Franklin B Long Beach, Cal. 

Klepper, M. Tevis. 

Klepper, Thomas G 

Macon, J. C 

Mc Arthur, Alonzo L. D 

Miles, Manly, Jr 

Moore, Risdon C 

Oatman, William C 

Parkhurst, Silas S 

Paugh, William J 

Perry, William W. D 

Phipps, John M D 

Ransom, Giles P.... ..D 

Rogers, David D 

Snelling, Josiah R D 

Spaulding, John W D 

Stephens, Benjamin G D 

Stephenson, Benjamin F.. .D 

Stewart, Edwin 

Thayer, Isaac E. D 

Todd, John M 

Tuttle, Henry D. C 

Walker, James P 

Wasson, Harmon D 

Wheeler, George S 

Whitmore, J. S..... ....D 

Whitmore, Zecania H 

Wilkins, Thomas 

Woodbury, W. W. R. ..D 

Zearing, James R....3600 Michigan Ave., Chicago 


Session opened Nov. 4, 1850 

Chittock, Gordon Jackson, Mich. 

Coleman, 0. D ... .....D 

Constant, J. H.. , ... 

Coolidge, F. W.... 

Craig, S. L New York, N. Y. 

Crawford, George S Clif ty, Ind. 

Crowder, William Milton 

Donaldson, Henry Chapman 

Hinsey, Joseph C 

Hull, Charles J 

Johnson, Amos M 

Kennedy, V. P ..D 

Latimer, L. D . . 

Loomis, Theophilus S 

Luther, Hiram E 

Mason, S. R D 

McMachan, James G 

Mead, Thompson 

Mease, L. A 

Merrick, George C 

Morris, Richard 

Murphy, John H 

Pomroy, Lewis C 

Porter, J. Pumroy 

Reynolds, B. Lake Geneva, Wis 

Russell, J. S 

Spotswood, Edmund T Terre Haute, Ind. 

Sweney, William Wilson 

Thome, Arthur M 

Trowbridge, Silas T 

Van Doren, Cornelius R 

Walker, John , 

Wright, Edwin 


Session opened Nov. 3, 1851 

Albin, George W , 

Adams, Henry D 

Bentley, G. Judson 

Blades, Franklin D 

Bodenstab, George A 

Buckley, Benjamin T D 

Chadwich, Alexander B D 

Cole, Theodore G.... D 

Collins, James A D 

Craig, William D ..D 

Crouse, F. Marion 

Davis, William H D 

DeArmand, Alexander 

Garrison, John 

Gilbert, Stephen C D 

Gordfrey, Walter R D 

Hobbie, William M D 

Hooten, Marsena M 

Hunt, William C 

Hurlburt, Vincent L 

Johnson, Hosmer A 

Johnson, Orvis S 

Jones Hiram C 

Knapp, Abram H 

Light Ezra M D 

Lindsfelt, A. F. St. Sure.. 

Lynn, Isaiah P D 

Marshall, Hugh D 

Martin, Lewis B 

Parker, M. G : D 

Reeder, J. Harrison 

Rogers, Dudley ..D 

Thompkins, Leander D D 

Van Fossen, Ezra 

Willard, Edwin R ..Wilmington, 111. 

Woodworth, John D 

Youmans, Jeremiah D 


Session opened Nov. 1, 1852 (16 weeks) 

Bennett, Robert F ,...D 

Brenneman, J. A D 

Chapman, 0. D 

Colton, D. Alphonso 

Corkins, P. G 

Cunningham, J. P 

Curless, William 

Davis, Hosea D 

Drake, Elijah H ". 

Dwight, A. L 

Earll, Robert W. 

Gerard, M. F 

Gregory, James C 

Harriman, S. B D 

Henry, Robert F D 

James, J. A D 

Jenks, Oliver S D 

Marks, Solon.. 6 Prospect Ave., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Miller, Warren D 

Moffett, James B 

Phillips, John D 

Proctor, James N 

Parker, Henry 

Ross, H. W D 

Smith, Hiram D 

Stanley, Josiah D 

Starr, John F. D 

Steele, Henrv S D 

Wheaton, J. B 

Whitinger, Daniel 

Whittlesey, S. H 

Wilson, R. Q D 

Young, Arthur Prescott, Wis. 

Young, William M 



Session opened Nov. 7, 1853 (16 weeks) 

Avery, William M D 

Boomer, Albert 

Brenton, Washington D 

Collver, John W 

Cornett, Charles C 

Davis, Charles W.. D 

Davis, Isaac N 

Edwards, Joseph W Mendota, 111. 

Elliot, Joseph N. B 

Fish, Melancthon W 

Fisk, Hezekiah D 

Fitch, Thomas D 

Hale, Roscoe L D 

Hallock, Richard S 

Hamilton. John F 

Hillis, William A D 

Hopkins, Edward 

King. Anderson W 

Lynch, John W D 

Mann, Henry W 

Manson, William Burlington, Kan. 

Mayfield, John T 

McArthur, R. M 

Morey, Harvey C 

Morrison, J. B 

Niglas, John N 

Robbins. Myron W 

Root, Simeon P Odell, 111. 

Sears, Reuben 

•Seller, Thomas P Indianapolis, Ind. 

Slack, George W D 

Swisher, Wm. B.- D 

Watson, Charles D Ontario, Cal. 

Watson, William Dubuque, Iowa 

Whitmore, David 

Wood, Enos P 

Yoemans, Stephen P D 


Barbre. Jesse 

Bicknell, Lewis C 

Byrns, George A 

Chadwick. Michael R D 

Clapp, Horace C ■ 

Clark, Salmon S.... 

Conley, Jason N 

Coon, Hiram L D 

Cooper, Berry W D 

Crombie, Thaddeus M D 

Davis, Mordecai D 

DuBois, Darwin D 

Evans, James '. 

Ford, James 

Goldsburg, George T D 

Goodbrake, Christopher 

Gorham, Charles D 

Gould, Vernon Rochester, Ind. 

Grove, James F 

Hanna, Thomas B 

Heller, William H .D 

Horton, Elisha G 

Hoyt, Freeborn F 

Hutchinson, Alonzo L 

Jenks, Charles W D 

Kennedy, Leroy H 

McCarthy, James C 

McHugh, John D 

McMurtry, James C 

Pierce, Ross W..." D 

Rawson, Allen A D 

Rawson, Homer C 

Rice, Isaac 

Russell, Hugh 

Sudduth, James M D 

Trabue, John W 

Van Meter, Henry D 

Van Nuys, William 

Van Winkle, Hiram J D 

Wenger, Elias 

Wiley, Martin 


Session opened Nov. 5, 1855 (16 weeks) 

Archer Meredith C 

Barlow, J. Milton 

Boothe, Edwin W 

Bowers, Daniel 

Buffum, Almon C \ : . 

Carey, Aznizi B D 

Carley, David W 

Clawges, John W. F D 

Constant, Francis M 

Crain, A. Jackson D 

Crain, James L D 

Daniels, Hamilton C 

Demming, John 

Eaton, Roswell 

Everhard, John J Selden, Kan. 

Galyord, Edwin Pontiac, 111. 

Gordon, William A 

Graham, James P 

Green, James W 

Green, William F : 

Griffith, Samuel 

Henderson, Joseph D 

Higgins, I. N 

Hitt, Robert S 

Kittell, George W 

Kreider, Henry W Galesburg, 111. 

Kyner, David T Blue Mound, 111. 

Latta, M. M 

La Count, David D 

Leeds, L. L Lincoln, 111. 

Lewis, Benjamin S 

Lodge, Alexander 

Madden, Zephaniah H D 

Marshall, D. McM . 

McGee, Thomas C 

Neal, Benjamin G 

Phillips, William H 

Ragon, Bailey 

Robson, John R D 

Ronold, Francis 

Smith, Lee D 

Warden, Horace Laporte. Ind. 

Wenton, Robert 

Williamson, Joseph M 


Session opened Nov. 3, 1856 (16 weeks) 

Adair, A. W D 

Bennett, D. C 

Bounel, M. H 

Bowen, J. Summer 

Cravens, James Franklin 

Dever, Thomas B D 

Dunn, L. H Moline, 111. 

Fisher, T. D D 

Graham, T. A D 

Gray, La Fayette H D 

Hall, W. M D 

Hammell, Charles D 

Higinbotham, Samuel 

Hill, Charles Pine Island, Minn. 

Hubbard, E. F 

Hughes, A 

Kimber, A. L 

Lake, John Jasper 

Long, William D 

Lowrie, John C 

Maney, James Francis 


McAfferty, Ethan 

McCleeny, James 

Miller, Joseph Thomas 

Noble H D 

Paul, J. B , 

Pearson, N. 0.... D 

Philips, Josiah L. 

Powell, Edwin . 

Shreeves, Thomas T 

..508 E. Locust St., Des Moines, Iowa 

Smith, Lafyette H 

Spickler, David Hewitt 

Terrell, J. P D 

Tyler, John H.... Clinton, 111. 

Urmston, Stephen L. . . . 

Vermillion, William F 

Wardner, P. J ..D 

White, Benjamin F D 

White, Francis W 

Wilcox, Edward A D 

Wilkinson, George W 

Wilson, Benjamin 

Woodward, Benjamin . . 

York, J. W D 


Session opened Nov. 2, 1857 (16 weks) 

Black, R. C. Gainesville, Tex. 

Brookhart, Lewis 

Brown, L. B 

Clark, Freeman 

Corcoran, P. G D 

Davis, S. B 

Davis, Solomon 

Durham, Benjamin 

Earl, J. B D 

Ellenwood, C. N 

2937 Pacific Ave., San Francisco 

Gray, J. D D 

Green, J. N 

Harl, W. B 

Heavenridge, Allen 

Jennings, T. C D 

Keegan, Charles J 

Keith, B. F......... 

Lake, Waldow W 

May, Willis L D 

Miller, A. J D 

Montgomery, D. B D 

O'Connor, John McN 

Ormsby, 0. B 

Pashley, J. S 

Pearman, J. T 

Potter, J. L.... 

Rockwell, Wm. H Johnstown Center, Wis. 

Ross, B. F D 

Slack, Josiah D 

Smedley, L. D 

Snow, C. V 

Somers, Winston D 

Swafford, Benjamin F 

Webster, J. R Monmouth, 111. 

Wilson, J. B 

Winston, Thomas 6127 Kimbark Ave., Chicago 

Wright, Owen 

York, Eli 


Session opened Nov. 1, 1858 (16 weeks) 

Armstrong, L. Grant Boscobel, Wis. 

Ayres, E. H 

Blackman, A. M 

Briston, Benjamin W 

Conklin, J. R Omaha, Neb. 

Cook, John A ; 

Corey, George W Sawtelle, Cal. 

Dickenson, E. C 

Douthitt, N. N D 

Frizell, John H 

Harper, J. Drake 

Harris, Blixton Aurora, 111. 

Hopwood, William C 

Hull, Richard D 

Kreider, William L Prairie City, 111. 

Lake, Lafayette 

Lawrence, John W 

Lyford, William Haines Port Byron, 111. 

Mason, F 

McGee, Richard 

McNair, Samuel 

Mitchell, S. M 

Peters, William Earl 

Pierce, J. R D 

Roler, L. 0. F 2330 Indiana Ave., Chicago 

Slingsbv, P. R 

Steele, E. A D 

Taylor, A. B Caney, Kan. 

Underwood, Myron 

Welling, E. Livingston 

Wiley, J. H 

Williams, J. F 

Williams R. F D 


Session opened Nov. 1, 1859 (16 weeks) 

Adams, Orson Barnes 

Angear, John James May D 

Baker, John B Pontiac, 111. 

Barry, Edward L. H Jerseyville, 111. 

Bartels, Frederick 

Billington, John T 

Carnahan, Hiram Compton, 111. 

Dancer, John 

Dunn, B. Irvin 

Durham, Henry 

Elliott, Rufus M 

Ennis, John E 

Felker, John B D 

Fritts, Thomas J 

Golliday, A. M Bedford, Iowa 

Hatch, Jethro A Victoria, Tex. 

Holmead, Leigh R D 

Irwin, William 

Isaac, Milton A , D 

Kirkpatrick, Daniel Larwill, Ind. 

Luce, Hiram C 

Matthei, Philip 339 Wisconsin St., Chicago 

McAlpin, Percy .- 

Osborn, William F Baldwin, Kan. 

Ray, Robert B D 

Richards, George W 

Sheldon, Samuel A 

Smith, Charles M D 

Spain, James F D 

Thomas Edward 

Thompson, James Indianapolis, Ind. 

Room 516 Am. Central Life Ins. Bldg. 

Thompson, Vincent S 

Underwood, J. S D 

Wheeler, Calvin D 

Wiles, William V 


Session opened Nov. 5, 1S60 (16 weeks) 

Barndt, Allen S 

Blood, Henry S 

Bradshaw, Benjamin H D 

Brown, William C D 

Buck, Sidney S 

Bunce, Charles Hastings, Neb. 

Clark, Elijah A D 

Cool, Daniel Maxon Faribault, Minn. 


De Forest, Edward C D 

Dunn, Thomas J Dieterich, 111. 

Eaton, Morton M 

Egbert, George D 

Graham, William B Noblesville, Ind. 

Hamill, Robert C D 

Hanson, Zenas P 1538 W. Adams St., Chicago 

Henton, Clinton D D 

Herrick, Henry T D 

Hoffman, Theodore D 

Keables, John T 

Keegan, Enoch W Crawfordsville, Ind. 

Keith, Ezekiel 

Kimball, Abner D Nat. Military Home, Ind. 

Lackey, Robert M 

Mayfield, James M 

Maynard, Henry H Los Angeles, Cal. 

McMasters, Z. James 

McVey, Richard E Topeka, Kan. 

Murphy, John 

Owen, Samuel C 

Orven, Samuel C 

Passage, Henry V D 

Pierce, Allen N D 

Reese, Madison 

Russell, E. Fred 

Sparks, James W Arkansas City, Kan. 

Stull, Theodore W... 

Talbot, Edward P 

Thompkins, Charles B 

Walker, 0. G 

Washburn, Israel B Rensselaer, Ind. 


Session opened Oct. 16, 1861 (16 weeks) 

Allen, Charles E Roodhouse, 111. 

Ames, Albert A D 

Armstrong, Stephen G 

Bartlett, Aurelius T.... Virden, 111. 

Beggs, George W Sioux City, Iowa 

Bennett, Leonard L 

Boyles, Elijah W Clay City, 111. 

Brown, James 

Carter, William D Nashville, 111. 

Conley, T. Griffin D 

Cuthbert, William L Long Beach, Cal. 

Drake, Thomas G Terre Haute, Ind. 

Dunn, Samuel M 

Farrington, James B Chillicothe, Tex. 

Hagey, Jacob M Mount Morris, N. Y. 

Hayden, Riley B 

Howser, Jacob H Sapulpa, Okla. 

Huggins, A. Z 

Lanning, I. Meek 

Loomis, Clark E 

McKnight, William Normal, 111. 

Meacher, William D 

Millard, Fordyce R 

1916 Third St., San Diego, Cal. 

Monroe, George L Louisville, Ky. 

Patton, William Rush Charleston 111. 

Richardson, Holland W Marengo, 111. 

Richmond, Charles M 

Russell, William R 

Stephenson, Robert E 

Taggart, C. J 

Ten Broeck, Samuel B 

Torey, J. Allen 

Ward, John A 

Whipple, Alfred H 

Winston, Egbert H 

Wren, D. Bishop 


Session opened Oct. 1, 1862 (16 weeks) 

Andrews, Gordon 

Barnett, Charles F 

Bishop, E 

Bliss, Ela L 

Byers, Frederick W Monroe, Wis. 

Chase, Philo W D 

Cunningham, James 

Dean, John W Maryville, Mo. 

Dilly, Charles F 

Dunkel, William B Gilman, Iowa 

Elder, Charles S D 

Emmons, Francis A 

3240 Groveland Ave., Chicago 

Ferris, Uriah B 

Fish, Stephen N 

Gregory, William M , 

Guthrie, Harrison H 

Heideman, George F .D 

Herman, Pryer I Raymond, 111. 

Hopkins, Myron D 

Irwin, Samuel G 

Jones, Daniel C National Home, Danville, 111. 

Kelly, James 

Kendall, Charles B 

Keyser, Hiram M. Momence, 111. 

Lamb, G. Allen 

Little, Charles F.... Manhattan, Kan. 

Lynn, Edward E 

Mahler, Frank C New London, Iowa 

Marston, Samuel L Hartford, Wis. 

McCoy, Pitt Y Evansville, Ind. 

McFarland, George C 

McLean, John 623 111th St., Chicago 

McNeil, James H.... Fond du Lac, Wis. 

Montgomery, Thomas J...... 

Muncey, James 

Nichols, Elmer D 

Noyes, J. Copp D 

O'Brien, Cornelius. .3041 Easton Ave., St. Louis 

Phillips, Wesley 

Piatt, William C 

Pierce, Byron G 

Rankin, John M Richland, Neb. 

Ransom, James J Burlington, Iowa 

Robinson, Fernando C Wyanet, 111. 

Rogers, Lemuel H D 

Saucerman, John W Winslow, 111. 

Scott, William 

Segworth, Harrison W Anamosa, Iowa 

Shoemaker, Milton 

Small, Abram L 

Smith, W. H 

Tombs, Pembroke R 

Tompkins, William H 

Williams, James A D 

Williams, John L D 

Wilson, William T 

Zahn, John 


Session opened Oct. 7, 1863 (16 weeks) 

Adkins, Frank B 

Akely, Harrison „ 

Allen, Orlenzer 

Avery, Samuel J ...780 Walnut St., Chicago 

Babcock, Charles M 

Babcock, Lyman F Deadwood, S. Dak. 

Bacon, A. J D 

Barclay, S. R.... 

Beasley, G. Frank. 420 Ferry St., La Fayette, Ind. 

Bibb, George R 

Bradburg, William T 

Bucher, Charles A Fitzgerald, Ga. 

Byrn, Spencer 

Cass, Frank D 

Cassal, F. Marion D 

Chamberlain, Ellston D 

Coakley, James E 

Dawson, W. E El Dorado Springs, Mo. 



Dayton, Ephraim D 

Dora, James W D 

Dora, T. Beauchamp 

Egbert, J. Wesley 

Ells, Franklin D 

English, J. Edwin D 

Fares, J. B 

Gaylord, Horace 

Glassner, E. T 

Goldsburg, J. A 

Goodwin, Lewis H 

Grayston, Fred S. C 

Gulick, J. J Plew, Mo. 

Hiatt, J. Milton 

Hill, Robert Louis D 

Hollingsworth, H. C 

Jennings, George N D 

Johnson, I. C 

Jones, Augustus P. C D 

Jones, Edwin L 

Jordan, Frank A Pecatonica, 111. 

Keeley, Leslie E 

Kelly, John J 

Kelso. Robert S .D 

Kerrell, John R 

Kinnar, A. H 

Lords, L. J. M 

Larimer, Bartlett 

Lester, Gilbert B 

Linn, Timothy T 

Lowell, Lorenzo Dow Munda, 111. 

Lyons J. Ellis 

Macdonald, Peter S 2829 Indiana Ave., Chicago 

Marion, Francis - 

McGlumphy, S. B Sioux City, Iowa 

Mendenhall, Samuel 

Mix, Henry A D 

Moses, Jabez H.. Gait, Mo. 

Munger, Martin E 

Munroe, James A • 

Nelson, Alexander P Kirkwood, 111. 

Nelson, Eugene L 

O'Brien, J. N...... D 

Ogle, Jacob W 

Palmer, Roswell R 

Peebles, C. Hial 

Price, Edward H 

Richardson, Charles M 

Schuchard, George W 

Shaffer, Philip D 

Smith, William A 

Stillman, J. Dwight 

Swift, John M 

Tevis, Joel T 

Thayer, John W 

Waterhouse, Marvin 

Watkins, James M D 

Welsh, William F 

West, John M Red Bluff, Cal. 

White, Charles 1112 La Salle Ave., Chicago 

White, Charles A 

Williams, J. A 

Wilson, Samuel 

Winch, G. D 

Wood, Orlando S ! 

Yerkes, Titus P Upper Alton, 111. 


Session opened Oct. 4, 1864 (16 weeks) 

Adair, W. R 

Adams, J. Madison C D 

Allen, Henry D 

Allen, R. M 

Baird, W. C Bogard, Mo. 

Baker, Braxton 

Baker, Martin 

Baker, Newton 

Ball, Zopher 

Becker, John 4243 West End Ave., Chicago 

Blackall, C. R 

Blanchard, J. G 

Boardman, James G Bradford, 111. 

Bond, E. J D 

Bosley, D. W 

Bowman, William E , 

Bright, W. H Martinsburg, Ind. 

Brown, James W Ashton, 111. 

Brunk, C. H Windsor, 111. 

Carlisle, C. H Meadows, Idaho 

Catlin, E. P D 

Chamberlain, W. E Council Bluffs, Iowa 

Chesbrough, H. R , D 

Clark, H. W D 

Cole, Frederick Garden City. Kan. 

Cole, Samuel, Jr., 4336 Vincennes Ave., Chicago 

Congdon, J. L... Riverside, 111. 

Cooper, J 

Cotton, John D 

Cushing, Clinton D 

Darrah, A. J 

Davison, S. A 

Denny, D. W. C 

Dodd, S. W Montclair, N. J. 

Douglas, A. C Tyler, Tex. 

Dowler, M. Morton, Jr D 

Dubler, W. H.... 

Ehle, A. S .East Germantown, Ind. 

Eidson, Andrew J Fort Madison, Iowa 

Eidler, Samuel S 

Ferguson, Samuel T D 

Ferrin. S. G 

Folger, Henry A 

Ford, 0. D 

Foster, J. H 

Gaskill, Romanta 

Godfrey, H. T 5120 Cass St., Omaha, Neb. 

Golloway, Samuel Libertwille, 111. 

Hale, J. Thomas . 

Hance, Thomas C 

Harrah, J. M Switz City, Ind. 

Herdman, J. W 

Herndon, A. P , 

Hess, Smith H 

Hess, William H 

Hiett, Francis M Red Oak, Iowa 

Horton, H. Edward 

James, George W D 

Johnston, David R 

Jones, Merritt S 

Keiper, G. F " 

Kelsey, W. G 

Kerr, Charles D 

Kite, John L 

Kuster, Charles E Los Angeles, Cal. 

Lamson, C. E Fairmount, 111. 

Leal, J. H 

Lee, Josiah 

Lewis, C. J 1900 Carrol Ave., Chicago 

Lucas, Carl J 

Luech, A. W 

Lyons, W. B 

Mahan, Isaac L 

Maxon, G. D ....Hatford, Kan. 

Meachem, J. G., Jr 

745 College Ave. , Racine, Wis. 

Morrow, L. B D 

Morse, Wm. A 

Nesmeth, N. W Waukon, Iowa 

Newell, Wm. M 

Otto, Joseph 

Penfield, William P 

Powell, John M 

Prentiss, Joseph L Canon City, Colo. 

Priest. G. W 



Quinlan, Charles H 

Redmon, Lafayette * D 

Reed, C. B 

Rodman, A. J.. ..Delavan, Wis. 

Shepard, John L Sheboygan Falls, Wis. 

Shurtleff, Favel 

Smith, Asbury E 

Smith, W. H. H 

Smythe, Gonzalo Cordova 

Stahl, M. S D 

Stevenson, Geoge A Rising Sun, Ind. 

Stratton, D. Hedrick Blum, Tex. 

Tronsdale, J. L 

Truewcrthy, John W 

418 Byrne Bldg., Los Angeles, Cal. 

Van Duren, Henry 

Van Zant, G. W 

Wild, Theodore 532 Aldine Ave., Chicago 

Wilson, Joseph H 

Withers, Horatio B Mineral Wells, Tex. 

Worslev, George 

Wright, N. D 

Wright, 0. P. B Clinton, Wis. 

Young, Charles 


Session opened Oct. 4, 1865 (16 weeks) 

Allen, C. Isham Milton, 111. 

Allen, Ethan P Dekalb, 111. 

Annis, T. E 

Asdale, William J D 

Ayres, Salathiel B Louisiana, Mo. 

Berry, Edward E Plattville, Wis. 

Bove, T. Newton Loda, 111. 

Brown, George W Frankfort, Ind. 

Brown, J. J 

Brown, Luther, Jr .Rockford, Iowa 

Carscadden , Richard 

Carter, William J Converse, Ind 

Chamberlin, George M 

3031 Indiana Ave., Chicago 

Clarke, George A 

Comstock, James A Greenfield, Ind. 

Cozad, James 

Craig, John W 

Cravens, Samuel C D 

Crawford, J. N D 

Crowder, Robert H Sullivan, Ind. 

Davis, James C D 

Denny, Franklin M 

Dietrich, T. A Freeport, 111. 

Eberlein, Frederick Walter Lacon, 111. 

Edmiston, John A D 

Egbert, Jerome B 

Eversole, Joseph B Adeline, 111. 

Fenn, Curtiss T., 6117 Washington Ave., Chicago 

Fitch, J. C Hastings, Neb. 

Ford, Chester S 

Fowler, Henry R 

Gill, G. Judson Riverside, Cal. 

Goodell, W. L Effingham, 111. 

Goodell, W. S D 

Gowen, James E 

Graham, W. D 

Groesbech, John W., Jr Harvard, 111. 

Grover, John W Effingham, 111. 

Gueren, John D 

Harper, William 

Harris, William J D 

Hay, Albert H 

Hay ward, J. M 

Henry, Abijah F 

Herrick, William S 

Higgins, Carter B 

Hoffman, Fred W 

Holmes. Julius C 

Irwin, E. Howard 

King, William H D 

Lange, Peter T 

Langfitt, George W D 

Leonard W. T Lawrence, Kan. 

Loope, Truman Ellis D 

Lyons, G. F 

Magelssen, Jacob W Rushford, Minn. 

Maxwell, S. C D 

McDowell, John R.. D 

McMasters, James W Sauk Center, Minn. 

Meachem, A. Wilbur 

Moorehouse, William D 

Morgan, James J 

Morse, A. E Babcock, Wis. 

Munsell, John Gaffield Centralia, 111. 

Murray, W. W 

Nichols, Horace 

Paddock, S. F 

Paoli, Gerhard Chris 

Quales, N. T 1951 Fowler St., Chicago 

Rabe, W. Louis Dwight, 111. 

Reed, James J D 

Rice, Charles E 

Richards, Rolla T 

Rutledge, William D 

Scheppers, D. Q .292 Larrabee St., Chicago 

Scott, William D Ithaca, Mich. 

Segworth, Miles P Anamosa, Iowa 

Smith, E. Maiden D 

Smith, M. F.... 

Steadman, Charles E Junction City, Kan. 

Sulcer, Abram A 

Sutton, James E.... Canton, 111. 

Taggart, J. H 

Teal, Norman D 

Tombreken, Henry D 

Troy, S. S 

True, Charles Kankakee, 111. 

Van Vorhis, F. J 

Walston, Robert L Decatur, 111. 

Watson, Francis W D 

Wetmore, R. B.. Coyville, Kan. 

Willing, A. J 

Wilson, George A D 

Wilson, John T 

Winzenreid, Charles J Amana, Iowa 

Witherspoone, M. V. B 

Wolfe, L. 0. P Mauckport, Ind. 


Session opened Oct. 3, 1866 (16 weeks) 

Ager, Upton A Peru, Ind. 

Ames, Curtis B 

Bachelle, Gideon v 32 N. State St., Chicago 

Bosco, Otto 

Brackenridge, Robert J 

Bradshaw, Horatio . N D 

Brown, Benjamin F Pulaski, 111. 

Brown, Charles C 

Buckmaster, William H 

Cachot, Max A 

Carr, Ezra S 

Clarke, Wesley 

Connor, J. Gilbert Ionia, Mich. 

Crouse, Jerome H 

Davis, Andrew P Dallas, Tex. 

Dougan, William T Niles, Mich. 

Dunne, William P 

Eaton, William '. Hutsonville, 111. 

Edgar, Charles A Eldorado Springs, Mo. 

Estabrook, Leonard W Springport, Ind. 

Gaudy, James Luther Humboldt, Neb. 

Hathaway, William Baker 

Hawley, Samuel 

Hensley, John W 

Hewett, Semun R Charles City, Iowa 

Hobson, Edward B Gillespie, 111. 



Hughes, John 6058 Myrtle, Chicago 

Humes, John P Winnebago, Minn. 

Jones, John M 

Kellogg, Hiram D 

Kierneff, Benjamin F Marshalltown, Iowa 

Laflen, William A .Detroit, Mich. 

Lamson, Justin Worthing D 

Langfitt, William J.... 

Marshall, Nicholas R Evanston, 111. 

Massman, John 2135 Cleveland Ave., Chicago 

Mayo, Joseph K 

Merrick, Jerome C 

Miller, George E Hanover, 111. 

Mitten, Allen P 

Moore, William H. C Red Oak, Iowa 

Morey, Joseph W 

Morrall, Albert Wamego, Kan. 

Morse, Frederick D Lawrence, Kan. 

Murphy, James 

Newell, Henby B D 

Newton, Alexander B Bangor, Wis. 

Odell, Sanford T D 

Palmer, Henry K 

Porter, William 

Prince, David D 

Randall, Dolphus S... 

Ray, George W D 

Robinson, Jefferson 

Robinson, Stephen E D 

Rockwood, Charles A 

Root, Dan S.. 

Scanland, S. E 

Schwan, T. William 

Scovill, Josiah T 

Seawright, John P 

Secord, James K 

Seeley, Oscar F D 

Sellards, David T. 

Sharon, Ebert S 

Shipteon, John W 

Shronts, John F Momence, 111. 

Simpson, John 

Smith, De Witt Clinton 

Spittler, Daniel 

Spooner, Irving R 

Steele, Harrison D 

Stewart, T. Newton 

Strothers, Lyman T Nowata, Okla. 

Sweeland, Nelson L Newark, 111. 

Tatman, John C. Denver, Colo. 

Taylor, John J 

Thompson, Samuel Toledo, Ohio 

Tennery, Thomas J 

Trout, Alexander W Perry, Iowa 

Upton, Henry B 

Van Buren, Evart, Jr 

Van Cowan, Joseph 

Veatch, W. Hendrix 

Session opened Oct. 2, 1867 (18 weeks) 

Armstrong, James B 

Aster, Francis G...45 W. Garfield Blvd., Chicago 

Babcok, Amos New Hampton, Iowa 

Babcock, Daniel C 

Bailey, William N 

Baker, J. H. P Salisbury, Mo. 

Baker, James H 

Barger, Robt. N Hopedale, 111. 

Barnett, James R Neenah, Wis. 

Barnwell, James H 

Barr, James Portland, Ore. 

Bobbs, J. S 

Bosworth, A. W 

Brownlee, Hugh 

Carter, J. A 

Cassidy, John South Bend, Ind. 

Chase, Henry A 

Christie, Wm. H ...Omaha, Neb. 

Coffin, F. Walter Chagrin Falls, Ohio 

Cook, James M 

Cowden, John W Petersburg, Tenn. 

Craig, Pascal L Alamosa, Colo. 

Davidson, David L 

Drake, Nelson A 

1001 Harrison St., Kansas City, Mo. 

Draper, John B Oswego, Kan. 

Elder, Thomas A Wooster, Ohio 

Elkins, George W 

Evarts, Orpheus 

Fern, William J Tunnelhill, 111. 

Fifield, Frank 

Finley, David M Cascade, Iowa 

Flinn, William 

Foster, John T Ashley, 111. 

Frank, John G 2095 W. 21st St., Chicago 

Freeland, Benjamin H 

Gemmell, Henry C D 

Gibbs, John Unity, 111. 

Goodell, John H 

Goodner, Lyman T 

Griswold, John B Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Hagey, William H. H D 

Haggard, J. Robert 

Mutual Life Bldg. , Lincoln, Neb. 

Hain, W. F 

Hard, Abram 

Henrotin, Fernand 353 La Salle Ave., Chicago 

Heywood, Cyrus E Casey, 111. 

Hicks, Samuel R Sullivan, Mo. 

Hirsch, Christian B 

Holland, Abrogene 

Holmes, Byron Fond du Lac, Wis. 

Hurst, Merritt D 

Johnson, Walter L 

....101 E. 1st St. So., Salt Lake City, Utah 

Kimball, Thomas C D 

La Count, Louis B 

Lathrop, Edmund L D 

Little, Gershow J. R 

Little William 

Livesay, Thomas N Patoka, 111. 

Looney, William A D 

Martin, Leonidas B Peoria, 111. 

Mayo, Edward L., Jr D 

May wood, William J 

McClure, James.. 702a Market St., St. Louis, Mo. 
McCollum, Charles A 

627 Andrus Bldg., Minneapolis, Minn. 

McCoughey, Thomas C .* 

McCrea, Samuel P ■ 

McCullock, Albertus P Humeston, Iowa 

McGuire, Francis St. Cloud, Minn. 

McKinney, John G Barry, 111. 

McKune, Albert B 

McMahan, William R D 

Miller, Abraham 

Miller, Benjamin C 

....1109 14th St. N.-W., Washington, D. C. 

Moffitt, James Monticello, 111. 

Moore, Americus V 

Moore, John B Kokomo, Ind. 

Murphy, Thomas C ....Hopedale, 111. 

Muth, Charles Sheboygan, Wis. 

Newkirk, Garrett. . .Slavin Bldg., Pasadena, Cal. 

O'Reilev, John R 

Page, William R D 

Pankhurst, James 

Pardue, E. H 

Parks, Charles T 

Payne, Bennett A 

Peters, John H 

Pitts, William S Fredericksburg, Iowa 

Prescott, Joel 



Quivey, William East Orange, N. J. 

Reed, Royal N 

Remholdt, Wilhelm 

Robertson, William S 

Rood, Joseph B 

Ross, Justin 

Rowley, Antonius A D 

Rundlett, J. Rodney Prairie du Sac. Wis. 

Richmond, Corvdon 

Riddler, John G 

Rowley, William S... 

Seger, Dana B Morrison, 111. 

Taylor, George Hotel Windermere, Chicago 

Ten Brock, John D 

Thrall, Charles B 

Thrane, Arthur Eau Claire, Wis. 

Towne, L. E D 

Tuttle, John E 

Van Dyke, Joseph 

Wakefield, James I Pasadena, Cal. 

Wakely, Thomas Audley Jacksonville, 111. 

Warworth, Henry Joseph Syrna, Tenn. 

Wheaton, Charles A 

Wheeler, Matthias S D 

Wigginton, Richard M 

Winslow, Rush 

Wood, W. Alfonzo 

Woods, D. Lindley Dighton, Kan. 

Woodward, J. J 

Wycoff, Hiram G 

Yount, Thomas J 


Session opened Sept. 30, 1868 (IS weeks) 

Adams, James M. D 

Austin, William H Rupert, Vt. 

Bacon, John W 

Bailey, Gallandet Normal, 111. 

Bauer, James Table Grove, 111. 

Baldwin, Marcellus 

Bardwell, Hiram H Flint, Mich. 

Birney, Samuel H D 

Bracket, Arthur B 

Bradley, Frank L 

Brady, Thompson R Wabash, Ind. 

Briggs, Robert Clayton, 111. 

Brookings, David J Woodward, Iowa 

Broughton, Russell D 

Brown, Robert H 

Brown, Simon P Elgin, 111. 

Burton, William M Plum Bayou, Ark. 

Cameron, John J Kearney, Neb. 

Cameron, James G 

Carleman, Mauritz 

Chenowith, Cassidy Decatur, 111. 

Church, Nelson H 807 S. Halsted St., Chicago 

Clark, John S Ivanhoe, Va. 

Cloyd, John P Georgetown, 111. 

Cochran, William G L 

210 Byrne Bldg., Los Angeles, Cal. 

Congar, Oliver H 

Covalt, Amos A Greentown, Ind. 

Crossgrove, Thomas D 

Cunkle, Israel Madison, Kan. 

Danforth, William A 

David, Cyrenus 126 State St., Chicago 

David, Joseph W Alden, Iowa 

Donnelly, Michael Summithill, Pa. 

Dunlap, William 

384 Lafayette Blvd., Detroit, Mich. 

Edwards, • Arthur W 

Elliot, Francis Marion Aurora, 111. 

Ethridge, James H 

Everett, Oliver D 

Firkins, John W D 

Fricke, Gustavo H. C Park Ridge, 111. 

Freermood, Ezra K Greentown, Ind. 

Front, Dallas G. M 

Fulton, Lee W D 

Fyff e, James R 

Galer, Joseph B 

Gard, Oliver 

Goodale, Charles W Metz, Ind. 

Gordon, William A Winnebago, Wis. 

Gregory, Job L 

Groesbeck, James E 

Hamilton, John B D 

Hilbert, Melancthon Springfield, Mo. 

Hill, Herbert S 

Hoffman, Julius F. C 

5805 Washington Ave., Chicago 

Hogeboom, Charles E Talucah, Ala. 

Holgate, James R Wyoming, 111. 

Hoover, William C 

Jenkins, John M 

Johnson, William C Springfield, 111. 

Kierland, Peter E D 

Kilgore, Jahiel C Monmouth, 111. 

Klinbtrg, Andress Osage City, Kan, 

Knowles, Joseph Logan, Iowa 

Leavitt, Justin J „ 

999 Cleveland Ave., Portland, Ore. 

Lee, George W. J Thompson, Iowa 

Linde, Frederick H T 

Lindsay, Hugh E Whitewater, Wis, 

Logan, Augustus R 

Matthews, Fred L 

McClellan, Samuel 

McClure, Stephen P 

McGinness, John Springfield, 111. 

Mclnness, Thomas R 

McLean, James Wharton Fayette, Iowa 

Miller, Adam E Rockbridge, 111. 

Miller, Andrew J Halstead, Kan . 

Moffatt, James S 

Molitor, Nikolaus La Grande, Ore. 

Monroe, William 

Moore, Russell L Spring Valley, Minn. 

Morgan, John C D 

Morris, Joel W 

Nichols, William F 

Northrup, Lorenzo Valley Falls, Kan. 

O'Brien, John Emmett 

Parker, Thomas W 

Patterson, Almon D 

Ralph, John B Omaha, Neb. 

Rickey, Robert N Grays Lake, 111 

Ristine, Harley G Ft. Dodge, Iowa 

Roberts. George W D 

Rose, Vincent H 

Schrock, William II D 

Shepherd, Alonzo B 

Smith, Sylvester S D 

Sovereign, Fred F Three Oaks, Mich. 

Spaulding, Thomas B Decatur, 111. 

Sprague, Charles C D 

Sprague, Joshua B 

S tannard, Frank D 

Stevens, Byron N Chillicothe, Mo. 

Stewart, George W 

Thompson, Sylvester Falls, N. C. 

Tobey, Robert 

Tucker, Albert R Noblesville, Ind. 

Tweddale, James Washburne, 111. 

Underwood, William L 

Wadsworth, Frank S 

Walker, George H 

Webster, Basil M 

White, Solon C 

Whitley, John L 

Will, Otto B Peoria, 111. 

AVilliamson, George 

Williamson, John 

Wirt, William H D 




Session opened Sept. 29, 1869 

Acres, George T D 

Adair, Lyman J D 

Adams, Thomas J North Salem, Ind. 

Aurner, George H 

Aydelott, William R 

Baker, D. Bryan 

Ballou, Albert D 

Barnes, Charles A. 17 N. Penn St., Greenfield, Ind. 

Bennett, David D 

Best, John Ellison. Arlington, 111. 

Bicknell, Fred T 

222 Bradbury Bldg., Los Angeles, Cal. 

Blakeslee, Thomas Nedosha, Kan. 

Bloomingstone, John D 

Bond, L. Lafayette .Dennison, Iowa 

Boyd, William M 

Bridgman, Gilbert E 

Brown, Cyril P Spring Lake, Mich. 

Burns, William J Oakfield, Wis. 

Carver, Wilson C • 

Case, Lafayette W Waterloo, Iowa 

Cassels, James McNab ■ 

Coates, Thomas '. 

Crist, Howard C D 

Crowder, William L Oskaloosa, Iowa 

Curtner, Paul H 

Dakin, Daniel L Detroit, Mich. 

Dann, Edward F Clark, S. Dak. 

Davis, Samuel T Afton, Iowa 

Dod, John W 

Dodge, David 

DoKtoelly, Michael J Summit Hill, Pa. 

lOoseh, Jacob R 

,,,, ..444 Daisy Ave., Long Beach, Cal. 

DufBeid, Hamilton P Marshalltown, Iowa 

Dunning, Isaac R 

Durant, S. W Topeka, Kan. 

Eaton, Richard J D 

Edgar, Robert S 

Eichelberger, William C '. D 

Evans, Perry M Minonk, 111. 

Everett, Milton H Lincoln, Neb. 

Farley, Benjamin F..... York, Neb. 

Fenton, S. Campbell Boswell, Ind. 

Fenwick, William E 

Fletcher, Edward R St. Paul, Neb. 

Focht, George S Tipton, Iowa 

Ford, Abel, Jr LeGrand, Iowa 

Fox, William 

Gephart, Jesse T. B Valley Falls, Kan. 

Gifford, Joseph C D 

Given, 0. G 

Goe, John * W 

Goldsberry, Strader S 

Goodwin, Russell F 

43 University Ave. S.-E., Minneapolis 

Gould, Samuel W Argos, Ind. 

Green, George Aurora, 111. 

Green, John 

Guernsey, Augustus Amherst, Wis. 

Guines, J. F 

Hageman, Frederick C • 

Hales, Marcus M - D 

Harvey, William 

Helms, Benjamin R 

Henry, William Harmon, 111. 

Holman, Thomas A Pinckneyville, 111. 

Hudson, George W D 

Hunt, B. S Winchester, Ind. 

Kelley, Bishop D Billings, Mont. 

Kitchingman, Adrian A 

La Rue, Benjamin Appleton, Minn. 

Lauranson, Lawrence A 

Law, Allen Robert Madison, Wis. 

Leal, Clark 

Lee, Stephen W. . 

Lester, John M 

Lewis, Frank L 

Lewis, Ledyard Verdine.... D 

Liliencrantz, August Aptos, Cal. 

Littlefield, Horace R Portland, Ore. 

Manning, Charles D D 

Marvin, Henry M D 

Matthews, James A 

McFarland, Andrew 

McFarland, D. H Heyworth, 111. 

McFarland, T. Fletcher D 

McLean, William L Dongola, 111. 

Mendenhall, William O'Neal Richmond, Ind. 

Miller, Benjamin P 

Miller, Samuel 

Modesitt, Albert B , 

Monast, Pierre L 

Moore, Andrew J 

Moore, William J D 

Morehouse, H. Walter .Danville, 111. 

Morey, George P 

Morris, Julius A D 

Morse, Simon P 

Mulvane, Phineas I . ....D 

Noyes, George B 

Ormsby, Oliver C Rexbury, Idaho 

Page, Lewis C 

Palmer, William H Blair, Neb. 

Panter, Judson C 115 N. Clark St., Chicago 

Phillips, Benjamin T Menominee, Mich. 

Pickins, Francis M Winfield, Kan. 

Place, Milo 

Plummer. Richard H 

Porter, William B 

Purviance, Robert 

Quire, Charles E Lynnville, Iowa 

Randolph, Walter F D 

Reeder, James W Goldendale, Wash. 

Reynolds, James C Lake Geneva, Wis. 

Russell, Charles W 

Scott, John T 

Secrest, Conrad D 

Smith, H. Watson Sisson, Cal. 

Smith, Jacob D 

Smith, William M Springfield, Mo. 

Snider, John W Fairland, Ind. 

Snyder, Lewis A 

Soule, Henry C Wautoma, Wis. 

Sprague, Theophilus Sheffield, 111. 

Standly, Zachary T Laclede, Mo. 

Stetson, James B Sheffield, 111. 

Stewart, John H Exeter, 111. 

Stewart, William H 

Stoskof, Louis 

Thompson, J. Austin Letts, Iowa 

Todd, William 

Tope, John W D 

Tyner, Samuel L D 

Waite, John C 

Waldon, Delenso A Beatrice, Neb. 

Webster, John C 721 North St., Lafayette, Ind. 

Weed, Gideon A Berkeley, Cal. 

Wilcox, Charles A Amboy, 111. 

Wilgus, Albert 

1412 6th St. N.-W., Washington, D. C. 

Woodworth, Leonard P De Vails Bluff, Ark. 


Session opened Sept. 28, 1870 

Anderson, Edward V Woodstock, 111. 

Bachman, Henry S 

Bailey, Income G. 

Baker, William S 

Bartholow, James M Urbana, 111. 

Bass, Zacheus 

Baxter, William W 



Blackmail, William E 

Bragg, Thomas H 

Brandon, George W Milford, Neb. 

Buchan, Alfred L Racine, Wis. 

Chapman, Edward J Missouri Valley, Iowa 

Clarke, Elbert W D 

Collins, Daniel B 

Conan, Frank E 

Copp, Benjamin E 

Cornell, Corwin W Knoxville, Iowa 

Craig, Norman S Jennings, La. 

Crumpton, Hezekiah J Piedmont, Cal. 

Dawson, Jesse W D 

Dewitt, R. Ralph 

Donovan, Andrew C Excelsior Springs, Mo. 

Douglass, David T Colfax, 111. 

Dye, Albert A Madison, Wis. 

Eastman, William D 

Egbert, Rinaldo E 

Everett, William L D 

Ford, Thomas D Plainfleld, Iowa 

French, Marsina H 

Frost, George W 

Furnas, John M 

Galer, Jarey Y 

Garten, Melchert H Lincoln, Neb. 

Geiger, William R 

Gilluly, Thomas '. D 

Given, Henry A Wymore, Neb. 

Goll, Gustav G 

Greenwell, Samuel A 

Griggs, Robert C Murrav, Iowa 

Guibor, Charles II D 

Hagerty, Joseph L D 

Hall, Benjamin R 

Hannaford, Joseph N Marion, Kan. 

Harcourt, William L 

..Brandon Gen. Hospital, Brandon, Manitoba 

Harris, Joseph H D 

Hays, John L Howard, Kan. 

Hess, Thomas M 

Hudson, Charles A Mendina, Tenn. 

Hurst, Stith T Greenview, 111. 

Hutchins, James V D 

Ingals, Ephraim Fletcher 

104 Michigan Ave., Chicago 

Jewitt, Dan L Watseka, 111. 

Jones, Henry Preston, Minn. 

Jones, Joseph Evans De Soto, Mo. 

Kelley, Thomas San Jose, Cal. 

Knapp, Charles D Greenfield, Iowa 

Knight, Amos D 

Lark, Thomas P Ruma, 111. 

Leavitt, Philander H 

LeGrange, Robert D 

Leonard, W. T St. Paul Park, Minn. 

Lincoln, Joseph C Bowling Green, Ohio 

Macklin, George M D 

Mastreson, John A Watertown, Wis. 

McElroy, Patrick Henry 

McGarey, Ennis N 

McPherson, John A 

McPherson, Robert Milledgeville, 111. 

Miller, James N 

Minnick, Erasmus G 

Mitchell, Robert J Girard, 111. 

Montgomery, William T 

22 Washington St., Chicago 

Newell, George E Burlington, Wis. 

Nicoson, David C 

Peck, A. Palmer 

Pritchard, John F Manitowoc, Wis. 

Ratliff, Lewis L Yarmouth, Iowa 

Roe, Albert J.... 312 S. 5th St., Springfield, 111. 

Roome, Charles D Cresco, Iowa 

Schlosser, Alfred G. R 

Schooley, Mahon H. L D 

Stanton, J. Oliver 

Stebbin, Preston Chico, Cal. 

Taylor, Isaac H Springfield', 111. 

Thomas, Leverett W 

Turner, E. Le Roy 

White, John A..' Danville',' 'inch 

Williams, W. W Mattoon, 111. 

Wood, Fred B 

Young, Ephraim B 


Session opened Sept. 27, 1871 

Adams, Orion John Hall D 

Artz, William Franklin ] ) 

Bartholow, Emory Coke 

Booth, Charles Irwin Minneapolis, Minn. 

Burbank, Charles H 538 Lunt Ave., Chicago 

Canfield, F. Antis D 

Chapin, Hiram Stillman Holder, 111. 

Chenowith, Albert Decatur, 111. 

Clayberg, Sylvester S Avon, 111. 

Corey, Charles Theodore Harrimar., Tenn. 

Crane, Oliver Philip 

Cunningham, Theo. Nathaniel 

Darr, David Byron 

De Witt, Thomas Byron 

66 Geary St. , San Francisco 

Dorchester, John Charles 

Dunn, John William Dietrich, 111. 

Dunning, Lehman Herbert Indianapolis 

Eastern, Cyrus Monroe Hebron, Neb. 

Edgerton, W. Wilberf orce 

Faviman, Eli Wesley Brodhead, Wis. 

Fleming, John McLean D 

Freeland, S. Cuthbertson 

Galer, George Blake Belmond, Iowa 

Gardiner, John Hurley D 

Gardner, John 

Garvin, Eugene Sherman 

Gernon, John Hall Beaverville, 111. 

Hall, Robert Samuel 

Hayes, Plvmmon Sanford 

Hill, William Henry 

Hilsabeck, William Franklin Windsor, 111. 

Huddleston, R. Harrison 

Jenks, Samuel Michael D 

Kendall, Edmund Janvier. 

Lasher, George 

2075 S. Spring St.. Los Angeles. Cal. 

Leonard, Raymond L..312 La Salle Ave., Chicago 

Mackey, Horatio Nelson 

Magoon, Darwin Earll 

Mansfelde, A. Siedschlag von Ashland, Neb. 

McBride, Sherwell Kier 

McCandless, Wm. Leslie Pinckneyville, 111. 

McFarland, Andrew 

McKinnie, Patt . Leonard Evanston, 111. 

McMorris, James Belle Plaine, Iowa 

McPherson, Mason Crarey D 

Mead, William Briscoe Lawton, Okla. 

Merritt, Geo. Frederick St. Peters, Minn. 

Messner, Lewis Curtis 

Millard, Perry Henry 

Miller, William Keller Marsland, Neb. 

Moor, Otis , 

Norris, Amos L 

Norris, John William Oregon City, Ore. 

Owen, Abram 

Patrick, Zora E 25 Woodlawn Park, Chicago 

Phillips, Charles William 

Plackett, Richard 

Pratt, Homer Hamilton Brookfield, Mo. 

Pratt, Horace James 

Richardson, Albert N 

6500 Wentvvorth Ave., Chicago 

Roberts, George Frank 

604 Pillsbury Bldg., Minneapolis 

Ross, David Lancaster Pittston, Pa. 



Russell, Dennis Lincoln Ripley, 111. 

Schmidt, Ernest 

Smith, Cyrus I) 

Smith, Eugene Jackson Harlan, Iowa 

Smith, John Alexander Norway, Iowa 

Smith, John Isaac 

Smith, Oliver Perry 

Standiford, William Francis 

Standley, James W Alexis, 111. 

Strong-, Alhert Bliss D 

Taylor. Ewing King- McAdoo Clinton, 111. 

Thompson, Smith Chapman Cedarville, 111. 

Tibo, George Haynes D 

Truax, John Gilbert D 

Valiquet, T. Louis Archibald 

Way, Spencer Joseph 

Wells, Robert Williamson 

Wiggins, Orville Briggs 


Session opened Oct. 2, 1872 
Adolphus, Philip.. 1639 Washington Blvd., Chicago 

Alford, Sanford Orville D 

Allen, Charles L ..Los Angeles, Cal. 

Ashbaugh, John Isaac D 

Battin, William Henry D 

Bedford, Franklin D 

Carey, Charles Harte Darlington, Wis. 

Catlin, Thomas G 

Corbett, Francis Bowers 

Cristler, John Henry Dallas, Texas 

Crommett, Erie Benton 

Dodge, Cass Mason 

Duffin, Wm. Lorelle D 

Edmiston, David Wallace Clinton, 111. 

Enfield, Marshall Clarinda, Iowa 

Evans, Jesse Walter D 

Grass, John Denver, Colo. 

Hamilton, Charles Henry D 

Hess, Frederick A.. 526 W. Division St., Chicago 

Hiddeson, Charles Von 

Horton, William Albert 

Hurt, William Johnson Waynetown, Ind. 

Hynds, Andrew Jackson 

3300 Woodlawn Ave., Kansas City, Mo. 

Jackson, A. Reeves 

King, Charles Frederick Hudson, Wis. 

Kittell, Ernst Albert 

Kittrung, Joshua Adams 

Lewis, Frank Edward Fayetteville, Ark. 

Little, George Bailey 

405 1 /£> Jefferson St., Burlington, Iowa 

Loofbowrow, Nathan Allen Monroe, Wis. 

Luken, Martin H......826 N. Irving Ave., Chicago 

McCullock, George Humeston, Iowa 

McLean, Morris Galusha 

Mendelhall, Pleasant Winston. ... .Thornton, Ind. 

Myers, Columbus Covington, Ind. 

Orear, James Harvey 

Pearson, Dolphin Walter 

Reynolds, George W 

335 Washington Blvd., Chicago 

Riddle, Hamilton Rush Mechanicsburg, 111. 

Rush, Willard Walter 

Schaefer, Frederick John D 

Sherman, Frederick Emerson 

Shimonek, G. Frederick 

307 Grand Ave., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Slemmcns, Daniel Mel Canastota, S. Dak. 

Sloan, Milton Granville Dexter, Iowa 

Smith, Carter II , D 

Smith, Everett Russell 

Stabeck, Kittle T 

Starr, John N D 

Stone, John Jerome 

Swaine, George Daniel 

373 Cedar Ave., Cleveland, Ohio 

Thomas, Henry John 

Thompson, John Schnee Palestine, 111. 

Turner, Reuben Notlev , 

Walker, John Godfrey 

390 Wabaska Ave., St. Paul 

Walker, John Tilgham Holstein, Iowa 

Wellner, George Christian Red Wing, Minn. 

Weston, Edward B 85 Dearborn, Chicago 

Winter, Henry Abbott .Saybrook, 111. 

Wood, Marshall, Wm Boise, Idaho 


Session opened Oct. 1, 1873 ■ 
Spring Course March 4, 1874 (16 weeks) 

Allen, William Andrew Epworth, 111. 

Barclay, John Marshall 

Mississippi and Carpenter Streets, Cincinnati 

Bennett, Sanford Filmore 

Bertram, Victor Arthur 

Birney, Clarius Confucius Mason City, Iowa 

Bluth'ardt, T. J 

Bostwick, Henry Clay 

Browning, J. Boardman 

Burroughs, Chas. Le Roy 

Byrne, John II 

2921 Washington Blvd., Chicago 

Carr, Oscar Nathan..' D 

Catlin, Theodore Jefferson Delano, Minn. 

Chapman, George H 

7510 Greenwood Ave. , Chicago 

Chase, Frank Wilbur 

Collins, E. B 

Cowan, James Edwin Galesburg, 111. 

Connett, Ira Bradwell D 

Cook, James Wells 

Crowder, Henry Tracy, Cal. 

Denke, Frederick Wm Spartanburg, Ind. 

Dundas, Robert Ford Mitchell, S. Dak. 

Eaton, Leonidas Hamlin D 

Edgar, David William Fonda, Iowa 

Ervey, Andrew Judson D 

Franks, Wm. Henry Ligonier, Ind. 

French, William Harrison 

218 Granday Bldg., Cedar Rapids, Iowa 

Gillum, Ira Hamilton Milford, 111. 

Goble, Ezra T Earlville, 111. 

Going, Zewas II 4642 Indiana Ave., Chicago 

Greaves, George Washington Spencer, Iowa 

Grimes, William Samuel ..Wapello, Iowa 

Hathorne, John Edgar Barkley, Neb. 

Hendryx, Wilbur Alson Los Angeles 

Herrington, Truman Augustus 

Hill, Gershom Hyde ." 

Hormel, Lewis Cass Casselton, N. Dak- 
Lane, John Wesley Houston Heights, Tex. 

Leigh, Abraham Hiawatha, Kan. 

Lewis, William R > D 

Livingston, Robert A 

Lord, Frank Howard Piano, 111. 

Lytle, Henry Smith 

Martin, Oliver Harrison 

McClelland, Robt. Edward Springfield, 111. 

McCoy, Addison Webster Wichita, Kan. 

McCune, James Harold Kirkville, Iowa 

McElroy, James Gallagher Portland, Ore. 

McKenzie, Herbert Marcus Elwood, Iowa 

Mercer, Samuel Warren 

Miles, Frank L Elkhart, Ind. 

Miller, George Henry Galena, 111. 

Mitchell, Theophilus Wells . 

Moore, Ellis Crosby . . 

Morgan, Will Harrison Oilman, Ind. 

Murphy, Lea ...Montevideo, Minn. 

Parkin, Ralph 

Parsons, George Weston 

Parsons, Wm 741 W. 47th St., Chicago 

Payne, Frank Howard Berkeley, Cal. 



Plumb", Weston Theodore Tama, Iowa 

Purdv, Kossuth Fillmore ."..Houston, Tex. 

Heed', Frank Allen ]) 

Rickey, Addison Winfield Port Costa, Cal. 

Robison, Laurel Elmer 

Rofe, Wm, Scott Anita, Iowa 

Rogers, P. P 

Rownd, Frank Lafayette Dighton, Kan. 

Scroggs, Joseph A D 

Shumway, Edgar B...2802 Archer Ave., Chicago 

Small, A. R 34 Washington St., Chicago 

Steen, Arthur H Cottage Grove, Minn. 

Thorn, Daniel Morrison Benonia 

Mardin, Turkey, Asia 

Wait, Edson Reuben '. 

Walker, Lewis Franklin 

Wernham, Spencer Cone Marengo, 111. 

Whitley, James Delaforet Petersburg. 111. 

Wilcox, E. A 

Wiley, Constantine .' 

Wiley, Thomas Royston D 

Wright, Arthur Lee Carroll, Iowa 

Young, Byrd Sydney D 


Session opened April 30, 1S75 

Adams, William Thomas Elgin, Minn. 

Ashbaugh, Theoph. Lambert 

Baugh, Samuel Leonard Shadeland, Ind. 

Bell, Samuel Henry Milnerville, Va. 

Berry, James G 3659 Halsted St., Chicago 

Bill, Albert Henry D 

Binnie, John Poynette, Wis. 

Blue, John Blackford ' 

Cadwallader, Isaac Henry St. Louis 

Caldwell, W'illiam Burr Monticello, 111. 

Campbel, Neil D Blaine, Mich. 

Carpenter, Edwin Alphonso Bailey ville, 111. 

Cassingham, Marshall Wilmington, 111. 

Chapman, George Hudson, Mich. 

Clark, Henry Augustine D 

Clarke, Renaldo De Melville Akron, Ohio 

Cornwall, Thomas Henry D 

Craig, Joseph H Volga, Iowa 

Drennan, David Alexander Springfield, 111. 

Dudley, Edward Henry Janesville, Wis. 

Egan, Charles Highland, Wis. 

Egan, Wm. Clarence Atlantic, Iowa 

Farrow, George Wyatt Kansas City, Mo. 

Focht, Luther Melancthon 

Fredericks, Louis Henry A 

Fritcher, Henry 

Fullenwider, Marcus L El Dorado, Kan. 

Griffin, Luther Moody Boulder, Colo. 

Hall, Thomas Edmund D 

Harrington, Henry Leonard 

Harris, Harvey Lindsey Bellflower, 111. 

Healey, Ryerson George Minden City, Mich. 

Hill, Jesse L Lowell, Ind. 

Hoyt, Robt. Willis New Lisbon, Wis. 

Hutchinson, William 

Johnston, John Cain 

Kauffman, Jacob Snyder 

233 York St., Blue Island, 111. 

Ladd, George D..942 Cambridge Ave., Milwaukee 

Landis, Edmund Matthew D 

Lawry, Olin Joseph Redding, Cal. 

Lewis, Wallace Frederick 

Loekwood, Edward Hanson Bayard, Iowa 

Losey, Henry Baldwin 

Mandeville, John D Champaign, 111. 

Mantor, Childg Nephi, Utah 

Marr, Delos Danforth 

MeCleery, Thomas C Exeter, Neb. 

McDonnell, Charles Angus 

McFadden, James Johnson 

- 173 Auburn Ave., Buffalo, N. Y. 

McFarland, William M 

McKinney, George Washington 

Micheals, Thomas Munson 

Monical, Frank Melton 

.Mulliken, Wm. Walter 

Nowlen, James Albert Morrison, 111. 

Parker, John Phineas Bourbon, Ind. 

Pehrsoon, John 

Pope, Frank John Racine, Wis. 

Putney, Wm. Garner Serena, 111. 

Reyner, Franklin Epworth, Iowa 

Reynolds, Walter Forward D 

Riley, George H Bloom dale, Ohio 

Ryan, Amnon James York, Neb. 

Schreiber, Gusta vus Frank '. 

..1638 West End Ave., Chicago Heights, 111.' 

Scott, Charles 

Sedgwick, D. E York, Neb. 

Seeley, Lewis Cass 

Smith, Albert ...'.. 

Spear, John W Mason City,' 111* 

Squire, Wm. Wheeler 

Steele, Andrew Theodore D 

Strickler, Benjamin E..1913 Market St., St. "Louis 
Taylor, Alexander Douglass 

720 E. Capitol Ave., Springfield, 111. 

Thomas, George Thurston 

Thompson, Jared Hall \[ 

Trimmer, John William ' 

Turner, Frederick [ 

Watson, William Harrah Chebanse, 111. 

Weidner, Samuel S Fairbury, Neb. 

Wheeland, Grier Wm 

Wheeler, Arthur LeRoy Mason City," Iowa 

Wilkie, Frederick John Oshkosh, Wis. 

Williams, Lucas R 58 State St., Chicago 


Session opened Sept. 29 1S75 (20 weeks) 
Andrews, Wells, Jr 

2257 Washington Blvd., Chicago 

Banton, Benson 

Bishop, Ira Mapleton," Minn. 

Bowen, David Hampton Waukon, Iowa 

Braun, Louis 

Buchanan, Charles H..6159 Rhodes Ave.,' Chicago 

Bullock, Frank W 

Buttler, Robert William .'/..', 

Conibear, Wm. Henry Morton, 111. 

Cook, William Harris McKittrick,' Cal. 

Doolittle, Wm. Herbert Woodstock, 111. 

Dunn, James Newark, N J 

Edwards, Frank Wallace 

Egan, Charles Highland, Wis'. 

Eskridge, Joseph H Houston, Tex. 

Florentin, Frank B Saginaw, Mich. 

France, Cyrus W 

Gammon, George Washington 

Gardiner, John R d 

Griffin, Byron Wilson Clifton, Colo. 

Hagenbuch, Allen Wesley 

Hamilton, Royal Gray..". Ocheyeden, Iowa 

Harman, James Monroe Fairport, Mo. 

Harvey, Gustavus French Parsons, Kan. 

Heron, John Henry. .Shirley Hotel, Denver, Colo. 

Hobbs, Noah Reynolds 

Holmes, Samuel Judd. Burke Bldg., Seattle', Wash*. 

Hutchinson, Robert Capron, 111. 

Hvoslef, Johan Christian Lanesboro, Minn. 

Jeffries, Oliver Perry H Independence, Iowa 

Johnson, Joseph Palmer 

Jones, Frank Sebia Medina, Ohio 

Jones, Henry Walbank Houghton, Mich. 

Kalckhoff, Alphonse F 

Kershaw, Andrew 

Lancaster, Alfred Moses 

Larabee, Wm. Marcellus Waupun, Wis. 



Lightfoot, Frank Excelsior Springs, Mo. 

May, Jacob Bridgeport, Conn. 

McClure, Finla Salida, Colo. 

Mclntyre, James D 

Meade, James Allen 

Mever, Johan Herman Wm 

* 706 Jefferson Ave., Laporte, Ind. 

Meyer, Wm. Walker • • • • • • • • • • ■■••■ 

Minton, Edward Willison Oakdale, Neb. 

Moore, Francis Marion • -D 

Morey, Christopher Dean Aurora,_ 111. 

O'Brien, Floyd 352 W. 63d St., Chicago 

O'Clery, Michael Salty.... • 

Orr, Smith •••••• •••• 

Parkes, Brodie Watson Bourbon, Ind. 

Patrick, Campbell Wm 

Perkins, Augustine 

Pettibone, Henry ■ 

Pierce, Willis F Carson, Iowa 

Piero, Geo. Franklin Hymera, Ind. 

Ramsey, George W Masonville, Iowa 

Reedy, Wm. Henry Bloomington, 111. 

Reynolds, Frank Stewart 

Rogers, Leonard P • • •• • 

Rood, Charles Austin Reedsburg, Wis^ 

Ryburn, John Stewart D 

Skinner, Chauncey M • • D 

Smith, Calvin Knox •••L> 

Smith, Eugene Lawrence, Kan. 

Smith, Eugene, R Toledo, Iowa 

Smith, Thomas Albert ••••• 

Snyder, Edgar... .1301 Glenarm St., Denver, Colo. 

Sturgess, John A Mumetta, Cal. 

Thieman, August Theodore • • • 

Tillotson Geo. K..4134 Wentworth Ave., Chicago 

Venn, Charles H 877 Milwaukee Ave., Chicago 

Warren, Clark R •••• 

1037 W. Madison Ave., Chicago 

Williams, Robt. R Manning, Iowa 

Young, John Brand Golconda, 111. 

Session opened Oct. 4, 1876 

Aitken, Charles Rucker 

Andrews, John Wesley Mankato, Minn. 

Arthur, Macauley Middlesboro, Ivy. 

Ashbaugh, Abraham Denver - Col °- 

Atwood, Eugene S....339 W. Adams St., Chicago 

Austin, Silas Addison Los Angeles, Cal. 

Baird, Thomas Davis..... Walsenburg, Colo. 

Barney, George Henry 

Bean, Benjamin Hurst 

Belfield, William T....32 N. State St., Chicago 

Bird, Herbert Roderick Madison, Wis. 

Boals, Wm. Hardin... 629 S. 10th St., Minneapolis 

Bridges, Vernon Roe • 

Brown, Geo. Edward Masonic Temple, Denver 

Bryan, John C 5536 Sheridan Rd., Chicago 

Burnham, William Allds... Boulder, Colo. 

Caldwell, Charles E 

5014 Jefferson Ave., Chicago 

Caldwell, Charles P 

...4429 Michigan Ave., Chicago 

Clendening, John Wesley 

Clingen, Charles Edward Sioux City, Iowa 

Conan, Wm. Joseph • • - D 

Cottington, Robert Bloomer, Wis. 

Crawford, Andrew M Michigan Center, Mich. 

Cromett, Charles A 

( lunningham, George Patrick • • • 

Cussens, James St. Clair C Decatur, I1L 

Cutler, Irving Le Roy ••• D 

Darroch, Daniel Chalmers Fredericksburg, Tex. 

Dixon, Levi • ■ • • • • • 

Epley, Frank Wm New Richmond, Wis. 

Evans, Wm. Morris "'""•""' 

Everett, James Marcus Dekalb, 111. 

Farnsworth, Dexter Boylston Springfield, Mo. 

Fisher, John W. 

N. W. Mut. Life Ins. Bldg, Milwaukee, Wis. 
Formaneck, Fred, 1339 S. California Ave., Chicago 

Freck, Wm. Robert Cordova, 111. 

Gay, George Frederick 

Graham, William Martin Auburndale, Wis. 

Gurnea, George Washington 

Ham, Sylvester Clay 

Hamilton, Newell Hiram Santa Monica, Cal. 

Harland, Wm. Orlando Mansfield, 111. 

Hayes, Charles Addison Chippewa Falls, Wis. 

Heller, Joseph Mosher Osage Citv, Kan. 

Hestwood, Virgil Eusebius Raton, N. Mex. 

Hewit, Hamilton North Friend, Neb. 

Hunter, Edwin William. .1138 E. 63d St., Chicago 

Jackson, Lyman Drake D 

Jennings, Wm. Henry Germania, Pa. 

Joralemon, Jacob C Los Angeles, Cal. 

Kerber, Henry C 4255 Indiana Ave.., Chicago 

Koch, Charles Lud wig Quincy, 111. 

La Grange, John Wesley Marion, la. 

Lane, Leslie Coulter 

401 Oneida Bldg., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Latta, Elmer Fremont 

Lawless, James D 

Lewis, Edwin J Sauk Center, Minn. 

Lowry, John Hinton Santa Paulo, Cal. 

Luhman, Frederick Simon Manitowoc, Wis. 

Lusher, Charles Adolph 

Lynn, Wm. Herbert Hastings, Neb. 

Malone, Thomas C 

935 National Ave., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Mason, Freeman C Hillsdale, Mich. 

Mathes, Jesse Marion 

McCluggage, John Randolph Augusta, Kan. 

McDougle, James Humboldt, 111. 

McMahon, Jos. Constantine D 

Miller, Hosea Fountain Hobart, Ind. 

Morse, Theodore Warner 

Morton, John Wellington D 

Nance, Hiram Irving 

.256 S. Spring St., Los Angeles, Cal. 

Nettler, Wm San Antonio, Tex. 

Nitzsche, Frederick Robt Dubuque, la. 

Northcott, Edwin McLean Portland, Me. 

Otto, Julius 

Peters, Geo. H 

Plecker, James II 

. . . s 5469 AVashington Blvd. , Chicago 

Quirk, Wm. F , 

Rathbun, Frank Darlington New Windsor, 111. 

Reat, James Lee Tuscola, 111. 

Reynolds, James D 

Rogers, Joseph Bently 

Rose, Hugh Alexander D 

Royal, Albert Bird Pasadena, Cal. 

Russell, John A D 

Scott, Milo Wakely 

Shanahan, Thomas P 1 E. 22d St., Chicago 

Sherrick, Oliver T 

Smith, Horace Woodbridge Sawyer, N. Dak. 

Stuart, Farquhar D 

Taylor, James Lewis Springfield, 111. 

Ten Brook, Wm. Hall Paris, 111. 

Thompson, Merritt W 

1432 N. Robey St., Chicago 

Tibbits, Myron Arthur Linden, Mich. 

Treacy, Wm D 

Van Pelt, Ryan T South Bend, Ind. 

Voorheis, Clark Wesley Beaver Dam, Wis. 

Washburne, Wm. II 

1240 Wells Bldg., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Wells, Clarence Scott Ora, Ind. 

Whitmore, Joel Wallace D 

Williamson, Robt. Henry 

Willis, Charles Myron Berlin, Wis. 



Wylie, Winfred 

Zuppann, Charles Ballwinn, Mo. 

Session opened Oct. 2, 1877; closed Feb. 27, 1878 

Abrams, James Henry Atwood, 111. 

Alford, James Simpson Zionsville, Ind. 

Anderson. Jeremiah Allen .De Witt, Ky. 

Arnold, Edward Dudley Omaha, Neb. 

Baldwin, Aristides E 

15 E. Washington St., Chicago 

Barry, John Samuel 

Bates, Frederick H Elmhurst, 111. 

Bellus, George Wesley D 

Bennett, Edwin George Petaluma, Cal. 

Bergen, George Matthews 

Boardman, Edwin Orlando D 

Boganan, San 

Bond, Arthur Grant 

Bowman, Andrew Washington. . .Davenport, Iowa 
Boyd, Robert Dempsey 

7 W. Madison St., Chicago 

Brainerd, Henry Green 

609 Exchange Bldg., Los Angeles, Cal. 

Brattain. Benj: Franklin 

Bridge, Norman 217 S. Broadway, Los Angeles 

Brown, Commodore Perry. , 

Browne, Alfred Marshman 

Bullard, Francis Bascom Mt. Pulaski, 111. 

Burgess, John 

Burhans, Orvis Mann D 

Burlingame, John Henderson Cherokee, Iowa 

Burnham, Alonzo Festus Mason City, 111. 

Burton, Daniel Francis Galesburg, 111. 

Butz, John Edmund Preble Potomac, 111. 

Camp, James Lepwortby J Brainerd, Minn. 

Carlton, Lewis W 

Christancv. Victor Hugo 

Cotton, Alfred C 

3218 W. Jnekson Blvd., Chicago 

Craig, Augustus L..37 W. Van Buren St., Chicago 

Grain, Fred Warren Sheldon, Iowa 

Culver, Jacob 

Currens, John Randolph Two Rivers, Wis. 

Daniels, Wm. Nehemiah Mosinee, Wis. 

Darrow, Edw. McLaren Fargo, N. Dak. 

Dawley, George D 

Dempsey. Cyrus Felix Mojave, Cal. 

DePuy, Ozias D 

Dewey. James J. 315 Somerset St.. St. Paul, Minn. 

Dinsdale, James Soldiers Grove, Wis. 

Eldridge, Frank Paris Greenview, 111. 

Ferris, Charles Leonard Carthage, 111. 

Fieldhouse, James 

Ford, Lyman Washington 

Forhan, Thomas Joseph Sopris, Colo. 

Furber, Wm. Warren Cottage Grove, Minn. 

Garrey, John Eugene Aurora, 111. 

Glennan, Michael Augustine Ludlow, 111. 

Godfrey. Byron Benj Holland, Mich. 

Goldspohn, Albert.. 2120 Cleveland Ave., Chicago 

Hall, Joseph II Plattsmouth, Neb. 

Hall, William E....622 Grovcland Park, Chicago 

Hardman, Charles Laton, Cal. 

Hathaway, Lawrence Bryant Reinbeck, Iowa 

Hayman, Lucius Henry Boscobel, Wis. 

Hewitt, Henry Miller 

4226 W. Irving Pk. Blvd.', ' Chicago 

Hicks, Levi Nevada Burlington, Wis. 

Hinde, Alfred 417 Howard Ave., Chicago 

Hobart, Jefferson Roger Ashemore, 111. 

Holmes, Charles Henry 

Hurd, Herbert Halsey.. Chippewa Falls, Wis! 

Hyde, James N D 

Irwin, Judson De Forest 

803 Pine St., St. Louis 

Isherwood, Hortenses Lowry..Carl Junction, Mo. 
Kelly, Elijah Stephens.. 10 S. 3d St., Minneapolis 

Kemper, Philip Annis 

King, Wm. Henry Kane Carthage, Mo. 

Logan, John Augustus Canton. 111. 

Long, Charles Melville Osakis, Minn. 

Loring, D. J Valparaiso, Ind. 

Mailer, Andrew Caldwell Depere, Wis. 

Major, Elverton E Los Angeles 

McClelland, Robt. Alexander Yorkville, 111. 

McCoy, Hiram Foster Benson, Neb. 

McHugh, Uriah Clay 

Metzradt, Hans Von 

Miller, Samuel Borland Larimie, Wyo. 

Miller, Samuel Ross Bismarck, 111. 

Mills, Aaron Corvallis, Ore. 

Morse, Ashbel Henry Babcock, Wis. 

Murphy, John Redfield 

429 W. 11th St., Kansas City, Mo. 

Murphy, Wm. Thomas D 

Nolan, Emanuel Cross Mt. Pulaski, 111. 

O'Connor, John Crysler Buffalo, 111. 

Owens, John E 

Park, Henry Hull 

Patterson, Fred William 

1004 Kinnikinnic Ave., Milwaukee. Wis. 

Pettijohn, Abra Claudius •. . 

State Hospital No. 2, St. Joseph, Mo. 

Phillips, James Henry Preston, Minn. 

Porter, Dennis W D 

Porter, Epaphroditus Jehosaphat Shelby, Neb. 

Porter, Walter Howard 

Pratt, Howard Lewis Elgin, 111. 

Pritchett, Gilbert La Fayette. .. .Fairbury, Neb. 

Johnson, Austin II Cedar Rapids, Iowa 

Quinn, Edward 

Rakenius, Hermann D 

Rathbun, Addison Milton Rice, Minn. 

Rathbun, Isaac Hale 

Reed, Charles Corneau Lincoln, 111. 

Reid, Duncan New Hartford, Iowa 

Reynolds, Emery Eugene 

Robinson, Andrew Jackson Aspen, Colo. 

Rogers, Talcott Austin 

Rounseville, Albert Parker Larimore, N. Dak. 

Ryon, George 

Sage, John B 

Salisbury, Jerome H 

2425 W. Adams St., Chicago 

Sausom, Joseph E Tipton, Iowa 

Scott, James Edwin 

Sether, Christian 

Sexton, Albert G Clyde, Kan. 

Shaw, James Emmet 

Sherwin, Frank O Duluth, Minn. 

Smith, William Lloyd Streator, 111. 

Smolt, Charles Frederick 

Stiver, Wm. Bike Freeport, 111. 

Stretch, Ethan McAferty D 

Stuart, George 

Thayer, Carnie Casander 

Wadhams, Fredk. E....32 N. Clark St., Chicago 

Watson, Collin Christopher D 

Wear, Isaac Newton Fargo, N. Dak. 

Webb, Benjamin Oliver... 

2205 San Pedro St., Los Angeles 

Weens, Elwood 

Wheeler, Edward Newby Latham, 111. 

Wheelright, William Simmons. . .Belleville, Wis. 
Whitney, Eugene Wolcott 

..300 Auerbach Bldg., Salt Lake City, Utah 

Wilson, Wm. Dean ..Mt. Clemens, Mich. 

Wolfe, Albert Polk 

Woodbridge, Windsor Pelton 

Young, Vincent Phelps 




opened Oct. 1, 1878; closed Feb. 25, 1879 

Amy, Chauncey Willard D 

Anderson, Marion J 

Arnold, Erastus Yoemans Minneapolis 

Bailey, Samuel Mt. Ayr, Iowa 

Baker, Robert Wesley Peoria, 111. 

Bartlett, Edwin Julius Hanover, N. H. 

Bartlett, Rufus H 125 La Salle St., Chicago 

Battles, Clarence Perley Hot Springs, Ark. 

Benner, Stillman Marion Richmond, Cal. 

Benson, Orson Docelia D 

Bill, Benj. Jephthah Genoa Junction, Wis. 

Bishop. William T.,211 Pine St., Harrisburg, Pa. 

Bowman, Adelbert Henry Deadwood, S. Dak. 

Bradsha w, John F Superior, Neb. 

Brengle, William Burgess Perry, Okla. 

Burchard, Charles T Falls City, Neb. 

Caldwell, Martin 

Camp, Charles D 

1624 W. Jackson Blvd., Chicago 

Cavaney, James 411 Grand, Milwaukee, Wis. 

Chittenden, George Gillette Janesville, Wis. 

Cole, Wm. Wallace , Berthoud, Colo. 

Core, Albert S. . . 4601 Champlain Ave., Chicago 

Crane,- Willis Edward Hamill, S. Dak. 

Creighton, Charles John D 

Crosse, Theodore Parker Sun Prairie, Wis. 

Cummings, Stephen 

Cyrier, Charles Eustache 

Davies, Edward Gomer Letcher, S. Dak. 

Dawson, John Oscar Lincoln, Neb. 

Devlin, James Blany 12 Barth Blk., Denver 

Dicken, Constantine Lomax..La Fontaine, Ind. 

Dinnen, James Michael Fort Wayne, Ind. 

Donaldson, Cyrus D 

Dosh, George Waritte Brighton, Iowa 

Du Bois, Julian A Sauk Center, Minn. 

Dumont, Thaddeus Augustus Dumont, Iowa 

English, James Plaster 

1701 N. 9th St., Terre Haute, Ind. 

Farnsworth, Herman Ephraim 

Fleisher, Henry Jacob 

705 1st Ave., Seattle, Wash. 

Fogg, Charles Elwin McConnell 111. 

Francis, Thomas Benton Minneapolis 

Freer, Otto T 15 E. Washington St., Chicago 

Gable, Wm. Henry Harrison Osage, Iowa 

Gardiner, J. H Farmer City, 111. 

Gibbs, Morris Jackson, Mich. 

Gill, Benjamin Marvin 

Graham, Thomas Baldwin Humrich, 111. 

Grant, Orris Wm Ketchikan, Alaska 

Gudden, Bernard Charles 

33 S. Main St., Oshkosh, Wis. 

Hawkins. Addison Denver 

Hills, Edward Leander Ashton, S. Dak. 

Hitchcock, William Wesley 

Laughlin Bldg., Los Angeles 

Holroyd, Elwyn Ash worth 

Huntsinger, Harry Pettit Pinckneyville, 111. 

Johnson, Henry Porter Fairmount, Minn. 

Jordan, Francis Marion 

Kilner, Samuel L South Bend, Ind. 

Ivrusemarck, Charles 132 E. 22d St., Chicago 

Lagorio, Antonio 812 Dearborn Ave., Chicago 

Lanyon, Wm. Henry Joplin, Mo. 

Lester, Fred Willard D 

Lonsdale, James Sauk Rapids, Minn. 

Lord, James Ancel Edgerton, Wis. 

Marshall, George Lemuel Candlish, Tex. 

Matthew's, Allen Aleyn Oak Park, 111. 

MeCausland, John Wilkinson. .. .Et. Wavne, Ind. 
McClintock, John Calhoun 

L3.13 Filmore St., Topeka, Kan. 

McCaw, Hugh E..2602 Emmet St., Omaha, Neb. 

McComb, Charles Frederick Duluth, Minn. 

McDonald, Edward - Cuba, Wis. 

McGavern, Charles Wm Pasadena, Cal. 

Macham, Edgar Jehial Coupeville, Wash. 

Meyer, Wm 507 12th St., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Michelet, William E. J 

1252 W. 12th St., Chicago 

Miller, Carroll Everhard Cadillac, Mich. 

Mitchell, Albert Roscoe .Lincoln. Neb. 

Moore, Daniel G 1366 N. Hoyne Ave., Chicago 

Moran, John Vincent 

Mover, Harold N 31 N. State St., Chicago 

Muenich, Joseph Aloysius Jefferson, Wis. 

Murphy, John B..104 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago 

Murphy, Timothy Douglas. 

Newton, John Tenbrook St. Bernice, Ind. 

O'Connor, John Walter Denver 

O'Keefe. John Francis Mt. Clemens, Mich. 

Orton, Harlow N 10 Western Ave., Minneapolis 

Parker, Wm. Enos Dowagiac, Mich. 

Paschall, Emery Allen 

Rice, John Thompson Attica, Ind. 

Robbins, Charles Winter 

Rogers, Charles Alex Bakersfield, Cal. 

Ross, Joseph Louis Redwood City, Cal. 

Rush, Moses Archie Anderson, Ind. 

Sager, Rockwood Rockford, 111. 

Sawyer, Ora O Dell Rapids. S. Dak. 

Sheridan, John C Johnstown, Pa. 

Shimonek, Anton 

211 Randenbush Bldg., St. Paul, Minn. 

Shinn, Wm. R Chenoa, 111. 

Smiley, Francis M Denver 

Smith, Courtney L Aurora, 111. 

Smith, George Lewis Jefferson, Wis. 

Smith, W. T. Freelinghuvsen 

..• 3530 16th St., San Francisco 

Smith, Wm. Peter D 

Sprague, Thomas Jefferson, Jr 

Stanton, Theodore Parker Chariton, Iowa 

Strausser, Simon 

Stipp, James H ' Putnam, 111. 

Stockman, George Charles Mason City, Iowa 

Stuart, Charles 

Thornton. John H Lansing, Iowa 

Verity, William P 540 Garfield Ave., Chicago 

Wakefield, Solon Roberson West Salem, Wis. 

Walker, Wm. Philander Mason City, 111. 

Wallace, James Newport, Ind. 

Weir, Francis Albin Pasadena, Cal. 

Wellcome, Florado Houser. .. .Granite Falls, Minn. 

Werner, Frederick Chas Watertown, Wis. 

Wilson, Herman L 

Woodard, Frank Reubin 

401 Pillsbury Bldg.. Minneapolis 

Worthington, David Henry...* Oak Park, 111. 

Youngstedt, Magnus 

Session opened Sept. 30, 1S79; closed Feb. 24, 1SS0 

Ackley, Winfield Juniata, Neb. 

Allen, George Frank Aurora, 111. 

Armstrong, Johnson Tacoma, Wash. 

Bagley, John Anthony Dekalb, 111. 

Bass, Luther G 11206 Michigan Ave., Chicago 

Battles, Raymond Willis 

Boon, Robt. Leonard Bentonsport, Iowa 

Bowman, Samuel Clcland 

Bradley, Geo. F S00 W. 12th St., Chicago 

Bronish, Ignatius 

Brophy, Truman W....8L E. Madison St., Chicago 

Brown, Frank Preston 

Burdiek, Fernando Wood 

Butterfield, Franklin A Lawrence, Mich. 

Camerer, John Douglas Kinmundy, 111. 



Cameron, John F Hamilton, Ind. 

Campbell, David Gray 

Campbell, James William 

Capps, John Cicero 

Carpenter, Geo. T 67 Wabash Ave., Chicago 

Carter, Charles Henry D 

Cazier, Marion ... 6950 N. Ashland Ave., Chicago 

Clark, James Calvin 

Clay, Willis Waterville, Minn. 

Collins, James Sylvester Carlinville, 111. 

Conrath, Francis 

Conway, Patrick W Ockley, Ind. 

Coolidge, James Charles City, Iowa 

Cully, John Francis Bainbridge, Ind. 

Cutler, Charles Wm Park Rapids, Minn. 

Davis, Herbert Wm 

80 Lowry Arcade, St. Paul, Minn. 

Dieus, Joseph F Streator, 111. 

Disbrow, Ernest David. 6231 Monroe Ave., Chicago 

Dripps, Calvin Todd D 

Droyer, Wm. George ; 

Earles, Wm. Henry. 259 11th St., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Edison, Henry Alonzo Willow Hill, 111. 

Edmiston, Aaron Welsh , 

3 Creighton Blk., Omaha, Neb. 

Ellis, Wm. Henry Barron, Wis. 

Everhard, Wm. Harter Volga, S. Dak. 

Farley. Herford E 

Farr, Albert L 3915 Pine Grove Ave., Chicago 

Fischer, Edward 2920 Ashland Ave., Chicago 

Fitzgerald, Francis Wm 

Godfrey, Joseph Lancaster, Wis. 

Golden, Levi Atchley Kensington, Kan. 

Goodspeed, John Colton 

Goodwin, Myron Page Cedar Lake, Wis. 

Gordon, Charles Wesley Fort Wayne, Ind. 

Graham. Wm. Frank Atlantic, Iowa 

Green, William T Albion, Ind. 

Greig, William 

Grose, George Henry 

Haas, Arthur L Alanthus, Mo. 

Hammond, Samuel Ferdinand 

Hand, Furman Springer D 

Hanna, Isaac Wm 

Harwood, Wm. Ebris. Eveleth, Minn. 

Haven, Joseph , . . D 

Hawley, Wm. Arthur Pocahontas, Iowa 

Hiester. Alvin C 3552 W. 22d St., Chicago 

Hildreth, Mortimer Lambert Lyons, Neb. 

Hill, Herbert Dainy Friendship, Wis. 

Hill, William Clark 

Holt, Warner.. The Berkshire, Washington, D. C. 

Howe, Wm. Franklin 

Huggins, J. Nathaniel Henry 

Inks, John Alexander Shelby, Neb. 

Jackson, George Edwin Chatfield. Minn. 

James, Addison Coffea Springfield, 111. 

Jiska, Frank Joseph 

Johnson, Clars Wm Pomona, Cal. 

Johnson, William 

Kendall, Herbert D 

Kernahan, George D 

Kidney, Joshua Moffitt 

Lacey, Seth Ward..... Footville, Wis. 

Lewis, Clinton H 

1159 Kinnikinnic Ave., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Lewis, Wm. Henry Eland, Wis. 

Lisman, Wm. Albert Carlisle, Ind. 

Lyman, John Van Reed Eau Claire, Wis. 

Lyman, Wm. Bardwell Eau Claire, Wis. 

Mannon, John Hale Kewanee, 111. 

Martin, Marshall Thomas Merrimack, Wis. 

Mason, Walter Scott Wonseon, Kan. 

McArthur Lewis L 32 N. State St., Chicago 

McCormiek, Joseph C 

McCosh, George Bessore Mount Morris, 111. 

McGrath, Michael II 

122 S. Michigan Ave.. Chicago 

McKitterick, Nathaniel Massie. .Burlington, Iowa 
Meaeher, Bvron Coleman 

217 Howard St., Portage, Wis. 

Miller, Robt. Edward 

3100 Wentworth Ave, Chicago 

Mogstad, Peter Thames 

Moore, French 

Moore, Melvin Lazelle 

22 Bradbury Bldg. , Los Angeles 

Moore, Willis Fremont Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Mulfinger, John Leonard D 

Murdock, Ezekiel P 32 N. State St., Chicago 

Murray, Julian Edwin ... 

Murray, Lucien Edward Markle, Ind 

Neill, John W 

912 Chicago Opera House, Chicago 

Newkirk, Adainson Bentley 

218 S. Broadway, Los Angeles 

Nichols, John C 5057 State St., Chicago 

Nitz, Charles Frederick 

O'Brien. Daniel Samuel Beloit, Kan. 

O'Doherty, Daniel D 

Oliver, Nelson Eugene 

....1626 West End Ave., Chicago Heights, 111. 
Palmer, Charles Nelson 

Austin Ave. and 29th St., Clyde, 111. 

Parks, Charles David 

Paul, James Franklin 

Perry, Eugene Beauharnaise Melvin, 111. 

Phelps, John Hurlburt 

Pinch, Francis Isaac Hillsboro, Wis. 

Pritchard, Harry Wisner, Neb. 

Pyke, Albert David D 

Quigley, Will Aerious Hawarden, Iowa 

Quinn, John Hiram Gothenburg, Neb. 

Reineking, Herman 

430 Grand Ave., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Reynolds, Monroe Griffith D 

Ritter, John 3033 Colorado Ave., Chicago 

Robison, John A 32 N. State St., Chicago 

Roe, Emery W Chicago 

Rubelmann, George Jacob Tecumseh, Neb. 

Russell, T. P 

Sammons, E. H 3104 Cottage Grove Ave. 

Scholl, Albert J 

Scott, Walter Henderson 

Shaw, Thomas J 34 Washington St., Chicago 

Shunk, Philip D 

Smead, Carroll C Newton, Iowa 

Smith, Allen Vinton 

Smith, Frank Buchanan D 

Somers, George C 

Southard, Eugene Colvin 

Stadler, Charles Lester 

Sugg, John Fritz Herbert 

507 Howes Blk., Clinton, Iowa 

Synon, George Cassurs D 

Talbot, Eugene S..122 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago 

Tanner, Ely Judson D 

Torrence, Wm. Wilson Deadwood, S. Dak. 

Turner, George Lytle Monroe City. Mo. 

Van Dyke, Milton.. 2002 12th Ave., Seattle, Wash. 

Vilas, Walter Nathaniel El Paso, Tex. 

Wall, Harmon Jackson Richland Center, Wis. 

Waters, Lisle Cummin D 

Woodcock, Albert John Byron, 111. 

Woods, Peter N 

Worley, Henry V Pierce City, Mo. 

Wright, Charles Douglas Springfield, 111. 

Session opened Sept. 28, 1880; closed Feb. 22, 1881 

Adams, James William 

Albers, Henrv Arthur Thiensville, Wis. 

Allport, W. W I) 


Anderson. Samuel T 

Annis, Eber Lander Laporte, Ind. 

A nthony, Frank D 

Arburn, Joel Hume D 

Barnett, John Robert Lincoln, 111. 

Batchelder, Franklin P 

Bates, Charles Wright Morrisville, Vt. 

Beckwith, Richard C 

Bedford, James Rosser Victoria, 111. 

Benedict, Albert Venesse D 

Bennett, Josiah Jacob 

Biddle, Thomas Coke Topeka, Kan. 

Bigelow, Isaac Stover Dubuque, Iowa 

Birkhoff, David.. 547 Blue Island Ave., Chicago 

Black, Edwin Thomas Cook, Neb. 

Blood, Alfred D 

Bloodgood, Charles Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Bodenschatz, John Charles 

Boorse, Lorenzo 

120 Wisconsin St., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Boyd, Charles Albert Scott's Bluff, Neb. 

Boyd, James Neeley 

Bronson, George Washington Streator, 111 

Brown, William Henrv 

Brown, William M..1510 W. Lake St., Chicago 

Burns, Robert D 

Campbell. Lawrence Wilber Ada, Ohio 

Clark, Thomas Chalmers Stillwater, Minn. 

Claypool, Robert Wilson Highmore, S. Dak. 

Connell, Michael Edward 

Cornish, James Valatine Quincy, 111. 

Coop, Wm. Alfred Henderson 

Cutter, Cyrus Henry Aurora, 111. 

Dahlberg, Alfred. .. .3945 S. Halsted St., Chicago 

Dawley, George Tavlor New London, Wis. 

Dimmiett, Frank W 

Durfin, Charles Willis Guttenberg. Iowa 

Duncan, Wm. E.....6058 Kiinbark Ave., Chicago 

Dunn, Thomas Jefferson Dieterich, 111. 

Eagan, Daniel 2899 Archer Ave., Chicago 

Kggers, John Thaddeus 

Kmmerson, Enard Linsey New Windsor, 111. 

Knright, Michael D 

Finlev, Joseph J 

Kishel. John 

Kitz, Edward South worth 

Fountain, James Henry Chapin, 111. 

Frissel, Charles H 

Frost, Charles H Plainfield, Wis. 

Fusselman, John Rushton 

Garwood, Alonzo New Braunfels, Tex. 

Ginn, Adam Franklin Grove, 111. 

Graham, Aleri Roger 

Greene, Willis Newland 

Grium, John F Farmington, Wash. 

Guthrie, Wm. Elton Bloomington, 111. 

Guy, Samuel Jennings Winfield, Kan. 

Hammon, Glenn M.1840 W. Adams St.. Chicago 

Hammun, Henry Bayfield, Wis. 

Harrison, George Wood Ashland, Wis. 

Hart, Bushrod Williams 

Hathaway, Albert Edon, Ohio 

I la wkins, Vincent John 

428 S. Wabasha St., St. Paul, Minn. 

Hinsdale, Frank Louis D 

Holmee, Samuel Asbury Jerseyville, 111. 

Hornbeek, Nathaniel Bruyn Youngstown, 111. 

Huff. John William Baker, Ore. 

Hunt, Fred Steele Stuart, Neb. 

Hunt, Stephen Coatesville, Ind. 

Hall, Edward I Jennings, La. 

Jacobs, Stephen Wesley 

4636 Prairie Ave. , Chicago 

Jacobson, S. D 

Jay, Palmer C Pawnee, Okla. 

Jenkins. Hugh Preston, Iowa 

Jones, Bernard Walter Vulcan, Mich, 

Jones, John Clark 

56 Hawes St. , Brookline, Mass. 

Jones, Samuel S Frazee, Minn. 

Raster, John Penny Topeka, Kan. 

Keefer, John Franklin Sterling, 111. 

Keller, Thomas Franklin Toledo, Ohio 

Kennedy, Wm 2783 N. Lincoln St., Chicago 

Kerr, Robt. Andrew Peoria, 111. 

King, Clifford Henry Wabash, Ind. 

King, Valentine R , Hopkins, Mo. 

Kirk, Thades 

Knappenberger, Henry Macomb, 111. 

Knowles, Gilbert Lafayette Maquon, 111. 

Kriebs, Frank Joseph Elkport, Iowa 

Krost, Joseph 32 N. Clark St., Chicago 

Kruell, Frederick John 

2601 San Pedro St., Los Angeles 

La Barriere, Paul Eugene 

Lamb, Jonathan Erskine D 

Leach, Philip Las Animas, Colo. 

Le Foigee, Walter Litster 

Lester, William A Onalaska, Wis. 

Lezotte, George D Muscatine, Iowa 

Line, Thomas Henry Marquette, Neb. 

Lombard, Charles Sumner 

Long, John Michael 

Love, Ephraim Waldo Fayetteville, Ohio 

Marshall, Charles Pope 

Martin, J. Lester New Bedford, 111. 

Matthei, Alexander 

Maurer, Albert A La Crosse, Wis. 

McBride, Cornelius Miller.. New Plymouth, Idaho 

McCleary, Horace Indianola, Iowa 

McComb, Henry Robt Shawano, Wis. 

McEwan, Samuel Wilson D 

Mcllvaine, Thos. McGuffin. ....Peoria, 111. 

McKay, Wm. T Arkansas City, Kan. 

McLean, Wm. Thomas 

McNeel, Frank Haverstrite D 

Mead, Leonard Charles Yankton, S. Dak. 

Meek, John W 2234 Washington Blvd., Chicago 

Miller, Charles Monroe Peoria, U 1 . 

Milton, Charles Albert.^ Dodge City, Kan. 

Mitchell, Arthur Imlay Chelan, Wash. 

Morrison, T. Henry 

Moslander, Franklin Van Dyke 

Mullowney, Matthew Walter 

Murdock, Horace Greeley 

Neilson, Walter H 

114 Garfield Ave., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Nickolls, George Washington Tintah, Minn. 

O'Connell, James Morgan. ...Ponca, Neb. 

Ogden, Henry Fort Atkinson, Wis. 

Olds, Benjamin Ranselaer 

Painter, William East Peru, Iowa 

Pearce, Wm. James Dodgeville, Wis. 

Philip, Wm. Herries Madden Hope, N. Dak. 

Pickering, Reuben Allen 

Pontius, Lorin North D 

Porter, Joseph Lawson Paola, Kan. 

Preston, Walton Henry 

536 Geary St. , San Francisco 

Randall, Robt. Alexander D 

Riggs, Jesse Thomas 

Roberts, Walter Clarence 

Rodgers, Alonzo Ezekiel 

Roller, Louis Alfred 

122 Monroe St., Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Ross, Charles Fremont Saunemin, 111 . 

Ross, Tuthill King D 

Russell, Samuel Macomb, 111. 

Sattler, Philip 3239 Ogden Ave., Chicago 

Saucermann, Martin Rock Grove, 111. 

Schaller, George J D 

Schwartz, Edwin D 

Searles, Frank L Lincoln, Neb. 

Semple, Wm. F 843 Belmont Ave., Chicago 

Sensenjch, Aaron S • 



Shaw, Alfred Jackson 

Shepherd, Carleton S Omaha, Neb. 

Sherman, John J Marinette, Wis. 

Shipman, Charles G Ely, Minn. 

Simison, John F Romney, Ind. 

Smethers, Wm. Henry Moline, Kan. 

Smith, Elmore 

Steel, Wm. Wakefield 

Stewart, David T Hartley, Iowa 

Stoelting, Chas. William Oconto, Wis. 

Sweney, Clarence Frank 

346 Goodrich Ave., St. Paul, Minn. 

Tabor, Fred Strong D 

Taylor, Floriman James Pittsfield, Maine 

Taylor, Wm. Henry 

Tucker, George Walter 

1656 W. Madison St., Chicago. 

Tyler, De Witt Clinton Clifton, Kan. 

Yandervort, Franklin Cady Bloomington, 111. 

Vincent, Wm. Alonzo Belle Plaine, Iowa 

Waggoner, Don Morrison Lewiston, 111. 

Webb, Theron Ellis 

West, Benj. Franklin 

Wheeler, Wm. George Racine, Wis. 

Whitley, Frank Edmund Webster City, Iowa 

Whitney, Walter Eugene Eldora, Iowa 

Winters, Harrison Allison. . .Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Wolter, Herman Alvin Green Bay, Wis. 

Woodbridge, AVard Central City, Iowa 


Session opened Sept. 27, 1881; closed Feb. 23, 

1882 (?) 

Abbott, Alfred J Albion, Mich. 

Acker, Ellis D 

Adams, Charles F 

Adams, John M Oakland, Cal. 

Amos, Andrew Raymond Des Moines, Iowa 

Anderson, Albert A D 

Andre, Thomas Jefferson Shaller, Iowa 

Arnold, Marcellus 0.... 

1183 Broadway, New York City 

Baker, William Allen 

Ballard, Henry Francis Chenoa, 111. 

Bascom, Frank S., Salt Lake City, Utah 

Bausrnan, Andrew B D 

Bennett, Edwin Richardson .. D 

Besharian, John H 3258 Prairie Ave., Chicago 

Bigelow, John Frost D 

Birney, Homer James Clark Bellingham, Wash. 

Bowers, Walter Crooks Decatur, 111. 

Bransom, Willard Stewart Irwin, Iowa 

Bridges, James B Downing, Mo. 

Brownrigg, William J Omaha, Neb. 

Bryan, Albert Terry Forest City, Iowa 

Bryan, William Stranton Cambridge, 111. 

Burns, Richard R 

Burres, William Franklin Urbana, 111. 

Burrows, Orrin Frank, Jr Plainwell, Mich. 

Calkins, Julian Hale 

Campbell, John 

Carpenter, Charles Raymond. Leavenworth, Kan. 

Carpenter, Marcellus C Fairfield, Iowa 

Carver, Joseph Beggs Ft. Scott, Kan. 

Cary, Frank 2935 Indiana Ave. , Chicago 

Catherwood, Thomas Lowry 

Chamberlin, Jehiel Weston 

220 Lowry Arcade, St. Paul, Minn. 

Chamberlin, William Arthur Waseca, Minn. 

Chase, Charles Sumner Iowa City, Iowa 

Christie, George Ralph Long Prairie", Minn. 

Clacuis, Charles Erich Los Angeles 

Clark, Lemon Willard 

Clarke, Ward G 1445 Chase Ave., Chicago 

Confer, Francis Marion D 

Conkey, Charles De Witt Superior, Wis. 

Cory, Albert 1049 W. North Ave., Chicago 

Coulter, Frank Edwin 

....731 City Natl. Bank Bldg., Omaha, Neb. 

Crandell, Frederick Lowell D 

Crozier, James Glenwood, Minn. 

Currie, Charles Edwin Des Moines, Iowa 

Cushman, Edwin Walter 

Damerell, Robert Red Cloud, Neb. 

Darling, John Bowman 

337 Wabasha St., St. Paul, Minn. 

Darnall, Charles Fremont Llano, Neb. 

Davis, Edward Parker 

250 S. 21st St., Philadelphia 

Davis, Maze Smith 

Dodson, John M 15 E. Washington St., Chicago 

Dowing, Joseph Henry Rising City, Neb. 

Earl, David Gardner D 

Edmunds, Ira Leslie St. Cloud, Minn. 

Edwards. George Potter.. Nashville, Tenn. 

Edred, Wm. H 4147 N. 42d Ave., Chicago 

Evans, John M. , Jr Evansville, Wis. 

Farnum, Frank Haywood Detroit, Mich. 

Fegers, Robert Hubert Keokuk, Iowa 

Fisher, Waldo Alton, 111. 

Fitzgibbon, Thomas 

415 Grand Ave., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Fothergill, J. M D 

Fox, Abraham Lincoln Danville, 111. 

Frost, Fred R Los Angeles 

Fuchs, Albert Felix Loyal, Wis. 

Funk, Zalman Edgar Cripple Creek, Colo. 

Gallagher, Charles A Marietta, Ohio 

Gaudey, Thomas Richard 

Griffith, Ben Barrett Vincennes, Ind. 

Hall, Randolph Nathaniel D 

Ham, Wm. Emmet Beattie, Kan. 

Hammes, Ernest Wolfgang Hampton, Minn. 

Hapeman, Harry Minden, Neb. 

Haquenbourg, Julian E D 

Harris, Malcolm L 32 N. State St., Chicago 

Hofstetter, George Clinton, Iowa 

Houck, Ross Montgomery La Salle, 111. 

Howard, Wm. A 208 S. 48th Ave., Chicago 

Hoyer, Gustave Charles Milwaukee, Wis. 

Hyde, Albert Frederick Shelby, Ohio 

Irwin, Luther Martin D 

James, Samuel Catlett Kansas City, Mo. 

Johnson, Frank Moises Springfield, Mo. 

Johnson, Wm. Sidney Aurora, 111. 

Jones, Adna Balche Wakeeney, Kan. 

Jones, Norman L Norton, Kan. 

Keller, George Mead 

Kellmer, George Max 

Kemper, Wm. George Manitowoc, Wis. 

Knickerbocker, George Elmer 

Knox, Charles Russell Los Angeles, Cal. 

Knox, J. S D 

Kutnewsky, John Knox Redfields, S. Dak. 

Leech, Monroe S 65 Randolph St., Chicago 

Leonard, Ralph Rosalie, Wash . 

Lincoln, Wm. H Wabasha, Minn. 

Long, Jesse 

1301 Washington Ave. N., Minneapolis 

Lord, John Prentiss Omaha, Neb. 

Love, John Edward Whiting, Kan. 

Lund, George Jesse Los Angeles 

Maher, Jeremiah. .2205 Grove St., Oakland, Cal. 

Marsh, Jefferson Eugene 

Marten, Miltsy Cephas Prosser, Neb. 

Martin, David T Pomeroy, Iowa 

Mascheck, Frank J D 

McAuliffe, Edwin Louis Woodstock, 111. 

McFall, Howard M D 

McGovern, Wm. P Cedarburg, Wis. 

McKebbon, John James Chrisman, 111. 

McKenna, Michael J 4432 Prairie Ave., Chicago 

McPherson, Charles Walter Hazelhurst, 111. 

Millen, Samuel Rutherford Clarinda, Iowa 

Mitchel, Edward Levi Monmouth, 111. 



Milter, Robert 

Moffltt, Fred W 3848 Langley Ave., Chicago 

Moran, Michael C . . . Chicago 

Mosher, Arthur Hall Lemars, Iowa 

Mueller, Herman William 

Myers, Wm . H Sheldon, Iowa 

Neweomb, Wm. Kendall Champaign, 111 . 

Noble, Albert Goodsell D 

North, Edward Payson Holt, Mich. 

Paladino, Giovanni 

Peaslee, Wm . Crawford . * 

Pettyjohn, Elmore S 106 N. State St., Chicago 

Powell, John Walrath Rosendale, Wis. 

Provins, Clark Breading • Ottawa. 111. 

Puchner, Edward Wittenberg, Wis. 

Reed, Wm. Allen D 

Richardson, David Hobart Barrington, 111. 

Robinson, Fred B ...100 State St., Chicago 

Robinson, Thomas Corwin 

Roskoten, Oliver James 

211 S. Jefferson Ave., Peoria, 111. 

Rounds, Victor Fremont D 

Rowe, Wm. Henry St. James, Minn. 

Sarles, Wilbur f Sparta, Wis. 

Schmitz, John 

Scollard, W. E...... _„ 

128 Wisconsin St., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Sears, Harry B .Beaver Dam, Wis. 

Seeber, Frank Dockstader 

Shaw, Siremba. ...1539 W. Jackson Blvd., Chicago 

Sheetz, Charles Rollin Algona, Iowa 

Shipley, John L .Corydon, Iowa 

Slaman, Adolph Lennox, S. Dak. 

Smith, Charles A Tyler, Tex. 

Smith, Frank Salmeron Nevada, Iowa 

Snyder, John F Monroe Center, 111. 

Steven, Frederick George 

209 W. North St., Lima, Ohio 

Stillians, Wm. Clark 

Stoddard, Albert G Fairfax, Minn. 

Sturgis, Louis Thompson Fort Wayne, Ind. 

Suloff, Samuel Aughey D 

Sutherland, J. Lue Grand Island, Neb. 

Synon, Wm. A 85 29th St., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Tapper, John George.. Elgin, 111. 

Taylor, Harvey Scott 

Teal, George Abraham Kendallville, Ind. 

Thomas, Homer M 

.22 E. Washington St., Chicago 

Thometz, John J.... 564 S. Halsted St., Chicago 

Thompson, George Warren 

Todd, Wilbert Amasa 

Trowbridge, John B D 

Turvill, Wm. Daniel Madison, Wis. 

Von Schrader, Charles Maquoketa, Iowa 

Voorhis, Charles Harrah Hutsonville, 111. 

Wahl, George Franklin 

Walker, William A 

151 W. 93d St., New York City 

Waugh, Thomas 

Webster, Monroe W South Whitley, Ind. 

Wernigk, Reinhard D 

Wickersham, Lewis Llewellyn Maiden, 111. 

Wilcox, George Gordon Seneca, 111. 

Williamson, Peter Elmore 

Wilson, James Meredith 

Wilson, John Humboldt, Kan. 

Winslow, Chas. Edward Monrovia, Cal. 

Wright, Francis Dirvage 

2001 E. Grand Ave., St. Louis 

Wright, John Calvin Excelsior, Wis. 

Young, Orson Vanness 

Younglove, Frank Ward 

Ziegler, Edward John West Sonora, Ohio 

Session opened Sept. 2G, 1SS2; closed Feb. 20, 1883 

Abbott, ■ Francis Eddy Sterling, Mich. 

Adair, John Hunter Owatonna, Minn. 

Adams, John Quincy 

Adams, Wilson Wesley Atkinson, 111. 

Alex, Christopher Andreas 

Allen, Aleri Downey Hammond, Ind. 

Ambrose, Josiah Little Bay City, Mich. 

Ashby, Atehie Almond Red Oak, Iowa 

Auld, James D 

Bacon, Charles Theodore La Grand, Ore. 

Barnes, Calvin C. , Jr 

Barnes, Crittenden Edgar Burlington, Iowa 

Beck, Hans Max Green Bay, Wis. 

Bevan, Arthur D.J22 S. Michigan Ave.. Chicago 

Billingsley, James Strong Belleville, Kan. 

Birney, Frank Lansing 

Black, Joseph Nance Clayton, 111. 

Bowers, Charles Edward Wichita, Kan. 

Brooks, Alfred Leroy Audubon, Iowa 

Brosius, Frampton Cove Hood River, Ore. 

Brown, Allen Douglas Mineral Point, Wis. 

Brundage, Moses Simmens D 

Buchanan, Robt. Elgon Independence, Iowa 

Bullard, Ernest Luther. Rockville, Md. 

Burke, Richard Henry D 

Burlingame, Lyman R Quinn, S. Dak. 

Burnside, Irvin Trail W. Duluth, Minn. 

Cain, John Waukon, Iowa 

Camerer, George Victor 

Carey, Warren La Grange, 111. 

Carter, Charles David Dekalb, 111. 

Case, Edward N 142 S. Wabash Ave., Chicago 

Chambers, Charles Lord Kasson, Minn. 

Chapin, Alonzo Russell Pasadena, Cal. 

Clancy, Cornelius D..4801 Evanston Ave., Chicago 

Clark, James Henry Unity, Wis. 

Claussen, Julius Edward H Beatrice, Neb. 

Claybaugh, Joseph Parfit Austin, Colo. 

Claybaugh, Wm. Wilberforce Dexter, Iowa 

Clouser, John 

Clow, George B 135 Geary St., San Francisco 

Coble, Albert H Frankfort, Ind. 

Cole, Adelbert Jerome ; Britt, Iowa 

Coller, Lyman Tanner 

Collins, John Maurice , 

Comstock, Isaac McC 

Connolly, Wm Cresco, Iowa 

Connor, Henry John Superior, Wis. 

Coon, George Morton D 

Crawford, Alexander Mt. Vernon, Iowa 

Cummings, Orlando W * D 

Daum, John Jacob 

Davidson, James Edward 

Dennett, Alonzo Gustin Lowell, Mass. 

Dennis, Charles Warren Goshen, N. Y. 

Dixon, Charles L 

Dornbush, Henry William 

1848 N. 42d Ave., Chicago 

Dott, Robert Thomas Salem, S. Dak. 

Dunn, John Benjamin St. Cloud, Minn. 

Emmons, John Weston Buchanan, Mich. 

English, John Eugene Baraboo, Wis. 

Favill, Henry Baird 32 N. State St., Chicago 

Fehrenbach, Albert ..Portland, Ore. 

Felton, Horace Wilcox 

Flett, Henry Seward 

Forrest, Benjamin Franklin Minooka, 111. 

Gardner, John Lincoln Rochelle, 111. 

Gifford, Henry Balis Juda, Wis. 

Giles, Alexander Porter Blue Mound, Kan. 

Gill, Wm. Wesley Madison, Wis. 

Good, Charles Hamlin Huntington, Ind. 

Goodsmith, Wm. P 4526 Beacon St., Chicago 

Gregory, Lyman Trumbull Lovington, 111 . 

Gunn, Hugh Francis D 



Gunther, Win. Henry Sheboygan, Wis. 

Haight, Wm. Douglas Johnstown, Pa. 

Hall, Philip Louis 

Hall, Wm. Wesley McLeansboro, 111. 

Hanforth, Wm. Walker 

1 [atfield, Cornes Ludlum Scappose, Ore. 

Haven, Otis Erastus 

Helm Scott 

Hench, John Bull Hinsdale, 111. 

Hendershott, Willie Waldo Camden, Wash. 

Hoy t, Lester Mason D 

Humbert, George Clinton 

Isherwood, Thomas Green West Chicago, 111. 

Jones, Edward Howard Weyauwega, Wis. 

Jones, Robt Wm Stonington, Ky. 

Keenan, George Jr Madison, Wis. 

Kenner, Charles Andrew Omaha, Neb. 

Kindermann, Alexander Cayuga, Ind. 

Knowles, Frank Wesley Los Gatos, Cal. 

Knox, Clark Spencer Superior, Wis. 

La Grange, Oriah Demand D 

Lashier, Bion Willis Armour, S. Dak. 

Leavens, Dolenna Carlos Fairchild, Wis. 

Leigh, Clarence W....10G N. State St., Chicago 

Lewis, James Monroe Bloomington, Wis. 

Lewis, James Young Quincy, 111. 

Lull, Richard H 106 N. State St., Chicago 

Lynde, A. Blanchard 

Manley, Adelmorn Brookins D 

Matson, Neal Cameron 

Maxwell, Charles Herbert Dakota, Neb. 

Mayfield, Reuben N 

119 W. 22d St., New York City 

McClanhan, Wm. Steele Galesburg, 111. 

McCleary, David Andrew Deer Creek, Ind. 

McClure, George Henry Westboro, Wis. 

McConnell, George H 315 Dearborn, Chicago 

McDonald, Edw. Martin Beaver Dam, Wis. 

McGinness, James W Dawson, 111. 

McGufhn, Wm. Rice Cheyenne, Wyo. 

Mclndoe, Thomas Beatty Rhinelander, Wis. 

McWilliams, John James Charter Oak, Iowa 

Meek, Joseph A 0351 Parnell Ave., Chicago 

Merrill, Harry Weston Maywood, 111. 

Miller, George Mortimer Neosha, Mo. 

Miller, John Knox Greeley, Colo. 

Molliter, Edward 

Moore, George Earl Ironwood, Mich. 

Mott, John W 1048 Wilson Ave., Chicago 

Mulligan, Edward W 

290 West Ave., Rochester, N. Y. 

Myers, James F..1458 N. Campbell Ave., Chicago 

Nelson, Gerhard Thorn Morris, 111. 

Newhall, Wm. Melvin Wayzatta, Minn. 

Nichols, George Bradford D 

Nihart, George Washington Petoskey, Mich. 

Orr, Edwin Dearth Mt. Hope, Wis. 

O'Shea, David 1803 S. Ashland Ave., Chicago 

Park, Augustus Vitelius 

Parker, Wm. Edward D 

Patera, Frank J.. 1152 N. Ashland Ave., Chicago 

Pearson, Andrew Wakefield, Kan. 

Peck, Walter Wm Darlington, Wis. 

Pendleton, Frederic Milford Quincy, 111. 

Phelps, Oscar Warren Kenawha, Iowa 

Randall, Benj. Monroe Graceville, Minn. 

Read, Hiram Martin 

..021 Lumber Exchange Bldg., Seattle, Wash. 

Redlich, Henry 375 N. Clark St., Chicago 

Reynolds, Wm . Wilson 

Rhodes, Edson Galesville, Wis. 

Rosenherry, Abraham Bertolet Wausau, Wis. 

Ross, Wm. Lytic. 22d and Lake St., Omaha, Neb. 

Rowles, John Alonzo La Crosse, Wis. 

Sawbridge, Edward Stephenson, Mich. 

Schmeling, Max 1502 N. Wells St., Chicago 

Schoen, August F Mavville, Wis. 

Scott, Charles M..20SS Sutter St., San Francisco 

Scott, De Witt Springfield, Mo. 

Scott, Thomas A !)7 Flotirnov S(., Chicago 

Selby, Rolla Watson D 

Shaver, George D 

Shaw, Myron A Durand, Wis. 

Shotvvell, Charles Benjamin Richmond, Mo. 

Sieber, Francis A. P 

4327 Michigan Ave., Chicago 

Skaggs, Lewis H Ellsworth, 111. 

Smith, Lester C Dickinson, N. Dak. 

Smith, Mark B 2608 Colfax Ave., Minneapolis 

Stack, Stephen S 

228 Greenfield, Milwaukee. Wis. 

Stahl, Edward L..148 W. Van Buren St., Chicago 

Stauffer, Horace R Indianapolis, Ind. 

Stauffer. Joseph E Everett, Wash . 

Stewart, Frank W 

Talbott, Charles Worth Secor, 111. 

Taylor, James Hickman Knoxville, Tenn. 

Thomas, Austin Hulbert Ironwood. Mich. 

Thompson, Perry Commodore Jacksonville. 111. 

Van Patten, Edwin Hugh Dayton, Wash. 

Van Valkenberg, Edward P., Jr 

Van Zandt, G 2341 W. Adams St., Chicago 

AValler, John Duke D 

Waynick, Ira Watt 

Webb, Dyer Drayton 

Wescott, C. D....22 E. Washington St., Chicago 

White, James Edgar D 

Whiting, Marcus.. 430 Jefferson Bldg., Peoria, 111. 

Whitney, Jay Philon Vinton, Iowa 

Wiley, Frank Sabin Fond du Lac, Wis. 

Williams, Geo. Stevens 

63 W. AVebster Ave., Muskegon, Mich. 

AVilliams, John Emery, Utah 

AVintermute, James Stinson D 

Wood, John Borden 

Woods, Harry Eugene Batavia, 111. 

Session opened Sept. 25, 1883; closed Feb. 19, 1884 

Abrams, Daniel Orville 

Albright, Robert Samuel D 

Anderson, Elmer Ellsworth Garland, Kan. 

Avery, Milo Primghar, Iowa 

Barnett, George Gilbert Ishpeming, Mich. 

Beatty, . Theodore Bruce Salt Lake City, Utah 

Blair, John Marquis Houston, Tex. 

Bloomfield, Robt. Goodman Oklahoma, Okla. 

Boas, Edmund A.... 1205 La Salle Ave., Chicago 

Bogue, Charles Virgil Newport, Vt. 

Bolles, David William. Minneapolis 

Brink, Wilbur Boyden, Iowa 

Brittin, Albert Leslie Athens, 111. 

Broughton, Frank AVaterloo, Ind. 

Bunker, AVilliam Burton D 

Burland, George Leonard 

Butterfield, Everett Henry Ottawa, 111. 

Byall, Howard Malcolm Montpelier, Ohio 

Canright, Orlo Solomon East Troy, Wis. 

Capwell, Daniel Howard Garrison, Iowa 

Cargen, William 

Carr, Franklin Langworthy Montesano, AA'ash. 

Carson, Clayton W..766 Oakwood Blvd., Chicago 

Chenoweth, Charlie B Newhall, Iowa 

Clark, Charles E Craig, Neb. 

Clark, Charles Leslie White Bear Lake, Minn. 

Clark, James Thomas Hammond, Ind. 

Clark, Leman Gibbs Glenwood Springs, Colo. 

Cochran, Charles Mena, Ark. 

Colby, Benj. D 1553 W. Madison St., Chicago 

Coleman, James Edmund Canton, 111. 

Comstock, Rice Payne D 

Cook, George Manfred 

Crosswhite, James Henry AVaverly, Mo. 

Harrow, Daniel Cady Moorhead, Minn. 



Daugherty, Wm, Watson 

Day, Willis W 

De Bely, Albert Orange City, Iowa 

Debey, Gerardus Bernadus 

Dewey, Alvin P 612 E. 63d St., Chicago 

Downer, Chas. L.800 S. Claremont Ave., Chicago 

Emanuel, Gerry Elbridge Edcerton, Ohio 

Eskey, Franklin Watson Tuscola, 111. 

Freer, Paul Caspar. D 

Gilchrist, Wm. Thomas Waukon, Iowa 

Gill, Charles Albert Ellsworth, Minn. 

Graves, Arthur Edgar New Waverly, Ind. 

Hall, Thomas Henry Gillespie, 111. 

Hamil, Charles Greenview, 111. 

Hamilton, Wm. Wilson East Liverpool, Ohio 

Haner. True Delos 

Hanscom, Walter Clarence 

901 20th Ave., N., Minneapolis 

Harris, John Wesley Morris, Minn. 

Hawk, Wm. Calvin Jefferson. Ore. 

Head, Gustavus P : D 

Hendryx. Matthew Q. A Lexington, S. C. 

Henry, Charles Willis.... Coon Rapids, Iowa 

Hoag, Edw. J.... .Ridott, 111. 

Holland, Edward Alexander. .. .San Antonio, Tex. 

Holt, John Franklin Assumption, 111. 

Hoover, Edwin Kuhn 

Hulburt, Frank David .Reedsburg, Wis. 

Hutton, Ernst LeRoy 

Inglis, George Monticello, Iowa 

Juell, Nils Roth Heyerdahl Santa Rosa, Cal. 

Justice, A. L El Paso, Tex. 

Kara,, Jacob Ortonville, Minn. 

Kent, Thaddeus Burritt Center Junction, Iowa 

Knight, Henry Lambert 

606 Andrus Bldg. , Minneapolis 

Kratzsch, Arno Wiegand „ 

192 North Ave., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Lakin, Alvin Marion Yale, Iowa 

Latta, Samuel Eikenborg Stockton, Cal. 

Leason, Park Benjamin 

Leigh, Ebberly J. Hiawatha, Kan. 

Lewis, Wm. Francis Spencer, Neb. 

Littlefield, Samuel Milton Andrew, Iowa 

Loney , John Tullis Tishmomingo, Okla. 

Lucke, Robert Sidney Omaha, Neb. 

Lusk, Charles Francis Lebo, Kan. 

Lynch, Patrick Henry S Kamas, Utah 

Lytle, James Reed.. Richmond, Kan. 

Macnamara, John G St. Paul, Minn. 

Mammen, Ernest Bloomington, 111. 

Mathews, David W Walsenburg, Colo. 

Mathis, Caleb Eugene 

1120 Main St., Kansas City, Mo. 

Mathis, Elbert Nelson Los Angeles 

Mc Arthur, Daniel Seymour La Crosse, Wis. 

McClelland, Silas Edward Decatur, 111. 

McClintock, Wm. Alexander 

McClure, Lester John 

McCutcheon, Wm. Robt Thorp, Wis. 

McGuire, Clarence Alonzo Topeka, Kan. 

McKean, Alexander 

Mease, Dupuyster' Chauliac Freeport, 111. 

Melvin, Ransom Dunn Parker, S. Dak. 

Mighell, Norman Edwin Marshalltown, Iowa 

Miller, Benjamin Canon 

Miller, James Theodore 

1207^ Washington St., Los Angeles 

Miller, James Weston Gibbon, Neb. 

Miller, Wm. Markle Cabery , 111. 

Monroe, Wilbert Henry 

Morris, Ewing Van Darian Galesburg, 111. 

Morton, Frederick Howard Okmulgee, Okla. 

Mueller, Otto 1323 Detroit St., Cleveland 

Murfin, Warren Wesley Patoka, 111. 

Nelson, Wm. Deaderick Canton, 111. 

Norton, Garrett Amos Aurora, 111. 

Oughton, Charles M 

5410 Jefferson Ave. , Chicago 

Palmer, Philip Coffman 

3001 E. 9th St., Kansas City, Mo. 

Patterson, Wm. Turner Crowley, La. 

Paul, Edward Wm Forest City, 111. 

Peters, Richard Alexander Tipton, Iowa 

Pettit, James Wiley Ottawa, 111. 

Potter, Marco Thompson 

Quivey, Wm. Leander East Orange, N. J. 

Ramsey, Austin Charles L 

Reynolds, Frank Robert D 

Rixa, Alexander.. 323 E. 86th St., New York City 

Rollins, George Edward Kickapoo, 111. 

Salisbury, Francis R Sparta, Wis. 

Sanders, Charles W Manly, Iowa 

Scaif e, Henry Wilkinson 

Schifferle, Edward Creston, Iowa 

Schlamer, Henry Newton 

1229 Montana St., Chicago 

Schmetz, Thomas Nelson 

Seneir, Frederick S 

Shaley, Frederick W Terre Haute, Ind. 

Simms, Stephen Beecher Frankfort, Ind. 

Slemmons, Wm. Thomas 

Smith, Edwin L D 

Smith, Wiliam H 1604 Michigan Ave., Chicago 

Snyder, Alfred F Escanaba, Mich. 

Starkel, Charles Henry Belleville, 111. 

Steele, Joseph Turner Hastings, Neb. 

Stewart, John Cohade 

Stone, Willis C 106 N. State St., Chicago 

Strode, Wm. Smith Lewistown, 111. 

Spencer, G. Franklin Evansville, Wis. 

Tasker, Charles Henry Minneapolis 

Terrill, Homer Atwood 

Thiele, Henry Charles 

Thompson, Thomas Willard Xenia, 111. 

Thorn, John Charles Fremont Kokomo, Ind. 

Troupe, Amos W Pine Bluff, Ark. 

Tuthill, Jerome Jackson 

Uhls, Lyman L 

State Hospital, Osawatomie, Kan. 

Walker, Charles Ira 

Walker, John W..2212 Washington Blvd., Chicago 
Wardner, Morton S 

1262 W. Harrison St. , Chicago 

Warner, Abraham L 32 N. State St., Chicago 

Was, Edward Oostburg, Wis. 

Watson, Edward D 

Watt, Benj. Nichols : Washburn, 111. 

Webb, Wilbur S ._. 

Weinermark, Arvid H 

Weiper, Henry Bernhardt Eau Claire, Wis. 

Weld, Frederick Jesse Rockf ord, 111. 

West, Paul R New Orleans, La. 

Westerby, Benedict Jones 

Whiteside, John Wyman Ironwood, Mich. 

Wilder, Wm. H..122 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago 

Williams, Henry Percy 

Winer, John K 800 N. Clark St., Chicago 

Young, Douglas Burtis Cooperton, Okla. 

Zeien, Thomas M. A North Branch, Minn. 


Session opened Sept. 23, 1SS4; closed Feb. 17, 


Acker, Calvis S Arkansas City, Kan. 

Aley, Hector Sinclare Lincoln, Neb. 

Allen, Arthur West Austin, Minn. 

Atkinson, Foster L Sacramento, Cal. 

Bacon, Russell Stewart Montevideo, Minn. 

Bailey, Edward Seattle, Wash. 

Bancroft, Henry Valentine Blue Mound, Wis. 

Bartells, Henry Wm. Fred.. 4823 Champlain Ave. 

Barthel, Oscar Henry Pocahontas, Iowa 

Bingam, Earl Grand Rapids, Mich. 



Blakeley, George Arthur D 

Blank, Henry Jackson, Wis. 

Bliss, Edwin Clarence Radcliffe, Iowa 

Bond, Joseph Franklin Wabasha, Minn. 

Booth, Frank H..1625 W. North Ave., Chicago 

Bricker, Boyd N Wildwood, Mich. 

Buechner, William L 

Campbell, Wm. Scott West Point, Ind. 

Cessna, Charles Edgar Park Ridge, 111. 

Champion, Joseph Van Meter Mansfield, 111. 

Chapin, Staley N 138 N. State St., Chicago 

Clark, Walter A North Prescott, Mass. 

Clarke, James Newton Moscow, Idaho 

Colton, Wm. Walter 

Conley, Thomas J 32 N. State St., Chicago 

Core, Charles B Iola, Kan. 

Crofton, Frank E 

Cullimore, Grant Oklahoma, Okla. 

Cushing, George H 

Davisson, Wm. Thomas 

Dawson, Joseph D 

Deacon, George 

143 E. Colorado St., Pasadena, Cal. 

Dewey, Frank J 100 State St., Chicago 

Dodds, Wm. Ezekiel Richland, Iowa 

Downing, Wm. Launcelot Moulton, Iowa 

Drennen, Chas. Travis Hot Springs, Ark. 

Dryer, Dwight Welcome La Grange, Ind. 

Dunn, Eli Hamlin 

6 Pennock Bldg., Kansas City, Mo. 

Dunn, Frederick Springville, Utah 

Dwinnell, Geo. W Montague, Cal. 

Ellis, James Decatur Clarks Hill, Ind. 

Engstadt, John Evan -..Grand Forks, N. Dak. 

Esch, Samuel Henry 

Ewing, Wm. B 712 Bijou Bldg., Pittsburgh 

Fairbanks, Charles Stratton B 

Feller, Charles Edward.. 180 E. 7th St., St. Paul 
Fitch, Walter M....1728 W. Monroe St., Chicago 

France, John Mill Perris, Cal. 

Freeman, Arthur B.15 E. Washington St., Chicago 

Gillespie, James McKee 

Gobar, Frank Joseph Fullerton, Cal. 

Grassick, James Grand Forks, N. Dak. 

Hadley, Wm. Clark 

Hammond, Jabez D 11 Congress St., Chicago 

Hanson, Wilber Fisk 

Hartman, Frederick Steele 

Hawkins, Robert Marysville, Kan. 

Hawley. Clark W....7 W. Madison' St., Chicago 

Head, Louis Rollin Madison, Wis. 

Henshall, Edgar Owens Osborne, Kan. 

Hill, John Edward 

Hoftoe. Ole Tollefson D 

Hoit, Edward Everett Detroit City, Minn. 

Holyoke, Edgar Loomis Lincoln, Neb. 

Holyoke, Robert Ames...- D 

Hopkins, Hiram 

Horel, Francis R Areata, Cal. 

Howland, Benton M Melbourne, Iowa 

Hubbard, Wm. Elmer 

Hunt, George C 937 Foster Ave., Chicago 

Hutchins, Wm. Adelbert Orangeville, 111. 

Ide, Spencer 

Johnson, Finley P Hoopeston, 111. 

Jurss, George Joachim 

915 Central Ave., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Kauffman, Adain Emory Parkersburg, Iowa 

Keener, Wm. Noah Jamesport, Mo. 

Kennicott, Guy Wm Chehalis, Wash. 

Kessell, George Cresco, Iowa 

Keyes, Edward Danforth Winona, Minn. 

Kirkpatrick, Milo Portland, Ore. 

Kitto, Robt. Andrew Racine, Wis. 

Kippel, Clemens Hutchinson, Kan. 

La Due, Burdett Elmerin Ottawa, 111. 

Leahy, John Lemont, 111. 

Lindley, Clarence T. Davenport, Iowa 

Loutzenheiser, Lot Alonzo 

Lydston, James A 106 N. State St., Ghicago 

Lyon, Lasel W 

722 St. Aubin Ave., Detroit, Mich. 

Marcusson, William B 

2459 Jackson Blvd., Chicago 

Martin, Aoncil Erelon Phoenix, Ariz. 

Martin, J. V 

McAdams, James E Morristown, S. Dak. 

McCabe, Michael Frank D 

McCreight, Samuel L....32 N. State St., Chicago 

McDill, John Rich Manila, P. I. 

McGinley, James B 

211 Grand Ave. , Milwaukee, Wis. 

McKay, James Memphis, Tenn. 

M'cTaggart, Thos. Alexander Pawnee, 111. 

Meehan, Martin G..4341 S. Halsted St., Chicago 

Meengs, Dick Reynolds Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Merryman, George Edgar 

Moulton, George Albert.... Eagle, Colo. 

Murphy, James Harrison Summerfield, Kan. 

Novak, Frank J 1812 Millard Ave., Chicago 

Nuzum, Thomas Walter Brodhead, Wis. 

O'Brien, James Smith D 

O'Ferrall, Robt. Lackey Danville, 111. 

Palmer, Albert E 2658 Seminary Ave., Chicago 

Pearman, James Ora Mahomet, 111. 

Pfeifer, Charles Wm Sheboygan Falls, Wis. 

Phelps, Calvin M 

Phelps, Robert McEwan 

Piggins, Harry S 

493 11th Ave., Milwaukee,"wis. 

Pittman, Wm. E Roseville, 111. 

Port, Frank Wellington Olin, Iowa 

Powers, Joseph W 

Prince, Lawrence H 100 State St., Chicago 

Prochazka, Emil 

Purslow, Sarchfield Emmet .... 

Putman, Tilford Lynn Shenandoah, Iowa 

Reeves, Wm. Clarence 

Regan, Edwin Washington Canton, 111. 

Renle, John 

Sayle, Robert G 

132 Germania Bldg., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Schaper, Charles D 

Schiffbauer Robert 

Schurtz, Clyde D Alexandria, Ind. 

Sharp, Charles Arthur 

Sheldon, Horace Ward Negaunee, Mich. 

Sherman, Emory Independence, Iowa 

Sherry, John Frances 

Shinkle, John Newton Dexter D 

Smith, Ambrose Everett Olean, N. Y. 

Smith, Charles Newton 

Smith, Webster Coleman Franklin Grove, 111. 

Stoll, John J 1103 S. Ashland Blvd., Chicago 

Swank, Leroy d 

Tilmont, Alexander Paul 

Turney, John Parrish 

Tuthill, Daniel Harmon Strong D 

Tyler, Franklin Pierce Galesburg, 111. 

Umberhine, Charles Dexter Lebanon, Ind. 

Van Werden, William 

6th and Walnut Sts., Des Moines, Iowa 

Walker, Charles E..Jacobson Bldg., Denver, Colo. 

Walker, Samuel Alfred 

Waterhouse, Charles Herbert. . .Sherman, N. Y. 

Waterous, Harry Willard Galva, II. 

Whitmore, Clarence L 

Willey, Ansel Fayette 

Wilson, Horace Lyman London Mills, 111. 

Wright, Frank Romaine North Greenfield, Wis. 

Yarger, George A Denver, Colo. 

Yorke, Frederick Henry Foosland, 111. 



Session opened Sept. 22, 1885; closed Feb. 1G, 1886 

Allen, Abram Orrinzer Mountain Lake, Minn. 

Allison, William Russell..' Peoria, 111. 

Anderson, John Victor Red Wing, Minn. 

Arbuckle, Alphonso T 

4924 Greenwood Ave. , Chicago 

Bailey, Oscar Clyde 

Bantley, Bartholomew Waupaca, Wis. 

Bean, Daniel Hurd 

Beard, Thomas Edward Oregon City, Ore. 

Beavers, Seth Douglas Decatur, Ind. 

Bell, James Johnston D 

Bennett, Lewis Fish Greenacres, Wash. 

Bentley, Frederick David Portage, Wis. 

Birney, Bascom Hugh 

Bogen, Herbert Edward 

Bower, William Clinton Topeka, Kan. 

Bowers, Lewis Campbell Boise, Idaho 

Bowman, Lincoln Mock D 

Bowman, William Edward D 

Brackett, John Wallace Sturgis, S. Dak. 

Bradley, James Bray Eaton Rapids, Mich. 

Brown, Joel Carlton '. Lewiston, Mo. 

Brunei - , Charles Keepers Greenfield, Ind. 

Burke, Thomas Wayside, Wis. 

Chandler, Ralph '. D 

Churchill, Charles Hiram Ft. Dodge, Iowa 

Clark, Charles Edwin 

11th and Walnut Sts., Kansas City, Mo. 

Cody, Josiah Millard Fremont, 111. 

Cody, Walter Tate Detroit, Mich. 

Courtney, Joseph Seth Dayton, Ore. 

Cox, Albert Jeffrey Tyler, Minn. 

Davis, Joseph Job 32 N. Clark St., Chicago 

Disen, Charles Frederick 

2600 E. 22d St., Minneapolis 

Dougherty, Philander D 

Downing, Wm. Lincoln 

1107 Marmon Place, Minneapolis 

Drake, James Ferguson Youngstown, Ind. 

Dudley, Elwin Paulina, Iowa 

Egbert, James Los Angeles 

Evans, Charles Willis 

4053 N. Avers Ave. , Chicago 

Fallows, William 

Farley, Isaac Perry 

Finnegan, Charles Joseph D 

Fisk, Charles Wilbur Kingfisher, Okla. 

Fitzgerald, Frank Morrison, 111. 

Gaines, Edward Elsworth Wibaux, Mont. 

Gamble, Wm. Emmett..31 N. State St., Chicago 

Giljohann, Carl Theodore Emil 

Gill, Joseph Francis Madison, Wis. 

Glass, Milless Minor E. St. Louis, 111. 

Grant, J. A. Staniland 

Greenfield, Charles Edward 

533 S. Halsted St., Chicago 

Gregory; James Jay 

Guy, John Milton Danville, 111. 

Haering, Otto Ernest Bloomington, 111. 

Hale, Norman Tot Kokomo, Ind. 

Hanna, W. McMinne Lisbon, 111. 

Harris, George Washington. .Marshalltown, Iowa 

Harris, Wm. Crawford 

Hartman, Frederick S.5 Blue Island Ave., Chicago 

Hartman, Carl 2511 N. Sawyer Ave., Chicago 

Hayman, Libni B 138 N. State St., Chicago 

Hayman, Wm. Henry D 

Hay ward, Charles Evershed Stuttgart, Ark. 

Higgins, Arthur Eugene LaGrange, 111. 

Hilts, Mark Brownson Sloan, Iowa 

Hodgson, Albert James .Waukesha, Wis. 

Hoeber, Gustav 

1 Fooker, Charles Ira Pearl City, 111. 

Hostetter, Allen Harrison Douglas, Neb. 

Howland, Edw. D 31 N. State St., Chicago 

Jennings, Morgan Biddle Streator, 111. 

Jewell, Harrison Eddy Coon Rapids, Iowa 

Jones, Frederick Weller Appleton, Wis. 

Keeley, Milton Ross Dwight, 111. 

Kemble, Victor Samuel 

Kendall, John Turner Argos, Ind. 

Kermott, Edward Plews Hudson, Wis. 

Korssell, Claus F. P.. 5609 Indiana Ave., Chicago 
Krumme, Simon Alexander. . .Fond du Lac, Wis. 

Kutchih, Horace Lester Columbus, Ohio 

Kutchin, Victor Dartf ord, Wis. 

Loring, Samuel Crayton Plvmouth, Ind. 

Lyon, Thomas Bronell Raton, N. M. 

Mahon, Lowell Thomas Toledo, Ohio 

Marion, George Louis Elgin, 111. 

Marriett, Woodman Robt , Capron, 111. 

Martin, Thomas Anthony 

McClarey, Charles E..110 S. Ave., Syracuse, N. Y. 

McCutcheon, Charles Taeoma, Wash. 

McDaniel, Thomas Jefferson Plvmouth, 111. 

McDowell, John Archibald Nashville, Mich. 

McHoy, James II Sturgis, S. Dak. 

McKee, James Anderson Sacramento, Cal. 

McPherson, Pearson : 

2601 S. Halsted St., Chicago 

Mellish, Ernest Johnson D 

Milneo, George Scott Houston, Tex. 

Minaghan, Robt. Emmett Green Bay, Wis. 

Mitchell, Walter Porter Gaston, Ind. 

Moore, Landon Clay Revnolds, 111. 

Moran, Dennis David Dane, Wis. 

Magee, James Park 

Nevins, John Greene, Iowa 

Newman. Harmer M South Melford, Ind. 

Noble, Joseph Boardman Waukesha, Wis. 

Ochsner, Albert J.... 2106 Sedgwick St., Chicago 

Olson, Ole Hansteen Erskine, Minn. 

O'Malley, Thomas F D 

Oviatt, Albert Earle 

Parker, Thomas Toledo, Ore. 

Parkhurst, Lincoln P Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Perkins, Charles Forrest Shenandoah, Iowa 

Peterson, Wm. Albin Elgin, Neb. 

Prestley, James P Newton, 111. 

Pruyn, Charles Putnam 92 State St., Chicago 

Ralston, Wm. Wilson 

Rhodes, John Edwin 

122 S. Michigan Ave. , Chicago 

Rice. Henry N 

Ritchie, George Alexander Appleton, Wis. 

Robey, Marion La Fayette Grantsburg, Wis. 

Rodgers, James Farnsworth. Bowling Green, Kv. 

Rounheld, Fredk. P. Otto ' 

Rutledge, James Albert. .Colorado Springs, Colo. 

Ryan, Edward Patrick Stillwater, Minn. 

Savior, A. L D 

Schmidt, Rudolph Henry 

Schmitz, Wm. Charles St. Nazianz, Wis. 

Shaw, L. Llovd 

Sheffield, Daniel A D 

Shibley, John 

Slack, John W Bismarck, 111. 

Staley, Franklin Henry Clear Lake, S. Dak. 

Stealy, Allison R Charlotte, Mich. 

Stephani, Alfred H 

3511 W. Harrison St., Chieasro 

Stoops, Perry Houston Ipava, 111. 

Tea, Roger Sherman Lafayette, Ind. 

Terry, Percy E Rochester, Ind. 

Thayer, Henry W 

Thomas, Alonzo S 

Thompson, Walter Nixon Sullivan, Ind. 

Tiedman, Elmer John De Soto, Wis. 

Tinsman, Lewis Lawrence Smilhshire, 111. 

Tracy, John Smith 

Trovillion, Edward Boicourt Boulder, Colo. 

Tuke, Daniel Hack 

Van Metre, Edward Joseph 



Walschmidt, " Chas H Alamogordo, N. M. 

Walker, Winfield S 2742 Racine Ave., Chicago 

AVells, George M 

Wells, George Revels D 

Welsh, Wm. Edward Pittsburg, Kan. 

Wernich, Paul Albert 

Wheelwright, Daniel Winfield Wall Lake, Iowa 

Whitefield, George W Evanston, 111. 

Whitsler, W. H 

700 Schofield Building, Cleveland 

Wilcox, Frederick Wallace Minonk, 111. 

Williamson, Fines Arthur 

Witherstine, Horace H Rochester, Minn. 

Wright, Charles Lindsey 

2 W. Market St., Huntington, Ind. 

Wyant, Otis Blair Davenport, Iowa 

Youngquist, Orin Godfrey Marquette, Mich. 

Zelman, Augustus Wm Brunswick, Mo. 

Zitt, Albert Valentine , 

Session opened Sept. 21, 18S6; closed Feb. 17, 1887 

Agnew, Thomas Jefferson 

Allen, Charles James Sheffield, Iowa 

Allen, Orville Reid Stanwood, Wash. 

Anderson, Per Emil Torgny Wahoo, Neb. 

Anthony, John Albro D 

Anthony, Julius P 

Armstrong, Charles Allen 

....420 Kearne Bldg., Salt Lake City, Utah 

Baker, Amos Longfellow Kasson, Mich. 

Bellwood, Harvey H Alliance, Neb. 

Benson, Roger Paul 

Birdsall, George Asa Alexandria, Neb. 

Boone, Joseph Jackson Mt. Victory, Ohio 

Boorman, Curtis Asher Grand Rapids, Wis. 

Borland, Leonard C....209 S. State St., Chicago 

Bouffler, Albert 1 32 N. State St., Chicago 

Bourschiedt, Frank Charles Peoria, 111. 

Brown, Henry Calvin San Jose, Cal. 

Burke, James D 

Burrows, Thomas Wilson Ottawa, 111. 

Butler, Rufus Emery Waitsburg, Wash. 

Cantwell, Wm. Hamilton Shawano, Wis. 

Carr, Edgar David Argenta, 111. 

Caruthers, Warren Hunter Moscow, Idaho 

Chamberlin, Barney Hicks 

2855 Washington Blvd. , Chicago 

Chandler, Augustus Wellington Compton, 111. 

Clark, Robert Byron Monroe, Wis. 

Collins, Daniel Bernardino 

109 King St., Madison, Wis. 

Conley, Patrick Henry.... 

Cook, John Masson Colorado Springs, Colo. 

Covey, John Ellsworth Lexington, 111. 

Crocker, Malcolm Montgomery. Lordsburg, N. M. 

Cullen, Frank Connor D 

Cuolahan, Archibald DeWitt, Mich. 

Dale, Harvey B., Jr Oshkosh, Wis. 

Davis, Wm. John Fremont, Neb. 

Dixon, Myrwood Timberlake 

576 S. 3d St., Columbus, Ohio 

Dow, Ernest Linwood Rock Falls, 111. 

Dunham, Frank Lovell, Wyo. 

Ekern, Andrew Grand Forks, N. Dak. 

Everhard, Frank Aaron Ripon, Wis. 

Falge, Lewis Manitowoc, Wis. 

Farley, Wm. Kindol Fulton, 111. 

Fell, Elmer Ezra 

Ford, James Franklin Omro, Wis. 

Frary, Louis Alliston Oakland, Cal. 

Frink, Charles- Walter Elkhart, Ind. 

Fuller, Wm 32 N. State St., Chicago 

Glasscock, Samuel Sampson 

..Grandview Sanitarium, Kansas City, Kan. 

Gloppestad, Ole Abelson 

Graham, Samuel Albert Clinton, 111. 

Gray, Ethan Allen. .. .2733 N. Clark St., Chicago 

Gray, Wm. Babbington Breed, 111. 

Greedy, Francis Augustus 

624 Metropoitan Bldg., Denver, Colo. 

Grimme, Henry Teter New Carlisle, Ind. 

Hall, Charles Walter 

Hall, Frank Leonidas Jacksonville, 111. 

Hamill, John Ransom Guthrie, Okla. 

Harrison, Samuel Ingelby — 

3053 California St., San Francisco 

Heil, Henry Dinkel Decatur, 111. 

Henderson, Howard E 

Hensley, Herman Justice Yates City, 111. 

Hinman, Fred Leffinwill Rhinelander, Wis. 

Hoffman, Melvin . .. 

Holden, Franklin 

Johnson, Edward Grant Sioux City, Iowa 

Kalmerton, Robert E 

539 12th St., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Kellogg, Robt. Ossian 

Kleene, Frederick 1445 Park Ave., Chicago 

Leslie, I. H Verona, Wis. 

Lindboe, Outtul K Lac qui Parle, Minn. 

Lytle, Elmer Ellsworth Bothell, Wash. 

May, Frank Ezra Little Rock, Ark. 

M'cDill, David D 

McLean, John D D 

Meyer, Edward Brillion, Wis. 

Mills, Win. Francis South Bend, Ind. 

Moller, Adolph....2713 Lisbon, Milwaukee, Wis.' 

Morrill, Seth Thomas Cleone, 111. 

Morrison, John , 

Morse, Isaac Cade ;:.... 

Morton, James Solomon D 

Murphy, Franklin Jay Sioux City, Iowa 

Niven, James K .D 

Nolan, Wm. Joseph 

Ohls, Henry Gamsev..927 Lawrence Ave., Chicago 

Oswald, Julius Wm 103 State St., Chicago 

Parkinson, George Henry 

Perrin, George Franklin 

Phipps, Luther H 2389 Irving Ave., Chicago 

Pickard, Joseph C..55 W. Chestnut St., Chicago 
Pinckard, Cyrus Gibson 

903 E. 8th St., Kansas City, Kan. 

Prichard, George Wm 

Randall, Henry Raymond 

Rav, Lorenzo Dickson Gillespieville, Ohio 

Reed, Charles Bert 31 N. State St., Chicago 

Reineking, John Hortonville, Wis. 

Rice, Newton James 

527 Main St., Council Bluffs, Iowa 

Richter, Conrad Mariposa, Cal. 

Robertson, Lon Clark 

Roos, Adolph Oshkosh, Wis. 

Rothman, Lewis Wittenberg, Wis. 

Reub, Henry John 

Salisbury, Wm. W 

Sawyer, Sylvester H Eldon, Iowa 

Scollard, John T....1921 Vliet, Milwaukee, Wis. 

Scott, Wm. Francis Port Washington, Wis. 

Sigworth, D wight L 

Snow, Harry Edgar Belmar, N. J. 

Snow, Melville Cox Bedford, Iowa 

Stahl, Frank A 31 N. State St., Chicago 

Steenburg, Edmund Arthur Aurora, 111. 

Steffins, Ignatius David Antigo, Wis. 

Stevens, W. A 

Tefft, Leslie Eugene 

Thomas, Wm. Burton 

Throckmorton, George King Lafayette, Ind. 

Toms, Frank Del D 

Tope, Wm. Arthur Downers Grove, 111. 

Travis, Arthur Levant Princeton, Wis. 

Van Beeck, Henry Gregory Charles D 

Vance, Frederick Elmer Eddyville, Iowa 

Van Horn, A. K 

Venn, Clement 423 Center St., Chicago 



Walsh, John E Davenport, Iowa 

Walsh, Thos. G..359 Greenbush, Milwaukee, Wis. 
Ward, Charles Wm„ 3449 Indiana Ave., Chicago 

Warne, Rodell Curtis Mitchell, S. Dak. 

Was, Louis Panama, Neb. 

Waterman, Wallace Marsh 

4423 W. Jackson Blvd., Chicago 

Webster, Ardell Henry 

Welty, Barney 7316 Yale Ave. , Chicago 

Wickham, Robt 3975 Archer Ave., Chicago 

Williams, Wm. Johnston D 

Wilson, Edward Newton D 

Windett, Robert Alfred Aurora, 111. 

Worthington, Harry C Charles City, Iowa 

Wright, Charles Lytton 

Session opened Sept. 27, 1887; closed Feb. 21, 1888 

Barnes, Allen C Glasford, 111. 

Barnes, Cole Edgar Ripon, Wis. 

Beeson, Job S. .....800 W. Madison St., Chicago 

Benz, Henry Andrew Wheeling, 111. 

Best, Elmer Howard Freeport, 111. 

Blim, Charles Crete, 111. 

Bluthardt, Oscar R....569 Warren Ave., Chicago 

Boswell, Davis Richmond, Mo. 

Bowlby, George Balfour.. Los Angeles 

Brasington, E. Custeen Kershaw, S. C. 

Brown, Martin Willard North Adams, Mass. 

Canble, Willis Benton 

Cantrell, Thomas D Bloomington, 111. 

Carett, Robert William 

Carman, Frank W 

Carr, Andrew Minot, N. Dak. 

Casev, Joseph Montgomery Ft. Madison, Iowa 

Challoner, Robert 

Chance, Norman Webb Little Falls, Minn. 

Cherrie, Martin Breckenridge D 

Collins, William P Racine, Wis. 

Conaway, John B York, Neb. 

Corley, Charles Joseph 

Dearborn, Henry Jonathan Mt. Sterling, 111. 

Defrees, Henrv Jefferson Nappanee, Ind. 

De Lose, Herbert Merced, Cal. 

Derham, James Edmund 

Detweiler, Edwin Shadinger 

4733 Kenmore Ave., Chicago 

Dolph, Cassius • • V • 

Doolittle, John C Lancaster, Wis. 

Doty, Charles W Beaver Crossing, Neb. 

Dove, Joseph D. F Allendale, Mo. 

Ehle, Hiram Barber Talmadge, Cal. 

Emerson, Wm. Jesse Carman, 111. 

Fell, Joshua Harlan John Day, Ore. 

Garber, Frank Webster Muskegon, Mich. 

Gaston, James Bigham Cripple Creek, Colo. 

Geltch, Ernst August Parkston, S. D. 

Goddard, James Bell Eau Claire, Wis. 

Goit, Edward Grant. 

Goodner, Ralph Allison Nashville, 111. 

Grant, George Herbert Richmond, Iowa 

Halloran, Florence John St. Paul, Minn. 

Hamill, Edwin, 2901 Warren Ave., Chicago 

Hanna, Harry Howard. Waterloo, Iowa 

Hanson, Frank. Braceville, 111. 

Harnes, Henry 1626 Humboldt Blvd., Chicago 

Heidner, Gustav Adolph West Bend, Wis 

Herrick, James Bryan 

122 S. Michigan Blvd. , Chicago 

Herrmann, Arthur John Los Angeles 

Hill, Thomas Caldwell Fancy Prairie, 111. 

Hoover, Walter Kail Lovington, 111. 

Houtz, Wm. Cyrus North Webster, Ind. 

Howard, Edmund James 

Huberti, Joseph New Franken, Wis. 

Hughes, Albert L Macon, 111. 

lies, Urban Grant Seneca, Kan. 

Ingalls, Francis Marion Highland Park, 111. 

Innes, James Harvey Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Irwin, George Howard ..Lodi, Wis. 

Jesperson, Thomas Neenah, Wis. 

Jones, Richard R. Britton, S. D. 

Jurgens, Ludwig Wilhelm Portage, Wis 

Kirkpatrick, John West, D 

Kratohoil, George 

Lane, Herbert Warren South Fork, Colo. 

Lange, Ignatz ...131 La Salle, Chicago 

Larson, Carl Frithiof.. Crystal Falls, Mich. 

Lee, Maskell....... Wapello, 111. 

Loughride, Victor Edmund 

Lovell, Frank Blair Gibson City, 111. 

Marston, Ernest Linwood Reynold, 111. 

Martin, Wm. Brown 

Martin, Wm. Giles Topeka, Kan. 

Mattox, Wm. R Terre Haute, Ind. 

Maxwell, Geo. Bancroft Long Grove, Iowa 

May, James Wallace 

McClelland, Clarence Beman 

McCorkle, George Earl Shellsburg, Iowa 

McGauvan, Michael Sheridan 

258 Broadway, Lawrence, Mass. 

McGrath, John Joseph 

Meath, Augustus Hilary 

305 S. Halsted St., Chicago 

Moeller, Adolph 

Moeller, John 792 Third St., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Montgomery, Frank H....100 State St., Chicago 

Moore, Charles Fred D 

Munger, Clifton Deo Ellsworth, Wis. 

Murphy, Edward Augustus.... 

Nelson, Herbert Harrison Ladora, Iowa 

Noble, Wm. Lincoln 32 N. State St., Chicago 

O'Malley, Michael Paul 

Owsley, Frederick Diller 

Perekham, John S 2600 Indiana Ave., Chicago 

Peterson, Theodore John 

Phillips, Carl Fremont 

Phillips, George Samuel 

Pitman, Samuel M Greenbush, 111. 

Pleschner, Hans 

Power, Howard Lincoln 

Quirk, John Joseph 103 State St., Chicago 

Ralphs, Theodore 1081 W. 12th St., Chicago 

Rawlins, John Aaron Ionia, Iowa 

Reece, James Nelson North Liberty, Ind. 

Reynish, David James Edgar, Neb. 

Richardson, John Franklin 

702 Symes Bldg. , Denver 

Rick, Joseph Bartholomew Mishicott, Wis. 

Ring, John D 

Saint Cyr, Emilieu Dehaye 

5105 S. Ashland Blvd., Chicago 

Saltra, Ole Magneson Rice Lake, Wis. 

Schoenneshoefer, Wm 

Schwandt, Emil J 

1425 N. California Ave., Chicago 

Seehuws, Ole Martin Hatton, N. Dak. 

Shambaugh, Levi D Gridley. Kan. 

Sherwood, Francis R 32 N. State St., Chicago 

Shubert, John Joseph Kankakee, 111. 

Sims, Luther Monroe Kalama, Wash. 

Smith, James Marion 

Smyth, Joseph P 5458 S. State St., Chicago 

Stafford, Edward A Snohomish, Wash. 

Steele, Corwin James 

Stockwell, John Samuel Butte, Neb. 

Strickland, Charles Orlando D 

Taylor, Fred Latham Hastings, Neb. 

Taylor, John Dan 

Thomas, Charles Derastus Peoria, 111. 

Titus, Wm. Henry 

Trask, Howard Pavson 

Vaughan, Phillip C 3618 Perry St., Chicago 

Werner, Henry 

Wieland, Frank W Dubuque, Iowa 



Wilcox, Collin Henley Princeville, 111. 

Wiley, Frank Angelo Earlville, 111. 

Wittman, Adolph Reinhardt Merrill, Wis. 

Wittwer, Hermann Robt 

Yates, George F....6457 S. Halsted St., Chicago 
Yohe, Alfred Franklin Leavenworth, Kan. 

Session opened Sept. 25, 1888; closed Feb. 19, 1889 
Albright, Charles E 

202 Wells Bldg., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Atwood, Irenaeus J 

Feu Chofu, Shansi, China (American Board 
of Missions) 

Baer, Almerin W 29 E. Madison St., Chicago 

Baird, Thomas James... Victor, Mont. 

Barnard, Hayden S..4033 Vincennes Ave., Chicago 

Baughman, John Allen Neoga, 111. 

Beebe, Carl M Sparta, Wis 

Bergen, Lloyd Moss Highland Park, 111. 

Bergeron, Joseph Vepher 

15 E. Washington St., Chicago 

Bessette, Felix S. J... 2657 W. 3Sth St., Chicago 

Best, David Bigger Wheeling, W. Va. 

Blanchard, Charles Willard Black Earth, Wis. 

Bowen, Charles F..3535 W. Congress St., Chicago 

Bower, John Hugo 

Boyd, John Frank Paducah, Ky. 

Bressler, Frank B....2309 Millard Ave., Chicago 

Brown, John Thomas Paris, Ky. 

Bryan, Clarence H 3019 Indiana Ave., Chicago 

Bundy, William Frank 

Bush, Ira Charles Santa Cruz, Cal. 

Butler, George Frank Alma, Mich. 

Case, Thomas Jefferson Unionville, Iowa 

Cecil, Jeff Milton 

Chancellor, Samuel R 

204 E. Markland St., Kokomo, Ind. 

Chandler, Samuel Wilson 

Clapp, Chambers Brown ...Moberly, Mo. 

Clark, Calvin Charles 

Cole, Elmer J Woodbine, Iowa 

Collier, Lewis Bramwell 

........Northern Bank Bldg., Seattle, Wash. 

Coltrin, Francis Delano Warfa, Texas 

Congdon, Willis Rollins Santa Cruz, Cal. 

Coolley, Elmer Burt... The Temple, Danville, 111. 

Cosby, Hiram Lewis Lincoln, 111. 

Cottle, Cassius Clay 

1230 Westlake Ave., Los Angeles 

Cox, Stephen W 1315 Jackson Blvd., Chicago 

Cremer, Cornelius Hubert Cashton, Wis. 

Crowell, Frank Greenleaf ., Rochelle, 111. 

Cunningham, Albert Stevens Goldfield, Iowa 

Daniels, Jared Waldo St. Peters, Minn . 

Davis, James Eldridge Annapolis, 111. 

De Bev, Henrv B 

..." 1635 S. Central Park Ave., Chicago 

De Stafna, Joseph.. 511 N. Halsted St., Chicago 
Dixon, Thomas.... 306 State St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Donaldson, Earl Edgewood, Iowa 

Downs, James Edmund Craig, Colo. 

Edwards, Adelbert Reedsburg, Wis. 

Elliot, Arastus Vernon Beresford, S. Dak. 

Fenelon, John Henry Bloomington, 111. 

Ferrier, David 

Fisher, James Coleman Decatur, 111. 

Fitzgibbon, Garrett 

701 S. Sacramento Ave., Chicago 

Fitzmaurice, James W..2876 Archer Ave., Chicago 

Flood, John 36 W. Randolph St., Chicago 

Freeborn, John Abraham Fergus Falls, Minn. 

Furman, Fred Wilhelm August 

Garabedian, Minas G 

Gernon, Talbot Charles Bloomington, 111. 

Green, John Wm Lacey, Iowa 

Greenspahn, Solomon. .3209 Douglas Blvd., Chicago 
Guild, Charles Willis 

Hull, Solomon L Central City, Neb. 

Hamilton, Abraham Lincoln 

Harris, Oscar Vernon Everett, Wash. 

Hartung, Christian J D 

Harvey, James Robert Sunnyside, Wash. 

Harwood, W. E Eveleth, Minn. 

Hayes, Patrick B....3008 Jackson Blvd., Chicago 

Hewitt, Augustus E Elm, Okla. 

Holden, Edward R....4001 Gladys Ave., Chicago 
Hook, Elisha I.... 2706 N. Rockwell St., Chicago 

Johnston, Edmund Burke Hancock, Minn. 

Kahn, Solomon Lee D 

Karreman, Adrian Reginald 

6417 Stewart Ave., Chicago 

Kellogg, Elias Wells • 

Majestic Bldg. , Milwaukee, Wis. 

Kester, John Wm Mazomanie, Wis. 

Kline, Edwin La Grange, 111. 

Krohn, Eugene Black River Falls, Wis. 

Kuhlman, Charles G 

2417 Sutter St., San Francisco 

Lambert, John Rodney Coatsburg, 111. 

Lane, Wm. Henry Angola, Ind. 

Locke, Robt. Douthitt 

Lofland, Wm. Alfred W. Lafayette, Ind. 

Looze, John Joseph Grand Rapids, Wis. 

Lowell, Adelbert D....6966 N. Clark St., Chicago 
Lyman, Francis Anderson 

2343 Evans Ave. , Denver 

Manchester, Llewellyn Claude 

..420 Penn, Pittsburgh 

McBride, Franklin Elmore 

McCann, Francis Patrick 

McKenney, George Mix Oregon, 111. 

McKittrick, Peter, 11 and 12 Union Savings 

Bank Bldg.......... Eau Claire, Wis. 

McLanahan, Albert C..749 Evanston Ave., Chicago 

McNiel, James Stuart .Waterloo, Wis. 

Meriwether, Alfred Preston. .Bell Court, N. Dak. 
Milligan, James Warren 

Michigan City, Ind. (Indiana State Prison) 

Minahan, John Roger... Green Bay, Wis. 

Mishoff, Ivan Dimiter 

473 Goldsmith Bldg., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Norden, Henry Aaron ...Sturgeon Bay, Wis. 

Nourse, Robt. Lee Boise, Idaho 

Oshay, Frank J. Ladd, 111. 

Otto, Edward 1337 Larrabee St., Chicago 

Owen, Wm. Edward 

1753 C Ave., Cedar Rapids, Iowa 

Payne, Wm. Scott..... 

Pease, Chester Isaac Linn Grove, Iowa 

Phinney, Julian E D 

Puffer, John Dickenson Ashland, Wis. 

Putnam, Wm. Eugene.... Whiting, Ind. 

Rice, Eri Perry 2315 W. Jackson Blvd., Chicago 

Roark, John Paul.. Bushnell, 111. 

Robinson, Herbert Abraham 

368 Park Ave, Kenosha, Wis. 

Rohr, Frederick Wm D 

Sanders, John F Friendship, Tenn. 

Schede, Max 

Sherman, Wm. Palmer.. 315 Broadway, Aurora, 111. 

Snee, Harry Boyd South Bend, Ind. 

Somes, Joseph Francis Vincennes, Ind. 

Spears, Tunis R Washburn, - Wis. 

Spinning, Charles Lynn 

Stafford, Thomas John Stockton, 111. 

Stamm, John C. A 

1311 S. Springfield Ave., Chicago 

Stevenson, George Aitkin 

Stiver, Roland James Lena, 111. 

Streeter, Merton Reynolds Oshkosh, Wis. 

Sutherland, John Langford, S. Dak. 

Traverse, Alfred Wilbur San Francisco 

Tyler, Harvey A 106 N. State St., Chicago 

Tyler, Wm. Ryan San Jose, 111. 

Wadsworth, Henrj' P Geneva, 111. 



Walker, Hugh Thomas Riceville, Iowa 

Wall, George Eugene, Ore. 

Watson, James Robt 

Weaver, George Howett 

1743 W. Harrison St., Chicago 

Wentworth, Will W 103 State St., Chicago 

Wernicke, Oscar G..606 Blue Island Ave., Chicago 

West, Edward Albert Folsomville, Ind. 

Wilcox, Wm. Le Roy.. 1533 Congress St., Chicago 

Williams, Lewis Benj 

Williams, Wm. E Cambria, Wis. 

Winn, Chester Arthur Snyder, Okla. 

Woods, Royal Geneva, Neb. 


Session opened Sept. 24, 1889; closed Mar. 25, 1890 

Anderson, Horace Griffin D 

Armstrong, Frank N McHenry, 111. 

Ballard, Charles Nelson.. 32 N. State St., Chicago 

Beadles, Charles Henry Oglesby, 111. 

Beckwith, James Gushing 

Boone, Malcolm Benton Mt. Victory, Ohio 

Borst, Leon Gilford 

Bradley, William John Cedar Rapids, Iowa 

Branman, Michael P 

Brennemann, Wm. E 750 E. 43d St., Chicago 

Brock, John Edgar Coal City, 111. 

Brown, Frederick I 3833 N. 42d Ave., Chicago 

Buff um, Frank Put nam 

Burney, Gerald R 479 Grand Ave., Chicago 

Carr, Charles W Denison, Iowa 

Carson, Andros Elliot, Iowa 

Carson, George A Mt. Vernon, Iowa 

Chaplin, Cassius Marion 

Codv, Elijah T D 

Collins, Clinton De Witt.. 32 N. State St., Chicago 

Comerford, Wm Appleton, Wis. 

Connelly, James Wilson Farmington, 111. 

Cooke, Clinton Tyng 

602 Alaska Bldg., Seattle, Wash. 

Corwin, Arthur Miles 

15 E. Washington St., Chicago 

Couper, Edward Alexander Britt, Iowa 

Crawhall, Geo. Wilbur Pueblo, Colo. 

Croker, James N 1 E. 22d St., Chicago 

Cronkhite, Christopher C Evansville, Ind. 

Culhane, Thomas Henry Rockford, 111. 

Dales, John Alexander Sioux City, Iowa 

Davesson, Robt. Rutledge Winterset, Iowa 

Dearborn, Charles Bartlett Mt. Sterling, 111. 

Dick, John Kilborn D 

Dieus, George Allen Streator, 111. 

Dodge, Harold Earl Franklin Park, 111. 

Drake, Thomas Anderson Prairieton, Ind. 

Drennan, Darius Day Rathdrum, Iowa 

Dudley, Wm. Edmunds 

Dundass, Robt. Chester Los Angeles 

Edgcomb, Thomas Jefferson Shasta, Cal. 

Ehlers, Paul Franz Ferdinand 

2059 Belmont Ave., Chicago 

Eiles, Frank Stanley Blue Island, 111. 

Eisenstadt, Solomon.. 7 W. Madison St., Chicago 

Enders, Magnus 

Fairchild, Lewis Addison D 

Ferguson, Alphions Marion Huntington, Ind. 

Ferguson, Harry Milton Morris, 111. 

Fernald, Wm. Jenkins Frankfort, Ind. 

Fletwood, Gustave 429 St. James PL, Chicago 

Foley, John Christopher Waukegan, 111. 

Fox, Philip Reginald Madison, Wis. 

Friend, Emanuel 3652 Indiana Ave., Chicago 

Fuller, Edward Martin. .10046 Lowe Ave., Chicago 

Gavin, Edward Ford Waukegan, 111. 

Germain, Frank B Ponca, Okla. 

Gill, James C 15 E. Washington St., Chicago 

Gillin, Charles Wesley Doon, Iowa 

Gillingham, Win. Pomeroy Los Angeles 

Godfrey, Alfred Charles Landers, Wyo. 

Graham, Dales Young Morning Sun, Iowa 

Grasser, Wm. George 

Groelle, Charles Fred 

Gunn, Malcolm 

Haley, Richard. 3815 Archer Ave., Chicago 

Hall, Harvey Ellsworth 

806 Colorado Ave., La Junta, Colo. 

Hanning, Wm. Gutch Belleville, Kan. 

Hanson, Ralph 

210 Jamieson Bldg., Spokane, Wash. 

Harkman, Grove Waukesha, Wis. 

Hassett, James Jerome McLeansboro, 111. 

Havvlev, Alanson Webster 

..'. Burke Bldg., Seattle, Wash. 

Heinzmann, Charles Benjamin Metamora, 111. 

Heysett, Robert Edward Nelson D 

Hill, Green Ewing Girard, 111. 

Horton. Fred Newcastle, WyO. 

Howard, Henry Wm..2310 Scarff St., Los Angeles 
Jacobs, John Martin 

1342 Wellington Ave., Chicago 

Jay, Frank Webster.. 31 N. State St., Chicago 

Jones, Asa Norman Recdsburg, Wis. 

Jones, David Newton Gaylord, Minn. 

Jones, Josiah.304 Provident Bldg., Tacoma, Wash. 

Kaukman, Heman Benno 

Keables, Haller Francis Dolliver, Iowa 

Kelley, Edward James 

176 Twelfth St., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Kniseley , Will Dale 

Liesman, Bismarck Kellogg, Iowa 

Livingston, Hugh Hopkinton, Iowa 

Loofbourrow, Thaddeus L Eureka, Cal. 

Lowrie, Walter Newell 

Lueck, George Wm La Crosse, Wis. 

Manion, Patrick Henry Charlotte, Iowa 

Mason, Frank Grant 106 N. State St., Chicago 

Maxwell, John Boel Mt. Carmel, 111. 

McCann, Daniel Bradford 

1507 S. Main St., Los Angeles 

McCool, Wm. Emery 

McCoy, Clem Dennin Kenton, Ohio 

McCurdy, Lawson Leander. .Brown Valley, Minn. 

Mcintosh, Carlton Wintrodc 

McKenney, George P 3025 Grove, Denver 

McLaughlin, Edw 

McMillan, John 

Miller, Wm. Payne 37 Adams St., Chicago 

Merrill , Chester Wm Burlington, Colo. 

Moffatt, Henry Leander Poysippi, Wis. 

Monroe, Zera Wilson Monroe, Wis. 

Morehead, Edw. L 31 N. State St., Chicago 

Murphy, Henry Tkomas ." D 

Neier, Oliver Clay 

...5502 E. Washington St., Indianapolis, Ind. 

Neil, Will T Nebraska City, Neb. 

Norton, Marcus Eugene 

O'Brien, James Michael Oregon, Wis. 

O'Brien, Thomas St. Nazianz, AVis. 

Orth, Wm. Sheriff 5 S. Wabash Ave., Chicago 

Osborn, Charles D 

Overfield, Walter Willard Forreston, III. 

Patrick, Nathan Edward 

Patton, Jacob Allen (Med. Dept. Prudential 

Life Insurance Co) Newark, N. J. 

Peck, George Wm Sawtelle, Cal. 

Phillips, Cornelius J 

301 W- Garfield Blvd., Chicago 

Pirtle, George Wylie Carlisle, Ind. 

Port, Richard Herbert Burlington, Wyo. 

Porter, Henry Clay Batavia, Iowa 

Ramsdell, Deyo Leslie Atlanta, Ga 

Ranniger, Guido 3000 Sheffield Ave., Chicago 

Roberts, John Adam Manitowoc, Wis. 

Russell, Dennis P.. 3158 Van Buren St., Chicago 
Ruthenberg, Erich B 614 York PL, Chicago 



Schulz, Ferd. Martin 

2826 Chestnut St., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Sherman, John Henry Beaver Dam, Wis. 

Shillito, Frederick ...Kalamazoo, Mich. 

Silliman, Herbert H 

Sippy, Bertram W..122 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago 

Smith, Charles Mortimer Evansville, Wis. 

Sorensen, James Soren Shiocton, Wis. 

Stafford, Richard Henry Sumner, Iowa 

Stannard, Frank Drake j 

Stevenson, David Wm Richmond, Ind. 

Stone, Ira Gordon D 

Swank, Clyde Ware.. 429 W. Division St., Chicago 
Taylor, Edward Alexander 

800 College Ave., Racine, Wis. 

Utley, John Darwin Spring Valley, Minn. 

Vroom, John Nicholl Denver 

Walker, Frederick Wm....St. Croix Falls, Wis. 

Walsh, Matthew Welby 

Wells, Winfield Scott 

Providence, R. I. (Washington Ave. & Broad) 
West, Stephen G., Jr. .31 N. State St., Chicago 
Whalin, Oscar D..6058 Kimbark Ave., Chicago 

White, Anthony Oklahoma City, Okla. 

Whitmire, Wm. Lincoln 

Whitmire, Zachariah L 

Wick, Wm. J...... 2141 W. Monroe St., Chicago 

Widener, Wm. Elmer Tippecanoe City, Ohio 

Wilcox, Franklin Trumbull 

808 Maple St., Laporte, Ind. 

Wilson, David Dill Nortonville, Kan. 

Wilson, Lorenzo Shepherd 

72 Ludlow Ave., Flushing, N. Y. 

Winskip, John Lorimer 

Wisteim, Joseph Leopold D 

Wolfe, Joseph G D 

Wood, Nathan N 1555 La Salle Ave., Chicago 

AVooding, Benj. Franklin Denver 

Wright, Arthur Octavius Waukegan, 111. 

Youmans, Laurel Elmer Mukwonago, Wis. 


Session opened Sept. 30, 1890; closed Mar. 31, 1891 

Aikman, Edgar A Clinton, Ind. 

Albers, Herman Harvey Allenton, Wis. 

Atkinson, Harry Frets. . D 

Atkinson, Irad Wm. II 

Atwood, J. Burrows Oconto, Wis. 

Balhatchet, Thomas.. 6253 Madison Ave., Chicago 

Beard, John Clark 

Beebe, Loran Whittemore Superior, Wis. 

Beech, George De Loss Baraboo, Wis. 

Berger, Henry Charles 

766 Twelfth St., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Bohart, William H 7130 Yale Ave., Chicago 

Bothwell, Roy Sunderland Batavia, 111. 

Boyd, Charles D Kaukauna, Wis. 

Brown, Fletcher Emory Primghar, Iowa 

Brown, Walter John Danville, 111. 

Bulson, Albert Eugene, Jr Ft. Wayne, Ind 

Burdick, Alfred S 

4846 N. Hermitage Ave., Chicago 

Butler, Andrew Jackson, Jr Unadilla, N. Y. 

Callahan, John Lawrence La Crosse, Wis. 

Caples, Byron McBride Waukesha, Wis. 

Cartright, Harry B 6101 Penn, Pittsburgh 

Chamberlain, Geo. Lafayette Newberry, Mich. 

Chapin, Charles Edward Bloomington, 111. 

Chase, Harry Alonzo, Jr 

Clarke, Edward Francis 

Coe, Pliny Watson State Center, Iowa 

Coleman, Harry Lovejoy Farragut, Iowa 

Collins, Melvin Oxford, Kan. 

Colony, Fred Elmer Evansville, Wis. 

Grain, Francis Marion Redfield, S. Dak. 

Cronk, C. Fremont Wolcott, Ind. 

Crowell, John Charles Pawpaw, 111. 

Cunningham, Jno. Rich 

5101 S. Halsted St., Chicago 

Czerny, Vincenz 

Detweiler, John Frets Uniontown, Pa. 

Dockery, Micheal F Sagola, Mich. 

Driscoll, John Joseph 6408 Yale Ave., Chicago 

Dunn, Benton Brengleman Perry, 111. 

Earel, Albert Marion Hoopeston, 111. 

Engsberg, Wm. August Lake Mills, Wis. 

Enslee, Charles Louis D 

Esser, Wm Peterson, Iowa 

Evans, Milton Harvey, Jr Joplin, Mo. 

Fankboner, W. A Marion, Ind. 

Feld, Carl Robert Watertown, Wis. 

Felenlee, Samuel T : 

....1645 W. Garfield Blvd., Chicago 

Felter, Edward Plymouth, Wis. 

Fenelon, Charles Davis Phillips, Wis. 

Fithian, Paul Hays Fithian, 111. 

Fitzgerald, J. Geraldine 

Fleck, Horace Greeley 

Foeltzer, Louis Carl John 

Fankboner, W. A Marion, Ind. 

Freer, Archibald E 

1410 Lake Shore Drive, Chicago 

Frink, Oscar George South Shore, S. Dak. 

Furlong, John C 

Given, Samuel Wesley Flint, Mich. 

Gobar, George Giles Muscoda, Wis. 

Gordon, Frank Henry Los Angeles 

Graham, Jacob DeWitt Springville, Iowa 

Gregory, Wm. Grant Cave In Rock, 111. 

Grim, Ulysses J 31 N. State St., Chicago 

Hafner, Wm. James 

Hall, Charles Chilton 

Hanks, John Dewitt 

Harpster, John Wm La Munda Park, Cal. 

Hart, Henry P.. 

Harvey, Don S....9154 Commercial Ave., Chicago 

Hanck, Samuel Light Ottumwa, Iowa 

Haughey, John Ewing Rockford, 111. 

Hauks, John D Cambridge, 111. 

Herman, George K..100 N. La Salle St., Chicago 

Hiller, Frank Baker Jefferson City, Mo. 

Howe, Clarence F 391 Calumet Ave., Chicago 

Hull, Harry Douglas N. Crystal Lake, 111. 

Hutchinson, Edward B 

5601 Monroe Ave., Chicago 

Jameson, Thomas II Wellington, Kan. 

Johnson, Abraham Lincoln Prophetstown, 111. 

Johnson, Adolph P Tacoma, Wash. 

Joyce, Robert Stephen Ogden, Utah 

Junge, John H 2629 Lisbon, Milwaukee 

Kerrick, Henry Clay Brocton, 111. 

Knapp, Alfred Averill Peoria, 111. 

Kramer, William Ernst.... 

533 Broadway, Milwaukee, Wis. 

Krohn, Henry Walter ..Dewitt, 111. 

Kunz, Sylvan 533 Diversey Parkway, Chicago 

Langan, Joseph Clement Clinton, Iowa 

Lapsley, Robert McKee. Keokuk, Iowa 

Lattan, Louis Frank 

Lemon, Charles H 

1115 Wells Bldg., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Lillie, Park A Akron, Iowa 

Loomis, Frank E Marcus, Iowa 

Marbourg, John G 55 S. Albany St., Chicago 

Martin, Charles Edward Seward, 111. 

M'cCallister, George Homer Avoca, Wis. 

McCormick, Henry Garnsey Laurel, Miss. 

McCurdy, James G 227 S. Lincoln, Chicago 

McGregor, John D 32 N. Clark St., Chicago 

McGuire, Carlton Monroe Humeston, Iowa 

Mclthenny, Robert Alexander 

McKnight, George Campbell Hiawatha, Kan. 

Meengs, Peter Cornelius Long Creek, Ore. 

Mezger, Louis K « 

Miller, Charles Clay 



Minahan, Wm. Edward D 

Mittan, Frank J Decatur, 111 

Molitor, Nicholas La Grande, Ore. 

Morgan, Wm. Gue Nodaway, Iowa 

Morning-, James Frank... Denver, Colo. 

Muelchi, Wm. H Tell City, Ind. 

Murray, Michael F 2733 Indiana Ave., Chicago 

Nanerith, John Henry.... Traver, Iowa 

Neal, Frederick William D 

Neenan, AVm. Michael St. Joseph, Mo. 

O'Hara, Warren Joseph Bridgeport, Conn. 

Parker, Charles A 7 W. Madison St., Chicago 

Peairs, George Metzgar Joliet, 111. 

Pearson, Oscar Grant Seguin, Texas 

Peck, Adelbert Henry.. 106 N. State St., Chicago 

Pfaff, Joseph Gregory 

Pigall, Joseph S 2736 Ogden Ave., Chicago 

Plumb, James Norris York, Neb. 

Pugh, Charles E....400 S. Halsted St., Chicago 
Purtell, Edward James 

418 Jackson, Milwaukee, Wis. 

Quan, Jacob Deerneld, Wis. 

Quirk, James Peter 

...4003 W. Madison St., Chicago 

Raizon, James 300 Main St., Trinidad, Colo. 

Rawers, Henry George Chickashaw, Ohio 

Reichert, J. Eugene. 521 N. Central Ave., Chicago 

Reinhardt, Ernest Gattholt... 

Reynolds, James E 

Rhoades, Lyman James Fond du Lac, Wis. 

Ribenach, George A 

Rippey. John Henrv Kingsley, Iowa 

Rock, John N 602 Mitchell, Milwaukee, Wis. 

Rockey, Albert Eugene 

908 Electric Bldg. , Portland, Ore. 

Rohndanz, Robert William 

370 11th Ave., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Ross, Charles .... .... Mineral Point, Wis. 

Rowley, Jesse Campbell ..D 

Rowley, Winfield Scott .. 

805 N. Illinois St., Indianapolis, Ind. 

Sampson, Frank Ernest. .Creston, Iowa 

Sarkisian, Hartune G 

Sayre, Simon Burdette, Jr 

Scanlan, Peter Lawrence. .Prairie du Chien, Wis. 

Schmitz, Peter Kaiser, Saskatchewan, Canada 

Schreuder, Theodore H 

. L 3810 Indiana Ave., Chicago 

Scott, Charles Clifton..... Princeton, 111. 

Shaw, Don Lee 34 Washington St.. Chicago 

Shelley, Jacob Froster .Elmdale, Kan. 

Shreck, John Addison Redlands, Cal. 

Shrodes, George Hamilton Excelsior, Minn. 

Skinner, Wm. Wesley 

Smith, Edgar Dennis D 

Smoot, John Wm , Fulton, Kan. 

Snyder, John Calvan Bowling Green, Ohio 

Squire, Lucius Melander 

Stafford, Arnold Carroll 

Stewart, Charles Walker Washington, Iowa 

Stidham, Lewis Wilber 

Stueber, Louis Joseph Lima, Ohio 

Sullivan, John Walter 

Swenson, Carl G .440 Fullerton Ave., Chicago 

Thexton, Louis.. 1940 Park Ave., Chicago 

Tull, Frank Edward Albuquerque, N. M. 

Van Duzen, Francis Henry.. Cedar Rapids, Iowa 

Varnay, Charles Edward 

Vreeland, Henry Edgar 

2106 W. 31st St., Los Angeles 

Wade, Charles A 

3218 W. Jackson Blvd., Chicago 

Walsh, Edward Joseph 

Warloe, Thomas 

1542 N. Fairfield Ave., Chicago 

Webster, Fred Elmer Amherst, Wis. 

Weinlander, John 1801 Wabash Ave., Chicago 

Wells, Jacob Williams D 

Weston, Burton French ....Mason City, Iowa 

Whalen, Chas. J.. 15 E. Washington St., Chicago 

Whitney, William E Eldora, Iowa 

Wilber, Charles Wesley White, S. Dak. 

Wiser, Frank Clayton..... Falls City, Neb. 

Yockey, Wm. Martin 

540 E. Eldorado St., Decatur, 111. 

Youmans, Frederick Wm..New Lewisville, Ark. 
Young, Louis Michel 

1708 Market St. , San Francisco 

Zudzense, Benjamin James D 


Session opened Sept. 29, 1891; closed March 29, 

Ackley, Samuel Breck Waukesha, Wis. 

Anderson, August 

Andrews, John Grant City, Mo. 

Banker, Frank Marvin Franklin Grove, 111. 

Barr, William Allen 32 N. State St., Chicago 

Beach, Samuel Cushing McCook, Neb. 

Bishop, Dennis Dennett D 

Blocki, Anton Frederick D 

Bostwick, John Martin 

Bouchard, Wm 1142 W. Chicago Ave., Chicago 

Bozarth, John Richard Centerview, Mo. 

Bradley, AVm. Edwin Estherville, Iowa 

Braun, Otto Ashland, Wis. 

Breeding, Walter Raleigh Marysville Kan. 

Brown, Manuel De Forest 

Browning, Harry De Forest Moline, 111. 

Brydges, James Charles. 117 N. State St., Chicago 

Buck, Samuel Corey Grinnell, Iowa 

Butterfield, Thomas Wilson 

Cartwell, Wm. Herbert ...Logan, Iowa 

Chapman, Francis Milton 

1358 Wilton Ave., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Chappell, Ora A Elgin, 111. 

Cheaney, William T Petersburg, 111. 

Cilley, Herbert H Akron, Iowa 

Corliss, John H Sumner, Wash. 

Cory, Alphonso L D 

Crane, F. Marion Pittsfield, 111. 

De Trana, Joseph M..2202 N. 50th Ave., Chicago 

Dillon, Thomas Cantrell 

Dostal, Joseph William 3673 State St., Chicago 

Dugdale, Richard Benson South Bend, Ind. 

Eckart, Robert P..... D 

Eddy, Warner Leanning.. Milan, 111. 

Ellenson, Eugene P Chippewa Falls, Wis. 

Emmons, Wm. Henry .- Burr Oak, Iowa 

Emrich, Edward Linwood Mt. Pleasant, Iowa 

Enos, Emmet Frank D 

Espey, Charles W..3601 Armitage Ave., Chicago 

Fisher, Emerson Webster Portage, Ohio 

Fox, Edward L. .501% Main St., Houston, Tex. 

Franklin, John Herbert Spring Valley, 111. 

Frederick, Louis James Joliet, 111. 

Gage, Will Vernon Primero, Colo. 

Galloway, Charles D 

Gammon, Edwin Wilder Sioux City, Iowa 

Gerdes, Otto Henry Eureka, S. Dak. 

Glaser, George M 3149 S. Morgan St., Chicago 

Glynn, James Michael Vail, Iowa 

Godenow, Norman Halkier 

Golden, Charles Herbert .Wonewoc, Wis. 

Goodhue, Edward Solon Honolulu, H. I. 

Gunther, Emil Sheboygan, Wis. 

Harrell, Wm. Davis Norris Citv. 111. 

Hartman, W. W 5043 Kenmore Ave., Chicago 

Hatfield, George Eber Lacona, Iowa 

Ha worth, Wm. Mahlon 

Healey, Henry Herbert Grand Forks, N. Dak. 

Hewitt, Leland Grant Northwood, Iowa 

Hill, Herman C Benton Harbor, Mich. 

Holford, Ubert L Cassville, Wis. 

Hunter, James Edward 



Hutchins, Sylvester Edgar Trempealeau, Wis. 

Jensen, Johan L 

Johnson, Charles B Batavia, 111. 

Kelly, Daniel M Baraboo, Wis. 

Kelly, Patrick Henry Chilicothe, 111. 

Kelso, Reese Davis 

Kenefick, Michael J Alcona, Iowa 

Kimball, Glen Dale Marion, Ind. 

Larkin, Frederick Ashbell D 

Le Count, Edwin R Chicago 

Leland, Kimball W Utica, 111. 

Lepere, Matthew Calapan, P. Is. 

Lewin, Wm. A 

604 Washington Ave., St. Louis, Mo. 

Lindsey, Cliff Billings, Mont. 

Luehr, Edward 9141 Houston Ave., Chicago 

MacNeal, Arthur , Berwyn, 111. 

Mauk, Edwin B 

Markham, Homer Everett Quenemo, Kan. 

Martin, Albert R 1559 N. Hoyne Ave., Chicago 

McCalman, Ira Judson Piper, Kan. 

McConkey, Wilbur Fish Pala Marie, H. Is. 

McConnell, Nelson Gilbert 

McNair, Oliver Hazard Perry Batavia, 111. 

Medill, Joseph W Persia, la. 

Meyer, Robt. C. J Rock Island, 111. 

Miller, Allen Francisco Aladdin, Wyo. 

Miller, Philip Berkeley, Calif. 

Miller, Thomas Milwaukee, Wis. 

Moeller, Thos. Olsen Engh Rolla, N. D. 

Monroe, James Hagerman, Idaho 

Newell, Isaac Otis.. 412 National, Milwaukee, Wis. 

Nason, Wm. Albert Roaring Springs, Pa. 

Nate, Jesse Raymond 726 E. 37th St., Chicago 

Newell, Amos Jesse 615 W. 120th St., Chicago 

Noster, Alfred H New Braunfels, Tex. 

Odendahl, Frederick H 

407 Ernst Bldg., St. Paul, Minn. 

Olney, Thomas A 15 E. Washington, Chicago 

O'Malley, Joseph Francis Choate, Mich. 

O'Neil, John W....2809 N. Clark St., Chicago 

Palmer, Walter Aaron Castle Rock, Col. 

Park, Roswell..510 Delaware Ave., Buffalo, N. Y. 

Perry, Fred James 

Pierce, Clement Harrison 

Poole, John Gay 718 S. Mill, Kansas City, Kan. 

Putman, Wm. Tecumseh Spickard, Mo. 

Quinn, Frank A 

Quire, Frank Edward Taintor, la. 

Reach, Samuel Gushing 

Ream, Fred Kent.. 1407 Masonic Temple, Chicago 

Reed, Morey L D 

Rees, George Marshall Calumet, Mich. 

Rennoe, Callie A South Bend, Ind. 

Renwick, George Robson Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Robertson, John Banks Cottonwood, Minn. 

Rogers, Bueli Sumner 32 N. State St., Chicago 

Rutherford, John 

Salvage, Frederick Elisher Wheatland, N. D. 

Sandner, Adolph 88 Lincoln Ave., Chicago 

Schaper, Herman Kiel, Wis. 

Schlitz, Nicholas Cornelius 

Scott, Wm. Fred ....Melrose Park, 111. 

Seastrand, Alex Elof 

Simmons, George H 535 Dearborn Ave., Chicago 

Simpson, Eugene Grant Naperville, 111. 

Sippy, Asher Francello Akron, Ohio 

Skinner George Alfred 

c/o Chief Surgeon, Manila, P. I. 

Slaymaker, Samuel R 32 N. State, Chicago 

Smith, Dickerson Alphonse 

1 37 Anna St. , Shr eveport, La. 

Spaulding, Charles Howard 

Stanton, John H Chariton, la. 

Stonebraker, Petie Orren D 

St. Peter, Moses Bunnell, Fla. 

Suleeba, Thomas S Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Thompson, Ora Lincoln Russell, 111. 

Tillier, Sigurd St. Paul, Minn. 

Trook. Edwin Membrace Marion, Ind. 

Trux, Lewis Becknell 

Vesterborg, Peder H Forest City, la. 

Walters, Cassius M. Clay Bancroft, la. 

Warder, William II.. 4193 S. Halsted St., Chicago 

Weeks, Leonard Case Detroit City, Minn. 

Winnaid, Norton E Albany, Ore. 

Youngquist, Otis E Escanaba, Mich. 


Session opened Sept. 27, 1892; closed March 28, 

Anderson, Gustave E. F Los Angeles, Calif. 

Andrews, James A Holdregej Neb. 

Barr, Elmer Ellsworth D 

Bartz, Nicholas <B Oak Park, 111. 

Bayley, Elmer Herbert Lake City, Minn. 

Beal, Albert Raymond Moline, 111. 

Bell, Frederick Albert Dallas, Tex. 

Bell, William Henry Decatur, 111. 

Bennett, William C Oregon, Wis. 

Bennitt, Carl Halstead, Minn. 

Berger, Victor B 

Bessesen, Alfred Nicholas 

403 Medical Block, Minneapolis, Minn. 

Bidgood, Henry Raby 

Borland, Mathew Urlson 

Boyer, Jephtha Silas Sacramento, Calif. 

Bramford, Elmer E Centerville, la. 

Brown, Warren Graham Stacyville, la. 

Burdick, Archie Edward Graettinger, la. 

Burgess, Thomas St. Libory, 111. 

Bussey, Geo. N..4543 N. Hermitage Ave., Chicago 

Cameron, Wm. C White Pigeon, Mich. 

Campbell, Isaac Richard 

Carlyle, Wm. Logan Hanover, Kan. 

Caseberr, J. M Newport, Ind. 

Chandler, Fremont E...1042 Barry Ave., Chicago 
Chvatal, James F....1862 Millard Ave., Chicago 

Clark, John Peter Perrvville, Mo. 

Cluts, Abram C Ellisville, III. 

Comer, John J Willis, Kan. 

Creel, Thos. J Angola, Ind. 

Cremer, Mathias Hubert Red Wing, Minn. 

Crowe, Joseph J 171 Blue Island Ave., Chicago 

Davis, Jenkin William Glenn Ferry, Ida. 

Dickerson, Wilmer Lambert Long Beach, Calif. 

Dolamore, Joseph F Galena, 111. 

Dowell, James A 

Drisdale, Wm. Elizabeth Gray Creek, Colo. 

Droll, Walter Martin Green, Kans. 

Dunton, Oscar Howard Circleville, Ohio 

Eastman, John Russell Kenosha, Wis. 

Edwards, Sherman Oakfield, Wis. 

Frazer, William' G 

French, Oscar Witters Coalville, Utah 

Fulton, Wm. Andrew Burlington, Wis. 

Gahagan, Henry J Elgin, 111. 

Garrison, Wm. L West Jersey, 111. 

Gilmore, Arthur Hale Fair Haven, Ohio 

Gnagi, William B Monroe, Wis. 

Grant, William Lewis Los Angeles, Calif. 

Gray, Philip M 4354 N. Robey St., Chicago 

Grenan, . Joseph Frank Toluca, 111. 

Grimm, Peter George Edgar, Neb. 

Hall, George W..104 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago 

Hector, Wm. S 4305 Grand Boul., Chicago 

Hejinan, Aram Garabed Anamosa, la. 

Herzog, Harry Hawthorn 

Higgins, James D Huntley, 111. 

Hitch, Walter N Lawton, Okla. 

Hittner, Henry M Esbon, Kan. 

Holmes, A. G. H Miami, Fla. 

Holmes, Rudolph W.125 E. Chicago Ave., Chicago 

Hosmer, Charles S Portland, Ore. 

Hoxie, Dwight G Belmond, la. 

Hutchinson, Murray W 



James, Walter Scott. 6217 Woodlawn Ave., Chicago 

Jett, George Abraham 31 N. State, Chicago 

Keegan, Morton Brainard 

Kelly, Charles Joseph 

Knapp, Leander Pitt 

Kolar, Edward E 1223 W. 18th St., Chicago 

La Force, Burdette Ottumwa, la. 

Leahy, Bartholomew John Jackson, Neb. 

Lee, Gisle Martin Thompson, la. 

Leslie, Wm. H Africa 

Linnell. Bird M 32 N. State St., Chicago 

Long, Harry Huesten La Porte, Ind. 

Lord, Richard Cedar Rapids, la. 

Marston, Charles Lemuel Mason City, la. 

McCoy, Emmett Edwin Flanagan, 111. 

McGraw, Frederick A Laporte, Ind. 

McKee, Albert Blakeman 

McKinzie, George Victor, Colo. 

Meacham, George • T Taylorville, 111. 

Miller, Thomas Maiden Rock, Wis. 

Moreley, Frank Ellsworth Viroqua, Wis. 

Morgan, Elmer E 

242 E. Washington Boul., Ft. Wayne, Ind. 

Morris, John Little D 

Malster, Robt. Mahaffey Waterford, Ohio 

Naffz, Edwin 2904 Archer Ave., Chicago 

Nelson, Harry E Dayton, la. 

Nettleton, James Huckstep 

Newman, Wm. Herrick Long Beach, Calif. 

Oatman, Victor Austin, Tex. 

Ocasek, Charles J 1500 S. 40th Ave., Chicago 

O'Donnell, William Allen 

Parker, Charles Wickman 

Parkes, William Ross Evanston, 111. 

Patterson, David Hugh 

Pease, Jerome F Big Rapids, Mich. 

Pfeifer, John P 1572 Milwaukee Ave., Chicago 

Pickering, Charles R... Muscoda, Wis. 

Poser, Edward M Columbus, Wis. 

Prcscott, Elmer Ellsworth D 

Prestley, Frank Eugene 

Price, Cyrus Edgar Eaton, 111. 

Prouty, Wm. A Burlington, Wis. 

Raymond, James Harvey Honolulu, H. Is. 

Reagan, Theodore Danville, 111. 

Rezanka, George W 

2357 S. Central Park Ave., Chicago 

Riley, Robt. Ellsworth Celina, Ohio 

Robertson, Alonzo Edson D 

Robinson, William Francis.... D 

Sartell, Erasmus Newton Hancock, Wis. 

Sayler, Lubin Winfred Shell Lake, Wis. 

Scliembs, Frank H.,1543 W. Division St., Chicago 

Selby, Fred S 4106 W. Adams St., Chicago 

Senn, Emanuel John 32 N. State St., Chicago 

Shepard, John Leslie, Jr.. 

Shurtz, Straut Watson Champaign, 111. 

Starrett, Elmer Charles 

Stockert, Charles Frederick. .Nebraska City, Neb. 

Stroburg, John A Manor, Tex. 

St. Sure, William O Sheboygan, Wis. 

Taylor, John D Grand Forks, N. D. 

Thayer, Edward J Denver, Colo. 

Tinen, Edward H D 

Trude, Francis Mitchell 

Turner, Frank Heyworth, 111. 

Tuttle, Schuyler Simpson Van Wert, Ohio 

Illlerick, Charles A.. 304 S. Wabash Ave., Chicago 
Unseth, Magnus Andrew 

405G N. 51st Ct., Chicago 

Van Derslice, James W 

155 N. 64th Ave., Oak Park, 111. 

Voorhies, Charles Henry Hutsonville, 111. 

Wal lace, James D Plover, la. 

Walston, Edwin B 

Wanner, Wm. B Wimbledon, N. D. 

Ward, John M 

Wa I son. Frederick John 

1300 W. Madison St., Chicago 

Watts, Roderick F 

Weaver, Benjamin Franklin 

AVeil, Albert. Peoria, 111. 

Whise, Melchoir 1257 N. Western Ave., Chicago 

Wiborg, Hans Bastian San Juan, Porto Rico 

Wikoff, Clarence P Bloomington, 111. 

Williams, Thomas John Leadville, Colo. 

Wilson, James A. H 

417 W. 19th St., New York, N. Y. 

Winbigler, Edw. Sutherland Alexis, 111. 

Wizner, Charles Field 

Woltz, John 445 North Ave. , Chicago 

Wormley, Guy Judson Sandwich, 111. 

Wright, Oscar Riley Huron, S. D. 

Yount, Joseph S ,534 W. 63d, Chicago 

Zaun, George Frederick 

1124 Wells Bldg., Milwaukee, Wis. 


Session opened Sept. 26, 1893; closed May 23, 

Allen, Frank Harvey Staples, Minn. 

Anderson, Wilbur Bussey, la. 

Andre, Frank Edgar Kenosha, Wis. 

Asquith, Arthur Clyde Central City, Colo. 

Bacon, Henry Leander New London, Wis. 

Baker, George Washington, Jr 

410, 25th St., Ogden, Utah 

Barothy, Arpad M 29 E. Madison St., Chicago 

Beacom, Daniel F Blandinsville, 111. 

Bedard, Ulric Antonio 

Behle, Augustus C Salt Lake City, Utah 

Beise, Charles James.... Mankato, Minn. 

Best, James Archibald Weston, Ore. 

Bishop, Joseph Alonzo Dekalb, 111. 

Blanchard, Milton E Marseilles, 111. 

Boch, Otto Bismarck Sheboygan, Wis. 

Braucht, Frederick E 

Juticalpa, Spanish Honduras, C. A. 

Brown, Almon L Wausau, Wis. 

Buck, Ralph Emerson Newfield, N. J. 

Bullen, Simeon John Robt 

Butler, William J.. 3220 Jackson Boul., Chicago 

Byrnes, Frank 3203 N. Clark St., Chicago 

Camfield, Bradford Allen. 140 N. State St., Chicago 

Canavan, James Vincent Appleton, Wis. 

Cavenaugh, Richard E Duluth, Minn. 

Center, Charles Dewey Quincy, 111. 

Chapman, Campbell McG Deercreek, 111. 

Chapman, George L Greeley, Colo. 

Chapman, Robert R Bridgewater, la. 

Clark, Burton 11 Algoma St., Oshkosh, Wis. 

Class, Wm. J 1301 Belmont Ave., Chicago 

Close, Joseph Hooker 

Collins, Charles Lima, Ohio 

Cook, John Henry Evanston, 111. 

Cook, Wm. H Beloit, Kans. 

Copeland, Cecil C Beaver City, Neb. 

Corliss, Allen Timothy D 

Dale, George L. A 7 W. Madison St., Chicago 

Day, Francis Root 

De' Fries, John Christian Thawville, 111. 

De Vere, Jos. G 1145 S. Western Ave., Chicago 

Devire, Milton V Sharon, Wis. 

Downey, William St. John.. Salt Lake City, Utah 

Doxey, Lorin Bisco Savannah, Tenn. 

Doyle, Guy P Bishop, Calif. 

Drake, Frank Irwin Madison, Wis. 

Eade, Thomas M Stockton, 111. 

Elkinton, Charles Ilolden Eleva, Wis. 

Evans, Edward Purdin S. Milwaukee, Wis. 

Fenelon, William James 

Finney, John 

Foley, Fred Charles Newell, la. 

Frankhauser, Silas B Hillsdale, Mich. 

Ganson, Lee Odessa, Wash. 



Germain, George Henry.... Ponca, Gkla. 

Grote, Henry Wallace Bloomington, 111. 

Grothan, Ole St. Paul, Neb. 

gaecker, Lewis E Hampton, la. 

Hamilton, Isaiah E Lawton, Mich. 

Hammond, Herbert It. 1552 W. 12th St., Chicago 

Harvey, Wm. D Indianapolis, Ind. 

Hayes, Daniel J 4159 W. Congress St., Chicago 

Hays, Harry M Peoria, 111. 

Head, Merton L Albert Lea, Minn. 

Helvic, Charles Amiddes D 

Hemmi, Stephen A.. 2611 W. Division St. Chicago 

Hess, Calvin Frederick 

29 W. Main St., Madison, Wis. 

Heydenrich, Max 890 W. 21st St., Chicago 

Hill, Erasmus M 018 S. 48th Ave., Chicago 

Hill, Harry C Streator, 111. 

Sill, John H Mechanicsburg, 111. 

Howard, Harvey Oklahoma, Okla. 

Hunt, Bader S Winchester, Ind. 

Hunter, Charles W Oneida, 111. 

Hutter, Vincent 

Ingalls, Edmund Church 

Jaynes, Edwin Thompson New Hartford, la. 

Keith, Wilfred Kennedy Creston, la. 

Kelly, Joseph W 341, 1st Ave., Milwaukee, Wis. 

King, Elliot R Arion, la. 

King, Walter Stansby D 

Kittilsen, A. Nicholaus 

Koon, Thomas Mart Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Larbe, Frank J 1352 N. Claremont, Chicago 

Lee, Wm. H Ada, Kan. 

Loope, Truman E., Jr lola, Wis. 

Luerle, Fred Perkins Marshall town, la. 

Lukemeyer, Louis Charles Hayesville, Ind. 

Mammen, Goke Henry .Lemars, la. 

Manning, Charles H.522 S. Kedzie Ave., Chicago 

Mason, John Benedict 32 N. State St., Chicago 

McAllister, Edwin Boyd Terre Haute, Ind. 

MeClellan, William Stewart Morning Sun, la. 

McCreight, Martin Samuel Oskaloosa, Kan. 

Miller, Francis Wallace 

Conservative Life Bldg., Los Angeles, Calif. 

Misick, Oel S Missoula, Mont. 

Montgomery, Edw. Sanford Grant, la. 

Moore, Charles Richard. .. .2113 Alice PI., Chicago 

Morris, Edw. Kirby Algoma, Wis. 

Mueller, George 209 S. State St., Chicago 

Nason, John Blaisdell Tyrone, Pa. 

Nichols, Forest C Wausau, Wis. 

Nichols, George Clarence Flagstaff, Ariz. 

Nichols, Wm. Edward Bremen, Ind. 

Nivens, John S Crawfordsville, Ind. 

Nolan, Wm. Norbert So. Kaukauna, Wis. 

Ochsner, Edward II 2106 Sedgwick, Chicago 

Peters, Ralph Moore 

1722 Nicollet Ave., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Peters, Warren Tecumseh Burt, la. 

Prendergast, Joseph 3201 Park Ave., Chicago 

Reagles, Robert 

Rettig, Frederick A 2026 Osgood, Chicago 

Reynolds, Peter James Dwight, 111. 

Rife, Clinton Francis Stockton, Wis. 

Riordan, James C Pocahontas, la. 

Ross, John Pontiac, 111. 

Rowe, Jesse Abington, 111. 

Russell, James V 1508 W. 20th St., Chicago 

Russell, Lemuel Baxley Hoopeston, 111. 

Ryan, Lawrence 32 N. State, Chicago 

Sawyers, Clyde E Centerville, la. 

Schierding, Wm. Philip Palatine, 111. 

Schultze, Moritz 3175 Lincoln Ave., Chicago 

Shaykett, Frank Edward Brandon, Wis. 

Simecek, Joseph Milligan, Neb. 

Skinner, George Coleman Cedar Rapids, la. 

Smith, D. Edmund 

804 Andr'us Bldg., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Sterns, Willis Leroy Mason City, la. 

Sterrctt, William Stokes Marseilles, 111. 

Stevens, George Michael Decorah, la. 

Stewart, Alexander Frazer Oneida 111. 

Stone, Charles Albert Mason City, III. 

Strong, Henry Clement 

Stulik, Charles 1108 Winchester Ave., Chicago 

Surenson, Marshall.... Viroqua, Wis. 

Sutcliff, Wm. T Jewell, Kan. 

Swantek, Charles M Bay City, Mich. 

Swennes, Ole Samuel Lawrence, Minn. 

Swezey, Frank Arthur Wakonda, S. D. 

Taylor, John Lincoln Liberty ville, 111. 

Thompson, Harry F Buffalo Center, la. 

Thompson, Noah Howard Wabash, Ind. 

Thompson, Wm. Lincoln Bayard, la. 

Tibbv, Thomas Gordon Beulah, Kan. 

Tice,' Frederick 31 N. State, Chicago 

Tompach, Emil Leonard Racine, Wis. 

Truman, George A Munising, Mich. 

Vasumpaur, Joseph.. 3237 W. 22d St., Chicago 

Vonrehm, Edmund C 

Walker, Robt. J 1344 E. 63d St., Chicago 

Waiss, George C 948 W. 21st St., Chicago 

Ward, Nathaniel P Saybrook, 111. 

Warnshius, Edward John H 

Webb, Edw. L 1760 Greenleaf Ave., Chicago 

Weston, Frank Reuel 

205 McMillan Bldg., La Crosse, Wis. 

Whitney, Charles R Fonda, la. 

Wiedemann, Frank E Terre Haute, Ind. 

Willet, Harry Cushman Union, la. 

Williams, John C 641 Fullerton Ave., Chicago 

Windmueller, Emil Woodstock, 111. 

Wipf , Andreas Albert Freeman, S. D. 

Wyckoff , Edwin Lewis D 

Young, Albert F 

48 Juneau Ave., Milwaukee, Wis. 


Session opened Sept. 25, 1894; closed May 22, 1895. 

Abbott, Edw. Hiram Elgin, 111. 

Adkinson, Roy Chase Florence, Colo. 

Allen, Elmer Sherman Areola, 111. 

Allenberger, Christian Alex Columbus, Neb. 

Ammerman, Daniel A Cedar, Mich. 

Amunson, Philip B Mondo'vi, Wis. 

Anderson, Enoch Matthew Spokane, Wash. 

Arent, Adolph Callender, la. 

Arnold, Benj. Abner Freeport, 111. 

Arnold, Willard Daniel Rockford, 111. 

Ball, Thomas Zopher Waveland, Ind. 

Bartholomew, Haywood Bert Denver, Colo. 

Baum, Ernest William Phoenix, Ariz. 

Beaghler, Pryse C Middlepoint, Ohio 

Bellinger, Wm. Henry Peoria, 111. 

Bellwood, Wm. S Abingdon, 111. 

Berkley, Auburt Linnaeus Newman, 111. 

Bertling, Adolph E 32 N. State, Chicago 

Bettelheim, Bernard F Alliance, Neb. 

Beyer, Christian Herman 

90 North Ave. , Milwaukee, Wis. 

Blanchard, Albert Caleb Linden, Wis. 

Bolsta, Charles Ortonville, Minn. 

Boshell, Horatio Nelson .'..Melvin, 111. 

Bowers, George William Oshkosh, Wis. 

Brenner, Franklin Theo Quincy, 111. 

Burr, Franklin K 6100 Normal Ave., Chicago 

Calvin, Warren D Fort Wayne, Ind. 

Carpenter, Wm. Edwin Tama, la. 

Cavanaugh, Dan C Montello, Wis. 

Clarke, Wm. Clarence 

705 Commercial St. , Cairo, 111. 

Cole, Lorenzo Starrett Monmouth, 111. 

Craig, Robt. Wallace Phoenix, Ariz. 

Crosby, Wm. L Beemer, Neb. 

Cruse, Samuel Edwin lion Mountain, Mich. 

Daly, John Nellis .Orangeville, 111. 

Dedlow, Paul Chicago, HI. 



Dennison, Albert E.1358 S. Ashland Ave., Chicago 

Desmond, Thomas Francis Webster City, la. 

De Vries, Iegar R Overisel, Mich. 

Doane, Philip P. S 15 E. Washington, Chicago 

Doherty, Wm. T Wichita, Kan. 

Donlon, Stephen E 4000 W. Harrison, Chicago 

Durkee, Raymond Wilson.. Des Moines, la. 

Dwyer, Harold R 5204 Evanston Ave., Chicago 

Earel, John William Pond Creek, Okla. 

English, Edward C Rensselaer, Ind. 

Englund, Hans J Cambridge, Minn. 

Ezekiel, Sennacherib V Asia Minor, Turkey 

Field, Amasa Everett Plattville, 111. 

Fitzgerald, James John Eagle, Wis. 

Fleek, John Logan Brodhead, Wis. 

Flett, Charles Waterford, Wis. 

Fox, Paul Allen Reloit, Wis. 

Frazier, Frank Raymond Yorkville, 111. 

Freyberg, Frederick Wm Mitchell, S. D. 

Fuldner, Louis 331 Grove, Milwaukee, Wis. 

Fuqua, John Wilson Greeley, Colo. 

George, Joseph Dows, la. 

Gewergez, Shimoon Dkaska 

Gilmore, George Harrison ...Murray, Neb. 

Gray, Herbert Herman Galesburg, 111. 

Grinker, Julius 32 N. State, Chicago 

Gsell, Jacob Franklin 

911 Beacon Bldg., Wichita, Kan. 

Haines, James Harris Stillwater, Minn. 

Hamilton, James M 2679 Lincoln Ave., Chicago 

Harding, John Comstock • 

Minnesota Club, St. Paul, Minn. 

Hatheway, Elnathan Pierce Ottawa, 111. 

Hayman, Charles Stanley Boscobel, Wis. 

Heinen, Joseph P Campus, 111. 

Henkins, Jacob Syphers 

Henley, Lapsley Campbell 

9328 Cottage Grove Ave., Chicago 

Hensel, Eugene Arthur San Diego, Calif. 

1 [etherington, Judson Egbert Cody's, Neb. 

Hill, Henry Barnabas Logansport, Ind. 

Holbrook, Arthur Tenney. 

...141 Wisconsin St., Milwaukee, Wis. 

ITollenbeck, Fred D 32 N. State. Chicago 

Honan, James Henry. Augusta, Ga. 

Hood, Emmet Michael Mason City, 111. 

Hooper, Edgar Stevens Darlington, Wis. 

Huizenga, Frank Rock Valley, la. 

Hyslop, Fred R Whitewater, Wis. 

Jack, John Barnes 17th St. and 

Western Ave., Chicago (C. B. & Q. R. R.) 
Jackson, Walter Emmett 

529 Rialto Bldg., Kansas City, Mo. 

Jahn, Chas. Henry North Milwaukee, Wis. 

Jay, Milton 31 N. State St., Chicago 

Jefferson, Frederick A.. 7 W. Madison St., Chicago 

Jewell, Thomas M Mindora, Wis. 

Judd, Herman Sinclair Lead, S. Dak. 

Kaadt, Peter S Portland, Ore. 

Kettlestrings, Fred Willis Oak Park, 111. 

King, Charles Wellington Riverton, 111. 

King, Edgar Addison Fairchild, Wis. 

Kitson, Frank Sherman N. Manchester, Ind. 

Kramps, A. E. F 2135 Ewing PL, Chicago 

Krause, Adolph D 

Lane, Alexander M D 

Lang, John M 31 N. State, Chicago 

Layton, Oliver Morton Fairwater, Wis. 

Learning, Lewis Otterbein, Ind. 

Lewis, Harry L 108 N. State, Chicago 

Lewis, Walter Haines Trinidad, Colo. 

Lind, Ernest T 128 Oak, Chicago 

Lumley, Robert Watseka, 111. 

Lynch, Jeremiah M 

49 W. 33d St., New York City 

MacNab, Malcolm D..6449 Stewart Ave., Chicago 

Malmgren, Carl Victor Virginia, Minn. 

Manion, John Jay Eyota, Minn. 

Marquerato, Eugene F 

212 S. Hoyne Ave., Chicago 

Martin, Robt. Samuel 

8 Market St., San Francisco, Calif. 

Maywit, Louis J.. 1362 Belmont Ave., Chicago 

McBride, Wm. Frederick Dayton, Ind. 

McCaughan, Thomas Elzic Ireton, la. 

McEntire, E. Joe Erie, 111. 

McGrath, Joseph .Elkader, la. 

McKelvey, Joseph D Eliza, 111. 

McKenna, David Wm 92 Lake St., Chicago 

McKinney, James Abner Barry, 111. 

Meiklejohn, David Vinton. .Winter Quarters, Utah 

Meling Nels C 3201 Armitage Ave., Chicago 

Menefee, Wm. Nelson State Line City, Ind. 

Minnich, Edwin Morrill Bradford, Hi. 

Moffett, Wm. Thomas Blue Mound, 111. 

Montgomery, Clinton L Blue Mound, 111. 

Moore, Charles Edward D 

Moore, N. Merritt Rock Island, 111. 

Moorehead, James Joseph 

6058 Halsted St., Chicago 

Morrison, Wm. Frederick Sydney, Australia 

Mukhitarian, Asdoor 34 Ogden Ave., Chicago 

Mulford, Edwin Rossiter La Crosse, Wis. 

Mullins, Ulysses Simpson Atlantic, la. 

Norton, Alva C Rockwell City, la. 

Opitz, Fred Robt. Bruno ..Oswego, N. Y. 

Ormsby, Oliver Samuel 32 N. State, Chicago 

Osburn, Gifford 348 N. Clark St., Chicago 

Ottis, Daniel Mortimer Springfield, 111. 

Packard, Thomas Irving Lanark, 111. 

Paine, Walter Charles New Holland, 111. 

Parmenter, Rolland Louis Ann Arbor, Mich. 

Parrish, Porter Melvin Decatur, 111. 

Pattee, James J.. 23 Amhurst Bldg., Pueblo, Colo. 

Pattingill, Morrell Cisco, II!. 

Pevison, Homer Francis Austin, Minn'. 

Pflster, Rudolph Henry Milwaukee, Win. 

Pierce, Frank Stanlev Beaverton, Mich. 

Pollock, Milton De Witt Decatur, 111. 

Pollock, Robert Martin 

201 N. Main, Rocky Ford, Colo. 

Porter, John Eabright Shannon, 111. 

Preneell, Joseph Edward 

Eiler Blk., Spokane, Wash. 

Price, Walter Jewell Princeville, 111. 

Replogle, Henry M D 

Riley, John Augustine. .32 N. State St., Chicago 

Robe, Robert Chalmers Pueblo, Colo. 

Rogers, Arthur Walters Oconomowoc, Wis. 

Roseberry, Eugene C Mt. Vernon, Mo. 

Ryan, Granville Nimrod... Des Moines, la. 

Ryan, Wm. Spencer Viola, 111. 

Sargent, Clark E Isabel Stn., Mobridge, S. D. 

Schreiber, George S..1205 Belmont Ave., Chicago 
Schoen, Wm. P.. 207 N. Western Ave., Chicago 

Scobey, Alfred William Kankakee, 111. 

Seifert, John H Kansas City, Mo. 

Schallenberger, William E Canton, 111. 

Sheldon, Walter De Witt 

Donaldson Bldg. , Minneapolis, Minn. 

Sherman, Arthur Morrison Grinnell, la. 

Slusser, Frank Banks Arborville, Neb. 

Smith, Chauncey Palmer Mason City, la. 

Smith, Cyrus H Tonica, 111. 

Smith, George Wetheral D 

Smith, Simeon Louis '. Chicago, 111. 

Spargo, Walter Wilson Albuquerque, N. M. 

Sparling, Frederick George Omaha, Neb. 

Stahl, John G. A.... 1320 S. Halsted St., Chicago 

Steele, George Albert Havana, N. D. 

Stewart, Robert 3457 State St., Chicago 

Straub, Charles Otto 

1214 Lyndale Ave., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Sutcliffe, Harry Willis The Rookery, Chicago 

Swale, Clarence Milton Mason City, la. 

Sweet, Albert Austin 755 Lunt Ave., Chicago 



Swift, Brown F D 

■ Tansey, Elmer E 263, 79th St., Chicago 

Tashjean, Armenag Baxter 

..5th St. and Madison Ave., Norfolk, Neb. 

Tavlor, John Fletcher Buda, 111. 

Teimpleton, Charles A.. 3625 W. 22d St., Chicago 
Thometz, Anthony Michael 

1106 W. Garfield Boul., Chicago 

Tivnen, Richard J 32 N. State St., Chicago 

Torpy, Thomas Graham Minocqua, Wis. 

Tripiett, Charles Ethelbert Morocco, Ind. 

Turek, James C 2501 S. Millard Ave., Chicago 

Urquhart, John H Iron Belt, Wis. 

Van Cleave, Elijah Luthern Rockville, Ind. 

Wagner, Joseph Ralph Newman, 111. 

Walters, George A D 

Weaver, Wm. Grant Barnes, Kan. 

AVeimer, Edwin Alexander Pekin, 111. 

Welsh, Thomas Raymond Rhinelander, Wis. 

Wendt, Cyrus Le Roy Canton, S. D. 

Westerschulte, Frank Harry 

1667 Humboldt Boul., Chicago 

Whitson. John Samuel Jonesboro, Ind. 

Wood, Theodore Byron 

1927 N. California Ave., Chicago 

Zeltner, Solomon Leo 

2601 Milwaukee Ave. , Chicago 

Zinser, Harley A Washington, 111. 

Zook, Erie Will Dunlap, 111. 


Session opened Oct. 1, 1895; closed May 27, 1896. 

Anderson, S. L Lewisville, Pa. 

<i-Angus, D. A Rosalie, Wash. 

Arendt, P. A Oconto Falls, Wis. 

--Arndt, Otto H Oconto Falls, Wis. 

Bading, G. A 

424 Germania Bldg., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Ballance, J. W New Burnside, 111. 

Barston, Le Roy Quincy, 111. 

Bassett, L. A Boone, la. 

-Bates, Morley D..400 S. Ashland Boul., Chicago 

Beaghler, L. E Middlepoint, Ohio 

. Beckman, Chas. R La Crosse, Wis. 

rBeebe, Spencer D Sparta, Wis. 

Beegle, H. B Atchison, Kan. 

Bell, Edgar S 31 N. State St., Chicago 

Berry, Henry A Herrin, 111. 

Bird, M. D." Marinette, Wis. 

Blake, Irwin Willard Buffalo, Wyo. 

Bourn, J. J Hannibal, Mo. 

Brennecke, H. A Aurora, 111. 

Brett, F. N D 

Brewer, M. T De Soto, 111. 

Bridge, M. L Marion, Ind. 

Brode, W. D 7 W. Madison St., Chicago 

Brown, P. H Bradley, S. D. 

Brown, W. Launcelot El Paso, Tex. 

Bryant, J. R Lyndon Station, Wis. 

Bullen, F. W Hibbing, Minn. 

Burns, Robt. J Freeport, 111. 

Caldwell, J. R..723V 2 Main, Wheeling, W. Va. 

Carson, Geo. T Chatsworth, 111. 

Coe, W. B Tonganoxie, Kan. 

Connell, F. G Oshkosh, Wis. 

Conroy, T. F 4811 Evanston Ave., Chicago 

Convery, Patrick O'Neill Dubuque, la. 

Corr, John T Kenosha, Wis. 

Cowles, George Henry Woodhull, 111. 

Cox, J. Earl Belle Plaine, la. 

Crowley, W. A 458 N. Halsted, Chicago 

Culbertson, N. W Massillon, Ohio 

Cunningham, M. A Janesville, Wis. 

Curtis, W. L Benton Harbor, Mich. 

Daniels, L. J 402 Chestnut, Milwaukee, Wis. 

Davies, R. E Waukesha, Wis. 

Denant, J. L Hamlet, Ind. 

Dodson, N. M 

Dolman, J. W N. Topeka, Kan. 

Dooley, A. J Marion, Ind. 

Dredge, H. P Sandstone, Minn. 

Dudley, J. H Windon, Minn. 

Dunaway, Isaac Howard West Lebanon, Ind. 

Duncan, S. O Ocklev, Ind. 

Dvorak, W. J 3101 W. 22d St., Chicago 

Dwight, A. M Murray, Utah 

Dyas, W. M Arlington Heights, 111. 

Eckard, E. M Peoria, 111. 

Eckart, Peter Taylor Ridge, 111. 

Eddleman, F. J Sardinia, Ind. 

Eddy, A. H Aurelia, la. 

Edmands, S. A Goshen, Ind. 

Eicker, B. L Leon, la. 

Engels, E. C Chicago, 111. 

Engels, N. R 701 W. 47th St., Chicago 

Fitzpatrick, H. P 177 N. State St., Chicago 

Fosberg, G. E..... 1504 E. 53d St., Chicago 

Frost, W. F D 

Fullenweider, R. C La Salle, 111. 

Fulwiler, J. W Bloomington, 111. 

Gemmill, Henry Clay 

3004 Clifton St., Indianapolis, Ind. 

Geudtner, Charles P 103 Adams St., Chicago 

Gillespie, Thomas Walter Peoria, 111. 

Goold, Birney Rivers D 

Gould, George Sylvanus Merrill, la. 

Grassau, Andrew Apple River, III. 

Grawn, Frank Augustus Duluth, Minn. 

Gray, Robt. Elmer Garden City, Kan. 

Greer, John. 162 N. Dearborn, Chicago 

Gregory, John Henry Ridgeway, 111. 

Griffin, Michael A.. 3020 Southport Ave., Chicago 

Griffith, John Curtis Bushnell, 111. 

Guthrie, Fred Ashford La Salle, 111. 

Hamilton, Augustus Eau Claire, Wis. 

Hanson, George II..S03 Milwaukee Ave., Chicago 
Harmison, Frank B....202 E. 35th St., Chicago 

Harrison, Charles Frederick Syracuse, Kan. 

Harvey, James A 32 N. State, Chicago 

Hawley, Eugene Aaron Texarkana, Tex. 

Heise, Wm. F. C Winona, Minn. 

Hemingway, Clarence Edmonds 

439 N. Oak Park Ave., Oak Park 111. 

Henderson, Elmer E 

2721 W. North Ave., Chicago 

Henderson, Harlin Clyde Milford, 111. 

Higgins, John 1 740 W. 14th St., Chicago 

Hill, Tolbert Fanning Athens, 111. 

Hiller, William Frederick Osseo, Minn. 

Hissom, Samuel Keigley Upland, Ohio 

Hobbs, Charles L......2140 S. 40th Ave., Chicago 

Hogan, David Durward Manila, P. Is. 

Hodgboom, Henry Buckmaster Topeka, Kan. 

Honnold, Fred Clifton Riverside, 111. 

Hubenthal, John Calvin Belmont, Wis. 

Humfreville, Daniel Lous St. Joseph, Mo. 

Hunter, W. II D 

Hutchins, Otis Sylvanus.... Canby, Minn. 

Huxhold, August Frederick 

1129 17th St., Denver, Colo. 

Ingalis, John 1675 Logan, Denver, Colo. 

Jacque, John L 1362 Hoyne Ave., Chicago 

Jicinsky, Rudis J.. 213 S. 2d, Cedar Rapids, la. 

Johnston, Merlin Chauncey Aberdeen, S. Dak. 

Keith, Marshall Clark Casper, Wyo. 

Kemp, Clarence Homer Elmwood, 111. 

Kenaga, Arthur Sinclair Herscher, 111. 

Kenyon, Elmer L. .104 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago 
Kerr, Archibald Angus 

Mercantile Bldg., Salt Lake City, Utah 

Killion, Thomas Alexander Eldorado, 111. 

King, Milo O Rochester, Ind. 

Kleinkonstrom, Emil V.509 S. Pearl, Denver, Colo. 

Knapp, Rollin G 2743 Jackson Boul., Chicago 

Kors, Martin Luther .....Virginia, 111. 



Kreitzer, Albert John Sturgeon Bay, Wis. 

Kreml, Charles E 1126 W. 12th St., Chicago 

Lambden, F. Warble 800 N. Clark, Chicago 

Larson, L. Andreas Colfax, Wis. 

Law, Walter Guy Glidden, Wis. 

Leckrone, Ira Silver Lake, Ind. 

Leresch, Edmund P 

953 S. St. Louis Ave., Chicago 

Lomas, Willis Alvin Villisca, Iowa 

Lubbinga, Henry 21 E. Van Buren St., Chicago 

Lunn, Vastine Crittenden La Grange, Texas 

Lynch, Daniel J 3357 W. 12th St., Chicago 

Lyon, Edward Ames 6253 Ellis Ave., Chicago 

Lyon, Morton Do Witt, Iowa 

Marshall, John Roseman Sheffield, 111. 

McConnell, James E Austin, Colo. 

McDowell, Edward B....534 E. 46th PL, Chicago 
McDowell, George Alonzo 

2323 W. 12th St., Chicago 

McLean, William Hay Wheeling, W. Va. 

McLeish, A. H 

• American Bank Bldg., Seattle, Wash. 

McNary, Wm. D 

307 Grand Ave. , Milwaukee, Wis. 

Miiley, Michael Ritter Beecher, 111. 

Melerian, Henry Brunswick, Neb. 

Mershimer, Wm. Clayton Gibsonia, 111. 

Metzger, Wm. Aldovard 

....322 Phelps St., Youngstown, Ohio 

Miller, Albert Leonard Sparta, Wis. 

Miller, Edward A Clintonville, Wis. 

Miller, Leonidas Dexter, 111. 

Montgomery, Asa Witter Stella, Neb. 

Newton, Henry Oscar La Plata, Mo. 

Nicholas, John Hammel, Jr Mansfield, Ohio 

Nott, George Wallace.... Racine, Wis. 

Ochsner, Ernest E....424 E. State, Rockford, 111. 

O'Connell, James Edward 

O'Connor, Thomas Griffin 

O'Harro, Arthur W 2256 Monroe St., Chicago 

Oliver, Arthur James Muscatine, Iowa 

Orth, Daniel A.. 1958 W. Chicago Ave., Chicago 

Osgood, Charles Frederick Ogden, Utah 

Palmer, Wm. Lucius Glenville, Minn. 

Pegram, Edward Clifton Carrollton, 111. 

Pike, Wm. Arthur Ottawa, 111. 

Proctor, George Rappeen Coleta, 111. 

Raasoch, Half dan Nelsonville, Wis. 

Rabuck, Samuel Henry ..Huntington, N. Y. 

Rees, Harold Maynard, Minn. 

Regent, Michael N Chicago, 111. 

Relihan, Daniel W. Smith Center, Kan. 

Rhodens, John C D 

Richardson, Walter Earl Slayton, Minn. 

Robinson, Albert L Glenwood Springs, Colo. 

Rogers, Cassius Clay 7 W. Madison, Chicago 

Rogers, L. D 1430 Wells, Chicago 

Rossiter, Frederick Magee.. North Yakima, Wash. 
Roth, James H..1804 Blue Island Ave., Chicago 

Ronleau, Louis Gaston D 

Rustad, Edward L Platte, S. D. 

Seeleth, Chas. E 3461 Jackson Boul., Chicago 

Schmidt, Henry George.. 9 Chicago St., Elgin, 111. 

Schottler, Geo. Jacob Dexter, Minn. 

Schram, Abraham W..4255 Indiana Ave., Chicago 

Schreiter, Joseph Benjamin Savanna, 111. 

Scott, James McDonald. .324 Stanley Ter., Chicago 
Saeger, Howard White 

Valerdance, Durango, Mexico 

Skinner, James Edwards Chicago 

Smith, Andrew L 2842 State St., Chicago 

Smith, Henry Slaymaker Negaunee, Mich. 

Snodgrass, Wm. Coggeshall Kenton, Ohio 

Spicer, Charles Ralph Springfield, 111. 

Stalker, Harry Alexander Durand, 111. 

Stanard, Ora B Sandwich, 111. 

Stowe, Herbert M 4433 Lake Ave., Chicago 

Strand, Martin Chicago 

Strong, Ben, j. Franklin . . . s 

Troost and 18th Sts., Kansas City, Mo. 

Sugg, Herbert Reid Clinton, la. 

Thompson, Willard Lee. . ..Chippewa Falls, Wis. 

Tope, George Bower Montrose, 111. 

Townsend, Adelbert Campbell, Neb. 

Townsend, Louis J Belle Fourche, S. D. 

Vanpell, George Henry... 2724 Lake St., Chicago 
Wallace, Franklin Emmett 

120 Pope Blk., Pueblo, Colo. 

Walsh, Eugene Crossin Richland Center, Wis. 

Walsh, Thomas J 3324 Monroe, Chicago 

Warren, Frank Rienzi Michigan City, Ind. 

Waters, Wm. Thompson... New London, Mo. 

Weir, John West Union, 111. 

Weir, Levi Johnson Marshall, 111. 

Weisskopf , Max A 

1914 S. Ashland Ave., Chicago 

Whamond, Alex. A 3955 W. 12th, Chicago 

Willhite, Oscar Clark Cooperstown, Calif. 

Williams, Hugh Herbert Sparta, Wis. 

Wilson, Alex. Stedman 

449 W. 123d St., New York, N. Y. 

Winterbotham, Jonathan II Salina, Kan. 

Witt, Edward John St. Joseph, Mich. 

Witte, Wilhelm C. F 

120 Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wis. 

Wood, Edwin Sydney . ...Jarbalo, Kan. 

Young, H. O. B Gurnee, 111. 


Session opened Sept. 29, 1896; closed May 26, 

Adams, Everett Harvev Washto, la. 

Ahern, John Jeremiah Cresco, la. 

Ainslee, George Portland, Ore. 

Alderson, James C 595 Grand Ave., Chicago 

Aldrich, Frank Murray, la. 

Alguire, Alden Belvidere, 111. 

Austin, Maynard Alvernise Anderson, Ind. 

Ayres, George Thomas Ely, Minn. 

Bailey, Harold Charles City, la. 

Baldwin, Frank Eugene Peoria, 111. 

Banks, Harold Walker Escanaba, Mich. 

Barber, Oliver Stillman 

Barnett, James R. , Jr Neenah, Wis. 

Barrett, Frederick Gilbert, Minn. 

Becker, Emil C 2800 W. Diversey St., Chicago 

Bedford, Richard James Dahinda, 111. 

Beller, Osea Byron Nampa, Ida. 

Berger, Gustavus F., 3000 Lincoln Ave., Chicago 
Bigelow, Frederick Egbert 

4259 Cottage Grove Ave.-, Chicago 

Billmeyer, Geo. McClellan Strawberry Pt., la. 

Black, Bufort Downs Las Vegas, N. M. 

Blair, Paul Burton Winona, Minn. 

Bourke, James Chicago, 111. 

Bowe, Edward Jacksonville, 111. 

Bowman, Frank Favill Madison, Wis. 

Brennan,' Charles S Albion, 111. 

Brimi, Carl Linne Cooperstown, N. D. 

Brooks, Myre J. I 

Brown, Frederick Oliver Lewis, la. 

Brugge, Henry J 3860 W. Polk St., Chicago 

Brustad, Ludvig A Park River, N. D. 

Burtch, Lewis A. Wood Clifton, Ariz. 

Burton, Edmund Fairfield .Oak Park, 111. 

Butterman, William Fred 

423 Garfield Ave. , Chicago 

Butzow, Theodore Frederick Chicago 

Campbell, John William Fargo, N. D. 

Campbell, William Henry Pueblo, Colo. 

Caron, Wm. G Aurora, 111. 

Carrol], Robt. Sproul Aslieville, N. C. 

Carter, E. II D 

Caswell, Harlow Orton Ft. Atkinson, Wis. 

Chesire, Matthew Urban Marshalltown. la. 

Clark, C. F St. Charles, Minn. 



Clark, Fayette Coleman Desmet, S. D. 

Clark, John Frederick 

44 Washington Ave., Batavia, 111. 

Clark, John Ingram 

117% E. 4th, Santa Ana, Calif. 

Clayton, Charles Francis 

1 Market Circle, Pullman, 111. 

Conkey, Robert Lincoln Preston, Minn. 

Cook, Carroll E New London, la. 

Cook, W. Albert Tulsa, Okla. 

Cottrell, David 800 N. Clark, Chicago 

Cox, Frank P 3559 W. Chicago Ave., Chicago 

Creswell, George William Buffalo, Wyo. 

Crocker, Fred S ....31 N. State, Chicago 

Crocker, George Little Springfield, 111. 

Croddy, Christopher Tuttle Eldon, la. 

Crowder, Joe Reed Sullivan, Ind. 

Crowder, Tom Reid 2 Adams St., Chicago 

Cummings, Chas. C Joplin, Mo. 

Cunningham, John Geo Spokane, Wash. 

Curry, William Omaha, Neb. 

Daly, Francis Peter Reedsburg, Wis. 

Davidson, Frank S 4000 N. Paulina, Chicago 

Denant, Mathew Stevenson Walkerton, Ind. 

Denmaree, Thomas Elmer Rossville, 111. 

Derwent, Albert Elmer Clinton, Mo. 

Devine, George Claude Mason, Wis. 

Doidge, Renfred Eastlake Perry, la. 

Donaldson, Geo. Field Shiocton, Wis. 

Doyle, Luke Maria 

9250 Cottage Grove Ave. , Chicago 

Drozdowitz, Th,eodore 1658 W. 12th, Chicago 

Duguid, John Owen Springfield, S. D. 

Dunn, R. J 600 Blue Island Ave., Chicago 

Ellis, Jeremiah W.164 N. Ashland Boul., Chicago 
Faber, Chas. Ankrum 

Germania Bldg. , Milwaukee, Wis. 

Fales, Louis Henry St. Sfevensville, Mont. 

Fellman, George W..803 8th St., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Ferguson, Elmer Ellsworth The Dalles, Ore. 

Findley, Samuel Edwin Mansfield, Ohio 

First, Frank H Rock Island, 111. 

Fisher, Mark Ohl Parkersburg, W. Va. 

Fol.som, William Hugh Markesan, Wis. 

Foskett, Wilson A White Bird, Idaho 

Fox, Geo. Wm..l98 Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wis. 

Frazier, Wilmer Phelps Carthage, 111. 

Freeman, John Dwight 

Topeka Hospital, Topeka, Kan. 

French, Paul Penny Rudd, la. 

Friedberg, Stanton A 

4907 Washington Park PL, Chicago 

Friedel, Max J 3198 Milwaukee Ave., Chicago 

Gill, John Granville.. R. 5, 32 N. Clark, Chicago 
Goodhue, William Joseph Arthur 

Kalanpapa, Hawaiian Is. 

Gordon, Louis E 1247 S. Halsted, Chicago 

Gorman, Thomas Connor Anamosa, la. 

Greenebaum, Edward Charles 

3505 Indiana Ave. , Chicago 

Gregory, William W Stevens Point, Wis. 

Gresens, Herman C..3035 Indiana Ave., Chicago 

Grove, William Weaver Johnstown, Pa. 

Habhegger, Charles John Watertown, Wis. 

Hall, Giles Clark Los Angeles, Calif. 

Hanawalt, Casper George Galesburg, 111. 

Hansen, Oscar Lee.. 3400 Lawrence Ave., Chicago 

Hartman, Frank Theodore Waterloo, la. 

Hatch, Willis Grant Rockford, 111. 

Hogeboom, Roche W Springfield, Mo. 

Holden, Willis Burroughs Battle Creek, Mich." 

1 folmes, William Franklin Stewardson, 111. 

Hughes, Griffith Lewis Sacramento, Calif. 

Hunt, Rodney Oak Park, 111. 

Hyde, Leon Willet Portland, Ore. 

Isgreen, Emil Benjamin Salt Lake City, Utah 

Jacobs, William F., 3400 W. North Ave., Chicago 
Johnson, James Edward Marion, Ind. 

Johnston, Elmer Alward D 

Jones, David John Youngstown, Ohio 

Kaser, Walter Edward E. Las Vegas, N. M. 

Kearnev, Joseph Mark 

...' 5507 S. Center Ave., Chicago 

Kirwan, Edward John Ludington, Mich. 

Klein, Henry 3264 Lincoln Ave., Chicago 

Kreuser, Theodore Anthony 

2152 Montrose A ve. , Chicago 

Earned, Ezra R Detroit, Mich. 

Lehan, James W Greeley, Colo. 

Lesan, Cassius T Mt. Ayr, la. 

Lins, Franklin Jacob Durand, 111. 

Lobb, Jonathan George... Great Falls, Mont. 

Longbrake, Guy A Galesburg, 111. 

Loomis, Milo Mason. 2415 N. 24th St., Omaha, Neb. 

Losey, Clifford S 22 E. Washington, Chicago 

Luckey, John Eddy Vinton, la. 

Maley, William Henry.. 204 Main, Galesburg, 111. 

Mann, John Franklin Avoca, Wis. 

Manning, Harris W Eureka, Kan. 

Marten, John Tolono, 111. 

Martin, Hans M D 

Martin, Eugene W D 

Martin, Wm. Theodore Albany, Mo. 

Mathew. Robert Arthur Morrison, 111. 

Matthei^ Louis W., Jr 

2002 Canalport Ave., Chicago 

Maxfield, Warren Albert Hudsonville, Mich. 

McCarty, Claude E Dodge City, Kan. 

McCreight, Arthur Henry Fort Dodge, la. 

McDermott, Geo. L..2140 Lexington Ave., Chicago 

McErnery, John Charles Jacksonville, 111. 

McEwen, Ernest Lewis 32 N. State, Chicago 

McGovern, Joseph Henry 

McKee, Claude Worth Scottdale, Pa. 

McMurray, Eugene Robt D 

Meacham, John Goldesbrough Racine, Wis. 

Meloy, Wm. Waddell 32 N. State, Chicago 

Meyer, Albert W Bloomington, 111. 

Miller, Benjamin Franklin Rampa, Ida. 

Miller, Geo 2500 Kendall Ave., Chicago 

Mills, Norman Perry Appleton, Wis. 

Moe, Anton Johnson Heron Lake, Minn. 

Montgomery, Alexander Boyd Eau Claire, Wis. 

Moran, John Edward 

Morley, George Alfred Crookston, Minn. 

Morris, Raymond Chester 

Murphy, Edward Simon Dixon, 111. 

Murray, William Robbins 

602 Nicollet Ave., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Nash, Arthur Richard Del Norte, Colo. 

Nicholson, William George D 

Nye, George Burl Waverly, Ohio 

Nywall, Andrew Gustavus D 

Oshana, Aghasie Mason City, la. 

Olsen, Axel Kristmus Ettrick, Wis. 

Otis, Newton Murdock Fairbury, 111. 

Parkes, Theodore Herbert 

3336 Washington Ave., St. Louis, Mo. 

Parkes, Charles H 32 N. State, Chicago 

Parks, Albert Laboam Leland, 111. 

Parmele, Gilbert Hoyt 

Patterson, David Arthur Westfield, Pa. 

Patterson, Harry Adair Joliet, 111. 

Peck, William Buckley Freeport, 111. 

Perkins, Pliny Henry Colorado Springs, Colo. 

Peterson, Sophus George Rutland, 111. 

Phillips, John Thomas Newport, Wash. 

Pickett, Levi Emmett 

Pierce, F. E 4801 Forrestville Ave., Chicago 

Plummer, Ralph Walter. 

Porter, Ralph F. S 304 Warren Ave, Chicago 

Porter, William Guv 

Porterfield, John Donaldson, Jr 

Cape Girardeau, Mo. 

Powers, Joseph Clinton 

Price, Arthur E 7 W. Madison, Chicago 



Proctor, Clark Mathew 

Rasmus, Carl U. S. Marine 

Hospital Service, Honolulu, Hawaiian Is. 

Rand, Silas Charles 

Randall, Edwin Ambra, Ind. 

Ratcliffe, John J Aitkin, Minn. 

Rector, Albert Ernest Spirit Lake, la. 

Reich, Hugo C Sheboygan, Wis. 

Reinhardt, Henry George William 

2032 Fullerton Ave., Chicago 

Reuter, John Alexander The Dalles, Ore. 

Rice, Ollie Walker Alderson, Okla. 

Riley, Edwin Almiron Willow River, Minn. 

Roberts, Thomas Elmer Oak Park, 111. 

Rogers, Arthur Earnest Bloomington, 111. 

Rollins, Frederick Herbert St. Charles, 111. 

Rucker, William Colby 

Sarkisian, Toros 135 Dearborn, Chicago 

Saunders, Lillard Darwin Paducah, Ky. 

Schell, Edward Ellsworth 

Schjelderup, Necolay Hilmar. .Granite Falls, Minn. 

Schmauss, Leonard Frederick Alexandria, Ind. 

Schmidt, Bernhard Harvev Davenport, la. 

Schultz, Edward Frank L 

Schulze, William Charles 

81 W. Randolph, Chicago 

Schweer, Theodore Jacob Beardstown, 111. 

Scott, Raymond Gaylord Geneva, 111. 

Seemann, Frederick August Sioux City, la. 

Shaw, Carl Addison 

St. Martins, Dutch West Indies 

Schenck, Samuel Koser 

Shirk, George Wynn . 236 W. 55th, New York.N. Y. 

Shurtz, Richard Elmer Champaign, 111. 

Skinner, Frank Stephen Marion, la. 

Smolt, Alfred Ernest Newton, Kan. 

Somer, Alfred Ernest 

Speck, Joseph Theodore Barnum, Minn. 

Stevenson, Mark Delimon Akron, Ohio 

Stewart, Murray Rockwell 

. .Scott-Strewell Bldg.. Salt Lake City, Utah 

Stokes, William F 352S Ogden Ave., Chicago 

Stoye, Joseph Paul Theresa, Wis. 

Strauss, Fletcher L 925 E. 62d, Chicago 

Strong, Alvin William 

Sullivan, Francis J 810 Cass St., Chicago 

Sullivan, Patrick Alexander 

236 S. Centre Ave., Chicago 

Sweet, Homer Leprelete 

Tessler, Marcus '. . .D 

Tisdale, Dio Lewis 

Toles, Lewis Watson Lansing, Mich. 

Townsend, Owen Stuart Fairmount, Neb. 

Trumbauer, James David Don De Kalb, 111. 

Tucker, Fred Albert Noblesville Ind. 

Van Nuys, John Chauncey Lufkin, Tex. 

Van Sands, Robert, Jr Alamoosa, Colo. 

Vaughan, Wm. De Vol D 

Vaupel, Henry H..214 N. California Ave., Chicago 

Wadey, Bert Joseph Belleville, Wis. 

Wardle, Henry W 

2003 N. California Ave., Chicago 

Warren, Clark Le Roy Chesterton, Ind. 

Webb, Enoch Palmer Beaver Dam, Wis. 

Weissman, Abraham Joseph 

1106 S. Ashland Boul., Chicago 

Westnedge, Richard Burchnall D 

Wheeler, Alonzo M..3856 Flournoy St., Chicago 

Whitaker, Wm. B 32 N. State, Chicago 

Whitehall, Nelson McPhee Boone, la. 

Whiting, Ellsworth Daggett D 

Williams, David Henry, Jr N. Argyle, N. Y. 

Willingham, Jesse Johnson, 1123 W. 20th, Chicago 

Womeldorf, John M Dallas, So. Dak.. 

Wood, Frank Wolf Franklin, Ind. 

Wood, Tillison James Huron, S. D. 

Wright, Stephen Grant Perry ville, Ind. 


Session opened Sept. 28, 1897; closed May 25, 


Abraham, Henry William Karl Appleton, Wis. 

Adams, Charles 32 N. State, Chicago 

Adams, Howard C Walbach, Neb. 

Allen, Harry Eugene 

..517 Lumber Exchg. Bldg., Seattle, Wash. 
Anderson, John A.. 7900 Exchange Ave., Chicago 

Bak, Edward W 106 State, Chicago 

Barnesby, Percy Norman 

505 W. 152d, New York, N. Y. 

Bradley, John Hovey Spickardo, Mo. 

Brown, Edward V. L 

122 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago 

Brown, Samuel Joseph . Panora, la. 

Burton, Oscar Augustus Albert Lea, Minn. 

Button, Charles E D 

Butzow, Arthur M 1704 Otto St., Chicago 

Conley, Charles Wilson 

Cook, William Wallace Milford, Utah 

Cook, William Wallace 

1059 W. Belleplaine Ave., Chicago 

Dean, Guy Stewart 

Dern, Henry J 9127 Commercial Ave., Chicago 

Dietrich, Henry 

Evans, David J Galesburg, 111. 

Fehr, Henry Burlington, Wis. 

Fenelon, Michael Patrick Escanaba, Mich. 

Gault, John Adam Lancaster, Wis. 

Goetsch, Gustav A 31 N. State, Chicago 

Hanstein, Hermann Harry Lead, S. Dak. 

Harris, Joseph Earl Arlington, Wash. 

Hedders, Claus Hesing Idaho Falls, Ida. 

Hill, Harvey Almond Augusta, Kan. 

Hollcnbeck, Frank Bradbury Lincoln, Neb. 

Holtz, Harry M Beaver Dam, Wis. 

Horn, Harry Wallace Wichita, Kan. 

Irwin, Elmer Ayers 

Jones, Sherman Johnson Hastings, Neb. 

Judd, Corban Eaton East Sound, Wash. 

Judkins, Oliver P Indianola, la. 

Kohn, Alfred D Chicago 

Kramps, John W..2225 W. North Ave., Chicago 

Lewy, x\lfred 4416 Indiana Ave., Chicago 

Libby, Edward M Iron River, Mich. 

Little John A Logansport, Ind. 

Marshall, Victor Frederick Appleton, Wis. 

McDermid, Pierre Fontanelle, la. 

McDonald, Alexander Roderick 

22 E. Washington, Chicago 

Miles, Walter ; Viola, 111. 

Nichols, Charles Lyman. 5115 Prairie Ave.-, Chicago 

Overholt, Earl Lee Fostoria, Ohio 

Owen, Herbert A Pentoga, Mich. 

Pierce, Frank Ellis.. 15 E. Washington, Chicago 

Reay, George Robert 

Rice, John II Quincy, 111. 

Reitz, Paul C Evansville, Ind. 

Rowan, Charles J 

622 Independence Bldg., Chicago 

Schrender, Louis Solomon Seattle, Wash. 

Searle, Claud Howard 

Palmyra Springs Sanitarium, Palmyra, Wis. 
Smith, Mark Harrison 

103 Pike's Peak Ave., Colorado Springs, Colo. 

Sorsen, Charles John Calumet, Mich. 

Stevenson, Alexander F 

1411 Peoples Gas Bldg., Chicago 

Stewart, Henry Milton Hutchinson, Kan. 

Still, James M Maryville, Mo. 

Ware, Harry A S05 N. State St., Chicago 

Webster, Albert Edward Collingwood, Ont. 

Webster, Ralph W 8 N. State St., Chicago 

Wells, Harry Gideon 

University of Chicago, Chicago 

Whitley, Ralph Lee Osage, la. 



Wild, Theodore, Jr.... 32 N. State St., Chicago 

Willard, Wm. Gleason 

22 E. Washington, Chicago 

Young, Hiram 0. B Gurnee, 111. 

Zisehnan, Max... 7 Parmenter St., Boston, Mass. 


Session opened Sept. 27, 1898; closed May 24, 

Anderson, Nels 2207 W. Van Buren, Chicago 

Andrews, Edward Palmer Lodi, Wis. 

Ash, John C La Harpe, 111. 

Black, Clark Griffin Pomeroy, Wash. 

Blomgren, Charles Edwin 

914 Belmont Ave., Chicago 

Bradbury, Edwin Lewis Neilsville, Wis. 

Breakstone, Benjamin H..32 N. State, Chicago 

Breniman, Elbridge Maxwell Ackley, la. 

Brownrigg, Lee Ervin Frederick, Wyo. 

Burkholder, Chriss E Jacksonville, 111. 

Bush, George C 842 Graceland Ave., Chicago 

Byrne, William David... 7120 Yale Ave., Chicago 
Caflfee, Bennett Van Home 

1315 Maple Ave., Terre Haute, Ind. 

Carson, Chas J Waverly, Wash. 

Chamberlin, Alfred Newton Garnet, Mont. 

Olivers, Edgar Eynon Ardmore, Okla. 

Church, W. Fremont Greeley, Colo. 

Clark, Jacob Wendell Calumet, Mich. 

Class, Ferdinand Leopold Huron, S. D. 

Conlan, Francis Joseph Spellacy 

604 Sutter, San Francisco, Calif. 

Cooling, Wm. Anthony Wilton Junction, la. 

Curran, Thomas Benjamin Tacoma, Wash. 

Currie, Archibald Nelson Hatton, N. D. 

Curtiss, Loren Benton Harbor, Mich. 

Daniels, Ralph P.. 228 Michigan St., Toledo, Ohio 

Davidson, William Ruston, Jr Evansville, Ind. 

DeLong, Arthur Henry Moran, Kan. 

Dittemore, James Henry Axtell, Kan. 

Dowd, Andrew William Sunnyside, Utah 

Dvorak, Joseph Frank. Fairfax, la. 

Ehlert, Edwin Henry Hartford, Wis. 

Ellis, John Bernard 15 E. Washington, Chicago 

Evans, Mark Monroe .Le Grand, la. 

Evans, Thomas A.... 384 E. Long, Columbus, O. 

Findley, Harry Preston Everett, Wash. 

Fowler, John Vanus..l237 Grand Ave., Chicago 

Franing, Edw. Charles George Galesburg, 111. 

Galbraith, Alexander Oakland, Calif. 

Gallagher, Michael Leo 

4501 N. Western Ave., Chicago 

Gallew, George Edward Hancock, Mich. 

Gammon, Clarence Pearl Tacoma, Wash. 

Gavin, Stephen Edward Fond du Lac, Wis. 

Gearhart, Geo. Washington Springville, la. 

Gee, Homer Zanesville, Ohio 

Gilbert, John Pomeroy, Wash. 

Goodwin, William Henry Fairmount, 111. 

Grasse, Daniel Frederick 

805 W. Madison, Chicago 

Gray, Alexander Savannah, 111. 

Greenslade, Jas. Molland Lima, Ohio 

Hacking, Frank Henry Granite Falls, Minn. 

Hagler, Arthur Lee Springfield, 111. 

Harris, Ross Allen Los Angeles, Calif. 

Hasson, Edward Peoria, 111. 

Hausmann, Nicholas Edward Kewaskum, Wis. 

Hays, Don De Witt 

Heeren, John Johnson D 

Hegele, Herbert W 

501 Maclean Bldg., Portland, Ore. 

Hektoen, Martin D 

Heneley, Edmund Nora Springs, la. 

Hering, Eugene Rudolph Shell Lake, Wis. 

Hicks, Frank Benjamin Grand Marais, Minn. 

Hogue, Roily Ray Linton, N. D. 

Holman, Carl John J Mankato, Minn. 

Hoxie, Will E Hampton, Minn. 

Hunte, August Frederick Truman, Minn. 

Hurlburt, Sherman Rogers 

32 N. State St., Chicago 

Ireland, Emory Gregg Miles City, Mont. 

Irwin, James Harris. Great Falls, Mont. 

James, Asahel Wesley. J Muscoda, Wis. 

Jones, Edward Frank Indianapolis, Ind. 

Jones, Martin D Oak Park, 111. 

Jordan, Edward Henry Manila, P. Is. 

Keller, William Noble Salida, Colo. 

Kellogg, Orson Arza Dows, la. 

Keough, Chester Henry 31 N. State, Chicago 

King, Harry Clyde Fort Smith, Ark. 

Klein, John 6969 N. Clark St., Chicago 

Kleinsmid, James Archibald Aledo, 111. 

Koeper, Paul Baxter, la. 

Lehman, Samuel W Dixon, 111. 

Lewis, Dean D 556 E. 50th, Chicago 

Lowenthal, Lewis Lawrence 

3058 Calumet Ave. , Chicago 

Manchester, John Darwin 

U. S. Naval Recruiting Sta., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Maxwell, George Polo, 111. 

Maynard, James Henry Adair, la. 

McMurray, Charles Marion 

McMurtry, Tillman E 

6111 S. Ashland Ave., Chicago 

Medill, Obed Eden 

Morrissey, Thomas Bernard 

1237 W. Garfield Boul., Chicago 

Moses, Howard Nelson Salina, Kan. 

Moss, William Cloyde Winamac, Ind. 

Motter, Thomas Ira 

224 N. Kenil worth Ave., Oak Park, 111. 

Mueller, Louis A 431 W. Division, Chicago 

Mulick, James William Elma, la. 

Myers, Irving Augustus Cottage Grove, Wis. 

Nauman, Ben j. J Peru, Ind. 

O'Connell, Richard J.. 3100 Logan Boul., Chicago 

Patterson, Charles Luther West Side, la. 

Percy, Nelson M. 2256 Lincoln Park W., Chicago 

Perkey, Adrian Benton El Paso, Tex. 

Pickels, William Harrison Coal City, 111. 

Pihlblad, Arvid Lindsborg, Kan. 

Piper, Herbert William Cathay, N. D. 

Pomainville, Frank Grand Rapids, Wis. 

Porterfield, Elmo Patten Cape Girardeau, Mo. 

Poska, Abraham Philbrook, Mont. 

Quinn, Wm. Edward 

Randolph, Arthur Gilmer 

3303 Woodland Ave., Kansas City, Mo. 

Ray croft, Joseph Edward 

1335 E. 60th Ave., Chicago 

Reynolds, Harry Rogers Clinton, la. 

Rheingans, Geo. H South Germantown, Wis. 

Roberg, Oscar Theodore 

2739 Foster Ave., Chicago 

Roberts, Benjamin Titus.. 533 S. Halsted, Chicago 

Roberts, Jay Gilbert Hastings, Neb. 

Roberts, Roy Bulkley Augusta, 111. 

Roe, John Fulton Salida, Colo. 

Rowley, Antinous Gilbert Middleton, Wis. 

Rummel, Carl William D 

Russell, Frank Horace Kewanee, 111. 

Pribyl, Victor Hugo. 162 N. Dearborn St., Chicago 

Price, Elden Maxwell Astoria, 111. 

Pugh, George A Kenosha, Wis. 

Purtell, Joseph A.. 2015 Wells, Milwaukee, Wis. 

Putman, Harrison Christopher Riverton, 111. 

Russell, Robert Gordon 

124 W. 62d, Los Angeles, Calif. 

Sabin, Albert Edward Kirkman, la. 

Saltzgaber, Will Rice Knoxville, Tenn. 

Samson, Charles Oakland, Neb. 

Schiller, Julius Amsterdam, N. Y. 

Schmidt, Wm. Oscar Edmunds, Wash. 



Sedgwick, Jul ins Parker 

014 Syndicate Bldg., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Shannon, Leon William' Hiawatha, Kan. 

Sheldon, John Glendon Rosedale, Kan. 

Shinnick, Thomas Francis Watertown, Wis. 

Shoekley, Harlow Orville 

Sigworth, Harry William, Jr Anamosa, la, 

Simpson, William Irvin 

603 Johnson Bldg., Los Angeles, Calif. 

Sloan, John Francis Peoria, 111. 

Smith, Lucien.... Chapin, 111. 

Stanton, John E 3159 W. Harrison, Chicago 

Steen, Earl Richard Joliet, 111. 

Stevens, Branwell Fanning. El Paso, Tex. 

Stevenson, Herbert Elmer El Paso, Tex. 

Stewart, James Lona Salmon Boise, Idaho 

Stoeffhaas, Louis D 

Sturm, Arthur Bernard Elgin, 111. 

Sullivan, Eugene P Morrison, 111. 

Swan, Charles Elliott 

Taugher, Anthony Joseph 

631 Grand Ave. , Milwaukee, Wis. 

Terry, Marcus C Brighton, la. 

Thilo, George, Jr 2600 W. Division, Chicago 

Thomas, Thomas R Lima, Ohio 

Thompson, Geo. F..600 Blue Island Ave., Chicago 

Tomelty, Thomas ■ D 

Trotter, Jay R Marshalltown, la. 

Valteich, John R..1827 N. Halsted St., Chicago 

Van Diest, Garrett A El Paso, Tex. 

Vilas, Walter Henry D 

Wakefield, Pern Almye D 

Watson, Samuel Humes Blairstown, la. 

Werner, Richard Frank Eau Claire, Wis. 

Wheeler, Ernest Cratton 

512 Providence Bldg., Tacoma, Wash. 

Wilcox, Delano Malcolm, la. 

Wiley, Harry D Metcalf , Ariz. 

Session began April 1; ended June 22. 

Higgins, Otis C Lebanon, Ind. 

Little, Palmer Jewett 

McCinnis, John Edward Green Bay, Wis. 

Mulky, Carl Knoxville, Iowa 


Session began July 1; ended Sept. 22. 

Abbott, Clark Lorenzo Fort Seneca, Ohio 

Alber, Ernest Stuart Oshkosh, Wis. 

Allen, Omer Frank Mount Olive, 111. 

Ailing, Charles Percy 

2337 Central Ave., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Avlward, Richard Charles Port Edwards, Wis. 

Bachelle, Cecil V 32 N. State St., Chicago 

Bachmann, Robt. Alexander Newport, R. I. 

Bailey, Bert Hields 

Bailey, Charles Whitney Hebron, 111. 

Ballinger, John R..2424 W. Division St., Chicago 

Barnes, Albert Spurgeon Botkins, Ohio 

Bartley, James Hutchinson Zillah, Wash. 

Beck, John Charles 126 Oak St., Chicago 

Benson, Emanuel 0....5125 N. Clark St., Chicago 

Betten, Herman J Garneill, Mont. 

Beyer, Hart Pittsville, Wis. 

Bieringer, William A D 

Bland, Morton Wallace Bellevue, Ohio 

Bohan, Peter Thomas. 

1208 Wyandotte St., Kansas City, Mo. 

Boone, William Herbert North Yakima, Wash. 

Brock way, Porter Bruce. 341 12th St., Toledo, Ohio 

Brown, Frederick Charles 

Brown, Orlando Bates Joplin, Mo. 

Bucher, Louis Frederick 

77 Green St., Dayton, Ohio 

Budge, David Clare Logan, Utah 

Carier, Simon Clayton 

Charles, Milton Ross 

Cleary, Bernard L Edgerton, Wis. 

( llements, George E Crawf ordsvillc, Ind. 

(louse, Arnc Wilber Geneva, Pa. 

Colwell, Nathan P 535 Dearborn Ave., Chicago 

Conaway, A. Clvde Marshalltown, Iowa 

Condon, Albert Paul. 300 Bee Bldg., Omaha, Neb. 

Conway, Joseph Lafayette D 

Cord, Charles Edwin Chicago Heights, 111. 

Cothern, William R Waterloo, Iowa 

Grain, Lewis Frank Deep River, Iowa 

Cunat, Edward 556 W. 18th St., Chicago 

Curry, Charles Samuel Beatrice, Neb. 

Dahms, Oscar Adolph Davenport, Iowa 

Danielson, Karl A Litchfield, Minn. 

Daugherty, John William Chillicothe, 111. 

Davies, Rupert Arthur Arlington, Neb. 

Davis, Edgar George 108 N. State St., Chicago 

Dearholt, Hoyt E 

315 Goldsmith Bldg., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Dodd, Frank Clark Clayton, 111. 

Dorsey, Michael Francis Streator, 111. 

Duncan, Francis Osborn 

Duncan, Henry Marietta, Minn. 

Farr, Robert Emmett Minneapolis, Minn. 

Fegan, George Robert Sheller, 111. 

Fessler, Elmer Philipburg, Mont. 

Fiske, David 32 N. State St., Chicago 

Flynn, Joseph P 

829 20th Ave., N., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Foley, Francis Patrick Neshkoro, Wis. 

Foster, John Harvey Wolcottville, Ind. 

Fowle, Frederick Filer Wauwatosa, Wis. 

Friedman, Joseph C..29 E. Madison St., Chicago 
Gagnon, Arthur Louis 

329 Indiana Ave., Kankakee, 111. 

Gatrell, Thomas John Nalson 

Gordon Road, Tientsin, China 

Gaul, Adolph C. A Seattle, Wash. 

Gaumer, James Stewart Danville, Iowa 

Gibson, Charles Gordon Sioux City, Iowa 

Gillam, Arthur Caldwell 

1625 W. North Ave., Chicago 

Gillespie, Samuel T Lawrence, Kan. 

Gillies, Duncan Reid.6056 Michigan Ave., Chicago 

Gish, Francis Jacob Omaha, Neb. 

Goldstine, Mark T 32 N. State St., Chicago 

Gollmar, Arthur Howard Waterloo, Iowa 

Graham, Ralph Biggsville, 111. 

Green, Ralph E Medford, Ore. 

Grosvenor, Wallace Fahnestock 

4829 Kenmore Ave., Chicago 

Guertin, Joseph Achilles..: Beaverville, 111. 

Hagar, Daniel Simpson -. 

Harding, George Winthrop D 

Hardt, Harry G Lincoln, 111. 

Hart, Sterling Perry Auburn, 111. 

Hauslein, Charles Michael Omaha, Neb. 

Hawkins, John Robert D 

Healey, William, Jr 

15 E. Washington St. , Chicago 

Herbst, Robert H 32 N. State St., Chicago 

Hills, Henry Monroe Lamoni, Iowa 

Hodges, F. L Monroe, Wis. 

Hook, Merritt B Kremmling, Colo. 

Hopkins, Charles Babson 

3212 Olive St., Kansas City, Mo. 

Hopkins, Samuel Rice ..Hastings, Neb. 

Hynes, William Rose New York, N,. Y. 

Ide, Charles Edward Redlands, Cal. 

Iden, Edgar Holmes D 

Johnson, Fred Gordon Iron River, Wis. 

Johnson, Robert Bales Norfolk, Neb. 

Judd, Norman Watson Canon City, Colo. 

Julien, William Flovd 

]944 Jackson Blvd., Chicago 

Kaylor, Robert Charles McLoud, Okla. 

Killen, Vincent Rockwell Hevburn, Idaho 

DKirk, Jamea Milton Streator, 111. 



Klebs, Henry 32 N. State St., Chicaj 

ffiieinman, Erwin Warner Hailey, Idaho 

ELeinpelL, Henry II 39 E. Ohio St., Chicago 

Knapp, Ernest 'Francis Dallas, Texas 

Kovats, Fred C. ..318 Sycamore, Milwaukee, Wis. 

La Force, Frank E.... Burlington, Iowa 

Langhorst, Fred Henry Elmhurst, 111. 

Lawler, Edw. Thomas Amarillo, Texas 

Lenz, J. A.. 3101 Armitage Ave., Chicago 

Leonard, Charles W Fond du Lac, Wis. 

Loeb, Ludwig Mannheimer 

122 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago 

Loomis, Philip A 

..2 N. Cascade Ave., Colorado Springs, Colo. 
Lvnam, Thomas P.. 3959 W. Madison St., Chicago 

M'acdonald, Charles 556 W. 31st St., Chicago 

Major, John Chastime Cooperton, Okla. 

Maxon, Oscar Fritzallen, Jr Springfield, 111. 

McCard, Harry Stanton 

127 W. Hill, Baltimore, Md. 

McClure, George White.' * Carterville, Mo. 

McConnell, Pascal Whitney Topeka, Kan. 

McDaniels, Edwin Bruce Patchabure, Siam 

McGinnis, Philip Daniel Joliet, 111. 

McIIenry , Julius H 

207 Osborne Bids'., Cleveland, Ohio 

McLaughlin, George L. .1759 W. 21st St., Chicago 

McNaughton, Geo. P Sault Ste. Marie, Mich. 

Meisenbach, George W Plymouth, Neb. 

Michels, Robert H..2521 N. M'ozart St., Chicago 

Mitchell, James M Pontiac, 111. 

Moore, Lewis A Monroe, Wis. 

Morcom, Harry Wicks Virginia, Minn. 

Morgan, Wynn Virden, 111. 

Morris, Thomas Boyd Atlantic, Iowa 

Mount, Hubert Augustus Waitsburg, Wash. 

Mulroney, Charles H Fort Dodge, Iowa 

Murray. Frederick Grey 

7 Kimball Bldg., Cedar Rapids, Iowa 

Nelles, Howard Wm. H Toledo, Ohio 

Newhouse, Omer Atherton Montezuma, Ind. 

Oggel, Herman Doesburg Maurice, Iowa 

Patton, Charles James 

Pfeiffer, Charles Council Bluffs, Iowa 

Phelps, William Milton 

Powers, Fred Harwood .Champaign, 111. 

Prentice, George Lee Danville, 111. 

Proud, Willard Curtis Oregon, Mo. 

Ramsdell, Lewis Stanton Manistee, Mich. 

Redner, Leo Robert Dayton, Wash. 

Richards, James Richard D 

Richardson, Leon Franklin Terrill, Iowa 

Rider, Albert Sparr Flandeau, S. Dak. 

Riemens, Leonard Anthony Marinus. 

Rockefeller, Leroy D Kewanee, 111. 

Roehler, Henry D 6358 Peoria St., Chicago 

Rogers, George W 

255 W. 5th Ave., Columbus, Ohio 

Rogoff, Herman M..115 Orange, Cleveland, Ohio 

Ross, James G 580 Prairie Ave., Chicago 

Rowell, Lawrence W 

1121 Masonic Temple, Chicago 

Scanlon, Maurice De Witt, Iowa 

Schultz, Walter Henry 

Schumacher, Diedrich A Aberdeen, Wash. 

Scott, Ernest Newton Hinsdale, 111. 

Scott, Harry Earl Argyle, Wis. 

Scott, James Robert Appleton, Wis. 

Senn, William N 32 N. State St., Chicago 

Shafer, John Walter Morocco, Ind. 

Shaff, John Noble Alton, Ind. 

Sheldon, Walter Hodge 

13 S. Pinckney St., Madison, Wis. 

Shellhorn, Bartlett L Peru, Neb. 

Shook, Francis James Grand Ridge, 111. 

Shuart, Charles Day Brandon, Wis. 

ihultz, Charles Ellis Schleswig, Iowa 

Segworth, Frederick Byrnes Anamosa, Iowa 

; o Simon, Benjamin Franklin 

546 Mississippi St., St. Paul, M inn. 

Simpson, Burton J..G340 S. Halsted St., Chicago 

Sjoquist, John 

Smetters, MacCormick Butte, Mont. 

Smeding, George Helenville, Wis. 

Smith, Arthur Dean Gilmanton, Wis. 

Smith, Cecil E....440 W. Harrison St., Chicago 

Smith, John Edward Clarence, Iowa 

Smith, Joseph F Wausau, Wis. 

Smith, Ralph Thaddeus. .Box 151, Deming, N. M. 

Speirs, George Omar Ellenwood, Kan. 

Stewart, Duncan Fraser Neponsett, 111. 

Stoll, Harry J Wooster, Ohic 

Stowell, Luther E Williamsford, 111. 

Stroup, Charles Clifton Bloomingt'on, 111. 

Tallman, Cameron Carpenter Fairfield, Iowa 

Thayer, Lawrence Hauthorn Buckeye, Ariz. 

Thorsgaard, Carl L 2951 N. Clark St v Chicago 

Timerman, Harris E...3175 Lincoln Ave., Chicago 

Titus, Jerome Hill Sacred Heart, Minn. 

Tolman, Everett Elmer 

Tinte, John Edward... Rockford, 111. 

Tyndale, William Robert. .. .Salt Lake City, Utah 

Van Gilder, Dell William Denver, Colo. 

Vernon, Harry Scott D 

Wakefield, Edwin Foster Chagrin Falls, Ohio 

Walker, William H.6247 Woodlawn Ave., Chicago 

Wallace, John Clifford Fort Wayne, Ind. 

Washburn, Ira Miller Rensselaer, Ind. 

Watson, Halford A.. 56 E. Van Buren St., Chicago 

Wells, Lorenzo D .Kirkersville, Ohio 

Wells, Roy Sumner Northport, Wash. 

White, Herman Alexander Clinton, Iowa 

White, Justus Vanculen Auburn, 111. 

Wilcox, Frank Leslie Walker, Minn. 

Wilcox, William Sheldon Wild Rose, Wis. 

Williams, Alex. John Racine, Wis. 

Williams, Robert Alden, Minn. 

Willis, Geo. Harcourt Winslow, 111. 

Woods, Chas. Samuels Farmersburg, Ind. 

Young, Oscar Alonzo Belle Plaine, Iowa 

Young, Russell Montague Thermopolis, Wyo. 

Zerzan, George Frank Hollyrood, Kan. 


Session began Oct. 1; ended Dec. 22. 

Andrist, James Walter West Concord, Minn. 

Betts, Charles Allen Seattle, Wash. 

Conaway, Aaron Clyde Marshalltown, Iowa 

Cossairt, William Santford Potomac, 111. 

Crum, Philip Alfred. 3304 Humboldt Ave., Chicago 

Jenkins, Charles Edwin Brookfield, Mo. 

Jones, Howard Gwynf el 

Kelly, James William 

Miller, John Anthony Loda, 111. 

Rathert, Edward Theodore : . . .Tigerton, Wis. 

Souder, Ralph Witt 

Swedenburg, Francis Gustavus Ashland, Ore. 

Session began Jan. 2; ended March 23 

Bentley, Frederick James Danforth, 111. 

Botsford, Claude Winfield 

The Hyson, Tacoma, Wash. 

Cragin, Henry B., Jr San Francisco, Cal. 

Liliencrantz, Guv H Oakland, Cal. 

Murray, Alfred Nicholas, 32 N. State St., Chicago 

Robbins, Charles S 1304 Diversey St., Chicago 

Soper, Alex. C, Jr.. 4557 Evanston Ave., Chicago 

Session began April 1; ended June 21 
Adair, Fred L 

...1037 Andrus Bldg., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Adams, George Sheldon Yankton, S. Dak. 

Alford, Edward T Waterloo, Iowa 



Arzt, Herbert Lloyd ...Jackson, Minn. 

Ashcroft, Felix Edward Deadwood, S. Dak. 

Avey, Oliver H Payette, Idaho 

Avery, Wilbur Minor Paw Paw, 111. 

Baker, Ernest Sumner Lafayette, Ind. 

Baumgartner, Moses Milton ..Freeport, 111. 

Beise, Rudolph Arthur Brainerd, Minn. 

Bellows, William Samuel Waukegan, 111. 

Biggar, James Henry, Jr Manila, P. Is. 

Blacklock, Samuel Scott Hibbing, Minn. 

Blatherwick, Wilfred Edwin Nashua, Iowa 

Book, Noah L Stockton, Kan. 

Bowen, Frederick Stuber Woodburn, Iowa 

Bower, Raymond Elmer 

182 E. 2d St., Chillicothe, Ohio 

Boyd, David Hugh Mcllrath. . . ..McAlister, Ariz. 

Boyd, Frank Putnam Paxton, 111. 

Breaks, Luther Zwingli Terre Haute, Ind. 

Briggs, Stanley Jerome Sun Prairie, Wis. 

Broderick, David Edward 

2931 Forest Ave., Kansas City, Mo. 

Brown, Oran A 7079 Harrison, Chicago 

Brundage, Myron Shelley, Idaho 

Bryant, William Vilas Edgerton, Wis. 

Bunker, Ernest Isaiah Calumetville, Wis. 

Burnap, Willard Lathrop. . .Pelican Rapids, Minn. 

Carney, Edward John Durand, Mich. 

Carter, Joseph J St. Joseph, Mo. 

Chenoweth, Oscar. Otterbein, Ind. 

Cleff, Oscar 31 N. State St., Chicago 

Costello, Charles A.. 4255 Indiana Ave., Chicago 

Crow, John S 6700 Green St., Chicago 

Crow, John Hall Virginia, Minn. 

Darrow, Edward Superior, Wis. 

DeMott, Chester Wilmot Independence, Kan. 

Dickerson, Spencer Cornelius 

3101 S. State St., Chicago 

Donnelly, James Edmund Terre Haute, Ind. 

Dubs, Jesse James. 

Durkee, Alvaro C Pontiac, 111. 

Early, Charles Dewitt Peoria, 111. 

Early, Ralph Orr Buxton, Iowa 

Echols, Chester Madison 

603 Milwaukee St., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Eckdall, Frank Albert Emporia, Kan. 

Edwards, Frank Hiram.. Evanston, 111. 

Egan, Gregory Joseph La Crosse, Wis. 

Eignus, William T D 

Enochs, Edward Lincoln Topeka, Kan. 

Ernst, George Reginald 

420 11th Ave., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Farnum, Charles George Peoria, 111. 

Fisher, Frederick A 

1609 E. Fullerton Ave., Chicago 

Fisher, Jacob G ...Danville, 111. 

Fisher, Martin Henry Cincinnati, Ohio 

Forzley, M'ulheim Abraham 

Fox, John S Silverton, Colo. 

Francis, Lee Mastin Buffalo, N. Y. 

Franklin, Isaac J. D 

...1761 W. Division St., Chicago 

FYazier, Harold L 

3652 W. Irving Park Blvd., Chicago 

Freeman, William Mostyn. North Crystal Lake, 111. 

Frisbie, Charles Biglow Portland, Ore. 

Fritsche, Alvin Gustave Greenleaf , Wis. 

Garlock, Lewis Franklin Racine, Wis. 

Garvy, Andrew C 1104 Wilson Ave., Chicago 

Gething, Joseph Wesley Battle Creek, Mich. 

Ghents, Monroe M Hibbing, Minn. 

Gleason, Charles Mills 

809 York St., Manitowoc, Wis. 

Gosling, John Anthony Tiffin, Ohio 

Gould, Charles Webster, Jr 

1426 Carroll St., St. Louis, Mo. 

Greeley, Paul Eber Norman Waterman, 111. 

Green, Morton Kay Mendota, Wis. 

Griffin, William J.. St. Elizabeth's Hosp., Chicago' 

Gulick, Walter Vose Oronoco, Minn. 

Haney, William Porter 

Havens, Albert ." New Philadelphia, 111. 

Heffernan, Michael Thomas Decatur, 111. 

Hemingway, Willoughby Anson 

444 N. Oak Park Ave., Oak Park, 111. 

Henry, Charles Augustus Fostoria, Ohio 

Hill, Matthew M' Winfield, Kan. 

Hinshaw, Otis Walter Lynn, Ind. 

Hubbard, Frank LeRoy Spokane, Wash. 

Hubbard, William Marvin.... Oklahoma, Okla. 

Johnson, Abel W 

710 14th St., San Francisco, Cal. 

Johnson, Arthur Clark , 

2009 Pacific Ave., Spokane, Wash. 

Johnson, George Monroe. ... .Marshalltown, Iowa 
Jones, Noble Wiley. Corbett Bldg., Portland, Ore. 

Raster, Thomas J 1205 S. State St., Chicago 

Kelley, Thomas Jefferson Burlington, Iowa 

Kinsell, Benjamin ...Dallas, Texas 

Kirtley, Charles Luther Challis, Idaho 

Klingberg, William August Elmo, Kan. 

Knapp, Bleeker James.... Evansville, Ind.i 

Lambert, Fred Ernest Des Moines, Iowa 

Lamerton, William Edward Enid, Okla.i 

Lamping, Thomas James Moline, 111. 

Landauer, Seward L Danville, 111. 

Lathrop, Homer Riale Casper, Wyo. 

Lavin, John M 959 Webster Ave., Chicago 

Leach, Roy B Joliet, 111 

Lees, Alfred Tennyson Whitefish, Mont. 

Lilly, Coral A , 

253 Commercial St., Atchison, Kan 

Lind, Carl Olander.516 Eitel Bldg., Seattle, Wash. 

Linehan, Charles Mathias Dubuque, Iowa 

Link, Francis Marion Paris, 111. 

Lloyd, Claud Allen .....Springfield, 111. 

Loomis, Charles Henry Clinton, Kan. 

Luckey, George Miller Shellsburg, Iowa 

MacDonald, John Alexander 

MacKenzie, Duncan Stuart Havre, Mont. 

Mahony, James B 

48th St. and Prairie Ave., Chicago 

M'arquardt, Edward William. ... .Bensenville, 111. 
McBride, William L 

Bryant Bldg. , Kansas City, Mo. 

McCamish, Edward Wallace Mineola, Texas 

McCarthy, Thomas Henry Janesville, Wis. 

McCaw, John Alexander Herscher, 111, 

McLean, Chas. Raymond Koloa, Hawaiian Is. 

McMurry, Marvin Caldwell Paris, Mo. 

Metzger, Jeremiah Herman Toledo, Ohic 

Monroe, Duncan Daniel Hil-lrose, Colo. 

Morris, Arthur St. Clair, Jr 

Morrow, Hamilton Nesbit Tekamah, Neb, 

Mustard, John Howard 

Nash, Edwin Nelson Galesburg, 111. 

O'Dwyer, William Montello, Wis, 

Ohlmacher, Joseph C 

State Hospital, Independence, Iowa 

Oliver, Paul 1605 W. Van Buren St., Chicago 

Olsen, Otto Rangvald St. Charles, Minn. 

O'Malley, Patrick Henry Chinook, Mont. 

Otradovek, Joseph H. M. .7235 Union St., Chicagc 

O verholser, John D L 

Owen, Roy La Fayette.. 725 W. 43d St., Chicagc 

Pangburn, Harry Keep Dawson, N. M. 

Park, Benjamin Franklin Lincoln, Neb. 

Patton, Fred Pascoe Glencoe, 111 

Pence, Roy William Balfour, N. Dak. 

Petit, Gilman Wilbur 7 Madison St., Chicagc 

Petrovitsky, John Carlos Cedar Rapids, Iowa 

Pittman, James Harry Camp Point, 111. 

Pixley, Charles Missoula, Mont. 

Porter, Robert Henry 

Porter, William Arthur 

3134 Jackson Blvd., Chicagc 

Portis, Moses M...122 S. Michigan Ave., Chicagc 



Potter, George Washington Redfield, S. Dak. 

Putman, Ola Marceline, Mo. 

Rayner, Herbert Wollesley What Cheer, Iowa 

Read, Charles Francis Geneva, 111. 

Rentz, Charles B Sanborn, Iowa 

Richards, Raymond George St.' David, 111. 

Risley, Chester Howard Cameron, Mo. 

Roach, James J... 317 W. Garfield Blvd., Chicago 

Rogers, Roy Francis Shelby ville, 111. 

Ross, Moses Hodge Los Angeles 

Runkle, Herman Abraham Lowden, Iowa 

Russell, S. Frank Macomb, 111. 

Rutherford, Leslie 100 State St., Chicago 

Sandbo, Thoralf Olai 

Schmitt, Samuel Christian Blue Earth, Minn. 

Schroeder, Arthur G 

3957 N. Ashland Ave., Chicago 

Schroeder, William 

Sidle, Charles Darwin Van Wert, Ohio 

Slayton, Frederic Hosea Morenci, Ariz. 

Smith, John L 188 N. Clark St., Chicago 

Sonnenschein, Robert.. 29 E. Madison St., Chicago 

Sternberg, Joseph D Portland, Ore. 

Stinson, Bert Landon 

Storie, David Quincy, Jr 

Strauss, Frederick Bismarck. .Glen Ullin, N. Dak. 
Stumm, Thomas W....Cook Co. Hospital, Chicago 

Swezey, Harry Newton 

Tobin, John Robert Elgin, 111. 

Trapp, Albert Rubby.l07y 2 N. 54th Springfield, 111. 

Trankle, Herbert Milo Bloomer, Wis. 

Trommald, Gunder Theodoric Portland, Ore. 

Tubbs, Ray Burney Emerson, Iowa 

Tucker, Francis Fisher 

Pang Chuang, Tientsin, China 

Vehren, Wilbur Andrew 

Uppendahl, William John Peoria, 111. 

Van Kirk, Frank W..3564 Grand Blvd., Chicago 
Vaughan, Herbert G 

306 N. Cuyler Ave., Oak Park, 111. 

Weible, Ralph Emerson Fargo, N. Dak. 

West, Claudius Wilson Edgemont, Nev. 

Wherrv, William Buchanan Anaconda, Mont. 

White', Carlos M....1152 E. 14th, Oakland, Cal. 

Whitsett, Wilson Henry Danforth, 111. 

Wilder, Loren.... 7 W. Madison St., Chicago 

Wilkinson, Hugh Kansas City, Kan. 

Williams, Frank Spalding Chapman, Kan. 

Wood, Frank M., Jr Franklin, Ohio 

Woodruff, Claud Whiting... Chatfield, Minn. 

Wright, William Albert Pocatello, Idaho 

Zaun, Jacob Joseph 

441 Virginia Ave. , St. Paul, Minn. 

Zaun, John Joseph Raymond, Wis. 

Session began July 1; ended Sept. 21 

Barnebee, James William.. ....Fulton, Mich. 

Covert, Orra Fernando Moundsville, W. Va. 

Crawford, James Harry Castlewood, S. Dak. 

Davidson, Eric Adolphus. .868 Osgood St., Chicago 

Ewers, Joseph Bernard 

Hardie, Robert 120 De Kalb St., Chicago 

Hoffman, Clyde B Kent, Wash. 

Keller, Alvin Cardiff, 111. 

Leeper, David D Barada, Neb. 

Lyon, John B 171 Washington St., Chicago 

Perkins, Ernest Delia.... 459 W. 62d St., Chicago 

Weber, Hymen Lawrence Springville, N. Y. 

Weber, Siewart Jacob Davenport, Iowa 

Wine, Jacob W 298 Webster Ave., Chicago 

Session began Oct. 1; ended Dec. 21 

Hinde, John Ross Lewiston, 111. 

Littig, John Vincent Davenport, Iowa 

Luton, Lionel Sinclair 

1023 N. Grand Ave., St. Louis 

Rasmusson, Frederick Paris Kathryn, N. Dak. 

Schneider, Leo Elmer Oregon, 111. 

Slevin, Richard Spaulding Peoria, 111. 

Tooker, Robert Newton 


Session began Jan. 2; ended March 22 

Ansley, Robert. Indiana Harbor, Ind. 

Bailey, Harry Brawley 

Benson, Otis Otto Tower, Minn. 

Converse, Elliot Vanveltner Palestine, Texas 

Cox, Roy H 1005 N. Clark St., Chicago 

Daniels, Charles Edward Waukegan, 111. 

Evers, John Fayette, Ohio 

Malkin, Max... 1259 W. 12th St.,- Chicago 

McCauley, Charles Edward Aberdeen, S. Dak. 

Nicholson, James M..5555 Evanston Ave., Chieago 

Sheets, Horace H 

Van Nuys, Walter Crowe 

State Hospital, Topeka, Kan. 


Session began April 1; ended June 18 
Adams, James L. ...... .Baptist Hospital, Chicago 

Aikens, Cullen Perry 

Allen, George Stuart ..Mackinaw, 111. 

Allen, Harry Sheldon New Boston, 111. 

Anderson, John Milton.... Pleasant Hill, Mo. 

Ball, William Reaves Mitchell, S. Dak. 

Barber, John R...Marquam Bldg., Portland, Ore. 

Barlow, Thomas Howell Gridley, 111. 

Barnebee, James Hosea Vicksburg, Mich. 

Barrett, Charles Cyrus Princeton, 111. 

Barry, Howard Jerome Sun Prairie, Wis. 

Barry, Russell T 429 E. Huron St., Chicago 

Bath, Dane H Oshkosh, Wis. 

Bawden, Frank Clare Atlanta, 111. 

Baxter, Thomas Leland Lafayette, Ohio 

Beeson, John Bradley ...... .Livingston, Mont. 

Benjamin, Ralph Linwood St. Ann, 111. 

Benson, Adelbert H... Sheridan, Wyo. 

Bernhardi, Carl Oscar.. 214 19th, Rock Island, 111. 

Bessette, Adelard Elphige San Marcial, N. M. 

Blakesley, Theodore Seward Kansas City, Mo. 

Blatchford, Francis Wickes. Winnetka, 111. 

Boatman, Harry F Los Angeles 

Bostwick, James Grimes.... Mishavvaka, Ind. 

Briggs, Carl Francis ..Sullivan, Ind. 

Brower, Daniel R. , Jr. 

1622 W. Jackson Blvd., Chicago 

Brown, Charles Percy. .El Paso, Texas 

Bruce, John P D 

Buckland, Ralph Hale... Green Lake, Wis. 

Burke, Walter Henry A Prairieburg, Iowa 

Campbell, Charles S Coffeyville, Kan. 

Carnelly, James Henry...... Kokomo, Ind. 

Carney, John Robert Pyrmont, Ind. 

Clough, Francis Edgar Lead, S. Dak. 

Colwell, John B Cook Co. Hospital, Chicago 

Cornish, Edwin Joseph Dunsmuir, Cai. 

Coverdale, Earl Gilbert Decatur, Ind. 

Dally, Harry Homer Surdner, Colo. 

Darby, George Surtzer Brodhead, Wis. 

Davies, Charles G Blue Island, 111. 

Davies, Howell E D 

Davis, John Westby Defiance, Ohio 

Dolan, William Grange Cloquet, Minn. 

Donlon, William J Swedesburg, Iowa 

Dunlap, Robert E Portland, Ore. 

Dunn, Arthur D..303 McGuage Bldg., Omaha, Neb. 

Eickelberg, Fred August Reeseville, Wis. 

Elfrink, Benjamin Franklin Chenoa, 111. 

Emley, Samuel C Wichita, Kan. 

Everly, Walter 

Falker, William H 1041 E. 63d St., Chicago 

Fithian, George Rolland Newton, 111. 

Fitzmaurice, Edward S Mohall, N. Dak. 



Fletcher, Frank Drennan Chatham, 111. 

Foat, John Samuel Ripon, Wis. 

Fowler, James Harmon Lancaster, Wis. 

Fox, Philip Angus Milwaukee, Wis. 

Frye, Clarence Maxfield Rock Falls, 111. 

Frick, John Merl Toledo, Ohio 

Fuller, Spencer Samuel Paxton, 111. 

Gardner, Cyrus Alvin Kendallville, Ind. 

Gay, Robert J 2900 Indiana Ave., Chicago 

Gleason, William T Ely, Nev. 

Gleeson, Benjamin Danville, 111. 

Goldberg, Joseph B..1255 S. Halsted St., Chicago 

Good, Robert H 7 W. Madison St., Chicago 

Grady, William P 

6559 Cottage Grove Ave., Chicago 

Graham, John A 32 N. State St., Chicago 

Greenbaum, Frederick 

5858 S. Halsted St., Chicago 

Gullixson, Andrew Bricelyn, Minn. 

Hamil, Ralph C..15 E. Washington St., Chicago 

Hamley, Eugene C Sprague, Wash. 

Harris, Clinton Ephriam Grinnell, Iowa 

Harrold, Edwin Orren Marion, Ind. 

Hastings, John Charles Alta Vista, Iowa 

Helton, Alfred J North Yakima, Wash. 

Hogan, John Martin Oshkosh, Wis. 

Hoiby, Charles 2500 Kedzie Blvd., Chicago 

Holinger, Otto .64 W. Randolph St., Chicago 

Hopkins, Edward Howard Hillyard, Wash. 

Houlihan, Thomas J Ida Grove, Iowa 

Hoyt, Doc C 66 Eugenie St., Chicago 

Hughes, Lawrence Jesse ..Elgin, 111. 

Huizenga, Richard Rock Valley, Iowa 

Hulburt, Charles D..798 Jackson Blvd., Chicago 
Jackson, Gustavus B 

708 Indian Pythian Bldg., Indianapolis, Ind. 
Jameson, Curtiss N 

.77 Jefferson Ave., Rochester, N. Y. 

Johnson, Arnold Edwin Red Wing, Minn. 

Johnson, David Powell 

Johnson, Henry Benton Pomona, Kan. 

Kalayjian, Dikran Sarkis Parker, S. Dak. 

Kennett, George Hempstead 

Kieffer, Edward J 125 S. Avers Ave., Chicago 

Kierland, Peter E Mahonomen, Minn. 

Kistner, John AVesley Elkhart, Ind. 

Kremer, John Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Ladwig, Walter Alvin Edgar, Wis. 

Lake, George Burt Silas Gto, Mexico 

Lakemeyer, Adolph W 

2359 W. North Ave., Chicago 

Larsen, Ralph L......449 Webster Ave., Chicago 

Lewison, Eli Toronto, S. Dak. 

Lincoln, Simon E. . . Augustana Hospital, Chicago 

Little, Wilbur Grant Sanborn, Iowa 

Luhman, Frederick Walter .Tisch Mills, Wis. 

Maple, James Brian Shelburn, Ind. 

Matthei, Philip C 3303 N. Clark St., Chicago 

McCarthy, Harry H 

Traders Bldg., Spokane, Wash. 

McCaughey, Robert S Hoopeston, 111. 

McDonough, William Connely.. 

603 Kansas Ave. , Topeka, Kan. 

McGovern, James Eugene Potosi, Wis. 

Mclntyre, Edward Hubert Minneapolis, Minn. 

McKirahan, Josiah Ralph Minden, Neb. 

McManns, William Francis Ellendale, N. Dak. 

Meissner, Carl Herbert 

Merritt, Walter Dwight Janesville, Wis. 

Michell, George Washington 

106 N. Glen Oak, Peoria, 111. 

Miller, George De Vere Cadillac, Mich. 

Morris, Remus Cook Fort Atkinson, Wis. 

Morse, Samuel Smith Fond du Lac, Wis. 

Mueller, Edward William 

3401 Southport Ave. , Chicago 

Nadeau, Alexandre Thomas 

1103 Main St., Marinette, Wis. 

Naramore, Hal Sherman Elk City, Idaho 

Olson, Oscar Carl Groton, S. Dak. 

Osborne, John William ....Farmer City, 111. 

Pearsoll, Robert P. .Presbyterian Hosp., Chicago 

Peppier, Julius Frederick Byron Center, Mich. 

Phillips, Clark Ernest 

Porterfield, William L 

5403 S. Ashland Ave., Chicago 

Potthoff, Ernest William 

1137 S. Austin Ave., Chicago 

Prasch, Herbert F D 

Pugh, Florian Harrison Williamsport, Ind. 

Ramsey, James Wilson Aledo, 111 

Rhodes, Walter R... Toledo, 111. 

Richards, Clarence Alfred Oshkosh, Wis. 

Richfort, William O..5058 S. Halsted St., Chicago 

Robinson, Frank C Walla Walla, Wash. 

Roost, Frederick H..512 4th St., Sioux City, Iowa 
Ruschaupt, Louis E...863 3d St., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Schmidt, Ernest Simon Starr Green Bay, Wis. 

Schmitt, Aaron Franklin Mankato, Minn. 

Schultz, Jalbert Emmons, Minn. 

Schurmeier, Frederick Conrad 

480 Columbus Ave., Elgin, 111. 

Schwendener, John E Milwaukee, Wis. 

Scott, Russell Fanning ....Kokomo, Ind. 

Shaw, Archibald Otis Ashland, Wis. 

Sheldon, Benjamin L 

318 3d Ave., Cedar Rapids, Iowa 

Sheldon, Stuart Harris 

580 22d St., Portland, Ore. 

Sim, Wm. Alexander, Jr Golconda, 111. 

Slusser, Carl Wilson 

Sokol, John M Spencer, Iowa 

Sonnenschein, Joseph B..108 N. State St., Chicago 
Spangenburg, Wm. C 

1032 Diversey Parkway. Chicago 

Spaulding, Wm. Folsom Kersey, Colo. 

Spengler, Albert C 2046 Ewing PI., Chicago 

Spurgeon, Orville Elmer Muncie, Ind. 

Sweet, Robert Ballantine Los Angeles 

Taylor, William H Youngstown, Ohio 

Thayer, Marion N Linton, Ind. 

Tidd, Ralph M Clark, Pa. 

Tipton, Samuel Patterson Dallas, Texas 

Tormey, Thomas W Madison, Wis. 

Vinson, Harry Warren 

Court Park Bldg., Ottumwa, Iowa 

Wahrer, Carl W. .Presbyterian Hospital, Chicago 

Wallis, Frank Calvin Maryville, Mo. 

Warren, Basil Augustine ...Eaton, Colo. 

Waugh, Clifton Michael Tarkio, Mo. 

Weber, Ernest Owen Wahoo, Neb. 

Welsh, Joseph Michael Madison Wis. 

Wenglesky, Julius Fernan 

. ." St. Mary Hill, Milwaukee, Wis. 

Wernham, James Ingersoll Marengo, 111. 

West, John C Batavia, 111. 

Wherritt, David H 32 N. State St., Chicago 

White, Arthur Weaver Paxton, 111. 

Wood, Cortez B El Dorado, Kan. 

Wood, Ernest 4120 W. Congress St., Chicago 

Woodyatt, Rollin T..Rush Med. College, Chicago 

Yates, Walter Wilson Topeka, Kan. 

Young, John Wray Hutchinson, Kan. 


Session began June 19; ended August 30 

Benham, Roy Hershel 

Benson, John Paul Joliet, 111. 

Collins, James P.. 1151 W. Garfield Blvd., Chicago 

Edgar, Nelson Holstein, Iowa 

Gates, Eugene Two Rivers, Wis. 

Grosser, Edward William 

1757 W. Chicago Ave., Chicago 

Grosvernor, Lorenzo Nelson 

15 E. Washington St., Chicago 



Harris, Oscar Porter Mendota, 111. 

Iddings, Howard Wiley 

McCoy, John Hamilton St. Joseph, Mo. 

Meade, Frank Keith Woodston, Kan. 

Merriman, James Anthony 

Quick, Edward William 

Roseno w, Edward C 

1225 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago 

Shaw, Harry, 

Swogger, Laurence Lonzo New. Bedford, Pa. 

Sykes, D. Roy Wilkinson Hamburg, Iowa 

Tyrrell, John Boyd Alta, Iowa 

Vork, John Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Yoder, Albert Christian 

120 W. Lincoln Ave., Goshen, Ind. 


Session began Oct. 1; ended Dec. 20 

Quigley, Daniel Thomas North Platte, Neb. 

Ross, William Grant Kempton, 111. 


Session began Jan. 2; ended March 21 

Bilsborrow, George Burton Yuma, Colo. 

Bosenbury, Charles Searles South Bend, Ind. 

Carlson, Carl Wilhelm Woodhull, 111. 

Chapin, Gardner Spring Winside, Neb. 

Clarke, George M..3857 Vincennes Ave., Chicago 

Darmer, George Alexander Woodstock, 111. 

Ellison, Gayf ree Oklahoma City, Okla. 

Ford, William Brown Norwalk, Wis. 

Getz, Nathan Worley Marshalltown, Iowa 

Gordon, John B Shawano, Wis. 

Huckin, William Wasco, Ore. 

Jackson, Josephine Agnes Pasadena, Cal. 

Kinnaman, Guy C 684 Adams St., Chicago 

Livermore, Walter Henry Polo, 111. 

Maginn, Edward F 804 Jackson Blvd., Chicago 

Parish, Ira Frank Grinnell, Iowa 

Reinhard, Hans A.. 2519 Cedar, Milwaukee, Wis. 
Rowan, Edward J 372 W. Adams St., Chicago 


Session began April 1; ended June 17 

Anderson, George Minor Pleasant Hill, Mo. 

Andersen, William J 

2303 Milwaukee Ave., Chicago 

Baldwin, Floyd McKennan Redfield, S. Dak. 

Baldwin, Thomas Chenoweth.Port Orchard, Wash. 

Baker, Clark Dyer Los Angeles 

Bardsley, William James Park City, Utah 

Barnes, Herbert T Pewaukee, Wis 

Bauder, George Washington 

City Hospital, Harrisburg, Pa. 

Beall, Leon Frank Irene, S. Dak. 

Bear, Wilson Grant Monroe, Wis. 

Behrentz, Olav S Chosam, Honan, China 

Berry, William Albert 7916 S. Halsted, Chicago 

Biedenkopf, Christian John Union City, Okla. 

Blake, Joseph Michael 7 W. Madison, Chicago 

Block, Leon 32 N. State, Chicago 

Bowers, Arthur Stephen Orient, la. 

Bowes, Leon Maurice 6031 Circle Ave., Chicago 

Bridgman, John C Radcliffe, la. 

Briggs, Jesse Howard Cherubusco, Ind. 

Britell, Oley Alphonso St. Edwards, Neb. 

Brockway, Walter Scott Minneapolis, Minn. 

Brown, Royal Oscar Forreston, 111. 

Bruggeman, Henry Otto Logansport, Ind. 

Burrell, Paul Julien Freeport, 111. 

Burt, Russell Ross 

Moore Bldg., San Antonio, Tex. 

Calderwood, William Robert 

Salt Lake City, Utah 

Campbell, Alpha John Boulder, Colo. 

Clancy, Eugene G 2035 Kendall St., Chicago 

Clark, Dwight F Evanston, 111. 

Clark, Wm. Albert, Jr Volant, Pa. 

Cole, Thomas Oliver 

1004 Walton Ave., Spokane, Wash. 

Cooper, Olen Roy R. F. D. 1, Bedford, Mich. 

Corey, Frederick J 7701 Normal Ave., Chicago 

Darst, John Wynnewood, Okla. 

Dart, Ralph Rock Island, 111. 

Daur, Adam J Delphos, Ohio 

Davis, Carl B 32 N. State, Chicago 

Delaney, Henry Oscar Beloit, Wis. 

Dent, Francis Edward Seattle, Wash. 

De Pree, Seine Bolks Sioux Center, la. 

Derbyshire, John Emerson Van Buren, Ind. 

Devine, Clark Bailey Marshall, Wis. 

Dewey, James Edwin 

961 N. Jefferson, Springfield, Mo. 

Dirks, Charles B Elgin, 111. 

Dreyer, John W Aurora, 111. 

Duane, Joseph Francis. Woolner Bldg., Peoria, 111. 

Ecke, Arnim C. R 748 N. State, Chicago 

Eikenbary, Charles Franklin Eaton, Ohio 

Fehring, William B.104 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago 
Ferguson, Ralph Ray.. 3923 N. 42d Ave., Chicago 

Fick, Edward P Alaska Bldg., Seattle, Wash. 

Fields, Robert B Laporte City, la. 

Fischer, Herman Morrisville, Wis. 

Fitzpatrick, Martin William' 

Title and Trust Bldg., Decatur, 111. 

Fleming, Claude Fillmore Elkhart, Ind. 

Fleming, James L..3756 W. Chicago Ave., Chicago 

Freeman, William Lafayette Foley, Minn. 

Fullenwider, Charles M Muskogee, Okla. 

Funck, George W 2601 Prairie Ave., Chicago 

Ganzevoort, Andrew. 11054 Michigan Ave., Chicago 

Gordon, Wm. A St. Luke's Hospital, Chicago 

Gorr, Charles W.. 605 Belmont Ave., Chicago 

Greig, Thomas O West Chicago, 111. 

Harcker, Theodore C..2097 W. 12th St., Chicago 

Hagen, Henry Otto New Richland, Minn. 

Hamman, Amos F Long Beach, Calif. 

Hanson, Halvor C 1400 W. Erie, Chicago 

Harding, George Forstner Salt Lake City, Utah 

Harter, Randolph Samuel Schoolcraft, Mich. 

Hilton, David Clark Lincoln, Neb. 

Honaker, George Thomas.. 1526 W. 103d, Chicago 
Howe, Spencer S Ills. Eye and Ear 

Infirmary, Adams and Peoria, Sts., Chicago 

Huey, Walter B El Campo, Tex. 

Jackson, John Bert Kalamazoo, Mich. 

Jacobs, Edward H San Antonio, Tex. 

Jacobs, Leon Chin Lee, Ariz. 

Jacobson, Louis Christian Sheridan, Mich. 

Janson, Sara A 29 E. Madison, Chicago 

Jones, Susan 719 Villa St., Racine, Wis. 

Jonkers, Henry L Winnipeg, Man. 

Kariher, Harry Cullen Champaign, 111. 

Keenan, Harry A Stoughton, Wis. 

Keith, Ora Dell Driggs, Ida. 

Keller, Simon C Sauk City, Wis. 

Kelley, Thomas Henry.... 32 N. State St., Chicago 

Kelsey, Arthur Jonas Monterey, Ind. 

Kittoe, Richard D 1638 W. Harrison, Chicago 

Koltes, Frank Xavier 

..U. S. Naval Training Sta., Lake Bluff, 111. 
Krieger, Wilhelm Emil.1859 Warren Ave., Chicago 

Laker, Lashbrook B Eureka, Utah 

Law, Edward Frederick Weston, 111. 

Lewis, Claude B St. Cloud, Minn. 

Line, Josephine A . . . , Hiram, Ohio 

Lund, Nels James. .Keystone Blk., Superior, Wis. 

Lupton, Ernest A Minneapolis, Minn. 

Lurie, William A 2900 W. 22d, Chicago 

Manson, Almon Augustus 1601 W. 63d, Chicago 

Marchildon, John W 

2254 S. Vanderventer St., St. Louis, Mo. 

Martin, Loran Marshall Sioux City, la. 

Matthews, John Bell Moscow, Ida. 



Mcintosh, Oliver Allen Pleasant Plains, 111. 

McKenna, C. Hugh 32 N. State, Chicago 

McNeill, Samuel J 4707 N. Paulina, Chicago 

Miller, George P 1501 W. 12th, Chicago 

Miltimore, Ira •. 

Chicago Steel Works Hospital, Chicago 

Mitchell, Esther Shawnee, Okla. 

Mitchell, William J 7233 Perry Ave., Chicago 

Moffett, Harry Crandall Clinton, la. 

Montgomery, John Solomon Milan, Mo. 

Mortensen, William Soren Palms, Calif. 

Mraz, John Z 

Mullanv, Thomas James Waterloo, la. 

Newcomber, Lloyd E Mason City, la. 

Novak, Charles E Humboldt, Neb. 

Noyes, George Burton Oshkosh, Wis. 

Oberembt, Bernard H...„... .Waunakee, Wis. 

O'Brien, Charles L..1539 W. Congress, Chicago 

Olson, Orville Augustus Axtell, Neb. 

Palmer, Adelbert Lee Logansport, Ind. 

Palmer, Don Henry Portland, Ore. 

Panushka, Paul Wright.. 

Parsche, Thomas W.3743 Pine Grove Ave., Chicago 

Peairs, Ralph Plummer Normal, 111. 

Perkins, Stanley Reuben , 

5923 Wentworth Ave., Chicago 

Piasecki, Caroline Dorothea St. Paul, Neb. 

Pohl, Carl Matthias 

5803 W. Chicago Ave., Chicago 

Polkey, Hugh James 1128 Argyle Ave., Chicago 

Rea, Robert Homer 153 N. State, Chicago 

Reeder, William George Tipton, la. 

Rehling, William B D 

Reppert, Philip Arthur.. Burlington, la. 

Ritchey, John Paul Townsend, Mont. 

Roark, Burchard H 

Milwaukee Hosp. , Milwaukee, Wis. 

Robb, James B. . ... ...Cook Co. Hosp., Chicago 

Roberts, John Alvin Portage, Wis. 

Roehow, Carl J. F State Hospital, Lincoln, 111. 

Ruediger, Ernest Henry 

. .Bureau of Govt. Laboratory, Manila, P. I. 
Ruediger, Gustav Ferdinand. .University N. Dak. 

Rugh, Ralph Elliott Lake Geneva, Wis. 

Cato, Kazue 

Schoen, Roland Eugene ...Mayville, Wis. 

Scouller, John D., Jr Pontiac, 111. 

Scullin, Charles E 1329 S. Adams', Peoria, 111. 

Shawen, Charles Edmund 

Shawgo, Kirk Quincy, 111. 

Sherman, Adam Edward Aurora, 111. 

Siefert, Carl Fred 

1488 Green Bay Ave., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Slepicka, Joseph Frank 

Sloo, Milo Goss 436 Oakley Boul., Chicago 

Smith, Robt. Abercrombie.29 E. Madison, Chicago 

Snyder, Henry Galew Seneca, Kan. 

Southworth, Benj. Harry Schoolcraft, Mich. 

Spicer, Clinton Elbert Dazey, N. D. 

Stephenson, Robt. & Becket 

St. Elizabeth's Hosp., Chicago 

Steven, George Rochester, Minn. 

Storey, Carroll Lawrence Hay ward, Wis. 

Strand, Benjamin F San Francisco, Calif. 

Stratford, William H 

163 W. 80th, New York, N. Y. 

Swisher, Thomas J Rawlins, Wyo. 

Taylor, Charles Henry Wolcottville, Ind. 

Taylor, Edward D Woodhull, 111. 

Tholen, Emil Francis - Tropica, Calif. 

Thompson, Elmer Harmon Burbank, Calif. 

Thomson, Thomas Weston Knoxville, 111. 

Tuffley, Frank Sylvester Livingston, Wis. 

Tunnicliff, Ruth.. 6018 Stony Island Ave., Chicago 

Ury, John Busby 514, 3d St., Defiance, Ohio 

Van Cott, Ernest Salt Lake City, Utah 

Van Cott, Harold Bountiful, Utah 

Van Dyke, John Henry Alexandria, Minn. 

Vogel, Joseph Herman New Ulm, Minn. 

Walpert, Bernard E 

8747 Commercial Ave. , Chicago 

Ward, George A 14 W. Washington, Chicago 

Weiss, John Michael Everist, la. 

Wertman, Harry Jacobs Milford, Neb. 

Whare, George Bartholomew 

Wolf, Herman Emil La Crosse, Wis. 

Worley, Robert Edwin China(?) 

Young Eugene Yetman Mansfield, 111. 

Zelezny, Otillie 3856 W. 26th, Chicago 


Session began June 18; ended Sept. 2. 
Bergstrom, Victoria Calla A 

5357 N. Clark St., Chicago 

Blatt, Maurice Lamm 32 N. State, Chicago 

Bradley, Edwin Bruce 

Clapp, Fred Raymon Ligonier, Ind. 

Darroch, Samuel Chambers Cayuga, Ind. 

Davis, David J 1541 E. 61st, Chicago 

Foreman, Brady H Tacoma, Wash. 

Hill, Earl Vernon 1557 Madison, Chicago 

Huntoon, De Witt Clinton Waterloo, la. 

John, Findley D 32 N. State, Chicago 

Johnson , Carl Emanuel 

..150 Cathedral Ave., Winnepeg, Man., Can. 
Keating, Robt. Emmett 

15 E. Washington, Chicago 

Koerper, Peter J Wilmette, 111. 

Lane, Robert N 174 E. Chicago Ave., Chicago 

McCusker, Clarence Joseph 

1003 Corbett Bldg., Portland, Ore. 

McShane, John J 615 State, Madison, Wis. 

Schwuchow, Walter Bernard Princeton, 111. 

Shapiro, Hyman B 1000 S. Paulina, Chicago 

Viers, John Wesley. 600 Blue Island Ave., Chicago 

Weber, Albert Andrew Jackson, Mich. 

Yeck, Fritz C 3263 Ogden Ave., Chicago 


Session began Oct. 1; ended Dec. 19. 

Blumer, Edward Monticello, Wis. 

Burlew, Jesse M Santa Ana, Calif. 

Crabb, James Maurice 

Davis, Elmer Jones Mooreland, Ind. 

Dickey, Claude George Cambridge, la. 

Gauss, Julius H. P.. 5702 Winthrop Ave., Chicago 

Hartman, William Michael Macomb, 111. 

Hogan, Thomas A 3957 Sheridan Rd., Chicago 

Irons, Ernest E .31 N. State, Chicago 

Lester, Pliny Penn 

Lowe, Frederick McK 

2639 Prospect Ave., Kansas City, Mo. 

McClure, Frank Evans 

78 Mott Ave., Detroit, Mich. 

Miller, Daniel Burton Terre Haute, Ind. 

O'Connell, Joseph Milwaukee, Wis. 

Post, Wilbur E 122 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago 

Scheer, George Henry 

Shinnick, John Dill West Superior, Wis. 

Smedal, Greggar Madison, Wis. 

Smith, George B 

617 Surety Bldg., Los Angeles, Calif. 

Tucker, George Eugene Chicago, 111. 

Vanderhoof, Don Allison .Rockford, 111. 

Vaughan, Roger T 31 N. State, Chicago 

Session began Jan. 2; ended March 19. 

Best, Bruce Taylor Arlington Heights, 111. 

De Pew, Evarts Vaine San Antonio, Tex. 

Hedger, Caroline 7 W. Madison, Chicago 

Howell, Harry Lee Bloomington, 111. 

Jackol, John 

Kalckreuth Str. -5, Berlin W. 62, Germany 



Miller, Elsie P Boston Hospital, Boston, Mass. 

Nixon, Samuel D..6855 Wentworth Ave., Chicago 

Oosterbeck, John G 6500 S. Morgan, Chicago 

Pearson. Louis M 302 Maxwell, Chicago 

Reed, Edward N Clifton, Ariz. 

Root, William Webster Losantville, Ind. 


Session began April 1; ended June 15. 
Abelmann, Henry William 

6152 Kenmore Ave., Chicago 

Allison, Robert Seaman 

Avery, Hazen L..St. Elizabeth's Hosp., Chicago 

Baldwin, Leon Alva Sidney, la. 

Banker, Edward U 

St. Charles Hospital, Aurora, 111. 

Barclay, Charles K ■ 

St. Francis Hospital, Colorado Springs, Colo. 

Barnett, Arthur F Provident Hosp., Chicago 

Batman, Fred H St. Luke's Hosp., Chicago 

Berfield, Clyde Lafayette, 111. 

Bliss, Rodney W 230 Ashland Blvd., Chicago 

Brown, Ralph C 32 N. State, Chicago 

Bruner, Jonathan Edward 

Buckley, Edward J 4159 W. Congress, Chicago 

Butzke, John Ernest Jackson, Wis. 

Calkins, Seba Boyd.. 1858 Marion, Denver, Colo. 

Carpenter, Locke H ....Grundy Center, la. 

Cavanaugh, Thomas E 

St. Mary's Hosp., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Childs, Hal A Creston, la. 

Clark, Charles P 32 N. State, Chicago 

Clutter, Thomas Jay Atwood, Ind. 

Collins, William White Junction, 111. 

Colver, Harley R 

....Ills. Steel Co. Hospital, So. Chicago 111. 

Cramer, Jacob T Muskegon, Mich. 

Crawford, Lawrence P Triumph, 111. 

Cunningham, Orval James 

....405 Altman Bldg., Kansas City, Mo. 

Cunningham, William Jamison McClement... 

304 W. 63d St., Chicago 

Dale, William Henry Harrisburg, Ore. 

Davis, Geo. G......122 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago 

Davis, Homer J Newark, Ohio 

Dondanville, Martin S..403 15th St., Moline, 111. 
Doyle, Thomas F 

9250 Cottage Grove Ave., Chicago 

Dunn, James Newark, N. J. 

Elliott, Mabel Evelyn Dunning, 111. 

Ellsworth, Elmer Harvey Hot Springs, Ark. 

Ervin, Charles William Lincoln Neb. 

Fischer, Walter D..301 W. Chicago Ave., Chicago 

Fraunfelter, Clare Edwin Canton, Ohio 

Garrison, Frederick F..7 W. Madison, Chicago 

Garrity, James 3959 Madison, Chicago 

Gephart, Curtis H Kenosha, Wis. 

Green, Dwight Monroe Muncie, Ind. 

Harmes, Arthur Henry Knoxville, 111. 

Hatfield, Wayne Warren 

Hayden, Austin A 32 N. State, Chicago 

Hayden, John G..Argyle Bldg., Kansas City, Mo. 
Henning, Oswald F 

U. S. Army Dept., Washington, D. C. 

Hodges, Vernard Reno Terry, S. Dak. 

Horton, Jessie M 5626 Madison Ave., Chicago 

Hoyne, Archibald Lawrence. .201 W. 63d, Chicago 

Huston, John Walter Virginia, 111. 

Joffee, William 954 W. Erie, Chicago 

King, George A Fostoria, Kan. 

Kinney, Ralph Henry ..Lancaster, Wis. 

Kirtley, Howard P 

666 2d Ave., Salt Lake City, Utah 

Knauf , George E Sheboygan, Wis. 

Koch, George W Akron, Ohio 

Kohn, Frederick A 2032 W. 18th, Chicago 

Kradwell, William T Wauwatosa, Wis. 

Laird. John Jamison 

Lee, Edgar C Seattle, Wash. 

Madler, Nicholas A 

58 S. Conception, Mobile, Ala. 

Manning, Ernest Tibbetts.... Omaha, Neb. 

Matter, Lloyd E 

St. Vincent Hosp., Portland, Ore. 

Maxwell, Hugh S.... Richmond, Ohio 

McDonald, Charles H 

Presbyterian Hosp., Chicago 

McKibben, Ernest C Vashand, Wash. 

Meengs, Jacob Earl.... Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Metcalf, Howard Lee Springfield, 111. 

Neubert, Christian Ludwig.Box 732, Denver, Colo. 

Nickerson, Anson Leroy .'Momence, 111. 

O'Hern, Michael J Rock Island, 111. 

Papot, Grace E 507 S. Irving Ave., Chicago 

Payne, Perry J 404 13th St., Portland, Ore. 

Pearson, Charles Magnus 

Peters, William Robert Staunton, Neb. 

Phemister, Dallas B La Grange, 111. 

Potts, Frank Tuthill Toluca, 111. 

Prouty, Lee Blanchard 

Rendleman, Wm. H Lane Bldg., Davenport, la. 

Renwick, Joe Clyde Warren, 111. 

Sammons, George Whittenhal Hess 

Farmington, N. Mex. 

Saunders, Jones Lindsey Georgetown, 111. 

Schwartz, Arthur H 

New Jersey Bldg. , Duluth, Minn. 

Sether, Alvin F 

Norwegian Tabitha Hosp. , Chicago 

Shaft" rey, Clarence E 

Alexian Brothers Hosp., Elizabeth, N. J. 

Shearer, William Alexander Barrington, 111. 

Shephard, John H 

Michael Reese Hospital, Chicago 

Smith, George C. ...St. Joseph's Hosp., Chicago 

Smith, Turner B Clifton, Ariz. 

Smith, William E 

Speed, Kellogg.. 122 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago 
Stewart, Earle B 

Norwegian Tabitha Hosp., Chicago 

Swift, William J 32 N. State, Chicago 

Teegarden, Joseph A South Chicago, 111. 

Thorek, Max .3158 Douglas Boul. , Chicago 

Troutman, Rodney Elbridge....Logansport, Ind. 

Vail, Ruth 7 W. Madison, Chicago 

Van Druff, Lucius Marchand 

Verberkmoes, John Martin New York City 

Wakefield, Arthur Paul Springfield, 111. 

Watson, Roy Seymour Saginaw, Mich 

Watson, Royal Latham. . ; .' , Joliet, 111. 

Waugh, John F 32 N. State, Chicago 

Werner, Nels Barron, Wis. 

Wicherski, Otto G 

1124 Washington, San Diego, Calif. 

Witherstine, William H.. Grand Forks, N. Dak. 

Session began June 16; ended Sept. 2. 

Benson, Gideon H Richland Center, Wis. 

Best, Charles Lorton 

Clay, Harry E Salem, Ore. 

Epley, Otis Hoyt 

Fowler, Alfred H 2101 Morgan Ave., Chicago 

Hawley, Frank Stacey Mountain Home, Ida. 

Heaney, Noble S....122 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago 

Holmes, Bayard, Jr 106 State, Chicago 

Hood, Mary E Albert Lea, Minn. 

Ivec, Martin J Joliet, 111. 

Jongewaard, Albert C Sioux Center, la. 

Keopsch, Clara Frances 

998 N. Seminary Ave., Galesburg, 111. 

Krogh, Clarence A.. 2759 W. North Ave., Chicago 
Leete, Herbert Nelson Algoma, Wis. 



Shoemaker, Daniel M 

1402 S. Grand Ave., St. Louis, Mo. 

Wescott, Orville D Greenhurst, Ont., Can. 

Willard, Harry G Deer Lodge, Mont. 


To Oct. 24, '04. 

Autumn, 1904 

Badger, Paul Raymond... 

Baer, Joseph Louis. 4801 Forrestville Ave., Chicago 

Boose, William Rudolph Falls City, Neb. 

Bradley, William W ...29 W. 51st, Chicago 

Fairchild, James Henry 

Ingbert, Charles Emerson D 

Johnson, Arthur Edward Spokane, Wash. 

Landes, George Albert Muskogee, Okla. 

Morrell, Joseph R 

Olsen, Martin Ingeman 

2722 W. North Ave., .Chicago 

Ostling, Carl August 

5850 W. Chicago Ave., Chicago 

Ritchey, Romney Moore Menard, 111. 

Salamson, Max Jason 2039 Fowler, Chicago 

Senn, George . De Pere, Wis. 

Sloane, Harry Francis 

Stevenson, Frank Hastings 

9904 Ewing Ave., Chicago 

Williamson, Norman E . . 


Allin, Frank Wesley.. 4206 W Monroe St., Chicago 

Allison, Otis Wood Catlin, 111. 

Autrey, Alfred Ranson 

Bartlett, John Donnington 

...... .1153 Sheridan Road, Chicago 

Beaton, Lindsay Alexander 

'. 2573 N. Clark St., Chicago 

Bendixson, Peter Alfred 

Berg, Sigurd Anton • 

Brande, Norris 29 E. Madison St., Chicago 

Breyfogle, Herbert Arthur 

Argyle Bldg. , Kansas City, Mo. 

Brown, Raymond Samuel 

326 Somerset Bldg., Winnipeg, Canada 

Bucksbaum, Maurice 

Castle, Harry Edward 

1871 Sutter St., San Francisco 

Castle, Stanley Springfield, 111. 

Cruikshank, Roswell Dwight Boone, Iowa 

Curtis, Arthur Hale.... 31 N. State St., Chicago 

De Long, Charles A Gary, Ind 

Dick, George Frederick 

5801 Lexington Ave. , Chicago 

Edwards, H. Jones 

Fox, Galen Adis 

1712 Capitol Ave., Cheyenne, Wyo. 

Frey tag, Charles Fred 

Rock Island Bank Bldg., Rock Island, 111. 

Gleysteen, Richard F 

Goheen, Robert Harold 

Halperin, George 1557 W. 12th St., Chicago 

Hanley, Erastus T 

431 Walker Bldg., Seattle, Wash. 

Harwood, Chas. B Hope, N. Dak. 

Hays, Woodward H Albion, Mich. 

Heinen, John Henry.. 731 W. North Ave., Chicago 
Hook, Harriett Anna.. 4007 Drexel Blvd., Chicago 

Howell, Emmett James Eureka, Utah 

Hunter, Charles Dana McKenna, Wash. 

Holmson, Holm Wisdom, Mont. 

Hoon, A. S '.V...' Rapid City, S. Dak. 

Humphrey, I, K 

....16 Mercantile Blk., Salt Lake Citv, Utah 

Jacobs, Wilhelmina H Hospital, 111. 

Jeffreys, Oliver A Nez Perce, Idaho 

Johnstone, Oscar Percy Reno, Nev. 

Keech, Roy K Cedar Rapids, Iowa 

Kirby, Geo. W Goshen, Ind. 

Kitzing, Frederick F..117 N. Park Ave., Chicago 

"Klein, Sidney 302 E. 51st St. , Chicago 

Klick, John J 

Knox, Joseph McB .. 

Kimball Bldg., Cedar Rapids, Iowa 

Kroesch, Theo 

Larson, Leonard A 

Lincoln, Mary Cain 7 W. Madison St., Chicago 

Lindorff, Oscar Wm Mathersville, 111. 

Lowe, Ansby Lyman Robinson, 111. 

Ludden, Homer Dexter Mineral Point, Wis. 

Lynch, Matthew John 

707 Masonic Temple, Minneapolis 

MacKenzie, Willie Smith 

Mackintosh, Joseph A 

Marvel, William Justin 655 W. 43d, Chicago 

Mason, Stephen Codding, Jr. 

Mattox, Ernest L 

Scoope Block, Terre Haute, Ind. 

McClusky, Otto Wilbur 

McCord, Frances 

432 Maple Ave., Blue Island, 111. 

McCumber, Arthur I Lewiston, 111. 

McCumber, Clarence N Lewiston, 111. 

McKenna, Chas. Morgan. 106 N. State St., Chicago 

Melaas, Wilbur Guy 

Menzies, Robert Campbell 

Mosher, George Warner 

104 S. Michigan Ave. , Chicago 

Murdock, Harry Dale Brodhead, Wis. 

Myers, Jacob 401 W 63d St., Chicago 

Norris, Allen Anson.. liP.k Elkhart, Ind. 

O'Leary, Austin J 

Oliver, Alfred Shelton 

Oyen, Albert- Nelson 

2511 Kedzie Blvd., Chicago 

Padgett, Everett Ervin 

Perry, Wilson James 

Purcell, Albert Charles 

Quist, Frank Julius Worcester, Mass. 

Rathji, Fred Conrad. .. .6233 S. Halsted, Chicago 

Reed, Albert Earle 

Rothrock, Wilburn Joseph 

Ruegnitz, Louis Herman 

1228 E. 24th Ave., Denver, Colo. 

Southoff, August 

Schwingel, Wm. Henry ■, 

185 S. 4th St., Aurora, 111. 

Scott, Lee Osborne 

Sensenich, Roscoe Lloyd ." 

Shanklin, Robt. C 

131 N. Washington St., South Bend, Ind. 

Shirley, Wayne McKnight 

Commerce Bldg. , Waterloo, la. 

Smith, Wallace Joe 

Spooner, John Paul 

Stacy, Lida June Rochester, Minn. 

Stewart, Wm. Edgar 

Tate, Louis N Brimfield, 111. 

Taylor, Joseph Henry 

3041 W. Madison St., Chicago 

Toy, Joseph Duffield 

Was, Frank Peter.. 11056 Michigan Ave., Chicago 

Wetzler, Sidney Herbert 

Woodside, Edward E Johnson City, 111. 


'Adams, John Francis Aberdeen, S. D. 

<- Adams, Orville L Davenport, Wash. 

•/Anderson, Robt. A 

-TJatty, Arthur Joseph Portage, Wis. 

•Baxter, Le Roy Worth 

St. Joseph's Hospital, St. Joseph Mo. 

vBell, Lester B D 



"Blakely, Holbart B 

^Bloomer, Jos. Henry 

KBly thing, Jefferson D 

*<Boggs, Nathan.. Argyle, Bldg., Kansas City, Mo. 

"Bose, Yotindra M .* 

*-Boughton, Thomas Harris 

2958 Madison St., Chicago 

<Boynton, Vincent R Waukegan, 111. 

•Ourns, Rush Leslie London, Minn. 

I Chapman, Winthrop S..3410 Rhodes Ave., Chicago 
'-Dencker, Christian 

4200 N. Hermitage Ave. , Chicago 

-Earle, teprn R 

<Epplen, Frederick St. Joe, Idaho 

^Evans, Evan Starck Grinnell, Iowa 

'Fehliman, Wm. E Lead, S. Dak. 

"-Tidier, Chas 149 Ogden Ave., Milwaukee, Wis. 

^Fischman, Egon Walter 

602 W. North Ave., Chicago 

vFortney, Gerhard Olans Zumberota, Minn. 

* Francis, Horace Montague 

225 Benton St., Woodstock, 111. 

^Gardiner, Miriam 

^Goodrich, George E 

» Gowan, Charles Homer 

«■ Hamberger, Walter Nule 

104 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago 

/Hanson, Daisy May.. 1469 Vine St., Lincoln, Neb. 
~Harger, John Ross.. 2912 Jackson Blvd., Chicago 

"Lleise, Carl August Missouri Valley, Iowa 

"Hopper, Claire D Richland, Wash. 

"Hoy, Clinton Luman Three Forks, Mont. 

s-Hunt, Morton Leon D 

Jackson, Harry 4519 Vincennes Ave., Chicago 

Jones, Robert Young Hutchinson, Kan. 

Jones, Thomas Almon 

"Katherman, Chas. Augustus Sioux City, Iowa 

' Kinne, John Baxter 

..-. 329-31 Finch Bldg., Aberdeen, Wash. 

v Longley, Jonas Rhodes Fond du Lac, Wis. 

vMaver, Matfe*' B 

'McCarty, Paul Dean La Porte, Mich. 

^ McKesson, Elmer Isaac 

214 Michigan St., Toledo, Ohio 

"McMartin, Charles 

"Mertz, Ezra Franklin Concrete, Wash. 

"Metcalf, Frank W 

"-Mock, Harry Edgar. 122 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago 

"Moore William H H 

■*Moorehead, Frederick Brown 

' 122 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago 

fMuseus, H. Benjamin Beach, N. Dak. 

"Nahas, Selim 

^Neher, Edwin Manson Castlegate, Utah 

i O'Brien, Edward J 

- Omelvena, Joseph G 

^Palmer, Earl.. Home for Insane, Logansport, Ind. 

vPorteus, Roy W 5615 Winthrop Ave., Chicago 

^Redmond, Thomas 

807 Francis St., St. Joseph, Mo. 

v Rehling, Charles Frederick 

^Reque, Herman Andrew Brooklyn, N. Y. 

l/ Rizer, Robert Inskeep » Anaconda, Mont. 

^Rollefson, Carl J 

Rollefson, Carl Jacob 

*Rundle, Walter Gustavus 

St. Luke's Hospital, Denver, Colo. 

/Runyan, Herman Call.. 5010 Dickens Ave., Chicago 

vRussell, Claude Vineard Lansing, Mich. 

i-Sawyer, Carl Walker Marion, Ohio 

^Smith, Adolph Belmont 

MSpiegelberg, Edward II 

320 Syracuse St., Milwaukee, Wis. 

'-Statler, Oliver I 

vStiles, Lee Crosby Austinburg, Ohio 

"Stocking, Fred Foster Rushford, Minn. 

•^Snider, A. B Tinley Park, 111. 

-Thomas, Hall H., 306 E. Main, Galesburg, 111. 

t-Thompson, Harold Benjamin 

-'Tussing, Percy Irving Lima, Ohio 

^Waterhouse, Alfred Herbert 

-Wellington, Richard Howells 

1 Whiteacre, Thomas Clarius 

59 E. Van Buren St., Chicago 

• Whitelaw, Henry Neill , 

Williams, Reuben W Bloomingburg, Ohio 

"Winsor, Archibald La Belle, Fla. 

^Wormley, Harry Ralph Lee, 111. 


Adams, Roy Bennett.. 132 M. St., Lincoln, Neb. 
Annis, Homer B 

1715 Nicolett Ave., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Arminen, Carl V Hancock, Mich. 

Audrain, Carl Leslie. 

Beifeld, Arthur F..122 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago 
Bernard, Ranson Drips.. 906 Oakley Boul., Chicago 

Bicknell, Kiorge Francis 

Blodgett, Harry Hoaglund Omaha, Neb. 

Bodman, Edw. Whitney.. 

125 E. Chicago Ave., Chicago 

Boslough, Arthur Wm Belgrade, Minn. 

Britton, Jas. Andrew.. 808 S. Halsted St., Chicago 

Brown, Benj. Henton Iron River, Mich. 

Calhoun, Frank Warren Albert Lea, Minn. 

Chapman, Francis P 

209 S. Euclid Ave., Oak Park, 111. 

Conlin, Frank M 

407 Brandies Theater, Omaha, Neb. 

Cornwall, De Los Edward 

David, Vernon Cyrenius.7 \V. Madison St., Chicago 

Dav, Dudley Watson Rockford, 111. 

Enlow, Harry R....36 W. Randolph St., Chicago 

Ewing, Fred E Galesburg, 111. 

Gillespie, Edwin S Winona , 111. 

Graham, Evarts Ambrose 

1801 Monroe St., Chicago 

Graves, Robert E 4249 Hazel Ave., Chicago 

Greaves, Horatio Norman 

Georgetown, British Guiana, S. A. 

Groman, Herman C 

Gullion, Omar Ray 

Hall, David C... Seattle, Wash. 

Halsey, Henry A Hiles, Wis. 

Hare, Charles Benjamin San Jose, Cal. 

Horovitz, David A 209 S. State St., Chicago 

Jackson, Leila De Ette 

5408 Washington Ave. , Chicago 

Johnson, George T Terre Haute, Ind. 

Kaufman, Jesse Robinson Blue Island, 111. 

Koltinsky, Irvin S 

Kristjanson-Hjorleifur, Transt 

Lewis, Edward James.. 5501 Prairie Ave., Chicago 

Lockwood, Chester Herbert Medford, Okla. 

Lundgren, Albert Theo 

5125 N. Clark St., Chicago 

Lisemann, F. J 7801 Union Ave., Chicago 

Marquette, Geo. John Wrightstown, Wis. 

McNab, Alex Blake Beach, N. Dak. 

McMuller, Edwin Clare Aurora, Ind. 

Meents, Walter Howards 

Mendel, Max Louis. .6248 Kimbark Ave., Chicago 
Meyer, John Herman W. 

313 Charles Bldg., Denver, Colo. 

Ernest Wilson Miller Milwaukee, Wis. 

Miller, Geo. Enos 7336 Stewart Ave., Chicago 

Montgomery, Albert Horr 

6205 Evanston Ave. , Chicago 

Niles, Edward 4722 Winthrop Ave., Chicago 

Paulson, Niels Peter 

907 Selling Bldg., Portland. Ore. 

Putnam, Glenn W La Crosse, Wis. 

Ranson, Steuben Walter, 1439 E. 66th St., Chicago 

Rikli, Arthur Richard Naperville, 111. 

Rosenberger, Homer G 

First National Bank Bldg., Whittier, Calif. 


Lee Mathews Downey, Calif. 

iger, Victor Lupu 

1 3300 Douglas Blvd., Chicago 

,'ff, DeWitt C Clinton, Ind. 

,ionds, Jos. Persons Indianapolis, Ind. 

Speik, Frederick Adolph 

Straus, David C 31 N. State St., Ch cago 

Ten Brook, L. L 

Thomas, Roy E 

Tyree, Joseph Edgard 

Walker, Frank C 

2950 N. Illinois St., Indianapolis, Ind. 

Weinberger, Carl F 

4132 AVentworth Ave. , Chicago 

Whitman, Roscoe Morris, 111. 

Winnick, Joseph B 

595 Canada St., St. Paul, Minn. 


Abbott, Fred E Fairview, Utah 

Abdian, Gregory N 

Barber, Geo. S 

Bliss, Guy L ; 

Bullock, Newell H. San Jose, Cal. 

Carter, Ralph M 

Childs, Augustine Ben Kiethsburg, 111. 

Dicker, Willard Woodard... 

420 N. Park Ave., Oak Park, 111. 

Elliott, Addison E 

132 N. Oak Park Ave., Oak Park, 111. 

Felts, Harry B... 

....512 Judge Bldg., Salt Lake City, Utah 

Fishman, Coseril J Oklahoma City, Okla. 

Fonrey, Damuel W Minonk, 111. 

Fredrickson, Frederick 0..925 Center St., Chicago 

Furr, J. Marvin... ..Pontotoc, Miss. 

Gerdine, Lyman Van Horn 

Gilfillan, Margery Jane _ 

Gomez, v Pinedo Hiborio.' Calumpit, P. I. 

Gradle, Harrv S 32 N. State St., Chicago 

Green, John W Lead, S. Dak. 

Griffith, Charles Allen , 

....Lake St. and Thatcher Ave., Oak Park, 111. 

Guazon y Carillo, P 

Hasner, Robert B 

352 S. 17th St., Cedar Rapids, Iowa 

Hovde, Carl Herman R Toronto, S. Dak. 

Jackson, Leila D..5408 Washington Ave., Chicago 

Johnson, George Thompson Terre Haute, Ind. 

Karasek, Matthew. . .3953 Michigan Ave., Chicago 

Kaufman, Gustave L 934 Center St., Chicago 

Kimble, Olin Arvin Murdo, S. Dak. 

Larson, August H. Clyde, Kan. 

Levitas, Isaac E Green Bav, Wis. 

Lindeblad, Carl G..590O S. Halsted St., Chicago 

Linthicum, Porter Hodge Evansville, Ind. 

Lois, Anthony M Dubuque, Iowa 

Lord, Arthur E Piano, 111. 

McGuigan, Hugh 

McMahon, Asher Reid 

Meigs, Grace L Hull House, Chicago 

Murphy, Edwin Ray 

Nichols, William C Fargo, N. Dak. 

O'Connell, Geo. G..122 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago 
Olson, Frederick A 

914 Lowry Bldg., St. Paul, Minn. 

O'Neill, Bernard J. J 

Osborn, John M 

Northern Bank Bldg., Seattle, Wash. 

Otis, Frank J.... 

Parson, Forrest L 

Potter,, Hollis 122 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago 

Riley, Floyd B..122 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago 
Roberg, David N 

University of Oregon, Portland, Ore. 

Rosholt, Albie J 

Ross, Mary S Hannibal, Mo. 

Rowe, Lee B Bellingham, Wash. 

Saam, John G 

Sachse, Wm. G..217% Liberty St., Morris, 111. 

Saylor, Herbert B 

Scott, Garland D 

Scott, Orlando F , Argo, 111. 

Shaw, Albert C D 

Shepard, Gail P Berkeley, Cal. 

Sims, Harry W Cambridge, Ohio 

Speidel, Wm. C 

Spencer, Harry S 

Strauss, Alfred A. W 

Wheeler, Herbert E Spokane, Wash. 


Abadir, Ibrahim 

Baker, Love, Jr.. 631 61st St., Minneapolis, Minn. 
Bamberger, Arrie...4439 Michigan Ave., Chicago 

Barnes, Benj. S Shenandoah, Iowa 

Baugher, Albert H..6233 Ingleside Ave., Chicago 

Bell, Chas. T Maryville, Mo. 

Bender, Alba J St. Luke's Hospital, Chicago 

Blotherwick, A . A Los Angeles 

Blotherwick, Geo. W 

Braude, Benj 1608 W. 12th St., Chicago 

Breyer, John H Pasadena, Cal. 

Brown, Horatio A Jackson, Mich. 

Bryant, Harry E..5490 Washington Ave., Chicago 

Buffum, Roy L 

Charlton, Albert T 

Cox, Jas. F. 

Davis, Carl H. .. .Presbyterian Hospital, Chicago 

Davis, Robt. G Des Moines, Iowa 

Darwin, Delap Kansas City, Mo. 

Denny, Robt. S .Aurora, 111. 

Doseff, Dosu 1424 Jackson Blvd., Chicago 

Eggers, Harold E 

1136 N. California Ave., Chicago 

Ekstrom, Jphn E., 35th St. and Lawndale 

Ave. , Contagious Hospital Chicago 

Ellias, Francis Wymore, Neb. 

Enfield, Chas. Darwin Jefferson, Iowa 

Flansburg, Harry E Lincoln, Neb. 

Flynn, Thos. E Red Wood Falls, Minn. 

Gerstley, Jess Robt.. 4235 Michigan Ave., Chicago 
Goar, Everett L 

605 Scanlan Bldg., Houston, Texas 

Gonzaliz, Y. Sioco Jesus 

Goodman, Herbert Marcus 

Guy, Walter Parry 

Garrey, W. E. .Washington University, St. Louis 

Hartman, Carl F ; 

Herdman, Sam'l B Taylorville, 111. 

Hughes, Wm. T 

Ill S. Scoville Ave., Oak Park, 111. 

Johnstone, Ernest Marshall 

Kirk, Edwin G.. Presbyterian Hospital, Chicago 

Knappenberger, Geo. E Macomb, 111. 

Korus, John Hamilton .. Cook Co. Hosp., Chicago 

Lee, Ernest Lehr 

Leviton, Max Benj.. 1237 Turner Ave., Chicago 
Lewis, Arthur J 

Masonic Temple, Minneapolis, Minn. 

Logan, George M Akron, Ohio 

Long, Gebhard Jos., Jr Canova, S. Dak. 

Marvel, John E 

McClelland, Everett S 

McGrath, Edward 

Menzies, Chas. S 

Newberger, Chas... 3416 Douglas Blvd., Chicago 
Nicoll, Homer King.. 3538 Congress St., Chicago 

Oliver, Edward A 

Paine, J. C So. Pasadena, Cal. 

Parker, Carl H Pasadena, Cal. 

Parks, Wm. A Akron, Ohio 

Poppen, Albertus E 

1711 S. Pearl St., Denver, Colo. 

Porter, Earl S Moore, Mont. 



Rogers, Harrison R 

St. Sure, Frank A Colfax, Wash. 

Schleid, Myrom M Rosendale, Wis. 

Schuler, Russel P Kokomo, Ind. 

Shaffner, Phillip F....4620 Ellis Ave., Chicago 
Shutan, Mary.. 4942 Washington Pk. PI., Chicago 
Stokes, Merle B 

607 Union Nat'l Bank Bldg., Houston, Texas 

Strawn, John Thos Des Moines, Iowa 

Telleson, Chas. Clyde 

Thomson, John W 

Thorpe, Harvey L 

548 Wilcox Bldg., Los Angeles 

Tope, John Wesley Oak Park, 111. 

Wadsworth, Heilman C 

2501 W. Monroe St., Chicago 

Wallace, Brice Russel Albany, Ore. 

White, Edgar Lee Lewiston, Idaho 

Yoder-Orie, Chris Peru, 111. 


Abbott, Donald P.. 5426 Lexington Ave., Chicago 

Aitken, Arthur N Harvey, 111. 

Bauer, August H..2100 Seminary Ave., Chicago 
Baugher, Albert H..6233 Ingleside Ave., Chicago 

Benson, Robert L 

Brimmer, Archie Eli Minneapolis, Minn. 

Breyer, John H Pasadena, Cal. 

Brown, Horatio A Jackson, Mich. 

Clements, Melbourne Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Corkery, John R 

Cornell, Edward L ..763 63d St., Chicago 

Crabb, Geo. M Deer Lodge, Mont.. 

Crotty, Julia 

Davis, Carl H Presbyterian Hospital, Chicago 

Delap, Darwin 

Dillehunt, Richard B 

Durley, Benj. H .Aberdeen, Miss. 

Edgerton, Erastus S . . Pittsburgh 

Enfield, Chas. D Jefferson, Iowa 

Falls, Frederick H..720O Jackson Blvd., Chicago 

Fisher, Ralph S..... Portland, Ore. 

Fowler, Earle B Oak Park, 111. 

Garrey, Walter E.... St. Louis, Mo. 

Gilchrist, Ralph T Wauwatosa, Wis. 

Granger, Arthur S.„.. 

Hammond, Johnson F Washington, D. C. 

Harms, Franz H..4800 N. Western Ave., Chicago 

Hartman, Carl F. 

Hickman, Clarence C 

Hoffman, Harry R 

2141 Humboldt Blvd., Chicago 

Jamieson, Wm. H Ottawa, 111. 

Johnson. Clarence A Kansas City, Mo. 

Kirk, Edwin G. .. .Presbyterian Hospital, Chicago 

Kitenplon, Arthur N Aurora, 111. 

Larkner, Julius E.. Michael Reese Hosp., Chicago 
Lambert, Schuyler C... House of Corr., Chicago 

Lamme, Chas. W Presbyterian Hosp., Chicago 

Lyding, Harrison A 

Marvos, Joannes E 

MacFarland, Fletcher O 

McKay, Wm. G 

McKie, John F 

McLean, Franklin C 

Miltenberger, Robt. E 

Moody, Adelbert M 

Moore, John B 

Moser, Edward P 

Newberger, Chas 

Olentine, Fred B 

Park, Willard E Jacksonville, Texas 

Pearman, Arthur E Cook Co. Hosp., Chicago 

Pennan, Clarence A Gebo, Wyo. 

Perrill, Irving 4811 Kenmore Ave., Chicago 

Rees, LaFayette 

Reimche, Robt. C.Alexian Bros. Hosp., Chicago 
Rooks, Jas. T Hospital, 111. 

Rose, Emile Perth Amboy, N. J. 

Rowe, Wm. H St. James, Minn. 

Ryan, John G Clifton, Ariz. 

Roger, Harrison R Rockford, 111. 

Schwachtgen, George B Aurora, 111. 

Schott, Chas 1257 La Salle Ave., Chicago 

Seiler, Raymond A Blairstown, Iowa 

Shaw, Alfred M Kansas City, Mo. 

Skiles, Jas. H Cook County Hosp., Chicago 

Smith, Robt. H Akron, Ohio 

Smith, Clifford E., 3d and Main Sts., DeKalb, 111. 

Steele, George H Presbyterian Hosp., Chicago 

Stanton, Frank E Morenci, Ariz. 

Stevens, Hirrel H..Cook Co. Hospital, Chicago 

Strohm, J. Guy Cook Co. Hospital, Chicago 

Swift, Chas. H 5632 Jackson Blvd., Chicago 

Talbot, Eugene 1449 Dearborn Ave., Chicago 

Tanneu, Alvin Chas.. Federal Dam, Minn. 

Thompson, John W 

Todd, David D Cook Co. Hospital, Chicago 

Treacy, John L.. Cook Co. Hospital, Chicago 

Twning, Howard G .. 

Verity, Walter Rushford, Minn. 

Wagner, Nicholas B Gilbert, Minn. 

Weepton, Martha A 

City and County Hospital, Denver 


Allen, Edgar M Presbyterian Hosp., Chicago 

Arkin, Morris Leo 29 E. Madison St., Chicago 

Avery, Sam'l D San Francisco 

Barron, John V 

..Los Angeles County Hospital, Los Angeles 

Beye, Howard L Cook Co. Hospital, Chicago 

Bissell, Wayne W Cook Co. Hospital, Chicago 

Blomenkamp, John D 

Bobbitt, Jos. D 

Boyden, Henry B. .Cook Co. Hospital, Chicago 

Brennecke, Girhard C ......... . D 

Charlton, Cecil F 

Crumpton, Robt. CCook Co. Hospital, Chicago 

Dale, Harry L... Cook Co. Hospital, Chicago 

De Both, Edward R ... 

Diederick, Victor P.. 12013 Harvard Ave., Chicago 

Doolittle, Russel C 

Ellis, John D... 

Enns, Jacob H 

Eyman, Elmer V......... Kansas City, Mo. 

Fjeldstad, Christian A........ 

Flynn, Robt. E La Crosse, Wis. 

Forgrave, Leon P 

Frizzell, Rex R Great Falls, Mont. 

Gallagher, Paul St. Joseph's Hospital, Chicago 

Galloway, Milton B So. English, Iowa 

Gardner, Frank F 

Home for Destitute and Crippled Children, 
1553 Park Ave., Chicago 

Gatewood, Lee C 2316 Calumet Ave., • Chicago 

Glomset, Dan'l J Des Moines, Iowa 

Good, Albert H St. Luke's Hospital, Chicago 

Gotham, Chas. L Minneapolis, Minn. 

Gordon, Burton 

Grandy, Chas. C Fort Wayne, Ind. 

Gunther, Otto T St. Luke's Hospital, Chicago 

Gunther, Theo. J.... 6736 Union Ave., Chicago 

Hatch, Henry R Heber, Utah 

Heller, Nelson L 

Huckin, Franklin R Mansfield, 111. 

Jenkins, Luther W 

Johnson, Thos. A 

Latchem, Raymond L Walnut, Iowa 

Lewinsky, Philip.. 4646 Champlain Ave., Chicago 

Lude, Thor B 

Markel, Ivam J 

Mason, Curtis E 

McAuliff, Geo. R 

McLaurin, Archibald 

Metz, Arthur R 



Miller, F. F 

Mills, Herbert 

Morwitz, Sarrrl M 

Nelson, Chas. F 

......Los Angeles Co. Hospital, Los Angeles 

Oftedal, Severre 

Parmelee, Arthur H . . . . , Kansas Citv, Mo. 

Peter, Wm. W....20 N. Ashland Blvd., Chicago 

Place, Benoni A Elgin, N. Dak. 

Reeder, Grant S Kirkland, 111. 

Reynolds, Robt. L Bull Run, Ore. 

Sanders, Audley 

Schott, Harry J .....Kansas City, Mo. 

Simms, John S 

Shapiro, Emanuel 

Slyfield, Forrest Foster 

Spencer, Robt. D Wauwatosa, Wis. 

Sprafka, J. J 

Spurgin, Arthur C Oskaloosa, Iowa- 

Stangl, Philip E 

Stanley, Court R 

Stark, Oswald G 

Stoland, Iver Joliet, 111. 

Tanner, Alfonzo Z Farmington, Utah 

Theobald, Walter H..St. Luke's Hosp., Chicago 

Thometz, Harry M. R 

Uhl, Earl L 

Vande Erne, John 

Van Nuys, Roscoe G 

Vreeland, Clyde E 

Wagner, Paul S 

Walker, Sidney 

Webster, Harry E 

Wentzel, Walter L Stoughton, Wis. 

Whipple, Eleanor E 

Wernicke, Henry 

1553 W. Congress St., Chicago 

Williams, Frank L 

Wilson, Henry I.. 2504 W. Monroe St., Chicago 


Abelio, George. .. .Michael Reese Hosp., Chicago 

Acker, Robt. B Cook Co. Hospital, Chicago 

Allard, Louis W 

St. Mary Hospital, Milwaukee, Wis. 

Arkin, Aaron.. 6235 Cottage Grove Ave., Chicago 

Bach, Irwin St. Luke's Hospital, Chicago 

Banker, Edward C 

Akron City Hospital, Akron, Ohio 

Belgum, Hendrik N Valders, Wis 

Berkman, David M 

Sprague Memorial Institute, Chicago 

Bisdom, Frederick A. V. C...... 

IX Hofergasse 18, Vienna, Austria 

Bloomfield, Mat Cook Co. Hospital, Chicago 

Brown, John Z 

Latter Day Saints Hospital, Salt Lake City 

Burkholder, Chas. A 

Caldwell, Fred C 5558 Monroe St., Chicago 

Cary, Eugene Presbyterian Hospital, Chicago 

Crittenden, Alden L Cook Co. Hosp., Chicago 

Corper, Harrv J. .University of Chicago, Chicago 

Crouch, Warner L Salt Lake City, Utah 

Dale, Philipp M Cook Co. Hospital, Chicago 

Davis, Benj. F.. Sprague Memorial Inst., Chicago 

Davis, George A 

Dewey, Katherine W..Rush Med. College, Chicago 

Emerson, Clarence 

Esky, Clifford E 

Fargo, Merchant C 

Fishbein, Morris Durand Hospital, Chicago 

Fisher, A. H 

Fox, P. C 

Gaarde, Fred 

Galloway, Thos. C 

Goetlsch, Arthur 

Green, John R 

Greer, Jas. R 5513 Drexel Ave., Chicago 

Hall, Maude 1423 Michigan Ave., Chicago 

Halsey, Richard C 

Hampton, John W 

Haroldson, Olaf 

Halton, Edward 

Heuman, John Omaha, Nebi 

Hewitt, Wm. F 

Hibbard, Sherman B 

Hillman, Chas. C 

Holwe, Claude D 

Howard, Ralph B 

Hughes, Herbert H 

Hurst, Wilbur R 

Johnston, Ralph S 

Klein, Grover C 

Knapp, Harry Grove 

Kock, Edw. W 

Koerper , Herman W. J 

Kofmehl, Wm. J 

Krompotic, Marion C 

Laird, Delbert H 

Lauerman, Archibald W 

Linson , John H 

Luckhardt, Arno B 

McArthur, Selim W 

McCampbell, Eugene F 

McCarev, Arthur J 

McClellan, John H 

Main, Roscoe C 

Maxwell, Chas. T 

Mills, Roy F 

Moore, B. H 

Moore, Josiah J 

Meyers, Wilson A 

Newby, Harley D 

Newman, John R 

Nicholl, Rov Herbert 

Olds, Wm. H 

Orabi, Abdul H 

Otten, Harry 

Painter, Jesse C 

Palmer, Chas. E 

Patterson, Jas 5810 Drexel Ave., Chicago 

Peterson, Wm. F 

Philps, Eugene T 

Redmon, Andrew J 

Rees, Nephi John 

Rees, David Thomas 

Riker, Liah 

Riley, Wm. H 

Roberg, Fred E 

Roberts, George F ' 

Rosburg, August H ". 

Sherry, Israel 

Shields, Claude L 

Smith, Arthur A 

Smith, Louis D 

Smith, Wm. B 

Smith, W. W 

Souter, Carrie B 

Steagall, John B 

Steffen, Lyman A 

Stein, Irving 

Strauss, Jerome F 

Streck, Edward J 

Strobel, Wm. G 

Sullivan, Ralph C 

Torrance, Fred E 

Ullman, Henry J 

Wahlberg, Karl W 

Watt, Harry F 

Wilder, Russel M 

Wilson, Jas. L 

Wohler, Paul R 

Woodward, Vernie E 

Woods. Edwin 

Worlton, Fred D 

Wright, Oren H 

This page referred to in adv. on 3d page of cover. 


Please use these pages for making; corrections of the address list. 
Find envelope for returning the same. 

We would like each one of the Alumni to look over the list and make such correc- 
tions as he finds are needed. We want to make the list as complete as possible and 
correct. In order to facilitate this we will offer a corrected cloth-bound edition of the 
Address Book to 

First— Those who are paid members of the Alumni Association or have con- 
tributed to the Fellowship Fund. 
Second— The Address Book is also offered to those who will make ten first 
corrections and get them to us on or before August 15, 1913. 
Note : This means that each correction made and sent in will be num- 
bered and accredited in order to the sender. 
Third — Those who are already paid members of the Association will be given 
a second copy under the correction offer under the second condition. 
We want a good list of the Alumni. The Alumni themselves can help us to get it 
better than anyone else. Please send in your corrections at once. The new book will 
be ready during August. 




Name and Year 



Name and Year 



Name and Year 




Name and Year 





Idress Book 

- Bound Edition 
/ill be published 
after corrections are 
made from a prelim- 
inary number sent 
to all of the alumni. 

Secure this Edition 

All members with dues paid will get 

this edition. 






All makes Bought, Sold, 
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Rentals Lowest Rates, 
which applies on pur- 
chase price. Best grade 
Ribbons, 50 cents. Best 
Carbon for sale. 

119 N.Clark Street 

(Near Washington) 




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Sick Room Supplies, Hospital Furni= 

ture and Equipment, X=Ray and 

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CURRICULUM — The fundamental branches (Anatomy, Physiology, Bacteri- 
ology, etc.) are taught in the Departments of Science at the Hull Biological 
Laboratories, University of Chicago. The courses of two (or three) clinical 
years are given in Rush Medical College and in the Presbyterian, the Cook 
County, the Children's Memorial, the Hospital for Destitute Crippled Chil- 
dren, and other Hospitals. 

HOSPITAL YEAR— A fifth year, consisting of service as an interne under 
supervision in an approved hospital, or of advanced work in one of the 
departments, leads to the degree of M.D., cum laude. 

SUMMER QUARTER — The college year is divided into four quarters, three 
of which constitute an annual session. The summer quarter, in the climate 
of Chicago, is advantageous for work. 

ELECTIVE SYSTEM — A considerable freedom of choice of courses and in- 
structors is open to the student. This is not designed, however, to encourage 
the student to fit himself for any special line of practice, but for its pedagogic 

GRADUATE COURSES — Advanced and research courses are offered in all 
departments. Students by attending summer quarters and prolonging their 
residence at the University of Chicago in advanced work may secure the 
degree of A.M., S.M. or Ph.D. from the University. 

PRIZE SCHOLARSHIP — Six prize scholarships — three in the first two years 
and three in the last two (clinical) years — are awarded to college graduates 
for theses embodying original research. 


June 16, Monday— The Summer Quarter be- 

July 1, Tuesday — The fiscal Year of the Col- 
lege begins. 

July 4, Friday— Independence Day; a holi- 

July 24, Thursday— Second Term, Summer 
Quarter begins. 

Aug. 29, 30, Friday, Saturday— Quarterly Ex- 

Aug. 30, Saturday— Summer Quarter ends. 


San. 2, Friday— Winter Quarter begins. 

Feb. 9, Monday — Second Term, Winter 
Quarter begins. 

March 19, 20. 21, Thursday, Friday, Satur- 
day—Quarterly Examinations. 

March 21, Saturday— Winter Quarter ends. 

March 22-29— Quarterly Recess. - 

March 30, Monday— Spring Quarter begins. 

May 7, Thursday — Second Term, Spring 
Quarter begins. 

May 30. Saturday— Memorial Day; a holiday. 


Aug. 31-Sept. 30— Summer Recess. 

Oct. 1, Wednesday— Autumn Quarter begins. 

Nov. 10, Monday— Second Term, Autumn 

Quarter begins. 
Nov. 27, Thursday— Thanksgiving Day; a 

Dec. 20, 22, 23, Saturday, Monday, Tuesday 

—Quarterly Examinations. 
Dec. 23, Tuesday— Autumn Quarter ends. 
Dec. 23-31— Quarterly Recess. 

June 8, Monday— Special Clinics for the 
Alumni Association. 

June 9, Tuesday— Special Clinics; Annual 
Business Meeting of the Alumni Associa- 
tion; Class-Day Exercises of the Gradua- 
ting Class. 

June 10, Wednesday— 3; 00 p.m.. Graduating 
Exercises; 6 p.m., Annual Reception and 
Dinner of the Faculty and Alumni. 

June 11, 12, 13, Thursday, Friday, Saturday; 
Quarterly Examinations. 

June 13, Saturday— Spring Quarter ends. 

June 16, Monday, Summer Quarter Begins 

TUITION, $60.00 per quarter-no laboratory fees 

Complete and detailed information may be secured bn addressing 





v. 8 

Rush Medical College 

Alumni Association 

■ '.' 

Bulletin of . .. 



- k/6/59 

New Card